Visible to the public Biblio

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2021-01-11
Khadka, A., Argyriou, V., Remagnino, P..  2020.  Accurate Deep Net Crowd Counting for Smart IoT Video acquisition devices. 2020 16th International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS). :260—264.

A novel deep neural network is proposed, for accurate and robust crowd counting. Crowd counting is a complex task, as it strongly depends on the deployed camera characteristics and, above all, the scene perspective. Crowd counting is essential in security applications where Internet of Things (IoT) cameras are deployed to help with crowd management tasks. The complexity of a scene varies greatly, and a medium to large scale security system based on IoT cameras must cater for changes in perspective and how people appear from different vantage points. To address this, our deep architecture extracts multi-scale features with a pyramid contextual module to provide long-range contextual information and enlarge the receptive field. Experiments were run on three major crowd counting datasets, to test our proposed method. Results demonstrate our method supersedes the performance of state-of-the-art methods.

2020-12-17
Basan, E., Gritsynin, A., Avdeenko, T..  2019.  Framework for Analyzing the Security of Robot Control Systems. 2019 International Conference on Information Systems and Computer Science (INCISCOS). :354—360.

The purpose of this work is to analyze the security model of a robotized system, to analyze the approaches to assessing the security of this system, and to develop our own framework. The solution to this problem involves the use of developed frameworks. The analysis will be conducted on a robotic system of robots. The prefix structures assume that the robotic system is divided into levels, and after that it is necessary to directly protect each level. Each level has its own characteristics and drawbacks that must be considered when developing a security system for a robotic system.

2020-12-15
Shanavas, H., Ahmed, S. A., Hussain, M. H. Safwat.  2018.  Design of an Autonomous Surveillance Robot Using Simultaneous Localization and Mapping. 2018 International Conference on Design Innovations for 3Cs Compute Communicate Control (ICDI3C). :64—68.

In this paper, the design as well as complete implementation of a robot which can be autonomously controlled for surveillance. It can be seamlessly integrated into an existing security system already present. The robot's inherent ability allows it to map the interiors of an unexplored building and steer autonomously using its self-ruling and pilot feature. It uses a 2D LIDAR to map its environment in real-time and HD camera records suspicious activity. It also features an in-built display with touch based commands and voice recognition that enables people to interact with the robot during any situation.

2020-09-04
Ishak, Muhammad Yusry Bin, Ahmad, Samsiah Binti, Zulkifli, Zalikha.  2019.  Iot Based Bluetooth Smart Radar Door System Via Mobile Apps. 2019 1st International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Data Sciences (AiDAS). :142—145.
{In the last few decades, Internet of things (IOT) is one of the key elements in industrial revolution 4.0 that used mart phones as one of the best technological advances' intelligent device. It allows us to have power over devices without people intervention, either remote or voice control. Therefore, the “Smart Radar Door “system uses a microcontroller and mobile Bluetooth module as an automation of smart door lock system. It is describing the improvement of a security system integrated with an Android mobile phone that uses Bluetooth as a wireless connection protocol and processing software as a tool in order to detect any object near to the door. The mob ile device is required a password as authentication method by using microcontroller to control lock and unlock door remotely. The Bluetooth protocol was chosen as a method of communication between microcontroller and mobile devices which integrated with many Android devices in secured protocol}.
2020-08-24
Islam, Chadni, Babar, Muhammad Ali, Nepal, Surya.  2019.  An Ontology-Driven Approach to Automating the Process of Integrating Security Software Systems. 2019 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Software and System Processes (ICSSP). :54–63.

A wide variety of security software systems need to be integrated into a Security Orchestration Platform (SecOrP) to streamline the processes of defending against and responding to cybersecurity attacks. Lack of interpretability and interoperability among security systems are considered the key challenges to fully leverage the potential of the collective capabilities of different security systems. The processes of integrating security systems are repetitive, time-consuming and error-prone; these processes are carried out manually by human experts or using ad-hoc methods. To help automate security systems integration processes, we propose an Ontology-driven approach for Security OrchestrAtion Platform (OnSOAP). The developed solution enables interpretability, and interoperability among security systems, which may exist in operational silos. We demonstrate OnSOAP's support for automated integration of security systems to execute the incident response process with three security systems (Splunk, Limacharlie, and Snort) for a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack. The evaluation results show that OnSOAP enables SecOrP to interpret the input and output of different security systems, produce error-free integration details, and make security systems interoperable with each other to automate and accelerate an incident response process.

2020-07-30
Tina, Sonam, Harshit, Singla, Muskan.  2019.  Smart Lightning and Security System. 2019 4th International Conference on Internet of Things: Smart Innovation and Usages (IoT-SIU). :1—6.

