Visible to the public Biblio

Found 281 results

Filters: Keyword is Trusted Computing  [Clear All Filters]
Alyas, Tahir, Ateeq, Karamath, Alqahtani, Mohammed, Kukunuru, Saigeeta, Tabassum, Nadia, Kamran, Rukshanda.  2022.  Security Analysis for Virtual Machine Allocation in Cloud Computing. 2022 International Conference on Cyber Resilience (ICCR). :1–9.
A huge number of cloud users and cloud providers are threatened of security issues by cloud computing adoption. Cloud computing is a hub of virtualization that provides virtualization-based infrastructure over physically connected systems. With the rapid advancement of cloud computing technology, data protection is becoming increasingly necessary. It's important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of moving to cloud computing when deciding whether to do so. As a result of security and other problems in the cloud, cloud clients need more time to consider transitioning to cloud environments. Cloud computing, like any other technology, faces numerous challenges, especially in terms of cloud security. Many future customers are wary of cloud adoption because of this. Virtualization Technologies facilitates the sharing of recourses among multiple users. Cloud services are protected using various models such as type-I and type-II hypervisors, OS-level, and unikernel virtualization but also offer a variety of security issues. Unfortunately, several attacks have been built in recent years to compromise the hypervisor and take control of all virtual machines running above it. It is extremely difficult to reduce the size of a hypervisor due to the functions it offers. It is not acceptable for a safe device design to include a large hypervisor in the Trusted Computing Base (TCB). Virtualization is used by cloud computing service providers to provide services. However, using these methods entails handing over complete ownership of data to a third party. This paper covers a variety of topics related to virtualization protection, including a summary of various solutions and risk mitigation in VMM (virtual machine monitor). In this paper, we will discuss issues possible with a malicious virtual machine. We will also discuss security precautions that are required to handle malicious behaviors. We notice the issues of investigating malicious behaviors in cloud computing, give the scientific categorization and demonstrate the future headings. We've identified: i) security specifications for virtualization in Cloud computing, which can be used as a starting point for securing Cloud virtual infrastructure, ii) attacks that can be conducted against Cloud virtual infrastructure, and iii) security solutions to protect the virtualization environment from DDOS attacks.
Dang, Fangfang, Yan, Lijing, Li, Shuai, Li, Dingding.  2022.  Trusted Dynamic Threshold Caculation Method in Power IoT. 2022 14th International Conference on Communication Software and Networks (ICCSN). :19–22.
Smart grid is a new generation of grid that inte-grates traditional grid and grid information system, and infor-mation security of smart grid is an extremely important part of the whole grid. The research of trusted computing technology provides new ideas to protect the information security of the power grid. To address the problem of large deviations in the calculation of credible dynamic thresholds due to the existence of characteristics such as self-similarity and traffic bursts in smart grid information collection, a traffic prediction model based on ARMA and Poisson process is proposed. And the Hurst coefficient is determined more accurately using R/S analysis, which finally improves the efficiency and accuracy of the trusted dynamic threshold calculation.
Daughety, Nathan, Pendleton, Marcus, Perez, Rebeca, Xu, Shouhuai, Franco, John.  2022.  Auditing a Software-Defined Cross Domain Solution Architecture. 2022 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Security and Resilience (CSR). :96—103.
In the context of cybersecurity systems, trust is the firm belief that a system will behave as expected. Trustworthiness is the proven property of a system that is worthy of trust. Therefore, trust is ephemeral, i.e. trust can be broken; trustworthiness is perpetual, i.e. trustworthiness is verified and cannot be broken. The gap between these two concepts is one which is, alarmingly, often overlooked. In fact, the pressure to meet with the pace of operations for mission critical cross domain solution (CDS) development has resulted in a status quo of high-risk, ad hoc solutions. Trustworthiness, proven through formal verification, should be an essential property in any hardware and/or software security system. We have shown, in "vCDS: A Virtualized Cross Domain Solution Architecture", that developing a formally verified CDS is possible. virtual CDS (vCDS) additionally comes with security guarantees, i.e. confidentiality, integrity, and availability, through the use of a formally verified trusted computing base (TCB). In order for a system, defined by an architecture description language (ADL), to be considered trustworthy, the implemented security configuration, i.e. access control and data protection models, must be verified correct. In this paper we present the first and only security auditing tool which seeks to verify the security configuration of a CDS architecture defined through ADL description. This tool is useful in mitigating the risk of existing solutions by ensuring proper security enforcement. Furthermore, when coupled with the agile nature of vCDS, this tool significantly increases the pace of system delivery.
