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Do, Lisa Nguyen Quang, Ali, Karim, Livshits, Benjamin, Bodden, Eric, Smith, Justin, Murphy-Hill, Emerson.  2017.  Just-in-time Static Analysis. Proceedings of the 26th ACM SIGSOFT International Symposium on Software Testing and Analysis. :307–317.
We present the concept of Just-In-Time (JIT) static analysis that interleaves code development and bug fixing in an integrated development environment. Unlike traditional batch-style analysis tools, a JIT analysis tool presents warnings to code developers over time, providing the most relevant results quickly, and computing less relevant results incrementally later. In this paper, we describe general guidelines for designing JIT analyses. We also present a general recipe for transforming static data-flow analyses to JIT analyses through a concept of layered analysis execution. We illustrate this transformation through CHEETAH, a JIT taint analysis for Android applications. Our empirical evaluation of CHEETAH on real-world applications shows that our approach returns warnings quickly enough to avoid disrupting the normal workflow of developers. This result is confirmed by our user study, in which developers fixed data leaks twice as fast when using CHEETAH compared to an equivalent batch-style analysis.
Nadi, Sarah, Krüger, Stefan, Mezini, Mira, Bodden, Eric.  2016.  Jumping Through Hoops: Why Do Java Developers Struggle with Cryptography APIs? Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on Software Engineering. :935–946.

To protect sensitive data processed by current applications, developers, whether security experts or not, have to rely on cryptography. While cryptography algorithms have become increasingly advanced, many data breaches occur because developers do not correctly use the corresponding APIs. To guide future research into practical solutions to this problem, we perform an empirical investigation into the obstacles developers face while using the Java cryptography APIs, the tasks they use the APIs for, and the kind of (tool) support they desire. We triangulate data from four separate studies that include the analysis of 100 StackOverflow posts, 100 GitHub repositories, and survey input from 48 developers. We find that while developers find it difficult to use certain cryptographic algorithms correctly, they feel surprisingly confident in selecting the right cryptography concepts (e.g., encryption vs. signatures). We also find that the APIs are generally perceived to be too low-level and that developers prefer more task-based solutions.

Agadakos, Ioannis, Chen, Chien-Ying, Campanelli, Matteo, Anantharaman, Prashant, Hasan, Monowar, Copos, Bogdan, Lepoint, Tancrède, Locasto, Michael, Ciocarlie, Gabriela F., Lindqvist, Ulf.  2017.  Jumping the Air Gap: Modeling Cyber-Physical Attack Paths in the Internet-of-Things. Proceedings of the 2017 Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems Security and PrivaCy. :37–48.

The proliferation of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices within homes raises many security and privacy concerns. Recent headlines highlight the lack of effective security mechanisms in IoT devices. Security threats in IoT arise not only from vulnerabilities in individual devices but also from the composition of devices in unanticipated ways and the ability of devices to interact through both cyber and physical channels. Existing approaches provide methods for monitoring cyber interactions between devices but fail to consider possible physical interactions. To overcome this challenge, it is essential that security assessments of IoT networks take a holistic view of the network and treat it as a "system of systems", in which security is defined, not solely by the individual systems, but also by the interactions and trust dependencies between systems. In this paper, we propose a way of modeling cyber and physical interactions between IoT devices of a given network. By verifying the cyber and physical interactions against user-defined policies, our model can identify unexpected chains of events that may be harmful. It can also be applied to determine the impact of the addition (or removal) of a device into an existing network with respect to dangerous device interactions. We demonstrate the viability of our approach by instantiating our model using Alloy, a language and tool for relational models. In our evaluation, we considered three realistic IoT use cases and demonstrate that our model is capable of identifying potentially dangerous device interactions. We also measure the performance of our approach with respect to the CPU runtime and memory consumption of the Alloy model finder, and show that it is acceptable for smart-home IoT networks.

Koo, Hyungjoon, Polychronakis, Michalis.  2016.  Juggling the Gadgets: Binary-level Code Randomization Using Instruction Displacement. Proceedings of the 11th ACM on Asia Conference on Computer and Communications Security. :23–34.

