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Mu, Xin, Zhu, Feida, Lim, Ee-Peng, Xiao, Jing, Wang, Jianzong, Zhou, Zhi-Hua.  2016.  User Identity Linkage by Latent User Space Modelling. Proceedings of the 22Nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. :1775–1784.

User identity linkage across social platforms is an important problem of great research challenge and practical value. In real applications, the task often assumes an extra degree of difficulty by requiring linkage across multiple platforms. While pair-wise user linkage between two platforms, which has been the focus of most existing solutions, provides reasonably convincing linkage, the result depends by nature on the order of platform pairs in execution with no theoretical guarantee on its stability. In this paper, we explore a new concept of ``Latent User Space'' to more naturally model the relationship between the underlying real users and their observed projections onto the varied social platforms, such that the more similar the real users, the closer their profiles in the latent user space. We propose two effective algorithms, a batch model(ULink) and an online model(ULink-On), based on latent user space modelling. Two simple yet effective optimization methods are used for optimizing objective function: the first one based on the constrained concave-convex procedure(CCCP) and the second on accelerated proximal gradient. To our best knowledge, this is the first work to propose a unified framework to address the following two important aspects of the multi-platform user identity linkage problem –- (I) the platform multiplicity and (II) online data generation. We present experimental evaluations on real-world data sets for not only traditional pairwise-platform linkage but also multi-platform linkage. The results demonstrate the superiority of our proposed method over the state-of-the-art ones.

Piao, Guangyuan, Breslin, John G..  2016.  User Modeling on Twitter with WordNet Synsets and DBpedia Concepts for Personalized Recommendations. Proceedings of the 25th ACM International on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management. :2057–2060.

User modeling of individual users on the Social Web platforms such as Twitter plays a significant role in providing personalized recommendations and filtering interesting information from social streams. Recently, researchers proposed the use of concepts (e.g., DBpedia entities) for representing user interests instead of word-based approaches, since Knowledge Bases such as DBpedia provide cross-domain background knowledge about concepts, and thus can be used for extending user interest profiles. Even so, not all concepts can be covered by a Knowledge Base, especially in the case of microblogging platforms such as Twitter where new concepts/topics emerge everyday. In this short paper, instead of using concepts alone, we propose using synsets from WordNet and concepts from DBpedia for representing user interests. We evaluate our proposed user modeling strategies by comparing them with other bag-of-concepts approaches. The results show that using synsets and concepts together for representing user interests improves the quality of user modeling significantly in the context of link recommendations on Twitter.

Xie, Yuanpeng, Jiang, Yixin, Liao, Runfa, Wen, Hong, Meng, Jiaxiao, Guo, Xiaobin, Xu, Aidong, Guan, Zewu.  2015.  User Privacy Protection for Cloud Computing Based Smart Grid. 2015 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China - Workshops (CIC/ICCC). :7–11.

The smart grid aims to improve the efficiency, reliability and safety of the electric system via modern communication system, it's necessary to utilize cloud computing to process and store the data. In fact, it's a promising paradigm to integrate smart grid into cloud computing. However, access to cloud computing system also brings data security issues. This paper focuses on the protection of user privacy in smart meter system based on data combination privacy and trusted third party. The paper demonstrates the security issues for smart grid communication system and cloud computing respectively, and illustrates the security issues for the integration. And we introduce data chunk storage and chunk relationship confusion to protect user privacy. We also propose a chunk information list system for inserting and searching data.