Jia, Yaoqi, Tople, Shruti, Moataz, Tarik, Gong, Deli, Saxena, Prateek, Liang, Zhenkai.  2020.  Robust P2P Primitives Using SGX Enclaves. 2020 IEEE 40th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS). :1185–1186.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) systems such as BitTorrent and Bitcoin are susceptible to serious attacks from byzantine nodes that join as peers. Due to well-known impossibility results for designing P2P primitives in unrestricted byzantine settings, research has explored many adversarial models with additional assumptions, ranging from mild (such as pre-established PKI) to strong (such as the existence of common random coins). One such widely-studied model is the general-omission model, which yields simple protocols with good efficiency, but has been considered impractical or unrealizable since it artificially limits the adversary only to omitting messages.In this work, we study the setting of a synchronous network wherein peer nodes have CPUs equipped with a recent trusted computing mechanism called Intel SGX. In this model, we observe that the byzantine adversary reduces to the adversary in the general-omission model. As a first result, we show that by leveraging SGX features, we eliminate any source of advantage for a byzantine adversary beyond that gained by omitting messages, making the general-omission model realizable. Our evaluation of 1000 nodes running on 40 DeterLab machines confirms theoretical efficiency claim.
Pennekamp, Jan, Alder, Fritz, Matzutt, Roman, Mühlberg, Jan Tobias, Piessens, Frank, Wehrle, Klaus.  2020.  Secure End-to-End Sensing in Supply Chains. 2020 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1—6.
Trust along digitalized supply chains is challenged by the aspect that monitoring equipment may not be trustworthy or unreliable as respective measurements originate from potentially untrusted parties. To allow for dynamic relationships along supply chains, we propose a blockchain-backed supply chain monitoring architecture relying on trusted hardware. Our design provides a notion of secure end-to-end sensing of interactions even when originating from untrusted surroundings. Due to attested checkpointing, we can identify misinformation early on and reliably pinpoint the origin. A blockchain enables long-term verifiability for all (now trustworthy) IoT data within our system even if issues are detected only after the fact. Our feasibility study and cost analysis further show that our design is indeed deployable in and applicable to today’s supply chain settings.
Xu, Chao, Cheng, Yiqing, Cheng, Weihua, Ji, Shen, Li, Wei.  2021.  Security Protection Scheme of Embedded System Running Environment based on TCM. 2021 2nd International Seminar on Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Information Technology (AINIT). :636–641.
Mobile embedded terminals widely applied in individual lives, but its security threats become more and more serious. Malicious attacker can steal sensitive information such as user’s phonebook, credit card information by instrumenting malicious programs, or compromising vulnerable software. Against these problems, this paper proposes a scheme for trusted protection system on the embedded platform. The system uses SM algorithms and hardware security chip as the root of trust to establish security mechanisms, including trusted boot of system image, trusted monitoring of the system running environment, disk partition encryption and verification, etc. These security mechanisms provide comprehensive protection to embedded system boot, runtime and long-term storage devices. This paper introduces the architecture and principles of the system software, design system security functions and implement prototype system for protection of embedded OS. The experiments results indicates the promotion of embedded system security and the performance test shows that encryption performance can meet the practical application.
R, Prasath, Rajan, Rajesh George.  2021.  Autonomous Application in Requirements Analysis of Information System Development for Producing a Design Model. 2021 2nd International Conference on Communication, Computing and Industry 4.0 (C2I4). :1—8.
The main technology of traditional information security is firewall, intrusion detection and anti-virus software, which is used in the first anti-outer defence, the first anti-service terminal defence terminal passive defence ideas, the complexity and complexity of these security technologies not only increase the complexity of the autonomous system, reduce the efficiency of the system, but also cannot solve the security problem of the information system, and cannot satisfy the security demand of the information system. After a significant stretch of innovative work, individuals utilize the secret word innovation, network security innovation, set forward the idea “confided in figuring” in view of the equipment security module support, Trusted processing from changing the customary protection thoughts, center around the safety efforts taken from the terminal to forestall framework assaults, from the foundation of the stage, the acknowledgment of the security of data frameworks. Believed figuring is chiefly worried about the security of the framework terminal, utilizing a progression of safety efforts to ensure the protection of clients to work on the security of independent frameworks. Its principle plan thought is implanted in a typical machine to oppose altering the equipment gadget - confided in stage module as the base of the trust, the utilization of equipment and programming innovation to join the trust of the base of trust through the trust bind level to the entire independent framework, joined with the security of information stockpiling insurance, client validation and stage respectability of the three significant safety efforts guarantee that the terminal framework security and unwavering quality, to guarantee that the terminal framework is consistently in a condition of conduct anticipated.