Code diversification is an effective mitigation against return-oriented programming attacks, which breaks the assumptions of attackers about the location and structure of useful instruction sequences, known as "gadgets". Although a wide range of code diversification techniques of varying levels of granularity exist, most of them rely on the availability of source code, debug symbols, or the assumption of fully precise code disassembly, limiting their practical applicability for the protection of closed-source third-party applications. In-place code randomization has been proposed as an alternative binary-compatible diversification technique that is tolerant of partial disassembly coverage, in the expense though of leaving some gadgets intact, at the disposal of attackers. Consequently, the possibility of constructing robust ROP payloads using only the remaining non-randomized gadgets is still open. In this paper we present instruction displacement, a code diversification technique based on static binary instrumentation that does not rely on complete code disassembly coverage. Instruction displacement aims to improve the randomization coverage and entropy of existing binary-level code diversification techniques by displacing any remaining non-randomized gadgets to random locations. The results of our experimental evaluation demonstrate that instruction displacement reduces the number of non-randomized gadgets in the extracted code regions from 15.04% for standalone in-place code randomization, to 2.77% for the combination of both techniques. At the same time, the additional indirection introduced due to displacement incurs a negligible runtime overhead of 0.36% on average for the SPEC CPU2006 benchmarks.

Pointon, Grant, Thompson, Chelsey, Creem-Regehr, Sarah, Stefanucci, Jeanine, Joshi, Miti, Paris, Richard, Bodenheimer, Bobby.  2018.  Judging Action Capabilities in Augmented Reality. Proceedings of the 15th ACM Symposium on Applied Perception. :6:1-6:8.

The utility of mediated environments increases when environmental scale (size and distance) is perceived accurately. We present the use of perceived affordances–-judgments of action capabilities–-as an objective way to assess space perception in an augmented reality (AR) environment. The current study extends the previous use of this methodology in virtual reality (VR) to AR. We tested two locomotion-based affordance tasks. In the first experiment, observers judged whether they could pass through a virtual aperture presented at different widths and distances, and also judged the distance to the aperture. In the second experiment, observers judged whether they could step over a virtual gap on the ground. In both experiments, the virtual objects were displayed with the HoloLens in a real laboratory environment. We demonstrate that affordances for passing through and perceived distance to the aperture are similar in AR to those measured in the real world, but that judgments of gap-crossing in AR were underestimated. These differences across two affordances may result from the different spatial characteristics of the virtual objects (on the ground versus extending off the ground).

Samhi, Jordan, Gao, Jun, Daoudi, Nadia, Graux, Pierre, Hoyez, Henri, Sun, Xiaoyu, Allix, Kevin, Bissyandè, Tegawende F., Klein, Jacques.  2022.  JuCify: A Step Towards Android Code Unification for Enhanced Static Analysis. 2022 IEEE/ACM 44th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE). :1232–1244.
Native code is now commonplace within Android app packages where it co-exists and interacts with Dex bytecode through the Java Native Interface to deliver rich app functionalities. Yet, state-of-the-art static analysis approaches have mostly overlooked the presence of such native code, which, however, may implement some key sensitive, or even malicious, parts of the app behavior. This limitation of the state of the art is a severe threat to validity in a large range of static analyses that do not have a complete view of the executable code in apps. To address this issue, we propose a new advance in the ambitious research direction of building a unified model of all code in Android apps. The JUCIFY approach presented in this paper is a significant step towards such a model, where we extract and merge call graphs of native code and bytecode to make the final model readily-usable by a common Android analysis framework: in our implementation, JUCIFY builds on the Soot internal intermediate representation. We performed empirical investigations to highlight how, without the unified model, a significant amount of Java methods called from the native code are “unreachable” in apps' callgraphs, both in goodware and malware. Using JUCIFY, we were able to enable static analyzers to reveal cases where malware relied on native code to hide invocation of payment library code or of other sensitive code in the Android framework. Additionally, JUCIFY'S model enables state-of-the-art tools to achieve better precision and recall in detecting data leaks through native code. Finally, we show that by using JUCIFY we can find sensitive data leaks that pass through native code.
Ethelbert, O., Moghaddam, F. F., Wieder, P., Yahyapour, R..  2017.  A JSON Token-Based Authentication and Access Management Schema for Cloud SaaS Applications. 2017 IEEE 5th International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud (FiCloud). :47–53.

