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Av, N., Kumar, N. A..  2020.  Image Encryption Using Genetic Algorithm and Bit-Slice Rotation. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–6.
Cryptography is a powerful means of delivering information in a secure manner. Over the years, many image encryption algorithms have been proposed based on the chaotic system to protect the digital image against cryptography attacks. In chaotic encryption, it jumbles the image to vary the framework of the image. This makes it difficult for the attacker to retrieve the original image. This paper introduces an efficient image encryption algorithm incorporating the genetic algorithm, bit plane slicing and bit plane rotation of the digital image. The digital image is sliced into eight planes and each plane is well rotated to give a fully encrypted image after the application of the Genetic Algorithm on each pixel of the image. This makes it less prone to attacks. For decryption, we perform the operations in the reverse order. The performance of this algorithm is measured using various similarity measures like Structural Similarity Index Measure (SSIM). The results exhibit that the proposed scheme provides a stronger level of encryption and an enhanced security level.
Mathur, G., Pandey, A., Goyal, S..  2020.  Immutable DNA Sequence Data Transmission for Next Generation Bioinformatics Using Blockchain Technology. 2nd International Conference on Data, Engineering and Applications (IDEA). :1–6.
In recent years, there is fast growth in the high throughput DNA sequencing technology, and also there is a reduction in the cost of genome-sequencing, that has led to a advances in the genetic industries. However, the reduction in cost and time required for DNA sequencing there is still an issue of managing such large amount of data. Also, the security and transmission of such huge amount of DNA sequence data is still an issue. The idea is to provide a secure storage platform for future generation bioinformatics systems for both researchers and healthcare user. Secure data sharing strategies, that can permit the healthcare providers along with their secured substances for verifying the accuracy of data, are crucial for ensuring proper medical services. In this paper, it has been surveyed about the applications of blockchain technology for securing healthcare data, where the recorded information is encrypted so that it becomes difficult to penetrate or being removed, as the primary goals of block-chaining technology is to make data immutable.
Ma, S..  2018.  Towards Effective Genetic Trust Evaluation in Open Network. 2018 IEEE 20th International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications; IEEE 16th International Conference on Smart City; IEEE 4th International Conference on Data Science and Systems (HPCC/SmartCity/DSS). :563–569.
In open network environments, since there is no centralized authority to monitor misbehaving entities, malicious entities can easily cause the degradation of the service quality. Trust has become an important factor to ensure network security, which can help entities to distinguish good partners from bad ones. In this paper, trust in open network environment is regarded as a self-organizing system, using self-organization principle of human social trust propagation, a genetic trust evaluation method with self-optimization and family attributes is proposed. In this method, factors of trust evaluation include time, IP, behavior feedback and intuitive trust. Data structure of access record table and trust record table are designed to store the relationship between ancestor nodes and descendant nodes. A genetic trust search algorithm is designed by simulating the biological evolution process. Based on trust information of the current node's ancestors, heuristics generate randomly chromosome populations, whose structure includes time, IP address, behavior feedback and intuitive trust. Then crossover and mutation strategy is used to make the population evolutionary searching. According to the genetic searching termination condition, the optimal trust chromosome in the population is selected, and trust value of the chromosome is computed, which is the node's genetic trust evaluation result. The simulation result shows that the genetic trust evaluation method is effective, and trust evaluation process of the current node can be regarded as the process of searching for optimal trust results from the ancestor nodes' information. With increasing of ancestor nodes' genetic trust information, the trust evaluation result from genetic algorithm searching is more accurate, which can effectively solve the joint fraud problem.
Leach, Kevin, Dougherty, Ryan, Spensky, Chad, Forrest, Stephanie, Weimer, Westley.  2019.  Evolutionary Computation for Improving Malware Analysis. 2019 IEEE/ACM International Workshop on Genetic Improvement (GI). :18–19.
