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He, Hongqi, Lin, Hui, Wang, Ruimin, Wang, Huanwei.  2020.  Research on RFID Technology Security. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Automation, Electronics and Electrical Engineering (AUTEEE). :423–427.
In recent years, the Internet of Things technology has developed rapidly. RFID technology, as an important branch of the Internet of Things technology, is widely used in logistics, medical, military and other fields. RFID technology not only brings convenience to people's production and life, but also hides many security problems. However, the current research on RFID technology mainly focuses on the technology application, and there are relatively few researches on its security analysis. This paper firstly studies the authentication mechanism and storage mechanism of RFID technology, then analyzes the common vulnerabilities of RFID, and finally gives the security protection suggestions.
Shen, Jian, Gui, Ziyuan, Chen, Xiaofeng, Zhang, Jun, Xiang, Yang.  2020.  Lightweight and Certificateless Multi-Receiver Secure Data Transmission Protocol for Wireless Body Area Networks. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. :1–1.
The rapid development of low-power integrated circuits, wireless communication, intelligent sensors and microelectronics has allowed the realization of wireless body area networks (WBANs), which can monitor patients' vital body parameters remotely in real time to offer timely treatment. These vital body parameters are related to patients' life and health; and these highly private data are subject to many security threats. To guarantee privacy, many secure communication protocols have been proposed. However, most of these protocols have a one-to-one structure in extra-body communication and cannot support multidisciplinary team (MDT). Hence, we propose a lightweight and certificateless multi-receiver secure data transmission protocol for WBANs to support MDT treatment in this paper. In particular, a novel multi-receiver certificateless generalized signcryption (MR-CLGSC) scheme is proposed that can adaptively use only one algorithm to implement one of three cryptographic primitives: signature, encryption or signcryption. Then, a multi-receiver secure data transmission protocol based on the MR-CLGSC scheme with many security properties, such as data integrity and confidentiality, non-repudiation, anonymity, forward and backward secrecy, unlinkability and data freshness, is designed. Both security analysis and performance analysis show that the proposed protocol for WBANs is secure, efficient and highly practical.
Conference Name: IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Sun, Jin, Yao, Xiaomin, Wang, Shangping, Wu, Ying.  2020.  Non-Repudiation Storage and Access Control Scheme of Insurance Data Based on Blockchain in IPFS. IEEE Access. 8:155145–155155.
The insurance business plays a quite significant role in people's lives, but in the process of claim settlement, there are still various frauds such that the insurance companies' refusal to compensate or customers' malicious fraud to obtain compensation. Therefore, it is very important to ensure fair and just claims. In this paper, by combining the blockchain technology and the ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption system, we build a scheme for secure storage and update for insurance records under the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) storage environment in the insurance system. In this scheme, we use the fog node to outsource encryption of insurance records to improve the efficiency of the staff; In addition, we store encrypted insurance records on IPFS to ensure the security of the storage platform and avoid the single point failure of the centralized mechanism. In addition, we use the immutability of the blockchain to achieve the non-repudiation of both insurance companies and the client. The security proof shows that the proposed scheme can achieve selective security against selected keyword attacks. Our scheme is efficient and feasible under performance analysis and real data set experiments.
Conference Name: IEEE Access
Wang, Meng, Long, Yihong.  2020.  SM9 Digital Signature with Non-Repudiation. 2020 16th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :356–361.
SM9 is an identity-based cryptography algorithm published by the State Cryptography Administration of China. With SM9, a user's private key for signing is generated by a central system called key generation center (KGC). When the owner of the private key wants to shirk responsibility by denying that the signature was generated by himself, he can claim that the operator of KGC forged the signature using the generated private key. To address this issue, in this paper, two schemes of SM9 digital signature with non-repudiation are proposed. With the proposed schemes, the user's private key for signing is collaboratively generated by two separate components, one of which is deployed in the private key service provider's site while the other is deployed in the user's site. The private key can only be calculated in the user's site with the help of homomorphic encryption. Therefore, only the user can obtain the private key and he cannot deny that the signature was generated by himself. The proposed schemes can achieve the non-repudiation of SM9 digital signature.
Kumar, Keshav, Ramkumar, K.R., Kaur, Amanpreet.  2020.  A Design Implementation and Comparative Analysis of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Algorithm on FPGA. 2020 8th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) (ICRITO). :182—185.