Cloud computing is significantly reshaping the computing industry built around core concepts such as virtualization, processing power, connectivity and elasticity to store and share IT resources via a broad network. It has emerged as the key technology that unleashes the potency of Big Data, Internet of Things, Mobile and Web Applications, and other related technologies; but it also comes with its challenges - such as governance, security, and privacy. This paper is focused on the security and privacy challenges of cloud computing with specific reference to user authentication and access management for cloud SaaS applications. The suggested model uses a framework that harnesses the stateless and secure nature of JWT for client authentication and session management. Furthermore, authorized access to protected cloud SaaS resources have been efficiently managed. Accordingly, a Policy Match Gate (PMG) component and a Policy Activity Monitor (PAM) component have been introduced. In addition, other subcomponents such as a Policy Validation Unit (PVU) and a Policy Proxy DB (PPDB) have also been established for optimized service delivery. A theoretical analysis of the proposed model portrays a system that is secure, lightweight and highly scalable for improved cloud resource security and management.

Chen, Zhanhao, Cao, Yinzhi.  2020.  JSKernel: Fortifying JavaScript against Web Concurrency Attacks via a Kernel-Like Structure. 2020 50th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN). :64—75.
As portals to the Internet, web browsers constitute prominent targets for attacks. Existing defenses that redefine web APIs typically capture information related to a single JavaScript function. Thus, they fail to defend against the so-called web concurrency attacks that use multiple interleaved functions to trigger a browser vulnerability. In this paper, we propose JSKernel, the first generic framework that introduces a kernel concept into JavaScript to defend against web concurrency attacks. The JavaScript kernel, inspired from operating system concepts, enforces the execution order of JavaScript events and threads to fortify security. We implement a prototype of JSKernel deployable as add-on extensions to three widely used web browsers, namely Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Microsoft Edge. These open-source extensions are available at ( along with a usability demo at ( Our evaluation shows the prototype to be robust to web concurrency attacks, fast, and backward compatible with legacy websites.
Abate, Carmine, Blanco, Roberto, Garg, Deepak, Hritcu, Catalin, Patrignani, Marco, Thibault, Jérémy.  2019.  Journey Beyond Full Abstraction: Exploring Robust Property Preservation for Secure Compilation. 2019 IEEE 32nd Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF). :256–25615.
Good programming languages provide helpful abstractions for writing secure code, but the security properties of the source language are generally not preserved when compiling a program and linking it with adversarial code in a low-level target language (e.g., a library or a legacy application). Linked target code that is compromised or malicious may, for instance, read and write the compiled program's data and code, jump to arbitrary memory locations, or smash the stack, blatantly violating any source-level abstraction. By contrast, a fully abstract compilation chain protects source-level abstractions all the way down, ensuring that linked adversarial target code cannot observe more about the compiled program than what some linked source code could about the source program. However, while research in this area has so far focused on preserving observational equivalence, as needed for achieving full abstraction, there is a much larger space of security properties one can choose to preserve against linked adversarial code. And the precise class of security properties one chooses crucially impacts not only the supported security goals and the strength of the attacker model, but also the kind of protections a secure compilation chain has to introduce. We are the first to thoroughly explore a large space of formal secure compilation criteria based on robust property preservation, i.e., the preservation of properties satisfied against arbitrary adversarial contexts. We study robustly preserving various classes of trace properties such as safety, of hyperproperties such as noninterference, and of relational hyperproperties such as trace equivalence. This leads to many new secure compilation criteria, some of which are easier to practically achieve and prove than full abstraction, and some of which provide strictly stronger security guarantees. For each of the studied criteria we propose an equivalent “property-free” characterization that clarifies which proof techniques apply. For relational properties and hyperproperties, which relate the behaviors of multiple programs, our formal definitions of the property classes themselves are novel. We order our criteria by their relative strength and show several collapses and separation results. Finally, we adapt existing proof techniques to show that even the strongest of our secure compilation criteria, the robust preservation of all relational hyperproperties, is achievable for a simple translation from a statically typed to a dynamically typed language.
Feng, Qi, Huang, Jianjun, Yang, Zhaocheng.  2019.  Jointly Optimized Target Detection and Tracking Using Compressive Samples. IEEE Access. 7:73675–73684.
In this paper, we consider the problem of joint target detection and tracking in compressive sampling and processing (CSP-JDT). CSP can process the compressive samples of sparse signals directly without signal reconstruction, which is suitable for handling high-resolution radar signals. However, in CSP, the radar target detection and tracking problems are usually solved separately or by a two-stage strategy, which cannot obtain a globally optimal solution. To jointly optimize the target detection and tracking performance and inspired by the optimal Bayes joint decision and estimation (JDE) framework, a jointly optimized target detection and tracking algorithm in CSP is proposed. Since detection and tracking are highly correlated, we first develop a measurement matrix construction method to acquire the compressive samples, and then a joint CSP Bayesian approach is developed for target detection and tracking. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the two-stage algorithms in terms of the joint performance metric.
Goudos, S. K., Diamantoulakis, P. D., Boursianis, A. D., Papanikolaou, V. K., Karagiannidis, G. K..  2020.  Joint User Association and Power Allocation Using Swarm Intelligence Algorithms in Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Networks. 2020 9th International Conference on Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies (MOCAST). :1–4.
In this paper, we address the problem of joint user association and power allocation for non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) networks with multiple base stations (BSs). A user grouping procedure into orthogonal clusters, as well as an allocation of different physical resource blocks (PRBs) is considered. The problem of interest is mathematically described using the maximization of the weighted sum rate. We apply two different swarm intelligence algorithms, namely, the recently introduced Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), and the popular Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), in order to solve this problem. Numerical results demonstrate that the above-described problem can be satisfactorily addressed by both algorithms.
Mesodiakaki, Agapi, Zola, Enrica, Kassler, Andreas.  2017.  Joint User Association and Backhaul Routing for Green 5G Mesh Millimeter Wave Backhaul Networks. Proceedings of the 20th ACM International Conference on Modelling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems. :179–186.