Research in genetic improvement (GI) conventionally focuses on the improvement of software, including the automated repair of bugs and vulnerabilities as well as the refinement of software to increase performance. Eliminating or reducing vulnerabilities using GI has improved the security of benign software, but the growing volume and complexity of malicious software necessitates better analysis techniques that may benefit from a GI-based approach. Rather than focus on the use of GI to improve individual software artifacts, we believe GI can be applied to the tools used to analyze malicious code for its behavior. First, malware analysis is critical to understanding the damage caused by an attacker, which GI-based bug repair does not currently address. Second, modern malware samples leverage complex vectors for infection that cannot currently be addressed by GI. In this paper, we discuss an application of genetic improvement to the realm of automated malware analysis through the use of variable-strength covering arrays.
Sieu, Brandon, Gavrilova, Marina.  2019.  Person Identification from Visual Aesthetics Using Gene Expression Programming. 2019 International Conference on Cyberworlds (CW). :279–286.
The last decade has witnessed an increase in online human interactions, covering all aspects of personal and professional activities. Identification of people based on their behavior rather than physical traits is a growing industry, spanning diverse spheres such as online education, e-commerce and cyber security. One prominent behavior is the expression of opinions, commonly as a reaction to images posted online. Visual aesthetic is a soft, behavioral biometric that refers to a person's sense of fondness to a certain image. Identifying individuals using their visual aesthetics as discriminatory features is an emerging domain of research. This paper introduces a new method for aesthetic feature dimensionality reduction using gene expression programming. The advantage of this method is that the resulting system is capable of using a tree-based genetic approach for feature recombination. Reducing feature dimensionality improves classifier accuracy, reduces computation runtime, and minimizes required storage. The results obtained on a dataset of 200 Flickr users evaluating 40000 images demonstrates a 94% accuracy of identity recognition based solely on users' aesthetic preferences. This outperforms the best-known method by 13.5%.
Anand Sukumar, J V, Pranav, I, Neetish, MM, Narayanan, Jayasree.  2018.  Network Intrusion Detection Using Improved Genetic k-means Algorithm. 2018 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics (ICACCI). :2441–2446.
Internet is a widely used platform nowadays by people across the globe. This has led to the advancement in science and technology. Many surveys show that network intrusion has registered a consistent increase and lead to personal privacy theft and has become a major platform for attack in the recent years. Network intrusion is any unauthorized activity on a computer network. Hence there is a need to develop an effective intrusion detection system. In this paper we acquaint an intrusion detection system that uses improved genetic k-means algorithm(IGKM) to detect the type of intrusion. This paper also shows a comparison between an intrusion detection system that uses the k-means++ algorithm and an intrusion detection system that uses IGKM algorithm while using smaller subset of kdd-99 dataset with thousand instances and the KDD-99 dataset. The experiment shows that the intrusion detection that uses IGKM algorithm is more accurate when compared to k-means++ algorithm.
Kunihiro, Noboru, Lu, Wen-jie, Nishide, Takashi, Sakuma, Jun.  2018.  Outsourced Private Function Evaluation with Privacy Policy Enforcement. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :412–423.
We propose a novel framework for outsourced private function evaluation with privacy policy enforcement (OPFE-PPE). Suppose an evaluator evaluates a function with private data contributed by a data contributor, and a client obtains the result of the evaluation. OPFE-PPE enables a data contributor to enforce two different kinds of privacy policies to the process of function evaluation: evaluator policy and client policy. An evaluator policy restricts entities that can conduct function evaluation with the data. A client policy restricts entities that can obtain the result of function evaluation. We demonstrate our construction with three applications: personalized medication, genetic epidemiology, and prediction by machine learning. Experimental results show that the overhead caused by enforcing the two privacy policies is less than 10% compared to function evaluation by homomorphic encryption without any privacy policy enforcement.
Wang, B., Song, W., Lou, W., Hou, Y. T..  2017.  Privacy-preserving pattern matching over encrypted genetic data in cloud computing. IEEE INFOCOM 2017 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :1–9.