Xusheng Xiao, NEC Laboratories America, Nikolai Tillmann, Microsoft Research, Manuel Fahndrich, Microsoft Research, Jonathan de Halleux, Microsoft Research, Michal Moskal, Microsoft Research, Tao Xie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  2015.  User-Aware Privacy Control via Extended Static-Information-Flow Analysis. Automated Software Engineering Journal. 22(3)

Applications in mobile marketplaces may leak private user information without notification. Existing mobile platforms provide little information on how applications use private user data, making it difficult for experts to validate appli- cations and for users to grant applications access to their private data. We propose a user-aware-privacy-control approach, which reveals how private information is used inside applications. We compute static information flows and classify them as safe/un- safe based on a tamper analysis that tracks whether private data is obscured before escaping through output channels. This flow information enables platforms to provide default settings that expose private data for only safe flows, thereby preserving privacy and minimizing decisions required from users. We build our approach into TouchDe- velop, an application-creation environment that allows users to write scripts on mobile devices and install scripts published by other users. We evaluate our approach by studying 546 scripts published by 194 users, and the results show that our approach effectively reduces the need to make access-granting choices to only 10.1 % (54) of all scripts. We also conduct a user survey that involves 50 TouchDevelop users to assess the effectiveness and usability of our approach. The results show that 90 % of the users consider our approach useful in protecting their privacy, and 54 % prefer our approach over other privacy-control approaches.

McNeely-White, David G., Ortega, Francisco R., Beveridge, J. Ross, Draper, Bruce A., Bangar, Rahul, Patil, Dhruva, Pustejovsky, James, Krishnaswamy, Nikhil, Rim, Kyeongmin, Ruiz, Jaime et al..  2019.  User-Aware Shared Perception for Embodied Agents. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Humanized Computing and Communication (HCC). :46—51.

We present Diana, an embodied agent who is aware of her own virtual space and the physical space around her. Using video and depth sensors, Diana attends to the user's gestures, body language, gaze and (soon) facial expressions as well as their words. Diana also gestures and emotes in addition to speaking, and exists in a 3D virtual world that the user can see. This produces symmetric and shared perception, in the sense that Diana can see the user, the user can see Diana, and both can see the virtual world. The result is an embodied agent that begins to develop the conceit that the user is interacting with a peer rather than a program.

Kő, Andrea, Molnár, Tamás, Mátyus, Bálint.  2018.  A User-centred Design Approach for Mobile- Government Systems for the Elderly. 2018 12th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management Applications (SKIMA). :1—7.

This paper aims to discover the characteristics of acceptance of mobile government systems by elderly. Several initiatives and projects offer various governmental services for them, like information sharing, alerting and mHealth services. All of them carry important benefits for this user group, but these can only be utilized if the user acceptance is at a certain level. This is a requirement in order for the users to perceive the services as a benefit and not as hindrance. The key aspects for high acceptance are usability and user-friendliness, which will lead to successful-government systems designed for the target group. We have applied a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods including an m-Government prototype to explore the key acceptance factors. Research approach utilizes the IGUAN framework, which is a user-driven method. We collected and analysed data guided by IGUAN framework about the acceptance of e-government services by elderly. The target group was recruited from Germany and Hungary. Our findings draw the attention to perceived security and perceived usability of an application; these are decisive factors for this target group.

Feng, C., Wu, S., Liu, N..  2017.  A user-centric machine learning framework for cyber security operations center. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI). :173–175.

To assure cyber security of an enterprise, typically SIEM (Security Information and Event Management) system is in place to normalize security events from different preventive technologies and flag alerts. Analysts in the security operation center (SOC) investigate the alerts to decide if it is truly malicious or not. However, generally the number of alerts is overwhelming with majority of them being false positive and exceeding the SOC's capacity to handle all alerts. Because of this, potential malicious attacks and compromised hosts may be missed. Machine learning is a viable approach to reduce the false positive rate and improve the productivity of SOC analysts. In this paper, we develop a user-centric machine learning framework for the cyber security operation center in real enterprise environment. We discuss the typical data sources in SOC, their work flow, and how to leverage and process these data sets to build an effective machine learning system. The paper is targeted towards two groups of readers. The first group is data scientists or machine learning researchers who do not have cyber security domain knowledge but want to build machine learning systems for security operations center. The second group of audiences are those cyber security practitioners who have deep knowledge and expertise in cyber security, but do not have machine learning experiences and wish to build one by themselves. Throughout the paper, we use the system we built in the Symantec SOC production environment as an example to demonstrate the complete steps from data collection, label creation, feature engineering, machine learning algorithm selection, model performance evaluations, to risk score generation.

