Visible to the public Biblio

Found 12254 results

Fauser, Moritz, Zhang, Ping.  2020.  Resilience of Cyber-Physical Systems to Covert Attacks by Exploiting an Improved Encryption Scheme. 2020 59th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC). :5489—5494.
In recent years, the integration of encryption schemes into cyber-physical systems (CPS) has attracted much attention to improve the confidentiality of sensor signals and control input signals sent over the network. However, in principle an adversary can still modify the sensor signals and the control input signals, even though he does not know the concrete values of the signals. In this paper, we shall first show that a standard encryption scheme can not prevent some sophisticated attacks such as covert attacks, which remain invisible in the CPS with encrypted communication and a conventional diagnosis system. To cope with this problem, an improved encryption scheme is proposed to mask the communication and to cancel the influence of the attack signal out of the system. The basic idea is to swap the plaintext and the generated random value in the somewhat homomorphic encryption scheme to prevent a direct access of the adversary to the transmitted plaintext. It will be shown that the CPS with the improved encryption scheme is resilient to covert attacks. The proposed encryption scheme and the CPS structure are finally illustrated through the well-established quadruple-tank process.
Zhengbo, Chen, Xiu, Liu, Yafei, Xing, Miao, Hu, Xiaoming, Ju.  2020.  Markov Encrypted Data Prefetching Model Based On Attribute Classification. 2020 5th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). :54—59.

In order to improve the buffering performance of the data encrypted by CP-ABE (ciphertext policy attribute based encryption), this paper proposed a Markov prefetching model based on attribute classification. The prefetching model combines the access strategy of CP-ABE encrypted file, establishes the user relationship network according to the attribute value of the user, classifies the user by the modularity-based community partitioning algorithm, and establishes a Markov prefetching model based on attribute classification. In comparison with the traditional Markov prefetching model and the classification-based Markov prefetching model, the attribute-based Markov prefetching model is proposed in this paper has higher prefetch accuracy and coverage.

Ghosh, Bedatrayee, Parimi, Priyanka, Rout, Rashmi Ranjan.  2020.  Improved Attribute-Based Encryption Scheme in Fog Computing Environment for Healthcare Systems. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1—6.

In today's smart healthcare system, medical records of patients are exposed to a large number of users for various purposes, from monitoring the patients' health to data analysis. Preserving the privacy of a patient has become an important and challenging issue. outsourced Ciphertext-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) provides a solution for the data sharing and privacy preservation problem in the healthcare system in fog environment. However, the high computational cost in case of frequent attribute updates renders it infeasible for providing access control in healthcare systems. In this paper, we propose an efficient method to overcome the frequent attribute update problem of outsourced CP-ABE. In our proposed approach, we generate two keys for each user (a static key and a dynamic key) based on the constant and changing attributes of the users. Therefore, in case of an attribute change for a user, only the dynamic key is updated. Also, the key update is done at the fog nodes without compromising the security of the system. Thus, both the communication and the computational overhead associated with the key update in the outsourced CP-ABE scheme are reduced, making it an ideal solution for data access control in healthcare systems. The efficacy of our proposed approach is shown through theoretical analysis and experimentation.

Wah Myint, Phyo Wah, Hlaing, Swe Zin, Htoon, Ei Chaw.  2020.  EAC: Encryption Access Control Scheme for Policy Revocation in Cloud Data. 2020 International Conference on Advanced Information Technologies (ICAIT). :182—187.

Since a lot of information is outsourcing into cloud servers, data confidentiality becomes a higher risk to service providers. To assure data security, Ciphertext Policy Attributes-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) is observed for the cloud environment. Because ciphertexts and secret keys are relying on attributes, the revocation issue becomes a challenge for CP-ABE. This paper proposes an encryption access control (EAC) scheme to fulfill policy revocation which covers both attribute and user revocation. When one of the attributes in an access policy is changed by the data owner, the authorized users should be updated immediately because the revoked users who have gained previous access policy can observe the ciphertext. Especially for data owners, four types of updating policy levels are predefined. By classifying those levels, each secret token key is distinctly generated for each level. Consequently, a new secret key is produced by hashing the secret token key. This paper analyzes the execution times of key generation, encryption, and decryption times between non-revocation and policy revocation cases. Performance analysis for policy revocation is also presented in this paper.