As Electric Power is one of the major concerns, so the concept of the automatic lighting and security system saves the electrical energy. By using the automatic lightning, the consumption of electrical power can be minimized to a greater extent and for that sensors and microcontrollers can be designed in such a manner such that lights get ON/OFF based on motion in a room. The various sensors used for sensing the motion in an area are PIR motion sensor, IR Motion Sensor. An IR sensor senses the heat of an object and detects its motion within some range as it emits infrared radiations and this complete process can be controlled by microcontroller. Along with that security system can be applied in this concept by programming the microcontroller in such a way that if there is some movement in an area then lights must get ON/OFF automatically or any alarm must start. This chapter proposes the framework for the smart lightning with security systems in a building so that electrical power can be utilized efficiently and secures the building.

2020-07-03
Dinama, Dima Maharika, A’yun, Qurrota, Syahroni, Achmad Dahlan, Adji Sulistijono, Indra, Risnumawan, Anhar.  2019.  Human Detection and Tracking on Surveillance Video Footage Using Convolutional Neural Networks. 2019 International Electronics Symposium (IES). :534—538.

Safety is one of basic human needs so we need a security system that able to prevent crime happens. Commonly, we use surveillance video to watch environment and human behaviour in a location. However, the surveillance video can only used to record images or videos with no additional information. Therefore we need more advanced camera to get another additional information such as human position and movement. This research were able to extract those information from surveillance video footage by using human detection and tracking algorithm. The human detection framework is based on Deep Learning Convolutional Neural Networks which is a very popular branch of artificial intelligence. For tracking algorithms, channel and spatial correlation filter is used to track detected human. This system will generate and export tracked movement on footage as an additional information. This tracked movement can be analysed furthermore for another research on surveillance video problems.

2020-06-01
Kaushik, Ila, Sharma, Nikhil, Singh, Nanhay.  2019.  Intrusion Detection and Security System for Blackhole Attack. 2019 2nd International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication (ICSPC). :320—324.

Communication is considered as an essential part of our lives. Different medium was used for exchange of information, but due to advancement in field of technology, different network setup came into existence. One of the most suited in wireless field is Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). These networks are set up by self-organizing nodes which operate over radio environment. Since communication is done more rapidly, they are confined to many attacks which operate at different layers. In order to have efficient communication, some security measure must be introduced in the network ho have secure communication. In this paper, we describe various attacks functioning at different layers also one of the common network layer attack called Blackhole Attack with its mitigation technique using Intrusion Detection System (IDS) over network simulator ns2 has been discussed.

2020-02-17
Stoykov, Stoyko.  2019.  Risk Management as a Strategic Management Element in the Security System. 2019 International Conference on Creative Business for Smart and Sustainable Growth (CREBUS). :1–4.
Strategic management and security risk management are part of the general government of the country, and therefore it is not possible to examine it separately and even if it was, one separate examination would not have give us a complete idea of how to implement this process. A modern understanding of the strategic security management requires not only continuous efforts to improve security policy formation and implementation but also new approaches and particular solutions to modernize the security system by making it adequate to the requirements of the dynamic security environment.
2020-01-28
Kurniawan, Agus, Kyas, Marcel.  2019.  Securing Machine Learning Engines in IoT Applications with Attribute-Based Encryption. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :30–34.

Machine learning has been adopted widely to perform prediction and classification. Implementing machine learning increases security risks when computation process involves sensitive data on training and testing computations. We present a proposed system to protect machine learning engines in IoT environment without modifying internal machine learning architecture. Our proposed system is designed for passwordless and eliminated the third-party in executing machine learning transactions. To evaluate our a proposed system, we conduct experimental with machine learning transactions on IoT board and measure computation time each transaction. The experimental results show that our proposed system can address security issues on machine learning computation with low time consumption.

2020-01-20
Thapliyal, Sourav, Gupta, Himanshu, Khatri, Sunil Kumar.  2019.  An Innovative Model for the Enhancement of IoT Device Using Lightweight Cryptography. 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AICAI). :887–892.

The problem statement is that at present there is no stable algorithm which provides security for resource constrained devices because classic cryptography algorithms are too heavy to be implemented. So we will provide a model about the various cryptographic algorithms in this field which can be modified to be implement on constrained devices. The advantages and disadvantages of IOT devices will be taken into consideration to develop a model. Mainly IOT devices works on three layers which are physical layer, application and commutation layer. We have discuss how IOT devices individually works on these layers and how security is compromised. So, we can build a model where minimum intervention of third party is involved i.e. hackers and we can have higher and tight privacy and security system [1].we will discuss about the different ciphers(block and stream) and functions(hash algorithms) through which we can achieve cryptographic algorithms which can be implemented on resource constrained devices. Cost, safety and productivity are the three parameters which determines the ratio for block cipher. Mostly programmers are forced to choose between these two; either cost and safety, safety and productivity, cost and productivity. The main challenge is to optimize or balance between these three factors which is extremely a difficult task to perform. In this paper we will try to build a model which will optimize these three factors and will enhance the security of IOT devices.