Du, H., Jung, T., Jian, X., Hu, Y., Hou, J., Li, X. Y..  2016.  User-Demand-Oriented Privacy-Preservation in Video Delivering. 2016 12th International Conference on Mobile Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks (MSN). :145–151.

This paper presents a framework for privacy-preserving video delivery system to fulfill users' privacy demands. The proposed framework leverages the inference channels in sensitive behavior prediction and object tracking in a video surveillance system for the sequence privacy protection. For such a goal, we need to capture different pieces of evidence which are used to infer the identity. The temporal, spatial and context features are extracted from the surveillance video as the observations to perceive the privacy demands and their correlations. Taking advantage of quantifying various evidence and utility, we let users subscribe videos with a viewer-dependent pattern. We implement a prototype system for off-line and on-line requirements in two typical monitoring scenarios to construct extensive experiments. The evaluation results show that our system can efficiently satisfy users' privacy demands while saving over 25% more video information compared to traditional video privacy protection schemes.

Raghothaman, Mukund, Kulkarni, Sulekha, Heo, Kihong, Naik, Mayur.  2018.  User-Guided Program Reasoning Using Bayesian Inference. Proceedings of the 39th ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation. :722-735.

Program analyses necessarily make approximations that often lead them to report true alarms interspersed with many false alarms. We propose a new approach to leverage user feedback to guide program analyses towards true alarms and away from false alarms. Our approach associates each alarm with a confidence value by performing Bayesian inference on a probabilistic model derived from the analysis rules. In each iteration, the user inspects the alarm with the highest confidence and labels its ground truth, and the approach recomputes the confidences of the remaining alarms given this feedback. It thereby maximizes the return on the effort by the user in inspecting each alarm. We have implemented our approach in a tool named Bingo for program analyses expressed in Datalog. Experiments with real users and two sophisticated analyses–-a static datarace analysis for Java programs and a static taint analysis for Android apps–-show significant improvements on a range of metrics, including false alarm rates and number of bugs found.

Fortes, Reinaldo Silva, Lacerda, Anisio, Freitas, Alan, Bruckner, Carlos, Coelho, Dayanne, Gonçalves, Marcos.  2018.  User-Oriented Objective Prioritization for Meta-Featured Multi-Objective Recommender Systems. Adjunct Publication of the 26th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization. :311–316.

Multi-Objective Recommender Systems (MO-RS) consider several objectives to produce useful recommendations. Besides accuracy, other important quality metrics include novelty and diversity of recommended lists of items. Previous research up to this point focused on naive combinations of objectives. In this paper, we present a new and adaptable strategy for prioritizing objectives focused on users' preferences. Our proposed strategy is based on meta-features, i.e., characteristics of the input data that are influential in the final recommendation. We conducted a series of experiments on three real-world datasets, from which we show that: (i) the use of meta-features leads to the improvement of the Pareto solution set in the search process; (ii) the strategy is effective at making choices according to the specificities of the users' preferences; and (iii) our approach outperforms state-of-the-art methods in MO-RS.

Tiwari, T., Turk, A., Oprea, A., Olcoz, K., Coskun, A. K..  2017.  User-Profile-Based Analytics for Detecting Cloud Security Breaches. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :4529–4535.

While the growth of cloud-based technologies has benefited the society tremendously, it has also increased the surface area for cyber attacks. Given that cloud services are prevalent today, it is critical to devise systems that detect intrusions. One form of security breach in the cloud is when cyber-criminals compromise Virtual Machines (VMs) of unwitting users and, then, utilize user resources to run time-consuming, malicious, or illegal applications for their own benefit. This work proposes a method to detect unusual resource usage trends and alert the user and the administrator in real time. We experiment with three categories of methods: simple statistical techniques, unsupervised classification, and regression. So far, our approach successfully detects anomalous resource usage when experimenting with typical trends synthesized from published real-world web server logs and cluster traces. We observe the best results with unsupervised classification, which gives an average F1-score of 0.83 for web server logs and 0.95 for the cluster traces.

