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Xue, Qingshui, Wang, Chenyang, Xue, Zhen.  2022.  CP-ABE with multi-Authorization Centers and Supporting Outsourcing Encryption and Decryption. 2022 2nd International Conference on Electronic Information Technology and Smart Agriculture (ICEITSA). :275—281.
The traditional ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) has the problems of poor security of key distribution by a single attribute authorization center and too much calculation on the client in the process of encryption and decryption. A CP-ABE scheme that can outsource encryption and decryption and support multi-authorization centers is introduced to solve the above two problems. In the key generation stage, the user's private key is generated by the attribute authorization center and the key generation center jointly executing the two-party secure computing protocol; In the encryption and decryption stage, the cloud encryption server and cloud storage server are used to handle most of the computing work. Security proof and performance analysis show that the scheme not only can effectively make up for the defect of all key leakage when the attribute authorization center is broken, but also can enhance the security of the system; Moreover, after using the cloud server to process data, users only need to perform a simple calculation on the client to complete encryption or decryption, thus reducing the user's computing workload.
Acheampong, Edward Mensah, Zhou, Shijie, Liao, Yongjian, Antwi-Boasiako, Emmanuel, Obiri, Isaac Amankona.  2022.  Smart Health Records Sharing Scheme based on Partially Policy-Hidden CP-ABE with Leakage Resilience. 2022 IEEE 24th Int Conf on High Performance Computing & Communications; 8th Int Conf on Data Science & Systems; 20th Int Conf on Smart City; 8th Int Conf on Dependability in Sensor, Cloud & Big Data Systems & Application (HPCC/DSS/SmartCity/DependSys). :1408—1415.
With the rapid innovation of cloud computing technologies, which has enhanced the application of the Internet of Things (IoT), smart health (s-health) is expected to enhance the quality of the healthcare system. However, s-health records (SHRs) outsourcing, storage, and sharing via a cloud server must be protected and users attribute privacy issues from the public domain. Ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) is the cryptographic primitive which is promising to provide fine-grained access control in the cloud environment. However, the direct application of traditional CP-ABE has brought a lot of security issues like attributes' privacy violations and vulnerability in the future by potential powerful attackers like side-channel and cold-bot attacks. To solve these problems, a lot of CP-ABE schemes have been proposed but none of them concurrently support partially policy-hidden and leakage resilience. Hence, we propose a new Smart Health Records Sharing Scheme that will be based on Partially Policy-Hidden CP-ABE with Leakage Resilience which is resilient to bound leakage from each of many secret keys per user, as well as many master keys, and ensure attribute privacy. Our scheme hides attribute values of users in both secret key and ciphertext which contain sensitive information in the cloud environment and are fully secure in the standard model under the static assumptions.
Wang, Jingyi, Huang, Cheng, Ma, Yiming, Wang, Huiyuan, Peng, Chao, Yu, HouHui.  2022.  BA-CPABE : An auditable Ciphertext-Policy Attribute Based Encryption Based on Blockchain. 2022 International Conference on Blockchain Technology and Information Security (ICBCTIS). :193—197.
At present, the ciphertext-policy attribute based encryption (CP-ABE) has been widely used in different fields of data sharing such as cross-border paperless trade, digital government and etc. However, there still exist some challenges including single point of failure, key abuse and key unaccountable issues in CP-ABE. To address these problems. We propose an accountable CP-ABE mechanism based on block chain system. First, we establish two authorization agencies MskCA and AttrVN(Attribute verify Network),where the MskCA can realize master key escrow, and the AttrVN manages and validates users' attributes. In this way, our system can avoid the single point of failure and improve the privacy of user attributes and security of keys. Moreover, in order to realize auditability of CP-ABE key parameter transfer, we introduce the did and record parameter transfer process on the block chain. Finally, we theoretically prove the security of our CP-ABE. Through comprehensive comparison, the superiority of CP-ABE is verified. At the same time, our proposed schemes have some properties such as fast decryption and so on.
Croitoru, Adrian-Florin, Stîngă, Florin, Marian, Marius.  2022.  A Case Study for Designing a Secure Communication Protocol over a Controller Area Network. 2022 26th International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing (ICSTCC). :47–51.
