Visible to the public Blockchain-Based Mutual Authentication Security Protocol for Distributed RFID Systems

TitleBlockchain-Based Mutual Authentication Security Protocol for Distributed RFID Systems
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsWang, S., Zhu, S., Zhang, Y.
Conference Name2018 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC)
ISBN Number978-1-5386-6950-1
Keywordsaccess control system, authentication, authorisation, blockchain, blockchain-based mutual authentication security protocol, Computers, credit card, cryptographic protocols, distributed environment, distributed RFID systems, distributed system, high security demand, Human Behavior, human factors, identity related information, potential attacks, privacy, Protocols, pubcrawl, radio frequency identification technology, radiofrequency identification, resilience, Resiliency, RFID, RFIDs, security, Servers, SQL, SQL injection attack, supply chain

Since radio frequency identification (RFID) technology has been used in various scenarios such as supply chain, access control system and credit card, tremendous efforts have been made to improve the authentication between tags and readers to prevent potential attacks. Though effective in certain circumstances, these existing methods usually require a server to maintain a database of identity related information for every tag, which makes the system vulnerable to the SQL injection attack and not suitable for distributed environment. To address these problems, we now propose a novel blockchain-based mutual authentication security protocol. In this new scheme, there is no need for the trusted third parties to provide security and privacy for the system. Authentication is executed as an unmodifiable transaction based on blockchain rather than database, which applies to distributed RFID systems with high security demand and relatively low real-time requirement. Analysis shows that our protocol is logically correct and can prevent multiple attacks.

Citation Keywang_blockchain-based_2018