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Mishra, Sarthak, Chatterjee, Pinaki Sankar.  2021.  D3: Detection and Prevention of DDoS Attack Using Cuckoo Filter. 2021 19th OITS International Conference on Information Technology (OCIT). :279—284.
DDoS attacks have grown in popularity as a tactic for potential hackers, cyber blackmailers, and cyberpunks. These attacks have the potential to put a person unconscious in a matter of seconds, resulting in severe economic losses. Despite the vast range of conventional mitigation techniques available today, DDoS assaults are still happening to grow in frequency, volume, and intensity. A new network paradigm is necessary to meet the requirements of today's tough security issues. We examine the available detection and mitigation of DDoS attacks techniques in depth. We classify solutions based on detection of DDoS attacks methodologies and define the prerequisites for a feasible solution. We present a novel methodology named D3 for detecting and mitigating DDoS attacks using cuckoo filter.
Salman, A., Elhajj, I.H., Chehab, A., Kayssi, A..  2014.  DAIDS: An Architecture for Modular Mobile IDS. Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), 2014 28th International Conference on. :328-333.

The popularity of mobile devices and the enormous number of third party mobile applications in the market have naturally lead to several vulnerabilities being identified and abused. This is coupled with the immaturity of intrusion detection system (IDS) technology targeting mobile devices. In this paper we propose a modular host-based IDS framework for mobile devices that uses behavior analysis to profile applications on the Android platform. Anomaly detection can then be used to categorize malicious behavior and alert users. The proposed system accommodates different detection algorithms, and is being tested at a major telecom operator in North America. This paper highlights the architecture, findings, and lessons learned.

Mallik, Nilanjan, Wali, A. S., Kuri, Narendra.  2016.  Damage Location Identification Through Neural Network Learning from Optical Fiber Signal for Structural Health Monitoring. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Mechatronics and Control Engineering. :157–161.

Present work deals with prediction of damage location in a composite cantilever beam using signal from optical fiber sensor coupled with a neural network with back propagation based learning mechanism. The experimental study uses glass/epoxy composite cantilever beam. Notch perpendicular to the axis of the beam and spanning throughout the width of the beam is introduced at three different locations viz. at the middle of the span, towards the free end of the beam and towards the fixed end of the beam. A plastic optical fiber of 6 cm gage length is mounted on the top surface of the beam along the axis of the beam exactly at the mid span. He-Ne laser is used as light source for the optical fiber and light emitting from other end of the fiber is converted to electrical signal through a converter. A three layer feed forward neural network architecture is adopted having one each input layer, hidden layer and output layer. Three features are extracted from the signal viz. resonance frequency, normalized amplitude and normalized area under resonance frequency. These three features act as inputs to the neural network input layer. The outputs qualitatively identify the location of the notch.

Redmiles, Elissa M., Mazurek, Michelle L., Dickerson, John P..  2018.  Dancing Pigs or Externalities?: Measuring the Rationality of Security Decisions Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Conference on Economics and Computation. :215-232.

Accurately modeling human decision-making in security is critical to thinking about when, why, and how to recommend that users adopt certain secure behaviors. In this work, we conduct behavioral economics experiments to model the rationality of end-user security decision-making in a realistic online experimental system simulating a bank account. We ask participants to make a financially impactful security choice, in the face of transparent risks of account compromise and benefits offered by an optional security behavior (two-factor authentication). We measure the cost and utility of adopting the security behavior via measurements of time spent executing the behavior and estimates of the participant's wage. We find that more than 50% of our participants made rational (e.g., utility optimal) decisions, and we find that participants are more likely to behave rationally in the face of higher risk. Additionally, we find that users' decisions can be modeled well as a function of past behavior (anchoring effects), knowledge of costs, and to a lesser extent, users' awareness of risks and context (R2=0.61). We also find evidence of endowment effects, as seen in other areas of economic and psychological decision-science literature, in our digital-security setting. Finally, using our data, we show theoretically that a "one-size-fits-all" emphasis on security can lead to market losses, but that adoption by a subset of users with higher risks or lower costs can lead to market gains.