This paper presents a case study for designing and implementing a secure communication protocol over a Controller Area Network (CAN). The CAN based protocol uses a hybrid encryption method on a relatively simple hardware / software environment. Moreover, the blockchain technology is proposed as a working solution to provide an extra secure level of the proposed system.
ISSN: 2372-1618
Aladi, Ahmed, Alsusa, Emad.  2022.  A Secure Turbo Codes Design on Physical Layer Security Based on Interleaving and Puncturing. 2022 IEEE 96th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2022-Fall). :1–7.
Nowadays, improving the reliability and security of the transmitted data has gained more attention with the increase in emerging power-limited and lightweight communication devices. Also, the transmission needs to meet specific latency requirements. Combining data encryption and encoding in one physical layer block has been exploited to study the effect on security and latency over traditional sequential data transmission. Some of the current works target secure error-correcting codes that may be candidates for post-quantum computing. However, modifying the popularly used channel coding techniques to guarantee secrecy and maintain the same error performance and complexity at the decoder is challenging since the structure of the channel coding blocks is altered which results in less optimal decoding performance. Also, the redundancy nature of the error-correcting codes complicates the encryption method. In this paper, we briefly review the proposed security schemes on Turbo codes. Then, we propose a secure turbo code design and compare it with the relevant security schemes in the literature. We show that the proposed method is more secure without adding complexity.
ISSN: 2577-2465
AlShalaan, Manal, AlSubaie, Reem, Ara, Anees.  2022.  Secure Storage System Using Cryptographic Techniques. 2022 Fifth International Conference of Women in Data Science at Prince Sultan University (WiDS PSU). :138–142.
In the era of Internet usage growth, storage services are widely used where users' can store their data, while hackers techniques pose massive threats to users' data security. The proposed system introduces multiple layers of security where data confidentiality, integrity and availability are achieved using honey encryption, hashed random passwords as well as detecting intruders and preventing them. The used techniques can ensure security against brute force and denial of service attacks. Our proposed methodology proofs the efficiency for storing and retrieving data using honey words and password hashing with less execution time and more security features achieved compared with other systems. Other systems depend on user password leading to easily predict it, we avoid this approach by making the password given to the user is randomly generated which make it unpredictable and hard to break. Moreover, we created a simple user interface to interact with users to take their inputs and store them along with the given password in true database, if an adversary detected, he will be processed as a normal user but with fake information taken from another database called false database, after that, the admin will be notified about this illegitimate access by providing the IP address. This approach will make the admin have continuous detection and ensure availability and confidentiality. Our execution time is efficient as the encryption process takes 244 ms and decryption 229 ms.
Lin, Chen, Wang, Yi.  2022.  Implementation of Cache Timing Attack Based on Present Algorithm. 2022 8th Annual International Conference on Network and Information Systems for Computers (ICNISC). :32–35.
Traditional side-channel attacks have shortcomings such as low efficiency, extremely difficult collection and injection of fault information in real environments, and poor applicability of attacks. The cache timing attack proposed in recent years is a new type of side-channel attack method. This attack method uses the difference in the reading speed of the computer CPU cache to enable the attacker to obtain the confidential information during the execution of the algorithm. The attack efficiency is high, and the cost is relatively low. little. Present algorithm is a lightweight block cipher proposed in 2007. The algorithm has excellent hardware implementation and concise round function design. On this basis, scholars at home and abroad have carried out different side-channel attacks on it, such as differential attacks., multiple differential chain attacks, algebraic attacks, etc. At present, there is no published research on the Cache timing attack against the Present algorithm at home and abroad. In this paper, the output value of the S box in the first and second rounds of the encryption process is obtained through the combination of the Cache timing attack and the side-channel Trojan horse, and Combined with the key recovery algorithm, the master key of the algorithm is finally recovered.
Sun, Yanling, Chen, Ning, Jiang, Tianjiao.  2022.  Research on Image Encryption based on Generalized M-J Set. 2022 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Electronic Technology, Communication and Information (ICETCI). :1165–1168.