Yang, Wenti, Wang, Ruimiao, Guan, Zhitao, Wu, Longfei, Du, Xiaojiang, Guizani, Mohsen.  2020.  A Lightweight Attribute Based Encryption Scheme with Constant Size Ciphertext for Internet of Things. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1—6.

The Internet of Things technology has been used in a wide range of fields, ranging from industrial applications to individual lives. As a result, a massive amount of sensitive data is generated and transmitted by IoT devices. Those data may be accessed by a large number of complex users. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt an encryption scheme with access control to achieve more flexible and secure access to sensitive data. The Ciphertext Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE) can achieve access control while encrypting data can match the requirements mentioned above. However, the long ciphertext and the slow decryption operation makes it difficult to be used in most IoT devices which have limited memory size and computing capability. This paper proposes a modified CP-ABE scheme, which can implement the full security (adaptive security) under the access structure of AND gate. Moreover, the decryption overhead and the length of ciphertext are constant. Finally, the analysis and experiments prove the feasibility of our scheme.

Boursinos, Dimitrios, Koutsoukos, Xenofon.  2020.  Trusted Confidence Bounds for Learning Enabled Cyber-Physical Systems. 2020 IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW). :228—233.

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) can benefit by the use of learning enabled components (LECs) such as deep neural networks (DNNs) for perception and decision making tasks. However, DNNs are typically non-transparent making reasoning about their predictions very difficult, and hence their application to safety-critical systems is very challenging. LECs could be integrated easier into CPS if their predictions could be complemented with a confidence measure that quantifies how much we trust their output. The paper presents an approach for computing confidence bounds based on Inductive Conformal Prediction (ICP). We train a Triplet Network architecture to learn representations of the input data that can be used to estimate the similarity between test examples and examples in the training data set. Then, these representations are used to estimate the confidence of set predictions from a classifier that is based on the neural network architecture used in the triplet. The approach is evaluated using a robotic navigation benchmark and the results show that we can computed trusted confidence bounds efficiently in real-time.

Gayatri, R, Gayatri, Yendamury, Mitra, CP, Mekala, S, Priyatharishini, M.  2020.  System Level Hardware Trojan Detection Using Side-Channel Power Analysis and Machine Learning. 2020 5th International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :650—654.

Cyber physical systems (CPS) is a dominant technology in today's world due to its vast variety of applications. But in recent times, the alarmingly increasing breach of privacy and security in CPS is a matter of grave concern. Security and trust of CPS has become the need of the hour. Hardware Trojans are one such a malicious attack which compromises on the security of the CPS by changing its functionality or denial of services or leaking important information. This paper proposes the detection of Hardware Trojans at the system level in AES-256 decryption algorithm implemented in Atmel XMega Controller (Target Board) using a combination of side-channel power analysis and machine learning. Power analysis is done with help of ChipWhisperer-Lite board. The power traces of the golden algorithm (Hardware Trojan free) and Hardware Trojan infected algorithms are obtained and used to train the machine learning model using the 80/20 rule. The proposed machine learning model obtained an accuracy of 97%-100% for all the Trojans inserted.

Moslemi, Ramin, Davoodi, Mohammadreza, Velni, Javad Mohammadpour.  2020.  A Distributed Approach for Estimation of Information Matrix in Smart Grids and its Application for Anomaly Detection. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids (SmartGridComm). :1—7.

Statistical structure learning (SSL)-based approaches have been employed in the recent years to detect different types of anomalies in a variety of cyber-physical systems (CPS). Although these approaches outperform conventional methods in the literature, their computational complexity, need for large number of measurements and centralized computations have limited their applicability to large-scale networks. In this work, we propose a distributed, multi-agent maximum likelihood (ML) approach to detect anomalies in smart grid applications aiming at reducing computational complexity, as well as preserving data privacy among different players in the network. The proposed multi-agent detector breaks the original ML problem into several local (smaller) ML optimization problems coupled by the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM). Then, these local ML problems are solved by their corresponding agents, eventually resulting in the construction of the global solution (network's information matrix). The numerical results obtained from two IEEE test (power transmission) systems confirm the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed approach for anomaly detection.