Mueller, Tobias, Klotzsche, Daniel, Herrmann, Dominik, Federrath, Hannes.  2019.  Dangers and Prevalence of Unprotected Web Fonts. 2019 International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks (SoftCOM). :1—5.

Most Web sites rely on resources hosted by third parties such as CDNs. Third parties may be compromised or coerced into misbehaving, e.g. delivering a malicious script or stylesheet. Unexpected changes to resources hosted by third parties can be detected with the Subresource Integrity (SRI) mechanism. The focus of SRI is on scripts and stylesheets. Web fonts cannot be secured with that mechanism under all circumstances. The first contribution of this paper is to evaluates the potential for attacks using malicious fonts. With an instrumented browser we find that (1) more than 95% of the top 50,000 Web sites of the Tranco top list rely on resources hosted by third parties and that (2) only a small fraction employs SRI. Moreover, we find that more than 60% of the sites in our sample use fonts hosted by third parties, most of which are being served by Google. The second contribution of the paper is a proof of concept of a malicious font as well as a tool for automatically generating such a font, which targets security-conscious users who are used to verifying cryptographic fingerprints. Software vendors publish such fingerprints along with their software packages to allow users to verify their integrity. Due to incomplete SRI support for Web fonts, a third party could force a browser to load our malicious font. The font targets a particular cryptographic fingerprint and renders it as a desired different fingerprint. This allows attackers to fool users into believing that they download a genuine software package although they are actually downloading a maliciously modified version. Finally, we propose countermeasures that could be deployed to protect the integrity of Web fonts.

Ma, Qicheng, Rastogi, Nidhi.  2020.  DANTE: Predicting Insider Threat using LSTM on system logs. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :1151–1156.
Insider threat is one of the most pernicious threat vectors to information and communication technologies (ICT) across the world due to the elevated level of trust and access that an insider is afforded. This type of threat can stem from both malicious users with a motive as well as negligent users who inadvertently reveal details about trade secrets, company information, or even access information to malignant players. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that uses system logs to detect insider behavior using a special recurrent neural network (RNN) model. Ground truth is established using DANTE and used as baseline for identifying anomalous behavior. For this, system logs are modeled as a natural language sequence and patterns are extracted from these sequences. We create workflows of sequences of actions that follow a natural language logic and control flow. These flows are assigned various categories of behaviors - malignant or benign. Any deviation from these sequences indicates the presence of a threat. We further classify threats into one of the five categories provided in the CERT insider threat dataset. Through experimental evaluation, we show that the proposed model can achieve 93% prediction accuracy.
Li, T., Ma, J., Pei, Q., Song, H., Shen, Y., Sun, C..  2019.  DAPV: Diagnosing Anomalies in MANETs Routing With Provenance and Verification. IEEE Access. 7:35302–35316.
Routing security plays an important role in the mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). Despite many attempts to improve its security, the routing mechanism of MANETs remains vulnerable to attacks. Unlike most existing solutions that prevent the specific problems, our approach tends to detect the misbehavior and identify the anomalous nodes in MANETs automatically. The existing approaches offer support for detecting attacks or debugging in different routing phases, but many of them cannot answer the absence of an event. Besides, without considering the privacy of the nodes, these methods depend on the central control program or a third party to supervise the whole network. In this paper, we present a system called DAPV that can find single or collaborative malicious nodes and the paralyzed nodes which behave abnormally. DAPV can detect both direct and indirect attacks launched during the routing phase. To detect malicious or abnormal nodes, DAPV relies on two main techniques. First, the provenance tracking enables the hosts to deduce the expected log information of the peers with the known log entries. Second, the privacy-preserving verification uses Merkle Hash Tree to verify the logs without revealing any privacy of the nodes. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by applying DAPV to three scenarios: 1) detecting injected malicious intermediated routers which commit active and passive attacks in MANETs; 2) resisting the collaborative black-hole attack of the AODV protocol, and; 3) detecting paralyzed routers in university campus networks. Our experimental results show that our approach can detect the malicious and paralyzed nodes, and the overhead of DAPV is moderate.
Giraldo, J., Kafash, S. H., Ruths, J., Cárdenas, A. A..  2020.  DARIA: Designing Actuators to Resist Arbitrary Attacks Against Cyber-Physical Systems. 2020 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy (EuroS P). :339–353.