With the rapid development of information technology, hacker invasion, Internet fraud and privacy disclosure and other events frequently occur, therefore information security issues become the focus of attention. Protecting the secure transmission of information has become a hot topic in today's research. As the carrier of information, image has the characteristics of vivid image and large amount of information. It has become an indispensable part of people's communication. In this paper, we proposed the key simulation analysis research based on M-J set. The research uses a complex iterative mapping to construct M set. On the basis of the constructed M set, the constructed Julia set is used to form the encryption key. The experimental results show that the generalized M-set has the characteristics of chaotic characteristic and initial value sensitivity, and the complex mapping greatly exaggerates the key space. The research on the key space based on the generalized M-J set is helpful to improve the effect of image encryption.
Shaocheng, Wu, Hefang, Jiang, Sijian, Li, Tao, Liu.  2022.  Design of a chaotic sequence cipher algorithm. 2022 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Data Science and Computer Application (ICDSCA). :320–323.
To protect the security of video information use encryption technology to be effective means. In practical applications, the structural complexity and real-time characteristics of video information make the encryption effect of some commonly used algorithms have some shortcomings. According to the characteristics of video, to design practical encryption algorithm is necessary. This paper proposed a novel scheme of chaotic image encryption, which is based on scrambling and diffusion structure. Firstly, the breadth first search method is used to scramble the pixel position in the original image, and then the pseudo-random sequence generated by the time-varying bilateral chaotic symbol system is used to transform each pixel of the scrambled image ratio by ratio or encryption. In the simulation experiment and analysis, the performance of the encrypted image message entropy displays that the new chaotic image encryption scheme is effective.
Tahmasbi, Maryam, Boostani, Reza, Aljaidi, Mohammad, Attar, Hani.  2022.  Improving Organizations Security Using Visual Cryptography Based on XOR and Chaotic-Based Key. 2022 International Engineering Conference on Electrical, Energy, and Artificial Intelligence (EICEEAI). :1–6.
Since data security is an important branch of the wide concept of security, using simple and interpretable data security methods is deemed necessary. A considerable volume of data that is transferred through the internet is in the form of image. Therefore, several methods have focused on encrypting and decrypting images but some of the conventional algorithms are complex and time consuming. On the other hand, denial method or steganography has attracted the researchers' attention leading to more security for transferring images. This is because attackers are not aware of encryption on images and therefore they do not try to decrypt them. Here, one of the most effective and simplest operators (XOR) is employed. The received shares in destination only with XOR operation can recover original images. Users are not necessary to be familiar with computer programing, data coding and the execution time is lesser compared to chaos-based methods or coding table. Nevertheless, for designing the key when we have messy images, we use chaotic functions. Here, in addition to use the XOR operation, eliminating the pixel expansion and meaningfulness of the shared images is of interest. This method is simple and efficient and use both encryption and steganography; therefore, it can guarantee the security of transferred images.
Debnath, Sristi, Kar, Nirmalya.  2022.  An Approach Towards Data Security Based on DCT and Chaotic Map. 2022 2nd Asian Conference on Innovation in Technology (ASIANCON). :1–5.
Currently, the rapid development of digital communication and multimedia has made security an increasingly prominent issue of communicating, storing, and transmitting digital data such as images, audio, and video. Encryption techniques such as chaotic map based encryption can ensure high levels of security of data and have been used in many fields including medical science, military, and geographic satellite imagery. As a result, ensuring image data confidentiality, integrity, security, privacy, and authenticity while transferring and storing images over an unsecured network like the internet has become a high concern. There have been many encryption technologies proposed in recent years. This paper begins with a summary of cryptography and image encryption basics, followed by a discussion of different kinds of chaotic image encryption techniques and a literature review for each form of encryption. Finally, by examining the behaviour of numerous existing chaotic based image encryption algorithms, this paper hopes to build new chaotic based image encryption strategies in the future.
Deepa, N R, Sivamangai, N M.  2022.  A State-Of-Art Model of Encrypting Medical Image Using DNA Cryptography and Hybrid Chaos Map - 2d Zaslavaski Map: Review. 2022 6th International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems (ICDCS). :190–195.