As the technology is getting advanced continuously the problem for the security of data is also increasing. The hackers are equipped with new advanced tools and techniques to break any security system. Therefore people are getting more concern about data security. The data security is achieved by either software or hardware implementations. In this work Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) device is used for hardware implementation since these devices are less complex, more flexible and provide more efficiency. This work focuses on the hardware execution of one of the security algorithms that is the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. The AES algorithm is executed on Vivado 2014.2 ISE Design Suite and the results are observed on 28 nanometers (nm) Artix-7 FPGA. This work discusses the design implementation of the AES algorithm and the resources consumed in implementing the AES design on Artix-7 FPGA. The resources which are consumed are as follows-Slice Register (SR), Look-Up Tables (LUTs), Input/Output (I/O) and Global Buffer (BUFG).
S, Sahana, Shankaraiah.  2020.  Securing Govt Research Content using QR Code Image. 2020 IEEE International Conference for Innovation in Technology (INOCON). :1—5.
Government division may be a crucial portion of the nation's economy. Security of government inquire about substance from all sorts of dangers is basic not as it were for trade coherence but too for supporting the economy of the country as a entirety. With the digitization of conventional records, government substances experience troublesome issues, such as government capacity and access. Research office spend significant time questioning the specified information when getting to Government investigate substance subtle elements, but the gotten information are not fundamentally rectify, and get to is some of the time limited. On this premise, this think about proposes a investigate substance which utilize ciphertext-based encryption to guarantee information privacy and get to control of record subtle elements. The investigate head may scramble the put away data for accomplishing get to control and keeping information secure. In this manner AES Rijndael calculation is utilized for encryption. This guarantees security for the data and empowers Protection.
Kim, Young-Sae, Han, Jin-Hee, Kim, Geonwoo.  2020.  Design of an efficient image protection method based on QR code. 2020 International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence (ICTC). :1448—1450.
This paper presents the design and the verification of an efficient image protection method based on the QR code, which is a type of two-dimensional barcode widely used in various fields. For this purpose, we design a new image protection system consisting of a secure image generator and a secure image recognizer. One adds a new pre-processing block to the typical QR code generator and the other combines the existing QR code reader with a new post-processing block. The new architecture provides image de-identification. It is also flexible, allowing the use of text-based compression and encryption. We have implemented prototype applications for verifying the functions of the secure image generator and those of the secure image recognizer. As a result, it is shown that the proposed architecture can be used as a good solution for image privacy protection, especially in offline environments.
Hong, Yaoqiu.  2020.  Design of Intelligent Access Control System Based on DES Encrypted QR Code. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering and Computer Applications( AEECA). :1005—1008.
In order to solve the problems of inconvenient carrying and management of the access card used in the existing market access control system, a set of intelligent access control system based on DES encrypted two-dimensional code is designed. The system consists of Android smart phone, embedded access controller and server. By sending and receiving QR code via smart phone, access to the door is obtained, which realizes centralized management of office buildings, companies, senior office buildings, luxury residences and other middle and high-rise places, effectively preventing unauthorized people from entering the high security area. In order to ensure information security, the two-dimensional code is encrypted by DES algorithm. This system has the characteristics of low cost, high security and flexible operation. It is still blank in the application field and has certain promotion value.
Sannidhan, M S, Sudeepa, K B, Martis, Jason E, Bhandary, Abhir.  2020.  A Novel Key Generation Approach Based on Facial Image Features for Stream Cipher System. 2020 Third International Conference on Smart Systems and Inventive Technology (ICSSIT). :956—962.
Security preservation is considered as one of the major concerns in this digital world, mainly for performing any online transactions. As the time progress, it witnesses an enormous amount of security threats and stealing different kind of digital information over the online network. In this regard, lots of cryptographic algorithms based on secret key generation techniques have been implemented to boost up the security aspect of network systems that preserve the confidentiality of digital information. Despite this, intelligent intruders are still able to crack the key generation technique, thus stealing the data. In this research article, we propose an innovative approach for generating a pseudo-pseudo-random key sequence that serves as a base for the encryption/decryption process. The key generation process is carried out by extracting the essential features from a facial image and based on the extracted features; a pseudo-random key sequence that acts as a primary entity for the efficient encryption/decryption process is generated. Experimental findings related to the pseudo-random key is validated through chi-square, runs up-down and performs a period of subsequence test. Outcomes of these have subsequently passed in achieving an ideal key.