In the past decade we have seen an active research community proposing attacks and defenses to Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). Most of these attacks and defenses have been heuristic in nature, limiting the attacker to a set of predefined operations, and proposing defenses with unclear security guarantees. In this paper, we propose a generic adversary model that can capture any type of attack (our attacker is not constrained to follow specific attacks such as replay, delay, or bias) and use it to design security mechanisms with provable security guarantees. In particular, we propose a new secure design paradigm we call DARIA: Designing Actuators to Resist arbItrary Attacks. The main idea behind DARIA is the design of physical limits to actuators in order to prevent attackers from arbitrarily manipulating the system, irrespective of their point of attack (sensors or actuators) or the specific attack algorithm (bias, replay, delays, etc.). As far as we are aware, we are the first research team to propose the design of physical limits to actuators in a control loop in order to keep the system secure against attacks. We demonstrate the generality of our proposal on simulations of vehicular platooning and industrial processes.

Godawatte, Kithmini, Raza, Mansoor, Murtaza, Mohsin, Saeed, Ather.  2019.  Dark Web Along With The Dark Web Marketing And Surveillance. 2019 20th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies (PDCAT). :483—485.

Cybercrimes and cyber criminals widely use dark web and illegal functionalities of the dark web towards the world crisis. More than half of the criminal activities and the terror activities conducted through the dark web such as, cryptocurrency, selling human organs, red rooms, child pornography, arm deals, drug deals, hire assassins and hackers, hacking software and malware programs, etc. The law enforcement agencies such as FBI, NSA, Interpol, Mossad, FSB etc, are always conducting surveillance programs through the dark web to trace down the mass criminals and terrorists while stopping the crimes and the terror activities. This paper is about the dark web marketing and surveillance programs. In the deep end research will discuss the dark web access with securely and how the law enforcement agencies exponentially tracking down the users with terror behaviours and activities. Moreover, the paper discusses dark web sites which users can grab the dark web jihadist services and anonymous markets including safety precautions.

Yang, Ying, Yang, Lina, Yang, Meihong, Yu, Huanhuan, Zhu, Guichun, Chen, Zhenya, Chen, Lijuan.  2019.  Dark web forum correlation analysis research. 2019 IEEE 8th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). :1216—1220.

With the rapid development of the Internet, the dark network has also been widely used in the Internet [1]. Due to the anonymity of the dark network, many illegal elements have committed illegal crimes on the dark. It is difficult for law enforcement officials to track the identity of these cyber criminals using traditional network survey techniques based on IP addresses [2]. The threat information is mainly from the dark web forum and the dark web market. In this paper, we introduce the current mainstream dark network communication system TOR and develop a visual dark web forum post association analysis system to graphically display the relationship between various forum messages and posters, and help law enforcement officers to explore deep levels. Clues to analyze crimes in the dark network.