E-health, smart health and telemedicine are examples of sophisticated healthcare systems. For end-to-end communication, these systems rely on digital medical information. Although this digitizing saves much time, it is open source. As a result, hackers could potentially manipulate the digital medical image as it is being transmitted. It is harder to diagnose an actual disease from a modified digital medical image in medical diagnostics. As a result, ensuring the security and confidentiality of clinical images, as well as reducing the computing time of encryption algorithms, appear to be critical problems for research groups. Conventional approaches are insufficient to ensure high-level medical image security. So this review paper focuses on depicting advanced methods like DNA cryptography and Chaotic Map as advanced techniques that could potentially help in encrypting the digital image at an effective level. This review acknowledges the key accomplishments expressed in the encrypting measures and their success indicators of qualitative and quantitative measurement. This research study also explores the key findings and reasons for finding the lessons learned as a roadmap for impending findings.
ISSN: 2644-1802
Monani, Ravi, Rogers, Brian, Rezaei, Amin, Hedayatipour, Ava.  2022.  Implementation of Chaotic Encryption Architecture on FPGA for On-Chip Secure Communication. 2022 IEEE Green Energy and Smart System Systems (IGESSC). :1–6.
Chaos is an interesting phenomenon for nonlinear systems that emerges due to its complex and unpredictable behavior. With the escalated use of low-powered edge-compute devices, data security at the edge develops the need for security in communication. The characteristic that Chaos synchronizes over time for two different chaotic systems with their own unique initial conditions, is the base for chaos implementation in communication. This paper proposes an encryption architecture suitable for communication of on-chip sensors to provide a POC (proof of concept) with security encrypted on the same chip using different chaotic equations. In communication, encryption is achieved with the help of microcontrollers or software implementations that use more power and have complex hardware implementation. The small IoT devices are expected to be operated on low power and constrained with size. At the same time, these devices are highly vulnerable to security threats, which elevates the need to have low power/size hardware-based security. Since the discovery of chaotic equations, they have been used in various encryption applications. The goal of this research is to take the chaotic implementation to the CMOS level with the sensors on the same chip. The hardware co-simulation is demonstrated on an FPGA board for Chua encryption/decryption architecture. The hardware utilization for Lorenz, SprottD, and Chua on FPGA is achieved with Xilinx System Generation (XSG) toolbox which reveals that Lorenz’s utilization is 9% lesser than Chua’s.
ISSN: 2640-0138
Liu, Zhiwei, Du, Qinghe.  2022.  Self-coupling Encryption via Polar Codes for Secure Wireless Transmission. 2022 International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (IWCMC). :384–388.
In this paper, we studies secure wireless transmission using polar codes which based on self-coupling encryption for relay-wiretap channel. The coding scheme proposed in this paper divide the confidential message into two parts, one part used to generate key through a specific extension method, and then use key to perform coupling encryption processing on another part of the confidential message to obtain the ciphertext. The ciphertext is transmitted in the split-channels which are good for relay node, legitimate receiver and eavesdropper at the same time. Legitimate receiver can restore key with the assistance of relay node, and then uses the joint successive cancellation decoding algorithm to restore confidential message. Even if eavesdropper can correctly decode the ciphertext, he still cannot restore the confidential message due to the lack of key. Simulation results show that compared with the previous work, our coding scheme can increase the average code rate to some extent on the premise of ensuring the reliability and security of transmission.
ISSN: 2376-6506
Magfirawaty, Magfirawaty, Budi Setiawan, Fauzan, Yusuf, Muhammad, Kurniandi, Rizki, Nafis, Raihan Fauzan, Hayati, Nur.  2022.  Principal Component Analysis and Data Encryption Model for Face Recognition System. 2022 2nd International Conference on Electronic and Electrical Engineering and Intelligent System (ICE3IS). :381–386.

Face recognition is a biometric technique that uses a computer or machine to facilitate the recognition of human faces. The advantage of this technique is that it can detect faces without direct contact with the device. In its application, the security of face recognition data systems is still not given much attention. Therefore, this study proposes a technique for securing data stored in the face recognition system database. It implements the Viola-Jones Algorithm, the Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi Algorithm (KLT), and the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) algorithm by applying a database security algorithm using XOR encryption. Several tests and analyzes have been performed with this method. The histogram analysis results show no visual information related to encrypted images with plain images. In addition, the correlation value between the encrypted and plain images is weak, so it has high security against statistical attacks with an entropy value of around 7.9. The average time required to carry out the introduction process is 0.7896 s.