Patnala, Tulasi Radhika, Jayanthi, D., Majji, Sankararao, Valleti, Manohar, Kothapalli, Srilekha, Karanam, Santoshachandra Rao.  2020.  A Modernistic way for KEY Generation for Highly Secure Data Transfer in ASIC Design Flow. 2020 6th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems (ICACCS). :892—897.
Present day's data security plays a vital role in digital human life. Data is a valuable asset to any organization and hence its security from external attacks is very important. Information security is not only an important aspect but essential, to secure data from unapproved access. Data encryption, decryption and key management are the key factors in data protection. It is very important to have the right data security solution to meet the challenging threats. Cryptosystem implementation and random number generators are crucial for Cryptosystem applications such as security applications, space applications, military applications and smart cards et al. In this paper, we present the implementation of hybrid cryptosystem based on the True Random number Generator, pseudo Random number Generator and whitening the data by using the ASIC design flow.
Bajpai, Pranshu, Enbody, Richard.  2020.  An Empirical Study of API Calls in Ransomware. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Electro Information Technology (EIT). :443–448.
Modern cryptographic ransomware pose a severe threat to the security of individuals and organizations. Targeted ransomware attacks exhibit refinement in attack vectors owing to the manual reconnaissance performed by the perpetrators for infiltration. The result is an impenetrable lock on multiple hosts within the organization which allows the cybercriminals to demand hefty ransoms. Reliance on prevention strategies is not sufficient and a firm comprehension of implementation details is necessary to develop effective solutions that can thwart ransomware after preventative strategies have failed. Ransomware depend heavily on the abstraction offered by Windows APIs. This paper provides a detailed review of the common API calls in ransomware. We propose four classes of API calls that can be used for profiling and generating effective API call relationships useful in automated detection. Finally, we present counts and visualizations pertaining to API call extraction from real-world ransomware that demonstrate that even advanced variants from different families carry similarities in implementation.
KARA, Ilker, AYDOS, Murat.  2020.  Cyber Fraud: Detection and Analysis of the Crypto-Ransomware. 2020 11th IEEE Annual Ubiquitous Computing, Electronics Mobile Communication Conference (UEMCON). :0764–0769.
Currently as the widespread use of virtual monetary units (like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin) has begun, people with bad intentions have been attracted to this area and have produced and marketed ransomware in order to obtain virtual currency easily. This ransomware infiltrates the victim's system with smartly-designed methods and encrypts the files found in the system. After the encryption process, the attacker leaves a message demanding a ransom in virtual currency to open access to the encrypted files and warns that otherwise the files will not be accessible. This type of ransomware is becoming more popular over time, so currently it is the largest information technology security threat. In the literature, there are many studies about detection and analysis of this cyber-bullying. In this study, we focused on crypto-ransomware and investigated a forensic analysis of a current attack example in detail. In this example, the attack method and behavior of the crypto-ransomware were analyzed and it was identified that information belonging to the attacker was accessible. With this dimension, we think our study will significantly contribute to the struggle against this threat.
AlSabeh, Ali, Safa, Haidar, Bou-Harb, Elias, Crichigno, Jorge.  2020.  Exploiting Ransomware Paranoia For Execution Prevention. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Ransomware attacks cost businesses more than \$75 billion/year, and it is predicted to cost \$6 trillion/year by 2021. These numbers demonstrate the havoc produced by ransomware on a large number of sectors and urge security researches to tackle it. Several ransomware detection approaches have been proposed in the literature that interchange between static and dynamic analysis. Recently, ransomware attacks were shown to fingerprint the execution environment before they attack the system to counter dynamic analysis. In this paper, we exploit the behavior of contemporary ransomware to prevent its attack on real systems and thus avoid the loss of any data. We explore a set of ransomware-generated artifacts that are launched to sniff the surrounding. Furthermore, we design, develop, and evaluate an approach that monitors the behavior of a program by intercepting the called Windows APIs. Consequently, we determine in real-time if the program is trying to inspect its surrounding before the attack, and abort it immediately prior to the initiation of any malicious encryption or locking. Through empirical evaluations using real and recent ransomware samples, we study how ransomware and benign programs inspect the environment. Additionally, we demonstrate how to prevent ransomware with a low false positive rate. We make the developed approach available to the research community at large through GitHub to strongly promote cyber security defense operations and for wide-scale evaluations and enhancements.