2019-10-02
Hussein, A., Salman, O., Chehab, A., Elhajj, I., Kayssi, A..  2019.  Machine Learning for Network Resiliency and Consistency. 2019 Sixth International Conference on Software Defined Systems (SDS). :146–153.

Being able to describe a specific network as consistent is a large step towards resiliency. Next to the importance of security lies the necessity of consistency verification. Attackers are currently focusing on targeting small and crutial goals such as network configurations or flow tables. These types of attacks would defy the whole purpose of a security system when built on top of an inconsistent network. Advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) are playing a key role in ensuring a fast responce to the large number of evolving threats. Software Defined Networking (SDN), being centralized by design, offers a global overview of the network. Robustness and adaptability are part of a package offered by programmable networking, which drove us to consider the integration between both AI and SDN. The general goal of our series is to achieve an Artificial Intelligence Resiliency System (ARS). The aim of this paper is to propose a new AI-based consistency verification system, which will be part of ARS in our future work. The comparison of different deep learning architectures shows that Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) give the best results with an accuracy of 99.39% on our dataset and 96% on our consistency test scenario.

2019-08-05
Ghugar, U., Pradhan, J..  2018.  NL-IDS: Trust Based Intrusion Detection System for Network Layer in Wireless Sensor Networks. 2018 Fifth International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Grid Computing (PDGC). :512-516.

From the last few years, security in wireless sensor network (WSN) is essential because WSN application uses important information sharing between the nodes. There are large number of issues raised related to security due to open deployment of network. The attackers disturb the security system by attacking the different protocol layers in WSN. The standard AODV routing protocol faces security issues when the route discovery process takes place. The data should be transmitted in a secure path to the destination. Therefore, to support the process we have proposed a trust based intrusion detection system (NL-IDS) for network layer in WSN to detect the Black hole attackers in the network. The sensor node trust is calculated as per the deviation of key factor at the network layer based on the Black hole attack. We use the watchdog technique where a sensor node continuously monitors the neighbor node by calculating a periodic trust value. Finally, the overall trust value of the sensor node is evaluated by the gathered values of trust metrics of the network layer (past and previous trust values). This NL-IDS scheme is efficient to identify the malicious node with respect to Black hole attack at the network layer. To analyze the performance of NL-IDS, we have simulated the model in MATLAB R2015a, and the result shows that NL-IDS is better than Wang et al. [11] as compare of detection accuracy and false alarm rate.

2019-03-25
Pawlenka, T., Škuta, J..  2018.  Security system based on microcontrollers. 2018 19th International Carpathian Control Conference (ICCC). :344–347.
The article describes design and realization of security system based on single-chip microcontrollers. System includes sensor modules for unauthorized entrance detection based on magnetic contact, measuring carbon monoxide level, movement detection and measuring temperature and humidity. System also includes control unit, control panel and development board Arduino with ethernet interface connected for web server implementation.
2019-01-21
Gao, J., Wang, J., Zhang, L., Yu, Q., Huang, Y., Shen, Y..  2019.  Magnetic Signature Analysis for Smart Security System Based on TMR Magnetic Sensor Array. IEEE Sensors Journal. :1–1.

This paper presents a novel low power security system based on magnetic anomaly detection by using Tunneling Magnetoresistance (TMR) magnetic sensors. In this work, a smart light has been developed, which consists of TMR sensors array, detection circuits, a micro-controller and a battery. Taking the advantage of low power consumption of TMR magnetic sensors, the smart light powered by Li-ion battery can work for several months. Power Spectrum Density of the obtained signal was analyzed to reject background noise and improve the signal to noise ratio effectively by 1.3 dB, which represented a 30% detection range improvement. Also, by sending the signals to PC, the magnetic fingerprints of the objects have been configured clearly. In addition, the quick scan measurement has been also performed to demonstrate that the system can discriminate the multiple objects with 30 cm separation. Since the whole system was compact and portable, it can be used for security check at office, meeting room or other private places without attracting any attention. Moreover, it is promising to integrate multiply such systems together to achieve a wireless security network in large-scale monitoring.

2018-10-26
Imine, Y., Kouicem, D. E., Bouabdallah, A., Ahmed, L..  2018.  MASFOG: An Efficient Mutual Authentication Scheme for Fog Computing Architecture. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :608–613.