Patnaikuni, Shrinivasan, Gengaje, Sachin.  2020.  Properness and Consistency of Syntactico-Semantic Reasoning using PCFG and MEBN. 2020 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP). :0554–0557.
The paper proposes a formal approach for parsing grammatical derivations in the context of the principle of semantic compositionality by defining a mapping between Probabilistic Context Free Grammar (PCFG) and Multi Entity Bayesian Network (MEBN) theory, which is a first-order logic for modelling probabilistic knowledge bases. The principle of semantic compositionality states that meaning of compound expressions is dependent on meanings of constituent expressions forming the compound expression. Typical pattern analysis applications focus on syntactic patterns ignoring semantic patterns governing the domain in which pattern analysis is attempted. The paper introduces the concepts and terminologies of the mapping between PCFG and MEBN theory. Further the paper outlines a modified version of CYK parser algorithm for parsing PCFG derivations driven by MEBN. Using Kullback- Leibler divergence an outline for proving properness and consistency of the PCFG mapped with MEBN is discussed.
Zhang, Zichao, de Amorim, Arthur Azevedo, Jia, Limin, Pasareanu, Corina S..  2020.  Automating Compositional Analysis of Authentication Protocols. 2020 Formal Methods in Computer Aided Design (FMCAD). :113–118.
Modern verifiers for cryptographic protocols can analyze sophisticated designs automatically, but require the entire code of the protocol to operate. Compositional techniques, by contrast, allow us to verify each system component separately, against its own guarantees and assumptions about other components and the environment. Compositionality helps protocol design because it explains how the design can evolve and when it can run safely along other protocols and programs. For example, it might say that it is safe to add some functionality to a server without having to patch the client. Unfortunately, while compositional frameworks for protocol verification do exist, they require non-trivial human effort to identify specifications for the components of the system, thus hindering their adoption. To address these shortcomings, we investigate techniques for automated, compositional analysis of authentication protocols, using automata-learning techniques to synthesize assumptions for protocol components. We report preliminary results on the Needham-Schroeder-Lowe protocol, where our synthesized assumption was capable of lowering verification time while also allowing us to verify protocol variants compositionally.
Chen, Zhenfang, Wang, Peng, Ma, Lin, Wong, Kwan-Yee K., Wu, Qi.  2020.  Cops-Ref: A New Dataset and Task on Compositional Referring Expression Comprehension. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :10083–10092.
Referring expression comprehension (REF) aims at identifying a particular object in a scene by a natural language expression. It requires joint reasoning over the textual and visual domains to solve the problem. Some popular referring expression datasets, however, fail to provide an ideal test bed for evaluating the reasoning ability of the models, mainly because 1) their expressions typically describe only some simple distinctive properties of the object and 2) their images contain limited distracting information. To bridge the gap, we propose a new dataset for visual reasoning in context of referring expression comprehension with two main features. First, we design a novel expression engine rendering various reasoning logics that can be flexibly combined with rich visual properties to generate expressions with varying compositionality. Second, to better exploit the full reasoning chain embodied in an expression, we propose a new test setting by adding additional distracting images containing objects sharing similar properties with the referent, thus minimising the success rate of reasoning-free cross-domain alignment. We evaluate several state-of-the-art REF models, but find none of them can achieve promising performance. A proposed modular hard mining strategy performs the best but still leaves substantial room for improvement.
Averta, Giuseppe, Hogan, Neville.  2020.  Enhancing Robot-Environment Physical Interaction via Optimal Impedance Profiles. 2020 8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob). :973–980.
Physical interaction of robots with their environment is a challenging problem because of the exchanged forces. Hybrid position/force control schemes often exhibit problems during the contact phase, whereas impedance control appears to be more simple and reliable, especially when impedance is shaped to be energetically passive. Even if recent technologies enable shaping the impedance of a robot, how best to plan impedance parameters for task execution remains an open question. In this paper we present an optimization-based approach to plan not only the robot motion but also its desired end-effector mechanical impedance. We show how our methodology is able to take into account the transition from free motion to a contact condition, typical of physical interaction tasks. Results are presented for planar and three-dimensional open-chain manipulator arms. The compositionality of mechanical impedance is exploited to deal with kinematic redundancy and multi-arm manipulation.
Zheng, Wenbo, Yan, Lan, Gou, Chao, Wang, Fei-Yue.  2020.  Webly Supervised Knowledge Embedding Model for Visual Reasoning. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :12442–12451.