Natarajan, K, Shaik, Vaheedbasha.  2020.  Transparent Data Encryption: Comparative Analysis and Performance Evaluation of Oracle Databases. 2020 Fifth International Conference on Research in Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (ICRCICN). :137—142.
This Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) can provide enormous benefits to the Relational Databases in the aspects of Data Security, Cryptographic Encryption, and Compliances. For every transaction, the stored data must be decrypted before applying the updates as well as should be encrypted before permanently storing back at the storage level. By adding this extra functionality to the database, the general thinking denotes that the Database (DB) going to hit some performance overhead at the CPU and storage level. However, The Oracle Corporation has adversely claimed that their latest Oracle DB version 19c TDE feature can provide significant improvement in the optimization of CPU and no overhead at the storage level for data processing. Impressively, it is true. the results of this paper prove too. Most interestingly the results also revealed about highly impacted components in the servers which are not yet disclosed in any of the previous research work. This paper completely concentrates on CPU, IO, and RAM performance analysis and identifying the bottlenecks along with possible solutions.
Feng, Na, Yin, Qiangguo.  2020.  Research on Computer Software Engineering Database Programming Technology Based on Virtualization Cloud Platform. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference of Safe Production and Informatization (IICSPI). :696—699.
The most important advantage of database is that it can form an intensive management system and serve a large number of information users, which shows the importance of information security in network development. However, there are many problems in the current computer software engineering industry, which seriously hinder the development of computer software engineering, among which the most remarkable and prominent one is that the database programming technology is difficult to be effectively utilized. In this paper, virtualization technology is used to manage the underlying resources of data center with the application background of big data technology, and realize the virtualization of network resources, storage resources and computing resources. It can play a constructive role in the construction of data center, integrate traditional and old resources, realize the computing data center system through virtualization, distributed storage and resource scheduling, and realize the clustering and load balancing of non-relational databases.
Jha, Pallavi, Zorkta, Haythem Yosef, Allawi, Dahham, Al-Nakkar, Maher Riad.  2020.  Improved Lightweight Encryption Algorithm (ILEA). 2020 International Conference for Emerging Technology (INCET). :1—4.
Lightweight cryptography concept has been a very hot topic for the last few years and considered as a new domain of encryption suitable for big data networks, small devices, phones, cards and embedded systems. These systems require low latency security and low power consuming [1]. An improved lightweight encryption algorithm ILEA is proposed in this paper. ILEA is based on PRINCE lightweight algorithm as his main core with two defacing balanced mixing layers added. ILEA presented in two programming languages: PYTHON, C++ with a comparative study with original PRINCE results and some of another lightweight algorithms.
Sravya, G., Kumar, Manchalla. O.V.P., Sudarsana Reddy, Y., Jamal, K., Mannem, Kiran.  2020.  The Ideal Block Ciphers - Correlation of AES and PRESENT in Cryptography. 2020 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Sustainable Systems (ICISS). :1107—1113.
In this digital era, the usage of technology has increased rapidly and led to the deployment of more innovative technologies for storing and transferring the generated data. The most important aspect of the emerging communication technologies is to ensure the safety and security of the generated huge amount of data. Hence, cryptography is considered as a pathway that can securely transfer and save the data. Cryptography comprises of ciphers that act like an algorithm, where the data is encrypted at the source and decrypted at the destination. This paper comprises of two ciphers namely PRESENT and AES ciphers. In the real-time applications, AES is no more relevant especially for segmenting the organizations that leverage RFID, Sensors and IoT devices. In order to overcome the strategic issues faced by these organization, PRESENT ciphers work appropriately with its super lightweight block figure, which has the equivalent significance to both security and equipment arrangements. This paper compares the AES (Advance encryption standard) symmetric block cipher with PRESENT symmetric block cipher to leverage in the industries mentioned earlier, where the huge consumption of resources becomes a significant factor. For the comparison of different ciphers, the results of area, timing analysis and the waveforms are taken into consideration.
Pandey, Jai Gopal, Laddha, Ayush, Samaddar, Sashwat Deb.  2020.  A Lightweight VLSI Architecture for RECTANGLE Cipher and its Implementation on an FPGA. 2020 24th International Symposium on VLSI Design and Test (VDAT). :1—6.