Rafiuddin, M. F. B., Minhas, H., Dhubb, P. S..  2017.  A dark web story in-depth research and study conducted on the dark web based on forensic computing and security in Malaysia. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Power, Control, Signals and Instrumentation Engineering (ICPCSI). :3049–3055.
The following is a research conducted on the Dark Web to study and identify the ins and outs of the dark web, what the dark web is all about, the various methods available to access the dark web and many others. The researchers have also included the steps and precautions taken before the dark web was opened. Apart from that, the findings and the website links / URL are also included along with a description of the sites. The primary usage of the dark web and some of the researcher's experience has been further documented in this research paper.
Ma, Haoyu, Cao, Jianqiu, Mi, Bo, Huang, Darong, Liu, Yang, Zhang, Zhenyuan.  2021.  Dark web traffic detection method based on deep learning. 2021 IEEE 10th Data Driven Control and Learning Systems Conference (DDCLS). :842—847.
Network traffic detection is closely related to network security, and it is also a hot research topic now. With the development of encryption technology, traffic detection has become more and more difficult, and many crimes have occurred on the dark web, so how to detect dark web traffic is the subject of this study. In this paper, we proposed a dark web traffic(Tor traffic) detection scheme based on deep learning and conducted experiments on public data sets. By analyzing the results of the experiment, our detection precision rate reached 95.47%.
Tian, Zhao, Wright, Kevin, Zhou, Xia.  2016.  The darkLight Rises: Visible Light Communication in the Dark. Proceedings of the 22Nd Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking. :2–15.

Visible Light Communication (VLC) emerges as a new wireless communication technology with appealing benefits not present in radio communication. However, current VLC designs commonly require LED lights to emit shining light beams, which greatly limits the applicable scenarios of VLC (e.g., in a sunny day when indoor lighting is not needed). It also entails high energy overhead and unpleasant visual experiences for mobile devices to transmit data using VLC. We design and develop DarkLight, a new VLC primitive that allows light-based communication to be sustained even when LEDs emit extremely-low luminance. The key idea is to encode data into ultra-short, imperceptible light pulses. We tackle challenges in circuit designs, data encoding/decoding schemes, and DarkLight networking, to efficiently generate and reliably detect ultra-short light pulses using off-the-shelf, low-cost LEDs and photodiodes. Our DarkLight prototype supports 1.3-m distance with 1.6-Kbps data rate. By loosening up VLC's reliance on visible light beams, DarkLight presents an unconventional direction of VLC design and fundamentally broadens VLC's application scenarios.

Ibrahim, Ahmad, Sadeghi, Ahmad-Reza, Tsudik, Gene, Zeitouni, Shaza.  2016.  DARPA: Device Attestation Resilient to Physical Attacks. Proceedings of the 9th ACM Conference on Security & Privacy in Wireless and Mobile Networks. :171–182.

As embedded devices (under the guise of "smart-whatever") rapidly proliferate into many domains, they become attractive targets for malware. Protecting them from software and physical attacks becomes both important and challenging. Remote attestation is a basic tool for mitigating such attacks. It allows a trusted party (verifier) to remotely assess software integrity of a remote, untrusted, and possibly compromised, embedded device (prover). Prior remote attestation methods focus on software (malware) attacks in a one-verifier/one-prover setting. Physical attacks on provers are generally ruled out as being either unrealistic or impossible to mitigate. In this paper, we argue that physical attacks must be considered, particularly, in the context of many provers, e.g., a network, of devices. As- suming that physical attacks require capture and subsequent temporary disablement of the victim device(s), we propose DARPA, a light-weight protocol that takes advantage of absence detection to identify suspected devices. DARPA is resilient against a very strong adversary and imposes minimal additional hardware requirements. We justify and identify DARPA's design goals and evaluate its security and costs.

Dridi, M., Rubini, S., Lallali, M., Florez, M. J. S., Singhoff, F., Diguet, J. P..  2017.  DAS: An Efficient NoC Router for Mixed-Criticality Real-Time Systems. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Computer Design (ICCD). :229–232.