Sulavko, A. E., Eremenko, A. V., Fedotov, A. A..  2017.  Users' Identification through Keystroke Dynamics Based on Vibration Parameters and Keyboard Pressure. 2017 Dynamics of Systems, Mechanisms and Machines (Dynamics). :1–7.

The paper considers an issues of protecting data from unauthorized access by users' authentication through keystroke dynamics. It proposes to use keyboard pressure parameters in combination with time characteristics of keystrokes to identify a user. The authors designed a keyboard with special sensors that allow recording complementary parameters. The paper presents an estimation of the information value for these new characteristics and error probabilities of users' identification based on the perceptron algorithms, Bayes' rule and quadratic form networks. The best result is the following: 20 users are identified and the error rate is 0.6%.

Srivastava, V., Pathak, R. K., Kumar, A., Prakash, S..  2020.  Using a Blend of Brassard and Benett 84 Elliptic Curve Digital Signature for Secure Cloud Data Communication. 2020 International Conference on Electronics and Sustainable Communication Systems (ICESC). :738–743.

The exchange of data has expanded utilizing the web nowadays, but it is not dependable because, during communication on the cloud, any malicious client can alter or steal the information or misuse it. To provide security to the data during transmission is becoming hot research and quite challenging topic. In this work, our proposed algorithm enhances the security of the keys by increasing its complexity, so that it can't be guessed, breached or stolen by the third party and hence by this, the data will be concealed while sending between the users. The proposed algorithm also provides more security and authentication to the users during cloud communication, as compared to the previously existing algorithm.

Tiennoy, Sasirom, Saivichit, Chaiyachet.  2018.  Using a Distributed Roadside Unit for the Data Dissemination Protocol in VANET With the Named Data Architecture. IEEE Access. 6:32612–32623.
Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) has recently become one of the highly active research areas for wireless networking. Since VANET is a multi-hop wireless network with very high mobility and intermittent connection lifetime, it is important to effectively handle the data dissemination issue in this rapidly changing environment. However, the existing TCP/IP implementation may not fit into such a highly dynamic environment because the nodes in the network must often perform rerouting due to their inconsistency of connectivity. In addition, the drivers in the vehicles may want to acquire some data, but they do not know the address/location of such data storage. Hence, the named data networking (NDN) approach may be more desirable here. The NDN architecture is proposed for the future Internet, which focuses on the delivering mechanism based on the message contents instead of relying on the host addresses of the data. In this paper, a new protocol named roadside unit (RSU) assisted of named data network (RA-NDN) is presented. The RSU can operate as a standalone node [standalone RSU (SA-RSU)]. One benefit of deploying SA-RSUs is the improved network connectivity. This study uses the NS3 and SUMO software packages for the network simulator and traffic simulator software, respectively, to verify the performance of the RA-NDN protocol. To reduce the latency under various vehicular densities, vehicular transmission ranges, and number of requesters, the proposed approach is compared with vehicular NDN via a real-world data set in the urban area of Sathorn road in Bangkok, Thailand. The simulation results show that the RA-NDN protocol improves the performance of ad hoc communications with the increase in data received ratio and throughput and the decrease in total dissemination time and traffic load.
Lawson, M., Lofstead, J..  2018.  Using a Robust Metadata Management System to Accelerate Scientific Discovery at Extreme Scales. 2018 IEEE/ACM 3rd International Workshop on Parallel Data Storage Data Intensive Scalable Computing Systems (PDSW-DISCS). :13–23.
Our previous work, which can be referred to as EMPRESS 1.0, showed that rich metadata management provides a relatively low-overhead approach to facilitating insight from scale-up scientific applications. However, this system did not provide the functionality needed for a viable production system or address whether such a system could scale. Therefore, we have extended our previous work to create EMPRESS 2.0, which incorporates the features required for a useful production system. Through a discussion of EMPRESS 2.0, this paper explores how to incorporate rich query functionality, fault tolerance, and atomic operations into a scalable, storage system independent metadata management system that is easy to use. This paper demonstrates that such a system offers significant performance advantages over HDF5, providing metadata querying that is 150X to 650X faster, and can greatly accelerate post-processing. Finally, since the current implementation of EMPRESS 2.0 relies on an RDBMS, this paper demonstrates that an RDBMS is a viable technology for managing data-oriented metadata.
Nikolic, G., Nikolic, T., Petrovic, B..  2014.  Using adaptive filtering in single-phase grid-connected system. Microelectronics Proceedings - MIEL 2014, 2014 29th International Conference on. :417-420.