Personalized medicine performs diagnoses and treatments according to the DNA information of the patients. The new paradigm will change the health care model in the future. A doctor will perform the DNA sequence matching instead of the regular clinical laboratory tests to diagnose and medicate the diseases. Additionally, with the help of the affordable personal genomics services such as 23andMe, personalized medicine will be applied to a great population. Cloud computing will be the perfect computing model as the volume of the DNA data and the computation over it are often immense. However, due to the sensitivity, the DNA data should be encrypted before being outsourced into the cloud. In this paper, we start from a practical system model of the personalize medicine and present a solution for the secure DNA sequence matching problem in cloud computing. Comparing with the existing solutions, our scheme protects the DNA data privacy as well as the search pattern to provide a better privacy guarantee. We have proved that our scheme is secure under the well-defined cryptographic assumption, i.e., the sub-group decision assumption over a bilinear group. Unlike the existing interactive schemes, our scheme requires only one round of communication, which is critical in practical application scenarios. We also carry out a simulation study using the real-world DNA data to evaluate the performance of our scheme. The simulation results show that the computation overhead for real world problems is practical, and the communication cost is small. Furthermore, our scheme is not limited to the genome matching problem but it applies to general privacy preserving pattern matching problems which is widely used in real world.

Ugwuoke, C., Erkin, Z., Lagendijk, R. L..  2017.  Privacy-safe linkage analysis with homomorphic encryption. 2017 25th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO). :961–965.

Genetic data are important dataset utilised in genetic epidemiology to investigate biologically coded information within the human genome. Enormous research has been delved into in recent years in order to fully sequence and understand the genome. Personalised medicine, patient response to treatments and relationships between specific genes and certain characteristics such as phenotypes and diseases, are positive impacts of studying the genome, just to mention a few. The sensitivity, longevity and non-modifiable nature of genetic data make it even more interesting, consequently, the security and privacy for the storage and processing of genomic data beg for attention. A common activity carried out by geneticists is the association analysis between allele-allele, or even a genetic locus and a disease. We demonstrate the use of cryptographic techniques such as homomorphic encryption schemes and multiparty computations, how such analysis can be carried out in a privacy friendly manner. We compute a 3 × 3 contingency table, and then, genome analyses algorithms such as linkage disequilibrium (LD) measures, all on the encrypted domain. Our computation guarantees privacy of the genome data under our security settings, and provides up to 98.4% improvement, compared to an existing solution.

Santra, N., Biswas, S., Acharyya, S..  2015.  Neural modeling of Gene Regulatory Network using Firefly algorithm. 2015 IEEE UP Section Conference on Electrical Computer and Electronics (UPCON). :1–6.

Genes, proteins and other metabolites present in cellular environment exhibit a virtual network that represents the regulatory relationship among its constituents. This network is called Gene Regulatory Network (GRN). Computational reconstruction of GRN reveals the normal metabolic pathway as well as disease motifs. Availability of microarray gene expression data from normal and diseased tissues makes the job easier for computational biologists. Reconstruction of GRN is based on neural modeling. Here we have used discrete and continuous versions of a meta-heuristic algorithm named Firefly algorithm for structure and parameter learning of GRNs respectively. The discrete version for this problem is proposed by us and it has been applied to explore the discrete search space of GRN structure. To evaluate performance of the algorithm, we have used a widely used synthetic GRN data set. The algorithm shows an accuracy rate above 50% in finding GRN. The accuracy level of the performance of Firefly algorithm in structure and parameter optimization of GRN is promising.

Eddeen, L.M.H.N., Saleh, E.M., Saadah, D..  2014.  Genetic Hash Algorithm. Computer Science and Information Technology (CSIT), 2014 6th International Conference on. :23-26.

Security is becoming a major concern in computing. New techniques are evolving every day; one of these techniques is Hash Visualization. Hash Visualization uses complex random generated images for security, these images can be used to hide data (watermarking). This proposed new technique improves hash visualization by using genetic algorithms. Genetic algorithms are a search optimization technique that is based on the evolution of living creatures. The proposed technique uses genetic algorithms to improve hash visualization. The used genetic algorithm was away faster than traditional previous ones, and it improved hash visualization by evolving the tree that was used to generate the images, in order to obtain a better and larger tree that will generate images with higher security. The security was satisfied by calculating the fitness value for each chromosome based on a specifically designed algorithm.