Visible to the public Resilient Sensor Placement for Fault Localization in Water Distribution Networks

TitleResilient Sensor Placement for Fault Localization in Water Distribution Networks
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAbbas, Waseem, Perelman, Lina Sela, Amin, Saurabh, Koutsoukos, Xenofon
Conference NameProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems
Conference LocationNew York, NY, USA
ISBN Number978-1-4503-4965-9
KeywordsCPS Resilience, fault localization, minimum set cover, pubcrawl, resilience, Resiliency, resilient sensor placement, water distribution networks

In this paper, we study the sensor placement problem in urban water networks that maximizes the localization of pipe failures given that some sensors give incorrect outputs. False output of a sensor might be the result of degradation in sensor's hardware, software fault, or might be due to a cyber attack on the sensor. Incorrect outputs from such sensors can have any possible values which could lead to an inaccurate localization of a failure event. We formulate the optimal sensor placement problem with erroneous sensors as a set multicover problem, which is NP-hard, and then discuss a polynomial time heuristic to obtain efficient solutions. In this direction, we first examine the physical model of the disturbance propagating in the network as a result of a failure event, and outline the multi-level sensing model that captures several event features. Second, using a combinatorial approach, we solve the problem of sensor placement that maximizes the localization of pipe failures by selecting m sensors out of which at most e give incorrect outputs. We propose various localization performance metrics, and numerically evaluate our approach on a benchmark and a real water distribution network. Finally, using computational experiments, we study relationships between design parameters such as the total number of sensors, the number of sensors with errors, and extracted signal features.

Citation Keyabbas_resilient_2017