Block ciphers are one of the most fundamental building blocks for information and network security. In recent years, the need for lightweight ciphers has dramatically been increased due to their wide use in low-cost cryptosystems, wireless networks and resource-constrained embedded devices including RFIDs, sensor nodes, smart cards etc. In this paper, an efficient lightweight architecture for RECTANGLE block cipher has been proposed. The architecture is suitable for extremely hardware-constrained environments and multiple platforms due to its support of bit-slice technique. The proposed architecture has been synthesized and implemented on Xilinx Virtex-5 xc5vlx110t-1ff1136 field programmable gate array (FPGA) device. Implementation results have been presented and compared with the existing architectures and have shown commensurable performance. Also, an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) implementation of the architecture is done on SCL 180 nm CMOS technology where it consumes 2362 gate equivalent (GE).
Pan, Xiaoqin, Tang, Shaofei, Zhu, Zuqing.  2020.  Privacy-Preserving Multilayer In-Band Network Telemetry and Data Analytics. 2020 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :142—147.
As a new paradigm for the monitoring and troubleshooting of backbone networks, the multilayer in-band network telemetry (ML-INT) with deep learning (DL) based data analytics (DA) has recently been proven to be effective on realtime visualization and fine-grained monitoring. However, the existing studies on ML-INT&DA systems have overlooked the privacy and security issues, i.e., a malicious party can apply tapping in the data reporting channels between the data and control planes to illegally obtain plaintext ML-INT data in them. In this paper, we discuss a privacy-preserving DL-based ML-INT&DA system for realizing AI-assisted network automation in backbone networks in the form of IP-over-Optical. We first show a lightweight encryption scheme based on integer vector homomorphic encryption (IVHE), which is used to encrypt plaintext ML-INT data. Then, we architect a DL model for anomaly detection, which can directly analyze the ciphertext ML-INT data. Finally, we present the implementation and experimental demonstrations of the proposed system. The privacy-preserving DL-based ML-INT&DA system is realized in a real IP over elastic optical network (IP-over-EON) testbed, and the experimental results verify the feasibility and effectiveness of our proposal.
Li, Shanghao, He, Shan, Li, Lin, Guo, Donghui.  2020.  IP Trading System with Blockchain on Web-EDA. 2020 IEEE 14th International Conference on Anti-counterfeiting, Security, and Identification (ASID). :164—168.
As the scale of integrated circuits continues to expand, electronic design automation (EDA) and intellectual property (IP) reuse play an increasingly important role in the integrated circuit design process. Although many Web-EDA platforms have begun to provide online EDA software to reduce the threshold for the use of EDA tools, IP protection on the Web- EDA platform is an issue. This article uses blockchain technology to design an IP trading system for the Web-EDA platform to achieve mutual trust and transactions between IP owners and users. The structure of the IP trading system is described in detail, and a blockchain wallet for the Web-EDA platform is developed.
Karmakar, Rajit, Chattopadhyay, Santanu.  2020.  Hardware IP Protection Using Logic Encryption and Watermarking. 2020 IEEE International Test Conference (ITC). :1—10.
Logic encryption is a popular Design-for-Security(DfS) solution that offers protection against the potential adversaries in the third-party fab labs and end-users. However, over the years, logic encryption has been a target of several attacks, especially Boolean satisfiability attacks. This paper exploits SAT attack's inability of deobfuscating sequential circuits as a defense against it. We propose several strategies capable of preventing the SAT attack by obfuscating the scan-based Design-for-Testability (DfT) infrastructure. Unlike the existing SAT-resilient schemes, the proposed techniques do not suffer from poor output corruption for wrong keys. This paper also offers various probable solutions for inserting the key-gates into the circuit that ensures protection against numerous other attacks, which exploit weak key-gate locations. Along with several gate-level obfuscation strategies, this paper also presents a Cellular Automata (CA) guided FSM obfuscation strategy to offer protection at a higher abstraction level, that is, RTL-level. For all the proposed schemes, rigorous security analysis against various attacks evaluates their strengths and limitations. Testability analysis also ensures that none of the proposed techniques hamper the basic testing properties of the ICs. We also present a CA-based FSM watermarking strategy that helps to detect potential theft of the designer's IP by any adversary.
Zhou, Eda, Turcotte, Joseph, De Carli, Lorenzo.  2020.  Enabling Security Analysis of IoT Device-to-Cloud Traffic. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :1888—1894.