[Anonymous].  2021.  Secure Hardware Design: Starting from the Roots of Trust. 2021 IEEE European Test Symposium (ETS). :i—i.
Summary form only given, as follows. The complete presentation was not made available for publication as part of the conference proceedings. What is “hardware” security? The network designer relies on the security of the router box. The software developer relies on the TPM (Trusted Platform Module). The circuit designer worries about side-channel attacks. At the same time, electronics shrink: sensor nodes, IOT devices, smart devices are becoming more and more available. Adding security and cryptography to these often very resource constraint devices is a challenge. This presentation will focus on Physically Unclonable Functions and True Random Number Generators, two roots of trust, and their security testing.
Boubakri, Marouene, Chiatante, Fausto, Zouari, Belhassen.  2021.  Towards a firmware TPM on RISC-V. 2021 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE). :647—650.
To develop the next generation of Internet of Things, Edge devices and systems which leverage progress in enabling technologies such as 5G, distributed computing and artificial intelligence (AI), several requirements need to be developed and put in place to make the devices smarter. A major requirement for all the above applications is the long-term security and trust computing infrastructure. Trusted Computing requires the introduction inside of the platform of a Trusted Platform Module (TPM). Traditionally, a TPM was a discrete and dedicated module plugged into the platform to give TPM capabilities. Recently, processors manufacturers started integrating trusted computing features into their processors. A significant drawback of this approach is the need for a permanent modification of the processor microarchitecture. In this context, we suggest an analysis and a design of a software-only TPM for RISC-V processors based on seL4 microkernel and OP-TEE.
Daughety, Nathan, Pendleton, Marcus, Xu, Shouhuai, Njilla, Laurent, Franco, John.  2021.  vCDS: A Virtualized Cross Domain Solution Architecture. MILCOM 2021 - 2021 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :61–68.
With the paradigm shift to cloud-based operations, reliable and secure access to and transfer of data between differing security domains has never been more essential. A Cross Domain Solution (CDS) is a guarded interface which serves to execute the secure access and/or transfer of data between isolated and/or differing security domains defined by an administrative security policy. Cross domain security requires trustworthiness at the confluence of the hardware and software components which implement a security policy. Security components must be relied upon to defend against widely encompassing threats – consider insider threats and nation state threat actors which can be both onsite and offsite threat actors – to information assurance. Current implementations of CDS systems use suboptimal Trusted Computing Bases (TCB) without any formal verification proofs, confirming the gap between blind trust and trustworthiness. Moreover, most CDSs are exclusively operated by Department of Defense agencies and are not readily available to the commercial sectors, nor are they available for independent security verification. Still, more CDSs are only usable in physically isolated environments such as Sensitive Compartmented Information Facilities and are inconsistent with the paradigm shift to cloud environments. Our purpose is to address the question of how trustworthiness can be implemented in a remotely deployable CDS that also supports availability and accessibility to all sectors. In this paper, we present a novel CDS system architecture which is the first to use a formally verified TCB. Additionally, our CDS model is the first of its kind to utilize a computation-isolation approach which allows our CDS to be remotely deployable for use in cloud-based solutions.
Zum Felde, Hendrik Meyer, Morbitzer, Mathias, Schütte, Julian.  2021.  Securing Remote Policy Enforcement by a Multi-Enclave based Attestation Architecture. 2021 IEEE 19th International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :102–108.
The concept of usage control goes beyond traditional access control by regulating not only the retrieval but also the processing of data. To be able to remotely enforce usage control policy the processing party requires a trusted execution environ-ment such as Intel SGX which creates so-called enclaves. In this paper we introduce Multi Enclave based Code from Template (MECT), an SGX-based architecture for trusted remote policy enforcement. MECT uses a multi-enclave approach in which an enclave generation service dynamically generates enclaves from pre-defined code and dynamic policy parameters. This approach leads to a small trusted computing base and highly simplified attestation while preserving functionality benefits. Our proof of concept implementation consumes customisable code from templates. We compare the implementation with other architectures regarding the trusted computing base, flexibility, performance, and modularity. This comparison highlights the security benefits for remote attestation of MECT.