Mixed-Criticality Systems (MCS) are real-time systems characterized by two or more distinct levels of criticality. In MCS, it is imperative that high-critical flows meet their deadlines while low critical flows can tolerate some delays. Sharing resources between flows in Network-On-Chip (NoC) can lead to different unpredictable latencies and subsequently complicate the implementation of MCS in many-core architectures. This paper proposes a new virtual channel router designed for MCS deployed over NoCs. The first objective of this router is to reduce the worst-case communication latency of high-critical flows. The second aim is to improve the network use rate and reduce the communication latency for low-critical flows. The proposed router, called DAS (Double Arbiter and Switching router), jointly uses Wormhole and Store And Forward techniques for low and high-critical flows respectively. Simulations with a cycle-accurate SystemC NoC simulator show that, with a 15% network use rate, the communication delay of high-critical flows is reduced by 80% while communication delay of low-critical flow is increased by 18% compared to usual solutions based on routers with multiple virtual channels.

Pedapudi, Srinivasa Murthy, Vadlamani, Nagalakshmi.  2021.  Data Acquisition based Seizure Record Framework for Digital Forensics Investigations. 2021 5th International Conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA). :1766–1768.
In the computer era, various digital devices are used along with networking technology for data communication in secured manner. But sometimes these systems are misused by the attackers. Information security with the high efficiency devices, tools are utilized for protecting the communication media and valuable data. In case of any unwanted incidents and security breaches, digital forensics methods and measures are well utilized for detecting the type of attacks, sources of attacks, their purposes. By utilizing information related to security measures, digital forensics evidences with suitable methodologies, digital forensics investigators detect the cyber-crimes. It is also necessary to prove the cyber-crimes before the law enforcement department. During this process investigators type to collect different types of information from the digital devices concerned to the cyber-attack. One of the major tasks of the digital investigator is collecting and managing the seizure records from the crime-scene. The present paper discusses the seizure record framework for digital forensics investigations.
Guanyu, Chen, Yunjie, Han, Chang, Li, Changrui, Lin, Degui, Fang, Xiaohui, Rong.  2019.  Data Acquisition Network and Application System Based on 6LoWPAN and IPv6 Transition Technology. 2019 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Electronics Technology (ICET). :78–83.
In recent years, IPv6 will gradually replace IPv4 with IPv4 address exhaustion and the rapid development of the Low-Power Wide-Area network (LPWAN) wireless communication technology. This paper proposes a data acquisition and application system based on 6LoWPAN and IPv6 transition technology. The system uses 6LoWPAN and 6to4 tunnel to realize integration of the internal sensor network and Internet to improve the adaptability of the gateway and reduce the average forwarding delay and packet loss rate of small data packet. Moreover, we design and implement the functions of device access management, multiservice data storage and affair data service by combining the C/S architecture with the actual uploaded river quality data. The system has the advantages of flexible networking, low power consumption, rich IPv6 address, high communication security, and strong reusability.
Wen, M., Zhang, X., Li, H., Li, J..  2017.  A Data Aggregation Scheme with Fine-Grained Access Control for the Smart Grid. 2017 IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall). :1–5.

With the rapid development of smart grid, smart meters are deployed at energy consumers' premises to collect real-time usage data. Although such a communication model can help the control center of the energy producer to improve the efficiency and reliability of electricity delivery, it also leads to some security issues. For example, this real-time data involves the customers' privacy. Attackers may violate the privacy for house breaking, or they may tamper with the transmitted data for their own benefits. For this purpose, many data aggregation schemes are proposed for privacy preservation. However, rare of them cares about both the data aggregation and fine-grained access control to improve the data utility. In this paper, we proposes a data aggregation scheme based on attribute decision tree. Security analysis illustrates that our scheme can achieve the data integrity, data privacy preservation and fine- grained data access control. Experiment results show that our scheme are more efficient than existing schemes.