With the advance of fifth generation (5G) networks, network density needs to grow significantly in order to meet the required capacity demands. A massive deployment of small cells may lead to a high cost for providing fiber connectivity to each node. Consequently, many small cells are expected to be connected through wireless links to the umbrella eNodeB, leading to a mesh backhaul topology. This backhaul solution will most probably be composed of high capacity point-to-point links, typically operating in the millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency band due to its massive bandwidth availability. In this paper, we propose a mathematical model that jointly solves the user association and backhaul routing problem in the aforementioned context, aiming at the energy efficiency maximization of the network. Our study considers the energy consumption of both the access and backhaul links, while taking into account the capacity constraints of all the nodes as well as the fulfillment of the service-level agreements (SLAs). Due to the high complexity of the optimal solution, we also propose an energy efficient heuristic algorithm (Joint), which solves the discussed joint problem, while inducing low complexity in the system. We numerically evaluate the algorithm performance by comparing it not only with the optimal solution but also with reference approaches under different traffic load scenarios and backhaul parameters. Our results demonstrate that Joint outperforms the state-of-the-art, while being able to find good solutions, close to optimal, in short time.

Ali, Waqas, Abbas, Ghulam, Abbas, Ziaul Haq.  2019.  Joint Sybil Attack Prevention and Energy Conservation in Wireless Sensor Networks. 2019 International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT). :179–1795.

Sybil attacks, wherein a network is subverted by forging node identities, remains an open issue in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). This paper proposes a scheme, called Location and Communication ID (LCID) based detection, which employs residual energy, communication ID and location information of sensor nodes for Sybil attacks prevention. Moreover, LCID takes into account the resource constrained nature of WSNs and enhances energy conservation through hierarchical routing. Sybil nodes are purged before clusters formation to ensure that only legitimate nodes participate in clustering and data communication. CH selection is based on the average energy of the entire network to load-balance energy consumption. LCID selects a CH if its residual energy is greater than the average network energy. Furthermore, the workload of CHs is equally distributed among sensor nodes. A CH once selected cannot be selected again for 1/p rounds, where p is the CH selection probability. Simulation results demonstrate that, as compared to an eminent scheme, LCID has a higher Sybil attacks detection ratio, higher network lifetime, higher packet reception rate at the BS, lower energy consumption, and lower packet loss ratio.