Liu, Dongqi, Wang, Zhou, Liang, Haolan, Zeng, Xiangjun.  2021.  Artificial Immune Technology Architecture for Electric Power Equipment Embedded System. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Mechatronics Technology (ICEEMT). :485–490.
This paper proposes an artificial immune information security protection technology architecture for embedded system of Electric power equipment. By simulating the three functions of human immunity, namely "immune homeostasis", "immune surveillance" and "immune defense", the power equipment is endowed with the ability of human like active immune security protection. Among them, "immune homeostasis" is constructed by trusted computing technology components to establish a trusted embedded system running environment. Through fault-tolerant component construction, "immune surveillance" and "immune defense" realize illegal data defense, business logic legitimacy check and equipment status evaluation, realize real-time perception and evaluation of power equipment's own security status, as well as fault emergency handling and event backtracking record, so that power equipment can realize self recovery from abnormal status. The proposed technology architecture is systematic, scientific and rich in scalability, which can significantly improve the information security protection ability of electric power equipment.
Zhang, Deng, Wang, Junkai.  2021.  Research on Security Protection Method of Industrial Control Boundary Network. 2021 IEEE Conference on Telecommunications, Optics and Computer Science (TOCS). :560–563.
Aiming at the problems of single protection, lack of monitoring and unable to be physically isolated in time under abnormal conditions, an industrial control boundary network security protection method is provided. Realize the real-time monitoring and analysis of the network behavior of the industrial control boundary, realize the in-depth defense of the industrial control boundary, and timely block it in the way of logical link and physical link isolation in case of illegal intrusion, so as to comprehensively improve the protection level of the boundary security of the industrial control system.
Zhang, Kun, Wang, Yubo, Ning, Zhenhu.  2021.  Certificateless Peer-to-Peer Key Agreement Protocol for the Perception Layer of Internet of Things. 2021 6th International Conference on Image, Vision and Computing (ICIVC). :436—440.
Due to the computing capability limitation of the Internet of things devices in the perception layer, the traditional security solutions are difficult to be used directly. How to design a new lightweight, secure and reliable protocol suitable for the Internet of Things application environment, and realize the secure transmission of information among many sensing checkpoints is an urgent problem to be solved. In this paper, we propose a decentralized lightweight authentication key protocol based on the combination of public key and trusted computing technology, which is used to establish secure communication between nodes in the perception layer. The various attacks that the protocol may suffer are analyzed, and the formal analysis method is used to verify the security of the protocol. To verify the validity of the protocol, the computation and communication cost of the protocol are compared with the existing key protocols. And the results show that the protocol achieved the promised performance.
Jinhui, Yuan, Hongwei, Zhou, Laishun, Zhang.  2021.  F-SGX: Next Generation SGX for Trusted Computing. 2021 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Image Processing, Electronics and Computers (IPEC). :673–677.
The existing methods of constructing a trusted computing environment do not fully meet the requirements. Intel SGX provides a new hardware foundation for the construction of trusted computing environment. However, existing SGX still faces problems such as side channel attacks. To overcome it, this paper present F-SGX which is the future SGX for trusting computing. In our opinion, F-SGX hold stronger isolation than current SGX, and reduce the dependence of enclave on host operating system. Furthermore, F-SGX hold a private key for the attestation. We believe that F-SGX can further provide better support for trusting computing environments while there is a good balance between isolation and dependencies.
Ozga, Wojciech, Le Quoc, Do, Fetzer, Christof.  2021.  TRIGLAV: Remote Attestation of the Virtual Machine's Runtime Integrity in Public Clouds. 2021 IEEE 14th International Conference on Cloud Computing (CLOUD). :1–12.
Trust is of paramount concern for tenants to deploy their security-sensitive services in the cloud. The integrity of virtual machines (VMs) in which these services are deployed needs to be ensured even in the presence of powerful adversaries with administrative access to the cloud. Traditional approaches for solving this challenge leverage trusted computing techniques, e.g., vTPM, or hardware CPU extensions, e.g., AMD SEV. But, they are vulnerable to powerful adversaries, or they provide only load time (not runtime) integrity measurements of VMs. We propose TRIGLAV, a protocol allowing tenants to establish and maintain trust in VM runtime integrity of software and its configuration. TRIGLAV is transparent to the VM configuration and setup. It performs an implicit attestation of VMs during a secure login and binds the VM integrity state with the secure connection. Our prototype's evaluation shows that TRIGLAV is practical and incurs low performance overhead (\textbackslashtextless 6%).