End-to-end encryption is now ubiquitous on the internet. By securing network communications with TLS, parties can insure that in-transit data remains inaccessible to collection and analysis. In the IoT domain however, end-to-end encryption can paradoxically decrease user privacy, as many IoT devices establish encrypted communications with the manufacturer's cloud backend. The content of these communications remains opaque to the user and in several occasions IoT devices have been discovered to exfiltrate private information (e.g., voice recordings) without user authorization. In this paper, we propose Inspection-Friendly TLS (IF-TLS), an IoT-oriented, TLS-based middleware protocol that preserves the encryption offered by TLS while allowing traffic analysis by middleboxes under the user's control. Differently from related efforts, IF-TLS is designed from the ground up for the IoT world, adding limited complexity on top of TLS and being fully controllable by the residential gateway. At the same time it provides flexibility, enabling the user to offload traffic analysis to either the gateway itself, or cloud-based middleboxes. We implemented a stable, Python-based prototype IF-TLS library; preliminary results show that performance overhead is limited and unlikely to affect quality-of-experience.
Bentafat, Elmahdi, Rathore, M. Mazhar, Bakiras, Spiridon.  2020.  Privacy-Preserving Traffic Flow Estimation for Road Networks. GLOBECOM 2020 - 2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference. :1–6.
Future intelligent transportation systems necessitate a fine-grained and accurate estimation of vehicular traffic flows across critical paths of the underlying road network. This task is relatively trivial if we are able to collect detailed trajectories from every moving vehicle throughout the day. Nevertheless, this approach compromises the location privacy of the vehicles and may be used to build accurate profiles of the corresponding individuals. To this end, this work introduces a privacy-preserving protocol that leverages roadside units (RSUs) to communicate with the passing vehicles, in order to construct encrypted Bloom filters stemming from the vehicle IDs. The aggregate Bloom filters are encrypted with a threshold cryptosystem and can only be decrypted by the transportation authority in collaboration with multiple trusted entities. As a result, the individual communications between the vehicles and the RSUs remain secret. The decrypted Bloom filters reveal the aggregate traffic information at each RSU, but may also serve as a means to compute an approximation of the traffic flow between any pair of RSUs, by simply estimating the number of common vehicles in their respective Bloom filters. We performed extensive simulation experiments with various configuration parameters and demonstrate that our protocol reduces the estimation error considerably when compared to the current state-of-the-art approaches. Furthermore, our implementation of the underlying cryptographic primitives illustrates the feasibility, practicality, and scalability of the system.
Zheng, Zhihao, Cao, Zhenfu, Shen, Jiachen.  2020.  Practical and Secure Circular Range Search on Private Spatial Data. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :639–645.
With the location-based services (LBS) booming, the volume of spatial data inevitably explodes. In order to reduce local storage and computational overhead, users tend to outsource data and initiate queries to the cloud. However, sensitive data or queries may be compromised if cloud server has access to raw data and plaintext token. To cope with this problem, searchable encryption for geometric range is applied. Geometric range search has wide applications in many scenarios, especially the circular range search. In this paper, a practical and secure circular range search scheme (PSCS) is proposed to support searching for spatial data in a circular range. With our scheme, a semi-honest cloud server will return data for a given circular range correctly without uncovering index privacy or query privacy. We propose a polynomial split algorithm which can decompose the inner product calculation neatly. Then, we define the security of our PSCS formally and prove that it is secure under same-closeness-pattern chosen-plaintext attacks (CLS-CPA) in theory. In addition, we demonstrate the efficiency and accuracy through analysis and experiments compared with existing schemes.
Ye, Yunxiu, Cao, Zhenfu, Shen, Jiachen.  2020.  Unbounded Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption with Black-Box Traceability. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :1655—1663.
Attribute-based encryption received widespread attention as soon as it was proposed. However, due to its specific characteristics, some restrictions on attribute set are not flexible enough in actual operation. In addition, since access authorities are determined according to users' attributes, users sharing the same attributes are difficult to be distinguished. Once a malicious user makes illicit gains by their decryption authorities, it is difficult to track down specific user. This paper follows practical demands to propose a more flexible key-policy attribute-based encryption scheme with black-box traceability. The scheme has a constant size of public parameters which can be utilized to construct attribute-related parameters flexibly, and the method of traitor tracing in broadcast encryption is introduced to achieve effective malicious user tracing. In addition, the security and feasibility can be proved by the security proofs and performance evaluation in this paper.