Fog computing is a new paradigm which extends cloud computing services into the edge of the network. Indeed, it aims to pool edge resources in order to deal with cloud's shortcomings such as latency problems. However, this proposal does not ensure the honesty and the good behavior of edge devices. Thus, security places itself as an important challenge in front of this new proposal. Authentication is the entry point of any security system, which makes it an important security service. Traditional authentication schemes endure latency issues and some of them do not satisfy fog-computing requirements such as mutual authentication between end devices and fog servers. Thus, new authentication protocols need to be implemented. In this paper, we propose a new efficient authentication scheme for fog computing architecture. Our scheme ensures mutual authentication and remedies to fog servers' misbehaviors. Moreover, fog servers need to hold only a couple of information to verify the authenticity of every user in the system. Thus, it provides a low overhead in terms of storage capacity. Finally, we show through experimentation the efficiency of our scheme.

2017-12-20
Alheeti, K. M. A., McDonald-Maier, K..  2017.  An intelligent security system for autonomous cars based on infrared sensors. 2017 23rd International Conference on Automation and Computing (ICAC). :1–5.
Safety and non-safety applications in the external communication systems of self-driving vehicles require authentication of control data, cooperative awareness messages and notification messages. Traditional security systems can prevent attackers from hacking or breaking important system functionality in autonomous vehicles. This paper presents a novel security system designed to protect vehicular ad hoc networks in self-driving and semi-autonomous vehicles that is based on Integrated Circuit Metric technology (ICMetrics). ICMetrics has the ability to secure communication systems in autonomous vehicles using features of the autonomous vehicle system itself. This security system is based on unique extracted features from vehicles behaviour and its sensors. Specifically, features have been extracted from bias values of infrared sensors which are used alongside semantically extracted information from a trace file of a simulated vehicular ad hoc network. The practical experimental implementation and evaluation of this system demonstrates the efficiency in identifying of abnormal/malicious behaviour typical for an attack.
2017-11-03
Alobaidan, I., Mackay, M., Tso, P..  2016.  Build Trust in the Cloud Computing - Isolation in Container Based Virtualisation. 2016 9th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE). :143–148.

Cloud computing is revolutionizing many IT ecosystems through offering scalable computing resources that are easy to configure, use and inter-connect. However, this model has always been viewed with some suspicion as it raises a wide range of security and privacy issues that need to be negotiated. This research focuses on the construction of a trust layer in cloud computing to build a trust relationship between cloud service providers and cloud users. In particular, we address the rise of container-based virtualisation has a weak isolation compared to traditional VMs because of the shared use of the OS kernel and system components. Therefore, we will build a trust layer to solve the issues of weaker isolation whilst maintaining the performance and scalability of the approach. This paper has two objectives. Firstly, we propose a security system to protect containers from other guests through the addition of a Role-based Access Control (RBAC) model and the provision of strict data protection and security. Secondly, we provide a stress test using isolation benchmarking tools to evaluate the isolation in containers in term of performance.

2017-03-08
Nemati, A., Feizi, S., Ahmadi, A., Haghiri, S., Ahmadi, M., Alirezaee, S..  2015.  An efficient hardware implementation of few lightweight block cipher. 2015 The International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing (AISP). :273–278.

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) are becoming a part of our everyday life with a wide range of applications such as labeling products and supply chain management and etc. These smart and tiny devices have extremely constrained resources in terms of area, computational abilities, memory, and power. At the same time, security and privacy issues remain as an important problem, thus with the large deployment of low resource devices, increasing need to provide security and privacy among such devices, has arisen. Resource-efficient cryptographic incipient become basic for realizing both security and efficiency in constrained environments and embedded systems like RFID tags and sensor nodes. Among those primitives, lightweight block cipher plays a significant role as a building block for security systems. In 2014 Manoj Kumar et al proposed a new Lightweight block cipher named as FeW, which are suitable for extremely constrained environments and embedded systems. In this paper, we simulate and synthesize the FeW block cipher. Implementation results of the FeW cryptography algorithm on a FPGA are presented. The design target is efficiency of area and cost.

2015-05-06
Alshammari, H., Elleithy, K., Almgren, K., Albelwi, S..  2014.  Group signature entanglement in e-voting system. Systems, Applications and Technology Conference (LISAT), 2014 IEEE Long Island. :1-4.

In any security system, there are many security issues that are related to either the sender or the receiver of the message. Quantum computing has proven to be a plausible approach to solving many security issues such as eavesdropping, replay attack and man-in-the-middle attack. In the e-voting system, one of these issues has been solved, namely, the integrity of the data (ballot). In this paper, we propose a scheme that solves the problem of repudiation that could occur when the voter denies the value of the ballot either for cheating purposes or for a real change in the value by a third party. By using an entanglement concept between two parties randomly, the person who is going to verify the ballots will create the entangled state and keep it in a database to use it in the future for the purpose of the non-repudiation of any of these two voters.