Visible to the public Managing Big Data in Visual Retrieval Systems for DHS Applications: Combining Fourier Descriptors and Metric Space Indexing

TitleManaging Big Data in Visual Retrieval Systems for DHS Applications: Combining Fourier Descriptors and Metric Space Indexing
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsQuweider, M., Lei, H., Zhang, L., Khan, F.
Conference Name2018 1st International Conference on Data Intelligence and Security (ICDIS)
Date Publishedapr
Keywordsbalanced search, Balanced Trees, Big Data, big data security, content-based retrieval, database indexing, Department of Homeland Security, DHS applications, feature extraction, feature representation, Fourier descriptors, gun database, image retrieval, image retrieval systems, indexing, invariance properties, M-tree, Measurement, metric space indexing, metric-based balanced indexing tree, Metrics, National security, Performance Metrics, pubcrawl, resilience, Resiliency, rifle database, Scalability, Shape, Shape Signatures, Similarity Indexing Methods, tree data structures, visual databases, visual retrieval systems, visualization, weapon images, Weapons

Image retrieval systems have been an active area of research for more than thirty years progressively producing improved algorithms that improve performance metrics, operate in different domains, take advantage of different features extracted from the images to be retrieved, and have different desirable invariance properties. With the ever-growing visual databases of images and videos produced by a myriad of devices comes the challenge of selecting effective features and performing fast retrieval on such databases. In this paper, we incorporate Fourier descriptors (FD) along with a metric-based balanced indexing tree as a viable solution to DHS (Department of Homeland Security) needs to for quick identification and retrieval of weapon images. The FDs allow a simple but effective outline feature representation of an object, while the M-tree provide a dynamic, fast, and balanced search over such features. Motivated by looking for applications of interest to DHS, we have created a basic guns and rifles databases that can be used to identify weapons in images and videos extracted from media sources. Our simulations show excellent performance in both representation and fast retrieval speed.

Citation Keyquweider_managing_2018