Shepherd, Carlton, Markantonakis, Konstantinos, Jaloyan, Georges-Axel.  2021.  LIRA-V: Lightweight Remote Attestation for Constrained RISC-V Devices. 2021 IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW). :221–227.
This paper presents LIRA-V, a lightweight system for performing remote attestation between constrained devices using the RISC-V architecture. We propose using read-only memory and the RISC-V Physical Memory Protection (PMP) primitive to build a trust anchor for remote attestation and secure channel creation. Moreover, we show how LIRA-V can be used for trusted communication between two devices using mutual attestation. We present the design, implementation and evaluation of LIRA-V using an off-the-shelf RISC-V microcontroller and present performance results to demonstrate its suitability. To our knowledge, we present the first remote attestation mechanism suitable for constrained RISC-V devices, with applications to cyber-physical systems and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
Oliver, Ian.  2021.  Trust, Security and Privacy through Remote Attestation in 5G and 6G Systems. 2021 IEEE 4th 5G World Forum (5GWF). :368–373.
Digitalisation of domains such as medical and railway utilising cloud and networking technologies such as 5G and forthcoming 6G systems presents additional security challenges. The establishment of the identity, integrity and provenance of devices, services and other functional components removed a number of attack vectors and addresses a number of so called zero-trust security requirements. The addition of trusted hardware, such as TPM, and related remote attestation integrated with the networking and cloud infrastructure will be necessary requirement.
Qian, Dazan, Guo, Songhui, Sun, Lei, Liu, Haidong, Hao, Qianfang, Zhang, Jing.  2020.  Trusted Virtual Network Function Based on vTPM. 2020 7th International Conference on Information Science and Control Engineering (ICISCE). :1484–1488.
Mobile communication technology is developing rapidly, and this is integrated with technologies such as Software Defined Network (SDN), cloud computing, and Network Function Virtualization (NFV). Network Functions (NFs) are no longer deployed on dedicated hardware devices, while deployed in Virtual Machines (VMs) or containers as Virtual Network Functions (VNFs). If VNFs are tampered with or replaced, the communication system will not function properly. Our research is to enhance the security of VNFs using trusted computing technology. By adding Virtual Trusted Platform Module (vTPM) to the virtualization platform, the chain of trust extends from the VM operating system to VNFs within the VM. Experimental results prove that the solution can effectively protect the integrity of VNFs from being attacked.
Guojie, Liu, Jianbiao, Zhang.  2020.  A TPCM-Based Trusted PXE Boot Method For Servers. 2020 IEEE 5th International Conference on Signal and Image Processing (ICSIP). :996–1000.
Information level protection standard 2.0 requires trusted verification of system bootstrappers, system programs, etc. of server equipment based on trusted root. According to the requirements of information level protection standard, this paper puts forward a network trusted start-up scheme based on the trusted platform control module to guarantee the security and trust of the server's BIOS firmware, PXE boot file and Linux system file. When publishing BIOS firmware, PXE startup file, Linux system file, the state-secret algorithm SM3 is used to calculate the summary value as the benchmark value, and stored in the trusted platform control module, BIOS firmware, Linux boot file. When the server starts up with PXE, the BIOS firmware is measured by the Trusted Platform Control Module, the BIOS Start Environment Measures PXE Boot File, and the PXE Boot File measures the Linux system file. The trusted platform control module is the trust root level measurement level, the first level of trust level, the trust chain, the implementation of a trusted server operating environment. The method proposed in this paper is tested on the domestic autonomous controllable Sunway server, and the experimental results show that the method proposed in this paper is feasible.
Shuang, Zhang, Xinyu, Wan, Deqi, Kong, Yangming, Guo.  2020.  Embedded Virtualization Computing Platform Security Architecture Based on Trusted Computing. 2020 7th International Conference on Dependable Systems and Their Applications (DSA). :1–5.
With the application of virtualization and multi-core processor in embedded system, the computing capacity of embedded system has been improved comprehensively, but it is also faced with malicious attacks against virtualization technology. First, it was analyzed the security requirements of each layer of embedded virtualization computing platform. Aiming at the security requirements, it was proposed the security architecture of embedded virtualization computing platform based on trusted computing module. It was designed the hardware trusted root on the hardware layer, the virtualization trusted root on the virtual machine manager layer, trusted computing component and security function component on guest operation system layer. Based on the trusted roots, it was built the static extension of the trusted chain on the platform. This security architecture can improve the active security protection capability of embedded virtualization computing platform.
