Visible to the public Random Number Generator Based on Hydrogen Gas Sensor for Security Applications

TitleRandom Number Generator Based on Hydrogen Gas Sensor for Security Applications
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsErbay, C., Ergïn, S.
Conference Name2018 IEEE 61st International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS)
Date Publishedaug
Keywordscomposability, cryptographic applications, cryptography, Entropy, entropy source, fuel cells, Gas detectors, gas sensor based RNG, gas sensors, Generators, hash function SHA-256, high-quality random number generator, Human Behavior, Hydrogen, hydrogen gas sensor, II-VI semiconductor materials, Metrics, microfabrication, microfabrication techniques, nanowires, NIST 800-22 statistical randomness test, nondeterministic noise, nuclear reactors, petrochemical field, pubcrawl, random number generation, random number generator, Resiliency, security applications, security of industry applications, sensor security, statistical analysis, thermal noise, thermal noise information, Zinc oxide
AbstractCryptographic applications need high-quality random number generator (RNG) for strong security and privacy measures. This paper presents RNG based on a hydrogen gas sensor that is fabricated by using microfabrication techniques. The proposed approach extracts the thermal noise information as an entropy source from the gas sensor that is non-deterministic during its operation and using hash function SHA-256 as post processing. This non-deterministic noise is then processed to acquire a random number set fulfilling the NIST 800-22 statistical randomness test suite and it demonstrates that a gas sensor based RNG can provide high-quality random numbers. Secure data transfer is possible by having this method directly without any other hardware where hydrogen gas sensor needs to be used such as petrochemical field, fuel cells, and nuclear reactors.
Citation Keyerbay_random_2018