Recently, there has been a pronounced increase of interest in the field of renewable energy. In this area power inverters are crucial building blocks in a segment of energy converters, since they change direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). Grid connected power inverters should operate in synchronism with the grid voltage. In this paper, the structure of a power system based on adaptive filtering is described. The main purpose of the adaptive filter is to adapt the output signal of the inverter to the corresponding load and/or grid signal. By involving adaptive filtering the response time decreases and quality of power delivery to the load or grid increases. A comparative analysis which relates to power system operation without and with adaptive filtering is given. In addition, the impact of variable impedance of load on quality of delivered power is considered. Results which relates to total harmonic distortion (THD) factor are obtained by Matlab/Simulink software.

Sebbar, Anass, Zkik, Karim, Baadi, Youssef, Boulmalf, Mohammed, ECH-CHERIF El KETTANI, Mohamed Dafir.  2019.  Using advanced detection and prevention technique to mitigate threats in SDN architecture. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :90–95.
Software defined networks represent a new centralized network abstraction that aims to ease configuration and facilitate applications and services deployment to manage the upper layers. However, SDN faces several challenges that slow down its implementation such as security which represents one of the top concerns of SDN experts. Indeed, SDN inherits all security matters from traditional networks and suffers from some additional vulnerability due to its centralized and unique architecture. Using traditional security devices and solutions to mitigate SDN threats can be very complicated and can negatively effect the networks performance. In this paper we propose a study that measures the impact of using some well-known security solution to mitigate intrusions on SDN's performances. We will also present an algorithm named KPG-MT adapted to SDN architecture that aims to mitigate threats such as a Man in the Middle, Deny of Services and malware-based attacks. An implementation of our algorithm based on multiple attacks' scenarios and mitigation processes will be made to prove the efficiency of the proposed framework.
Roberts, Jasmine.  2018.  Using Affective Computing for Proxemic Interactions in Mixed-Reality. Proceedings of the Symposium on Spatial User Interaction. :176-176.

Immersive technologies have been touted as empathetic mediums. This capability has yet to be fully explored through machine learning integration. Our demo seeks to explore proxemics in mixed-reality (MR) human-human interactions. The author developed a system, where spatial features can be manipulated in real time by identifying emotions corresponding to unique combinations of facial micro-expressions and tonal analysis. The Magic Leap One is used as the interactive interface, the first commercial spatial computing head mounted (virtual retinal) display (HUD). A novel spatial user interface visualization element is prototyped that leverages the affordances of mixed-reality by introducing both a spatial and affective component to interfaces.

Avellaneda, Florent, Alikacem, El-Hackemi, Jaafar, Femi.  2019.  Using Attack Pattern for Cyber Attack Attribution. 2019 International Conference on Cybersecurity (ICoCSec). :1—6.

A cyber attack is a malicious and deliberate attempt by an individual or organization to breach the integrity, confidentiality, and/or availability of data or services of an information system of another individual or organization. Being able to attribute a cyber attack is a crucial question for security but this question is also known to be a difficult problem. The main reason why there is currently no solution that automatically identifies the initiator of an attack is that attackers usually use proxies, i.e. an intermediate node that relays a host over the network. In this paper, we propose to formalize the problem of identifying the initiator of a cyber attack. We show that if the attack scenario used by the attacker is known, then we are able to resolve the cyber attribution problem. Indeed, we propose a model to formalize these attack scenarios, that we call attack patterns, and give an efficient algorithm to search for attack pattern on a communication history. Finally, we experimentally show the relevance of our approach.