Weng, Jian-Jian, Alajaji, Fady, Linder, Tamás.  2019.  Joint Source-Channel Coding for the Transmission of Correlated Sources over Two-Way Channels. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). :1322–1326.
A joint source-channel coding (JSCC) scheme based on hybrid digital/analog coding is proposed for the transmission of correlated sources over discrete-memoryless two-way channels (DM-TWCs). The scheme utilizes the correlation between the sources in generating channel inputs, thus enabling the users to coordinate their transmission to combat channel noise. The hybrid scheme also subsumes prior coding methods such as rate-one separate source-channel coding and uncoded schemes for two-way lossy transmission, as well as the correlation-preserving coding scheme for (almost) lossless transmission. Moreover, we derive a distortion outer bound for the source-channel system using a genie-aided argument. A complete JSSC theorem for a class of correlated sources and DM-TWCs whose capacity region cannot be enlarged via interactive adaptive coding is also established. Examples that illustrate the theorem are given.
Deka, Surajit, Sarma, Kandarpa Kumar.  2018.  Joint Source Channel Coding with Bandwidth Compression. 2018 5th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN). :286–290.
In this paper, we have considered the broadcasting of a memoryless bivariate Gaussian source over a Gaussian broadcast channel with respect to bandwidth compression. We have analysed the performance of a hybrid digital-analog (HDA) coding system in combination with joint source channel coding (JSCC) to measure the distortion regions. The transmission advantages due to the combination of both the analog and digital techniques, a class of HDA schemes that yields better performance in distortion is discussed. The performance of source and channel coding for the possible better outcome of the system is measured by employing Wyner-Ziv and Costa coding. In our model, we have considered the upper layer to be a combination of a hybrid layer in the sense of both the analog and digital processing is done. This is executed in presence of quantization error and performance of the system is measured with two conditions: 1) HDA scheme with quantization scaling factor α = 0, i.e. the input of the channel have only the analog information which is considered as the scaled quantization error βS 2) The analog information from the first layer S is suppressed by setting error scaling factor β = 0 and 3) Inclusion of recursive mode with JSCC in each of the three layers for the possible better outcome is considered here.
Xia, Huiyun, Han, Shuai, Li, Cheng, Meng, Weixiao.  2019.  Joint PHY/MAC Layer AN-Assisted Security Scheme in SVD-Based MIMO HARQ system. 2019 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :328–333.
With the explosive data growth arise from internet of things, how to ensure information security is facing unprecedented challenges. In this paper, a joint PHY/MAC layer security scheme with artificial noise design in singular value decomposition (SVD) based multiple input multiple output hybrid automatic retransmission request (MIMO HARQ) system is proposed to resolve the problem of low data rates in existing cross-layer security design and further adapt to the high data rate requirement of 5G. First, the SVD was applied to simplify MIMO systems into several parallel sub-channels employing HARQ protocol. Then, different from traditional null space based artificial noise design, the artificial noise design, which is dependent on the characteristics of channel states and transmission rounds, is detailed presented. Finally, the analytical and simulation results proved that with the help of the proposed artificial noise, both the information security and data rate performance can be significantly improved compared with that in single input single output (SISO) system.
Wang, X., Teng, Y., Song, M., Wang, X., Yuan, H..  2015.  Joint Optimization of Coverage and Capacity Based on Power Density Distribution in Heterogeneous Cellular Networks. 2015 Fifth International Conference on Instrumentation and Measurement, Computer, Communication and Control (IMCCC). :251–255.