Guo, H., Shen, X., Goh, W. L., Zhou, L..  2018.  Data Analysis for Anomaly Detection to Secure Rail Network. 2018 International Conference on Intelligent Rail Transportation (ICIRT). :1–5.
The security, safety and reliability of rail systems are of the utmost importance. In order to better detect and prevent anomalies, it is necessary to accurately study and analyze the network traffic and abnormal behaviors, as well as to detect and alert any anomalies if happened. This paper focuses on data analysis for anomaly detection with Wireshark and packet analysis system. An alert function is also developed to provide an alert when abnormality happens. Rail network traffic data have been captured and analyzed so that their network features are obtained and used to detect the abnormality. To improve efficiency, a packet analysis system is introduced to receive the network flow and analyze data automatically. The provision of two detection methods, i.e., the Wireshark detection and the packet analysis system together with the alert function will facilitate the timely detection of abnormality and triggering of alert in the rail network.
Sen, Amartya, Madria, Sanjay.  2018.  Data Analysis of Cloud Security Alliance's Security, Trust & Assurance Registry. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking. :42:1–42:10.
The security of clients' applications on the cloud platforms has been of great interest. Security concerns associated with cloud computing are improving in both the domains; security issues faced by cloud providers and security issues faced by clients. However, security concerns still remain in domains like cloud auditing and migrating application components to cloud to make the process more secure and cost-efficient. To an extent, this can be attributed to a lack of detailed information being publicly present about the cloud platforms and their security policies. A resolution in this regard can be found in Cloud Security Alliance's Security, Trust, and Assurance Registry (STAR) which documents the security controls provided by popular cloud computing offerings. In this paper, we perform some descriptive analysis on STAR data in an attempt to comprehend the information publicly presented by different cloud providers. It is to help clients in more effectively searching and analyzing the required security information they need for the decision making process for hosting their applications on cloud. Based on the analysis, we outline some augmentations that can be made to STAR as well as certain specific design improvements for a cloud migration risk assessment framework.
Khan, Iqra, Durad, Hanif, Alam, Masoom.  2019.  Data Analytics Layer For high-interaction Honeypots. 2019 16th International Bhurban Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (IBCAST). :681–686.

Security of VMs is now becoming a hot topic due to their outsourcing in cloud computing paradigm. All VMs present on the network are connected to each other, making exploited VMs danger to other VMs. and threats to organization. Rejuvenation of virtualization brought the emergence of hyper-visor based security services like VMI (Virtual machine introspection). As there is a greater chance for any intrusion detection system running on the same system, of being dis-abled by the malware or attacker. Monitoring of VMs using VMI, is one of the most researched and accepted technique, that is used to ensure computer systems security mostly in the paradigm of cloud computing. This thesis presents a work that is to integrate LibVMI with Volatility on a KVM, a Linux based hypervisor, to introspect memory of VMs. Both of these tools are used to monitor the state of live VMs. VMI capability of monitoring VMs is combined with the malware analysis and virtual honeypots to achieve the objective of this project. A testing environment is deployed, where a network of VMs is used to be introspected using Volatility plug-ins. Time execution of each plug-in executed on live VMs is calculated to observe the performance of Volatility plug-ins. All these VMs are deployed as Virtual Honeypots having honey-pots configured on them, which is used as a detection mechanism to trigger alerts when some malware attack the VMs. Using STIX (Structure Threat Information Expression), extracted IOCs are converted into the understandable, flexible, structured and shareable format.

