Visible to the public Quantum-Sim: An Open-Source Co-Simulation Platform for Quantum Key Distribution-Based Smart Grid Communications

TitleQuantum-Sim: An Open-Source Co-Simulation Platform for Quantum Key Distribution-Based Smart Grid Communications
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLardier, W., Varo, Q., Yan, J.
Conference Name2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Control, and Computing Technologies for Smart Grids (SmartGridComm)
KeywordsCollaboration, communication efficiency, communication technologies, composability, cryptography, customer engagement, cyber-physical smart grid structures, demand response, electrical grids, grid modernization efforts, Human Behavior, lowvoltage distribution grid, Metrics, MITM attacks, Open Source Software, open-source, optical fibre communication, optical fibre communications, orchestrates cyber, policy-based governance, power topologies, privacy, Protocols, pubcrawl, quantum communication, quantum computing, quantum cryptography, quantum key distribution protocols, quantum key distribution-based smart grid communications, quantum-based communication, quantum-based cyber-physical systems, quantum-Sim, realistic power flow-based co-simulation, research-oriented co-simulation platform, resilience, Resiliency, Scalability, secure smart grid communications, smart grid consumer privacy, Smart grids, smart power grids
AbstractGrid modernization efforts with the latest information and communication technologies will significantly benefit smart grids in the coming years. More optical fibre communications between consumers and the control center will promise better demand response and customer engagement, yet the increasing attack surface and man-in-the-middle (MITM) threats can result in security and privacy challenges. Among the studies for more secure smart grid communications, quantum key distribution protocols (QKD) have emerged as a promising option. To bridge the theoretical advantages of quantum communication to its practical utilization, however, comprehensive investigations have to be conducted with realistic cyber-physical smart grid structures and scenarios. To facilitate research in this direction, this paper proposes an open-source, research-oriented co-simulation platform that orchestrates cyber and power simulators under the MOSAIK framework. The proposed platform allows flexible and realistic power flow-based co-simulation of quantum communications and electrical grids, where different cyber and power topologies, QKD protocols, and attack threats can be investigated. Using quantum-based communication under MITM attacks, the paper presented detailed case studies to demonstrate how the platform enables quick setup of a lowvoltage distribution grid, implementation of different protocols and cryptosystems, as well as evaluations of both communication efficiency and security against MITM attacks. The platform has been made available online to empower researchers in the modelling of quantum-based cyber-physical systems, pilot studies on quantum communications in smart grid, as well as improved attack resilience against malicious intruders.
Citation Keylardier_quantum-sim_2019