Fischer, Marten, Scheerhorn, Alfred, Tönjes, Ralf.  2019.  Using Attribute-Based Encryption on IoT Devices with instant Key Revocation. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PerCom Workshops). :126–131.
The Internet of Things (IoT) relies on sensor devices to measure real-world phenomena in order to provide IoT services. The sensor readings are shared with multiple entities, such as IoT services, other IoT devices or other third parties. The collected data may be sensitive and include personal information. To protect the privacy of the users, the data needs to be protected through an encryption algorithm. For sharing cryptographic cipher-texts with a group of users Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE) is well suited, as it does not require to create group keys. However, the creation of ABE cipher-texts is slow when executed on resource constraint devices, such as IoT sensors. In this paper, we present a modification of an ABE scheme, which not only allows to encrypt data efficiently using ABE but also reduces the size of the cipher-text, that must be transmitted by the sensor. We also show how our modification can be used to realise an instantaneous key revocation mechanism.
Deng, Jing, Gao, Xiaoli, Wang, Chunyue.  2016.  Using Bi-level Penalized Logistic Classifier to Detect Zombie Accounts in Online Social Networks. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Network, Communication and Computing. :126–130.

The huge popularity of online social networks and the potential financial gain have led to the creation and proliferation of zombie accounts, i.e., fake user accounts. For considerable amount of payment, zombie accounts can be directed by their managers to provide pre-arranged biased reactions to different social events or the quality of a commercial product. It is thus critical to detect and screen these accounts. Prior arts are either inaccurate or relying heavily on complex posting/tweeting behaviors in the classification process of normal/zombie accounts. In this work, we propose to use a bi-level penalized logistic classifier, an efficient high-dimensional data analysis technique, to detect zombie accounts based on their publicly available profile information and the statistics of their followers' registration locations. Our approach, termed (B)i-level (P)enalized (LO)gistic (C)lassifier (BPLOC), is data adaptive and can be extended to mount more accurate detections. Our experimental results are based on a small number of SINA WeiBo accounts and have demonstrated that BPLOC can classify zombie accounts accurately.

Sairam, Ashok Singh, Verma, Sagar Kumar.  2018.  Using Bounded Binary Particle Swarm Optimization to Analyze Network Attack Graphs. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking. :41:1-41:9.
Binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO) is a technique widely used to solve combinatorial problems. In this paper, we propose a variant of BPSO to find most likely attack paths in an attack graph. The aim is to find an attack path with the highest attack probability and least path length. In such combinatorial optimization problem, the set of feasible solutions is usually discrete and an exhaustive search may lead to unnecessary examination of those segments of the search space, which are assured to not include a solution. The paper introduces the concept of bounding the solution space of BPSO. The minimum and maximum value of each objective called bound of the solution is computed. The search space of BPSO is restricted within these solution bounds and hence we name our approach as bounded binary particle swarm optimization (BBPSO). By bounding the solution space, those particles of BPSO which are guaranteed to be infeasible are not considered for feasibility check. Experimental results show that the proposed approach provide a 50 percent performance improvement as compared to the conventional BPSO.
Chu, Wen-Yi, Yu, Ting-Guang, Lin, Yu-Kai, Lee, Shao-Chuan, Hsiao, Hsu-Chun.  2020.  On Using Camera-based Visible Light Communication for Security Protocols. 2020 IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW). :110–117.
In security protocol design, Visible Light Communication (VLC) has often been abstracted as an ideal channel that is resilient to eavesdropping, manipulation, and jamming. Camera Communication (CamCom), a subcategory of VLC, further strengthens the level of security by providing a visually verifiable association between the transmitter and the extracted information. However, the ideal security guarantees of visible light channels may not hold in practice due to limitations and tradeoffs introduced by hardware, software, configuration, environment, etc. This paper presents our experience and lessons learned from implementing CamCom for security protocols. We highlight CamCom's security-enhancing properties and security applications that it enables. Backed by real implementation and experiments, we also systematize the practical considerations of CamCom-based security protocols.