Moustafa, Nour, Ahmed, Mohiuddin, Ahmed, Sherif.  2020.  Data Analytics-Enabled Intrusion Detection: Evaluations of ToNİoT Linux Datasets. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :727–735.
With the widespread of Artificial Intelligence (AI)-enabled security applications, there is a need for collecting heterogeneous and scalable data sources for effectively evaluating the performances of security applications. This paper presents the description of new datasets, named ToNİoT datasets that include distributed data sources collected from Telemetry datasets of Internet of Things (IoT) services, Operating systems datasets of Windows and Linux, and datasets of Network traffic. The paper aims to describe the new testbed architecture used to collect Linux datasets from audit traces of hard disk, memory and process. The architecture was designed in three distributed layers of edge, fog, and cloud. The edge layer comprises IoT and network systems, the fog layer includes virtual machines and gateways, and the cloud layer includes data analytics and visualization tools connected with the other two layers. The layers were programmatically controlled using Software-Defined Network (SDN) and Network-Function Virtualization (NFV) using the VMware NSX and vCloud NFV platform. The Linux ToNİoT datasets would be used to train and validate various new federated and distributed AI-enabled security solutions such as intrusion detection, threat intelligence, privacy preservation and digital forensics. Various Data analytical and machine learning methods are employed to determine the fidelity of the datasets in terms of examining feature engineering, statistics of legitimate and security events, and reliability of security events. The datasets can be publicly accessed from [1].
Santos, W., Sousa, G., Prata, P., Ferrão, M. E..  2020.  Data Anonymization: K-anonymity Sensitivity Analysis. 2020 15th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI). :1—6.

These days the digitization process is everywhere, spreading also across central governments and local authorities. It is hoped that, using open government data for scientific research purposes, the public good and social justice might be enhanced. Taking into account the European General Data Protection Regulation recently adopted, the big challenge in Portugal and other European countries, is how to provide the right balance between personal data privacy and data value for research. This work presents a sensitivity study of data anonymization procedure applied to a real open government data available from the Brazilian higher education evaluation system. The ARX k-anonymization algorithm, with and without generalization of some research value variables, was performed. The analysis of the amount of data / information lost and the risk of re-identification suggest that the anonymization process may lead to the under-representation of minorities and sociodemographic disadvantaged groups. It will enable scientists to improve the balance among risk, data usability, and contributions for the public good policies and practices.

Lekshmi, M. M., Subramanian, N..  2020.  Data Auditing in Cloud Storage using Smart Contract. 2020 Third International Conference on Smart Systems and Inventive Technology (ICSSIT). :999–1002.
In general, Cloud storage is considered as a distributed model. Here, the data is usually stored on remote servers to properly maintain, back up and make it accessible to clients over a network, whenever required. Cloud storage providers keep the data and processes to oversee it on capacity servers based on secure virtualization methods. A security framework is proposed for auditing the cloud data, which makes use of the proposed blockchain technology. This ensures to efficiently maintain the data integrity. The blockchain structure inspects the mutation of operational information and thereby ensures the data security. Usually, the data auditing scheme is widely used in a Third Party Auditor (TPA), which is a centralized entity that the client is forced to trust, even if the credibility is not guaranteed. To avoid the participation of TPA, a decentralised scheme is suggested, where it uses a smart contract for auditing the cloud data. The working of smart contracts is based on blockchain. Ethereum is used to deploy a smart contract thereby eliminating the need of a foreign source in the data auditing process.
Yao, Danfeng(Daphne).  2018.  Data Breach and Multiple Points to Stop It. Proceedings of the 23Nd ACM on Symposium on Access Control Models and Technologies. :1–1.
Preventing unauthorized access to sensitive data is an exceedingly complex access control problem. In this keynote, I will break down the data breach problem and give insights into how organizations could and should do to reduce their risks. The talk will start with discussing the technical reasons behind some of the recent high-profile data breach incidents (e.g., in Equifax, Target), as well as pointing out the threats of inadvertent or accidental data leaks. Then, I will show that there are usually multiple points to stop data breach and give an overview of the relevant state-of-the-art solutions. I will focus on some of the recent algorithmic advances in preventing inadvertent data loss, including set-based and alignment-based screening techniques, outsourced screening, and GPU-based performance acceleration. I will also briefly discuss the role of non-technical factors (e.g., organizational culture on security) in data protection. Because of the cat-and-mouse-game nature of cybersecurity, achieving absolute data security is impossible. However, proactively securing critical data paths through strategic planning and placement of security tools will help reduce the risks. I will also point out a few exciting future research directions, e.g., on data leak detection as a cloud security service and deep learning for reducing false alarms in continuous authentication and the prickly insider-threat detection.