The paper presents a joint optimization algorithm for coverage and capacity in heterogeneous cellular networks. A joint optimization objective related to capacity loss considering both coverage hole and overlap area based on power density distribution is proposed. The optimization object is a NP problem due to that the adjusting parameters are mixed with discrete and continuous, so the bacterial foraging (BF) algorithm is improved based on network performance analysis result to find a more effective direction than randomly selected. The results of simulation show that the optimization object is feasible gains a better effect than traditional method.

Kaghaz-Garan, S., Umbarkar, A., Doboli, A..  2014.  Joint localization and fingerprinting of sound sources for auditory scene analysis. Robotic and Sensors Environments (ROSE), 2014 IEEE International Symposium on. :49-54.

In the field of scene understanding, researchers have mainly focused on using video/images to extract different elements in a scene. The computational as well as monetary cost associated with such implementations is high. This paper proposes a low-cost system which uses sound-based techniques in order to jointly perform localization as well as fingerprinting of the sound sources. A network of embedded nodes is used to sense the sound inputs. Phase-based sound localization and Support-Vector Machine classification are used to locate and classify elements of the scene, respectively. The fusion of all this data presents a complete “picture” of the scene. The proposed concepts are applied to a vehicular-traffic case study. Experiments show that the system has a fingerprinting accuracy of up to 97.5%, localization error less than 4 degrees and scene prediction accuracy of 100%.

Wu, Jie, Li, Hongchun, Xu, Yi, Tian, Jun.  2018.  Joint Design of WiFi Mesh Network for Video Surveillance Application. Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Symposium on QoS and Security for Wireless and Mobile Networks. :140–146.
The ability to transmit high volumes of data over a long distance makes WiFi mesh networks an ideal transmission solution for remote video surveillance. Instead of independently manipulating the node deployment, channel and interface assignment, and routing to improve the network performance, we propose a joint network design using multi-objective genetic algorithm to take into account the interplay of them. Moreover, we found a performance evaluation method based on the transmission capability of the WiFi mesh networks for the first time. The good agreement of our obtained multiple optimized solutions to the extensive simulation results by NS-3 demonstrates the effectiveness of our design.
Zayene, M., Habachi, O., Meghdadi, V., Ezzeddine, T., Cances, J. P..  2017.  Joint delay and energy minimization for Wireless Sensor Networks using instantly decodable network coding. 2017 International Conference on Internet of Things, Embedded Systems and Communications (IINTEC). :21–25.

Most of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are usually deployed in hostile environments where the communications conditions are not stable and not reliable. Hence, there is a need to design an effective distributed schemes to enable the sensors cooperating in order to recover the sensed data. In this paper, we establish a novel cooperative data exchange (CDE) scheme using instantly decodable network coding (IDNC) across the sensor nodes. We model the problem using the cooperative game theory in partition form. We develop also a distributed merge-and-split algorithm in order to form dynamically coalitions that maximize their utilities in terms of both energy consumption and IDNC delay experienced by all sensors. Indeed, the proposed algorithm enables these sensors to self-organize into stable clustered network structure where all sensors do not have incentives to change the cluster he is part of. Simulation results show that our cooperative scheme allows nodes not only to reduce the energy consumption, but also the IDNC completion time.