Wang, Guodong, Tian, Dongbo, Gu, Fengqiang, Li, Jia, Lu, Yang.  2020.  Design of Terminal Security Access Scheme based on Trusted Computing in Ubiquitous Electric Internet of Things. 2020 IEEE 9th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). 9:188–192.
In the Ubiquitous Electric Internet of Things (UEIoT), the terminals are very easy to be accessed and attacked by attackers due to the lack of effective monitoring and safe isolation methods. Therefore, in the implementation of UEIoT, the security protection of terminals is particularly important. Therefore, this paper proposes a dual-system design scheme for terminal active immunity based on trusted computing. In this scheme, the terminal node in UEIoT is composed of two parts: computing part and trusted protection part. The computing component and the trusted protection component are logically independent of each other, forming a trusted computing active immune dual-system structure with both computing and protection functions. The Trusted Network Connection extends the trusted state of the terminal to the network, thus providing a solution for terminal secure access in the UEIoT.
Gu, Yanyang, Zhang, Ping, Chen, Zhifeng, Cao, Fei.  2020.  UEFI Trusted Computing Vulnerability Analysis Based on State Transition Graph. 2020 IEEE 6th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :1043–1052.
In the face of increasingly serious firmware attacks, it is of great significance to analyze the vulnerability security of UEFI. This paper first introduces the commonly used trusted authentication mechanisms of UEFI. Then, aiming at the loopholes in the process of UEFI trust verification in the startup phase, combined with the state transition diagram, PageRank algorithm and Bayesian network theory, the analysis model of UEFI trust verification startup vulnerability is constructed. And according to the example to verify the analysis. Through the verification and analysis of the data obtained, the vulnerable attack paths and key vulnerable nodes are found. Finally, according to the analysis results, security enhancement measures for UEFI are proposed.
Luecking, M., Fries, C., Lamberti, R., Stork, W..  2020.  Decentralized Identity and Trust Management Framework for Internet of Things. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC). :1—9.

Today, Internet of Things (IoT) devices mostly operate in enclosed, proprietary environments. To unfold the full potential of IoT applications, a unifying and permissionless environment is crucial. All IoT devices, even unknown to each other, would be able to trade services and assets across various domains. In order to realize those applications, uniquely resolvable identities are essential. However, quantifiable trust in identities and their authentication are not trivially provided in such an environment due to the absence of a trusted authority. This research presents a new identity and trust framework for IoT devices, based on Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT). IoT devices assign identities to themselves, which are managed publicly and decentralized on the DLT's network as Self Sovereign Identities (SSI). In addition to the Identity Management System (IdMS), the framework provides a Web of Trust (WoT) approach to enable automatic trust rating of arbitrary identities. For the framework we used the IOTA Tangle to access and store data, achieving high scalability and low computational overhead. To demonstrate the feasibility of our framework, we provide a proof-of-concept implementation and evaluate the set objectives for real world applicability as well as the vulnerability against common threats in IdMSs and WoTs.

Liu, W., Niu, H., Luo, W., Deng, W., Wu, H., Dai, S., Qiao, Z., Feng, W..  2020.  Research on Technology of Embedded System Security Protection Component. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering and Computer Applications( AEECA). :21—27.

With the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), it has been widely deployed. As many embedded devices are connected to the network and massive amounts of security-sensitive data are stored in these devices, embedded devices in IoT have become the target of attackers. The trusted computing is a key technology to guarantee the security and trustworthiness of devices' execution environment. This paper focuses on security problems on IoT devices, and proposes a security architecture for IoT devices based on the trusted computing technology. This paper implements a security management system for IoT devices, which can perform integrity measurement, real-time monitoring and security management for embedded applications, providing a safe and reliable execution environment and whitelist-based security protection for IoT devices. This paper also designs and implements an embedded security protection system based on trusted computing technology, containing a measurement and control component in the kernel and a remote graphical management interface for administrators. The kernel layer enforces the integrity measurement and control of the embedded application on the device. The graphical management interface communicates with the remote embedded device through the TCP/IP protocol, and provides a feature-rich and user-friendly interaction interface. It implements functions such as knowledge base scanning, whitelist management, log management, security policy management, and cryptographic algorithm performance testing.