Gupta, Ashutosh, Agrawal, Anita.  2022.  Advanced Encryption Standard Algorithm with Optimal S-box and Automated Key Generation. 2022 2nd International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering (ICACITE). :2112–2115.

Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm plays an important role in a data security application. In general S-box module in AES will give maximum confusion and diffusion measures during AES encryption and cause significant path delay overhead. In most cases, either L UTs or embedded memories are used for S- box computations which are vulnerable to attacks that pose a serious risk to real-world applications. In this paper, implementation of the composite field arithmetic-based Sub-bytes and inverse Sub-bytes operations in AES is done. The proposed work includes an efficient multiple round AES cryptosystem with higher-order transformation and composite field s-box formulation with some possible inner stage pipelining schemes which can be used for throughput rate enhancement along with path delay optimization. Finally, input biometric-driven key generation schemes are used for formulating the cipher key dynamically, which provides a higher degree of security for the computing devices.

Chang, Liang.  2022.  The Research on Fingerprint Encryption Algorithm Based on The Error Correcting Code. 2022 International Conference on Wireless Communications, Electrical Engineering and Automation (WCEEA). :258–262.

In this paper, an overall introduction of fingerprint encryption algorithm is made, and then a fingerprint encryption algorithm with error correction is designed by adding error correction mechanism. This new fingerprint encryption algorithm can produce stochastic key in the form of multinomial coefficient by using the binary system sequencer, encrypt fingerprint, and use the Lagrange difference value to restore the multinomial during authenticating. Due to using the cyclic redundancy check code to find out the most accurate key, the accuracy of this algorithm can be ensured. Experimental result indicates that the fuzzy vault algorithm with error correction can well realize the template protection, and meet the requirements of biological information security protection. In addition, it also indicates that the system's safety performance can be enhanced by chanaing the key's length.

Hofbauer, Heinz, Martínez-Díaz, Yoanna, Luevano, Luis Santiago, Méndez-Vázquez, Heydi, Uhl, Andreas.  2022.  Utilizing CNNs for Cryptanalysis of Selective Biometric Face Sample Encryption. 2022 26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR). :892–899.

When storing face biometric samples in accordance with ISO/IEC 19794 as JPEG2000 encoded images, it is necessary to encrypt them for the sake of users’ privacy. Literature suggests selective encryption of JPEG2000 images as fast and efficient method for encryption, the trade-off is that some information is left in plaintext. This could be used by an attacker, in case the encrypted biometric samples are leaked. In this work, we will attempt to utilize a convolutional neural network to perform cryptanalysis of the encryption scheme. That is, we want to assess if there is any information left in plaintext in the selectively encrypted face images which can be used to identify the person. The chosen approach is to train CNNs for biometric face recognition not only with plaintext face samples but additionally conduct a refinement training with partially encrypted data. If this system can successfully utilize encrypted face samples for biometric matching, we can show that the information left in encrypted biometric face samples is information actually usable for biometric recognition.The method works and we can show that a supposedly secure biometric sample still contains identifying information on average over the whole database.

ISSN: 2831-7475

L, Shammi, Milind, Emilin Shyni, C., Ul Nisa, Khair, Bora, Ravi Kumar, Saravanan, S..  2022.  Securing Biometric Data with Optimized Share Creation and Visual Cryptography Technique. 2022 6th International Conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology. :673–679.

Biometric security is the fastest growing area that receives considerable attention over the past few years. Digital hiding and encryption technologies provide an effective solution to secure biometric information from intentional or accidental attacks. Visual cryptography is the approach utilized for encrypting the information which is in the form of visual information for example images. Meanwhile, the biometric template stored in the databases are generally in the form of images, the visual cryptography could be employed effectively for encrypting the template from the attack. This study develops a share creation with improved encryption process for secure biometric verification (SCIEP-SBV) technique. The presented SCIEP-SBV technique majorly aims to attain security via encryption and share creation (SC) procedure. Firstly, the biometric images undergo SC process to produce several shares. For encryption process, homomorphic encryption (HE) technique is utilized in this work. To further improve the secrecy, an improved bald eagle search (IBES) approach was exploited in this work. The simulation values of the SCIEP-SBV system are tested on biometric images. The extensive comparison study demonstrated the improved outcomes of the SCIEP-SBV technique over compared methods.