Visual reasoning between visual image and natural language description is a long-standing challenge in computer vision. While recent approaches offer a great promise by compositionality or relational computing, most of them are oppressed by the challenge of training with datasets containing only a limited number of images with ground-truth texts. Besides, it is extremely time-consuming and difficult to build a larger dataset by annotating millions of images with text descriptions that may very likely lead to a biased model. Inspired by the majority success of webly supervised learning, we utilize readily-available web images with its noisy annotations for learning a robust representation. Our key idea is to presume on web images and corresponding tags along with fully annotated datasets in learning with knowledge embedding. We present a two-stage approach for the task that can augment knowledge through an effective embedding model with weakly supervised web data. This approach learns not only knowledge-based embeddings derived from key-value memory networks to make joint and full use of textual and visual information but also exploits the knowledge to improve the performance with knowledge-based representation learning for applying other general reasoning tasks. Experimental results on two benchmarks show that the proposed approach significantly improves performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods and guarantees the robustness of our model against visual reasoning tasks and other reasoning tasks.
Cideron, Geoffrey, Seurin, Mathieu, Strub, Florian, Pietquin, Olivier.  2020.  HIGhER: Improving instruction following with Hindsight Generation for Experience Replay. 2020 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI). :225–232.
Language creates a compact representation of the world and allows the description of unlimited situations and objectives through compositionality. While these characterizations may foster instructing, conditioning or structuring interactive agent behavior, it remains an open-problem to correctly relate language understanding and reinforcement learning in even simple instruction following scenarios. This joint learning problem is alleviated through expert demonstrations, auxiliary losses, or neural inductive biases. In this paper, we propose an orthogonal approach called Hindsight Generation for Experience Replay (HIGhER) that extends the Hindsight Experience Replay approach to the language-conditioned policy setting. Whenever the agent does not fulfill its instruction, HIGhER learns to output a new directive that matches the agent trajectory, and it relabels the episode with a positive reward. To do so, HIGhER learns to map a state into an instruction by using past successful trajectories, which removes the need to have external expert interventions to relabel episodes as in vanilla HER. We show the efficiency of our approach in the BabyAI environment, and demonstrate how it complements other instruction following methods.
Materzynska, Joanna, Xiao, Tete, Herzig, Roei, Xu, Huijuan, Wang, Xiaolong, Darrell, Trevor.  2020.  Something-Else: Compositional Action Recognition With Spatial-Temporal Interaction Networks. 2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :1046–1056.
Human action is naturally compositional: humans can easily recognize and perform actions with objects that are different from those used in training demonstrations. In this paper, we study the compositionality of action by looking into the dynamics of subject-object interactions. We propose a novel model which can explicitly reason about the geometric relations between constituent objects and an agent performing an action. To train our model, we collect dense object box annotations on the Something-Something dataset. We propose a novel compositional action recognition task where the training combinations of verbs and nouns do not overlap with the test set. The novel aspects of our model are applicable to activities with prominent object interaction dynamics and to objects which can be tracked using state-of-the-art approaches; for activities without clearly defined spatial object-agent interactions, we rely on baseline scene-level spatio-temporal representations. We show the effectiveness of our approach not only on the proposed compositional action recognition task but also in a few-shot compositional setting which requires the model to generalize across both object appearance and action category.
Ghosal, Sandip, Shyamasundar, R. K..  2020.  A Generalized Notion of Non-interference for Flow Security of Sequential and Concurrent Programs. 2020 27th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference (APSEC). :51–60.
For the last two decades, a wide spectrum of interpretations of non-interference11The notion of non-interference discussed in this paper enforces flow security in a program and is different from the concept of non-interference used for establishing functional correctness of parallel programs [1] have been used in the security analysis of programs, starting with the notion proposed by Goguen & Meseguer along with arguments of its impact on security practice. While the majority of works deal with sequential programs, several researchers have extended the notion of non-interference to enforce information flow-security in non-deterministic and concurrent programs. Major efforts of generalizations are based on (i) considering input sequences as a basic unit for input/output with semantic interpretation on a two-point information flow lattice, or (ii) typing of expressions as