K, S., Devi, K. Suganya, Srinivasan, P., Dheepa, T., Arpita, B., singh, L. Dolendro.  2020.  Joint Correlated Compressive Sensing based on Predictive Data Recovery in WSNs. 2020 International Conference on Emerging Trends in Information Technology and Engineering (ic-ETITE). :1–5.
Data sampling is critical process for energy constrained Wireless Sensor Networks. In this article, we proposed a Predictive Data Recovery Compressive Sensing (PDR-CS) procedure for data sampling. PDR-CS samples data measurements from the monitoring field on the basis of spatial and temporal correlation and sparse measurements recovered at the Sink. Our proposed algorithm, PDR-CS extends the iterative re-weighted -ℓ1(IRW - ℓ1) minimization and regularization on the top of Spatio-temporal compressibility for enhancing accuracy of signal recovery and reducing the energy consumption. The simulation study shows that from the less number of samples are enough to recover the signal. And also compared with the other compressive sensing procedures, PDR-CS works with less time.
Benamira, Elias, Merazka, Fatiha, Kurt, Gunes Karabulut.  2018.  Joint Channel Coding and Cooperative Network Coding on PSK Constellations in Wireless Networks. 2018 International Conference on Smart Communications in Network Technologies (SaCoNeT). :132–137.
In this paper, we consider the application of Reed-Solomon (RS) channel coding for joint error correction and cooperative network coding on non-binary phase shift keying (PSK) modulated signals. The relay first decodes the RS channel coded messages received each in a time slot from all sources before applying network coding (NC) by the use of bit-level exclusive OR (XOR) operation. The network coded resulting message is then channel encoded before its transmission to the next relay or to the destination according to the network configuration. This scenario shows superior performance in comparison with the case where the relay does not perform channel coding/decoding. For different orders of PSK modulation and different wireless configurations, simulation results demonstrate the improvements resulting from the use of RS channel codes in terms of symbol error rate (SER) versus signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).
Zhang, Y., Deng, L., Chen, M., Wang, P..  2018.  Joint Bidding and Geographical Load Balancing for Datacenters: Is Uncertainty a Blessing or a Curse? IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking. 26:1049—1062.

We consider the scenario where a cloud service provider (CSP) operates multiple geo-distributed datacenters to provide Internet-scale service. Our objective is to minimize the total electricity and bandwidth cost by jointly optimizing electricity procurement from wholesale markets and geographical load balancing (GLB), i.e., dynamically routing workloads to locations with cheaper electricity. Under the ideal setting where exact values of market prices and workloads are given, this problem reduces to a simple linear programming and is easy to solve. However, under the realistic setting where only distributions of these variables are available, the problem unfolds into a non-convex infinite-dimensional one and is challenging to solve. One of our main contributions is to develop an algorithm that is proven to solve the challenging problem optimally, by exploring the full design space of strategic bidding. Trace-driven evaluations corroborate our theoretical results, demonstrate fast convergence of our algorithm, and show that it can reduce the cost for the CSP by up to 20% as compared with baseline alternatives. This paper highlights the intriguing role of uncertainty in workloads and market prices, measured by their variances. While uncertainty in workloads deteriorates the cost-saving performance of joint electricity procurement and GLB, counter-intuitively, uncertainty in market prices can be exploited to achieve a cost reduction even larger than the setting without price uncertainty.

Thomé, Julian, Shar, Lwin Khin, Bianculli, Domenico, Briand, Lionel C..  2017.  JoanAudit: A Tool for Auditing Common Injection Vulnerabilities. Proceedings of the 2017 11th Joint Meeting on Foundations of Software Engineering. :1004–1008.

JoanAudit is a static analysis tool to assist security auditors in auditing Web applications and Web services for common injection vulnerabilities during software development. It automatically identifies parts of the program code that are relevant for security and generates an HTML report to guide security auditors audit the source code in a scalable way. JoanAudit is configured with various security-sensitive input sources and sinks relevant to injection vulnerabilities and standard sanitization procedures that prevent these vulnerabilities. It can also automatically fix some cases of vulnerabilities in source code — cases where inputs are directly used in sinks without any form of sanitization — by using standard sanitization procedures. Our evaluation shows that by using JoanAudit, security auditors are required to inspect only 1% of the total code for auditing common injection vulnerabilities. The screen-cast demo is available at

Ignacio X. Dominguez, Jayant Dhawan, Robert St. Amant, David L. Roberts.  2016.  JIVUI: JavaScript Interface for Visualization of User Interaction. Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Modeling (ICCM). :125–130.

In this paper we describe the JavaScript Interface for Visu- alization of User Interaction (JIVUI): a modular, Web-based, and customizable visualization tool that shows an animation of the trace of a user interaction with a graphical interface, or of predictions made by cognitive models of user interaction. Any combination of gaze, mouse, and keyboard data can be repro- duced within a user-provided interface. Although customiz- able, the tool includes a series of plug-ins to support common visualization tasks, including a timeline of input device events and perceptual and cognitive operators based on the Model Hu- man Processor and TYPIST. We talk about our use of this tool to support hypothesis generation, assumption validation, and to guide our modeling efforts.