Habbak, Hany, Metwally, Khaled, Mattar, Ahmed Maher.  2022.  Securing Big Data: A Survey on Security Solutions. 2022 13th International Conference on Electrical Engineering (ICEENG). :145–149.
Big Data (BD) is the combination of several technologies which address the gathering, analyzing and storing of massive heterogeneous data. The tremendous spurt of the Internet of Things (IoT) and different technologies are the fundamental incentive behind this enduring development. Moreover, the analysis of this data requires high-performance servers for advanced and parallel data analytics. Thus, data owners with their limited capabilities may outsource their data to a powerful but untrusted environment, i.e., the Cloud. Furthermore, data analytic techniques performed on external cloud may arise various security intimidations regarding the confidentiality and the integrity of the aforementioned; transferred, analyzed, and stored data. To countermeasure these security issues and challenges, several techniques have been addressed. This survey paper aims to summarize and emphasize the security threats within Big Data framework, in addition, it is worth mentioning research work related to Big Data Analytics (BDA).
Shrivastva, Krishna Mohan Pd, Rizvi, M.A., Singh, Shailendra.  2014.  Big Data Privacy Based on Differential Privacy a Hope for Big Data. 2014 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks. :776–781.
In era of information age, due to different electronic, information & communication technology devices and process like sensors, cloud, individual archives, social networks, internet activities and enterprise data are growing exponentially. The most challenging issues are how to effectively manage these large and different type of data. Big data is one of the term named for this large and different type of data. Due to its extraordinary scale, privacy and security is one of the critical challenge of big data. At the every stage of managing the big data there are chances that privacy may be disclose. Many techniques have been suggested and implemented for privacy preservation of large data set like anonymization based, encryption based and others but unfortunately due to different characteristic (large volume, high speed, and unstructured data) of big data all these techniques are not fully suitable. In this paper we have deeply analyzed, discussed and suggested how an existing approach "differential privacy" is suitable for big data. Initially we have discussed about differential privacy and later analyze how it is suitable for big data.
Luo, Xingqi, Wang, Haotian, Dong, Jinyang, Zhang, Chuan, Wu, Tong.  2022.  Achieving Privacy-preserving Data Sharing for Dual Clouds. 2022 IEEE International Conferences on Internet of Things (iThings) and IEEE Green Computing & Communications (GreenCom) and IEEE Cyber, Physical & Social Computing (CPSCom) and IEEE Smart Data (SmartData) and IEEE Congress on Cybermatics (Cybermatics). :139–146.
With the advent of the era of Internet of Things (IoT), the increasing data volume leads to storage outsourcing as a new trend for enterprises and individuals. However, data breaches frequently occur, bringing significant challenges to the privacy protection of the outsourced data management system. There is an urgent need for efficient and secure data sharing schemes for the outsourced data management infrastructure, such as the cloud. Therefore, this paper designs a dual-server-based data sharing scheme with data privacy and high efficiency for the cloud, enabling the internal members to exchange their data efficiently and securely. Dual servers guarantee that none of the servers can get complete data independently by adopting secure two-party computation. In our proposed scheme, if the data is destroyed when sending it to the user, the data will not be restored. To prevent the malicious deletion, the data owner adds a random number to verify the identity during the uploading procedure. To ensure data security, the data is transmitted in ciphertext throughout the process by using searchable encryption. Finally, the black-box leakage analysis and theoretical performance evaluation demonstrate that our proposed data sharing scheme provides solid security and high efficiency in practice.
Biswas, Ankur, K V, Pradeep, Kumar Pandey, Arvind, Kumar Shukla, Surendra, Raj, Tej, Roy, Abhishek.  2022.  Hybrid Access Control for Atoring Large Data with Security. 2022 International Interdisciplinary Humanitarian Conference for Sustainability (IIHC). :838–844.