values for reading and writing, or (iii) typing of expressions along with its limited effects. Such approaches have limited compositionality and, thus, pose issues while extending these notions for concurrent programs. Further, in a general multi-point lattice, the notion of a public observer (or attacker) is not unique as it depends on the level of the attacker and the one attacked. In this paper, we first propose a compositional variant of non-interference for sequential systems that follow a general information flow lattice and place it in the context of earlier definitions of non-interference. We show that such an extension leads to the capturing of violations of information flow security in a concrete setting of a sequential language. Finally, we generalize non-interference for concurrent programs and illustrate its use for security analysis, particularly in the cases where information is transmitted through shared variables.
Saigopal, Venkata Venugopal Rao Gudlur, Raju, Valliappan.  2020.  IIoT Digital Forensics and Major Security issues. 2020 International Conference on Computational Intelligence (ICCI). :233–236.
the significant area in the growing field of internet security and IIoT connectivity is the way that forensic investigators will conduct investigation process with devices connected to industrial sensors. This part of process is known as IIoT digital forensics and investigation. The main research on IIoT digital forensic investigation has been done, but the current investigation process has revealed and identified major security issues need to be addressed. In parallel, major security issues faced by traditional forensic investigators dealing with IIoT connectivity and data security. This paper address the issues of the challenges and major security issues identified by review conducted in the prospective and emphasizes on the aforementioned security and challenges.
Jing, Si-Yuan, Yang, Jun.  2020.  Efficient attribute reduction based on rough sets and differential evolution algorithm. 2020 16th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :217–222.
Attribute reduction algorithms in rough set theory can be classified into two groups, i.e. heuristics algorithms and computational intelligence algorithms. The former has good search efficiency but it can not find the global optimal reduction. Conversely, the latter is possible to find global optimal reduction but usually suffers from premature convergence. To address this problem, this paper proposes a two-stage algorithm for finding high quality reduction. In first stage, a classical differential evolution algorithm is employed to rapidly approach the optimal solution. When the premature convergence is detected, a local search algorithm which is intuitively a forward-backward heuristics is launched to improve the quality of the reduction. Experiments were performed on six UCI data sets and the results show that the proposed algorithm can outperform the existing computational intelligence algorithms.
Lu, Chang, Lei, Xiaochun, Xie, Junlin, Wang, Xiaolong, Mu, XiangBoge.  2020.  Panoptic Feature Pyramid Network Applications In Intelligent Traffic. 2020 16th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :40–43.
Intelligenta transportation is an important part of urban development. The core of realizing intelligent transportation is to master the urban road condition. This system processes the video of dashcam based on the Panoptic Segmentation network and adds a tracking module based on the comparison of front and rear frames and KM algorithm. The system mainly includes the following parts: embedded device, Panoptic Feature Pyramid Network, cloud server and Web site.
Chinchawade, Amit Jaykumar, Lamba, Onkar Singh.  2020.  Authentication Schemes and Security Issues in Internet Of Everything (IOE) Systems. 2020 12th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN). :342–345.
Nowadays, Internet Of Everything (IOE) has demanded for a wide range of applications areas. IOE is started to replaces an Internet Of things (IOT). IOE is a combination of massive number of computing elements and sensors, people, processes and data through the Internet infrastructure. Device to Device communication and interfacing of Wireless Sensor network with IOE can makes any system as a Smart System. With the increased the use of Internet and Internet connected devices has opportunities for hackers to launch attacks on unprecedented scale and impact. The IOE can serve the varied security in the various sectors like manufacturing, agriculture, smart grid, payments, IoT gateways, healthcare and industrial ecosystems. To secure connections among people, process, data, and things, is a major challenge in Internet of Everything.. This paper focuses on various security Issues and Authentication Schemes in the IOE systems.
Sharma, Rajesh Kumar, Pippal, Ravi Singh.  2020.  Malicious Attack and Intrusion Prevention in IoT Network using Blockchain based Security Analysis. 2020 12th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN). :380–385.
The Internet of Things (IoT) as a demanding technology require the best features of information security for effective development of the IoT based smart city and technological activity. There are huge number of recent security threats searching for some loopholes which are ready to exploit any network. Against the back-drop of recent rapidly growing technological advancement of IoT, security-threats have become a critical challenge which demand responsive and continuous action. As privacy and security exhibit an ever-present flourishing issue, so loopholes detection and analysis are indispensable process in the network. This paper presents Block chain based security analysis of data generated from IoT devices to prevent malicious attacks and intrusion in the IoT network.
