Visible to the public Binding the Physical and Cyber Worlds: A Blockchain Approach for Cargo Supply Chain Security Enhancement

TitleBinding the Physical and Cyber Worlds: A Blockchain Approach for Cargo Supply Chain Security Enhancement
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsXu, L., Chen, L., Gao, Z., Chang, Y., Iakovou, E., Shi, W.
Conference Name2018 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST)
Date Publishedoct
Keywordsbinding scheme, blockchain, blockchain security, blockchain-based cargo management system, cargo inspection, cargo supply chain security enhancement, Companies, cyber world, digital identity management mechanism maps, freight handling, global economies, globalisation, goods distribution, illicit activities, Information management, Inspection, international trade, maritime cargo tracking system, maritime transportation, physical cargo movements, pubcrawl, Public key, securing cargo transportation, security, security of data, supply chain management, supply chain stakeholders, Supply chains, Terrorism, terrorist attacks, Transportation, U.S.

Maritime transportation plays a critical role for the U.S. and global economies, and has evolved into a complex system that involves a plethora of supply chain stakeholders spread around the globe. The inherent complexity brings huge security challenges including cargo loss and high burdens in cargo inspection against illicit activities and potential terrorist attacks. The emerging blockchain technology provides a promising tool to build a unified maritime cargo tracking system critical for cargo security. However, most existing efforts focus on transportation data itself, while ignoring how to bind the physical cargo movements and information managed by the system consistently. This can severely undermine the effectiveness of securing cargo transportation. To fulfill this gap, we propose a binding scheme leveraging a novel digital identity management mechanism. The digital identity management mechanism maps the best practice in the physical world to the cyber world and can be seamlessly integrated with a blockchain-based cargo management system.

Citation Keyxu_binding_2018