Although the public cloud is known for its incredible capabilities, consumers cannot totally depend on cloud service providers to keep personal data because to the lack of client maneuverability. To protect privacy, data controllers outsourced encryption keys rather than providing information. Crypt - text to conduct out okay and founder access control and provide the encryption keys with others, innate quality Aes (CP-ABE) may be employed. This, however, falls short of effectively protecting against new dangers. The public cloud was unable to validate if a downloader could decode using a number of older methods. Therefore, these files should be accessible to everyone having access to a data storage. A malicious attacker may download hundreds of files in order to launch Economic Deny of Sustain (EDoS) attacks, greatly depleting the cloud resource. The user of cloud storage is responsible for paying the fee. Additionally, the public cloud serves as both the accountant and the payer of resource consumption costs, without offering data owners any information. Cloud infrastructure storage should assuage these concerns in practice. In this study, we provide a technique for resource accountability and defense against DoS attacks for encrypted cloud storage tanks. It uses black-box CP-ABE techniques and abides by the access policy of CP-arbitrary ABE. After presenting two methods for different parameters, speed and security evaluations are given.
Yuan, Dandan, Cui, Shujie, Russello, Giovanni.  2022.  We Can Make Mistakes: Fault-tolerant Forward Private Verifiable Dynamic Searchable Symmetric Encryption. 2022 IEEE 7th European Symposium on Security and Privacy (EuroS&P). :587–605.
Verifiable Dynamic Searchable Symmetric Encryption (VDSSE) enables users to securely outsource databases (document sets) to cloud servers and perform searches and updates. The verifiability property prevents users from accepting incorrect search results returned by a malicious server. However, we discover that the community currently only focuses on preventing malicious behavior from the server but ignores incorrect updates from the client, which are very likely to happen since there is no record on the client to check. Indeed most existing VDSSE schemes are not sufficient to tolerate incorrect updates from the client. For instance, deleting a nonexistent keyword-identifier pair can break their correctness and soundness. In this paper, we demonstrate the vulnerabilities of a type of existing VDSSE schemes that fail them to ensure correctness and soundness properties on incorrect updates. We propose an efficient fault-tolerant solution that can consider any DSSE scheme as a black-box and make them into a fault-tolerant VDSSE in the malicious model. Forward privacy is an important property of DSSE that prevents the server from linking an update operation to previous search queries. Our approach can also make any forward secure DSSE scheme into a fault-tolerant VDSSE without breaking the forward security guarantee. In this work, we take FAST [1] (TDSC 2020), a forward secure DSSE, as an example, implement a prototype of our solution, and evaluate its performance. Even when compared with the previous fastest forward private construction that does not support fault tolerance, the experiments show that our construction saves 9× client storage and has better search and update efficiency.
Hirahara, Shuichi.  2022.  NP-Hardness of Learning Programs and Partial MCSP. 2022 IEEE 63rd Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS). :968–979.
A long-standing open question in computational learning theory is to prove NP-hardness of learning efficient programs, the setting of which is in between proper learning and improper learning. Ko (COLT’90, SICOMP’91) explicitly raised this open question and demonstrated its difficulty by proving that there exists no relativizing proof of NP-hardness of learning programs. In this paper, we overcome Ko’s relativization barrier and prove NP-hardness of learning programs under randomized polynomial-time many-one reductions. Our result is provably non-relativizing, and comes somewhat close to the parameter range of improper learning: We observe that mildly improving our inapproximability factor is sufficient to exclude Heuristica, i.e., show the equivalence between average-case and worst-case complexities of N P. We also make progress on another long-standing open question of showing NP-hardness of the Minimum Circuit Size Problem (MCSP). We prove NP-hardness of the partial function variant of MCSP as well as other meta-computational problems, such as the problems MKTP* and MINKT* of computing the time-bounded Kolmogorov complexity of a given partial string, under randomized polynomial-time reductions. Our proofs are algorithmic information (a.k. a. Kolmogorov complexity) theoretic. We utilize black-box pseudorandom generator constructions, such as the Nisan-Wigderson generator, as a one-time encryption scheme secure against a program which “does not know” a random function. Our key technical contribution is to quantify the “knowledge” of a program by using conditional Kolmogorov complexity and show that no small program can know many random functions.