Xing, Hang, Zhou, Chunjie, Ye, Xinhao, Zhu, Meipan.  2020.  An Edge-Cloud Synergy Integrated Security Decision-Making Method for Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems. 2020 IEEE 9th Data Driven Control and Learning Systems Conference (DDCLS). :989–995.
With the introduction of new technologies such as cloud computing and big data, the security issues of industrial cyber-physical systems (ICPSs) have become more complicated. Meanwhile, a lot of current security research lacks adaptation to industrial system upgrades. In this paper, an edge-cloud synergy framework for security decision-making is proposed, which takes advantage of the huge convenience and advantages brought by cloud computing and edge computing, and can make security decisions on a global perspective. Under this framework, a combination of Bayesian network-based risk assessment and stochastic game model-based security decision-making is proposed to generate an optimal defense strategy to minimize system losses. This method trains models in the clouds and infers at the edge computing nodes to achieve rapid defense strategy generation. Finally, a case study on the hardware-in-the-loop simulation platform proves the feasibility of the approach.
Xu, Lei, Gao, Zhimin, Fan, Xinxin, Chen, Lin, Kim, Hanyee, Suh, Taeweon, Shi, Weidong.  2020.  Blockchain Based End-to-End Tracking System for Distributed IoT Intelligence Application Security Enhancement. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :1028–1035.
IoT devices provide a rich data source that is not available in the past, which is valuable for a wide range of intelligence applications, especially deep neural network (DNN) applications that are data-thirsty. An established DNN model provides useful analysis results that can improve the operation of IoT systems in turn. The progress in distributed/federated DNN training further unleashes the potential of integration of IoT and intelligence applications. When a large number of IoT devices are deployed in different physical locations, distributed training allows training modules to be deployed to multiple edge data centers that are close to the IoT devices to reduce the latency and movement of large amounts of data. In practice, these IoT devices and edge data centers are usually owned and managed by different parties, who do not fully trust each other or have conflicting interests. It is hard to coordinate them to provide end-to-end integrity protection of the DNN construction and application with classical security enhancement tools. For example, one party may share an incomplete data set with others, or contribute a modified sub DNN model to manipulate the aggregated model and affect the decision-making process. To mitigate this risk, we propose a novel blockchain based end-to-end integrity protection scheme for DNN applications integrated with an IoT system in the edge computing environment. The protection system leverages a set of cryptography primitives to build a blockchain adapted for edge computing that is scalable to handle a large number of IoT devices. The customized blockchain is integrated with a distributed/federated DNN to offer integrity and authenticity protection services.
Ming, Kun.  2020.  Chinese Coreference Resolution via Bidirectional LSTMs using Word and Token Level Representations. 2020 16th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :73–76.
Coreference resolution is an important task in the field of natural language processing. Most existing methods usually utilize word-level representations, ignoring massive information from the texts. To address this issue, we investigate how to improve Chinese coreference resolution by using span-level semantic representations. Specifically, we propose a model which acquires word and character representations through pre-trained Skip-Gram embeddings and pre-trained BERT, then explicitly leverages span-level information by performing bidirectional LSTMs among above representations. Experiments on CoNLL-2012 shared task have demonstrated that the proposed model achieves 62.95% F1-score, outperforming our baseline methods.
Zhang, Han, Song, Zhihua, Feng, Boyu, Zhou, Zhongliang, Liu, Fuxian.  2020.  Technology of Image Steganography and Steganalysis Based on Adversarial Training. 2020 16th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :77–80.
Steganography has made great progress over the past few years due to the advancement of deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN), which has caused severe problems in the network security field. Ensuring the accuracy of steganalysis is becoming increasingly difficult. In this paper, we designed a two-channel generative adversarial network (TGAN), inspired by the idea of adversarial training that is based on our previous work. The TGAN consisted of three parts: The first hiding network had two input channels and one output channel. For the second extraction network, the input was a hidden image embedded with the secret image. The third detecting network had two input channels and one output channel. Experimental results on two independent image data sets showed that the proposed TGAN performed well and had better detecting capability compared to other algorithms, thus having important theoretical significance and engineering value.