Visible to the public Synthesis and magnetic properties of Fe-doped CdS nanorods

TitleSynthesis and magnetic properties of Fe-doped CdS nanorods
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLi, X., Deng, M., Wang, X., Li, H., Yu, M.
JournalMicro Nano Letters
Volume14
Pagination275–279
ISSN1750-0443
Keywordsab initio calculations, cadmium compounds, CdS:Fe, coercive field, coercive force, compositionality, cyber physical systems, dopants, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fe-doped CdS nanorods, ferromagnetic materials, ferromagnetism, first-principle calculations, hexagonal nanorods, hydrothermal method, II-VI semiconductors, Internet of Things, Iron, magnetic properties, Magnetic Remanence, nanocrystal, nanofabrication, nanomagnetics, nanorods, photoluminescence, pubcrawl, remanence, remanence magnetisation, Resiliency, semiconductor doping, semiconductor growth, semimagnetic semiconductors, temperature 293 K to 298 K, ultraviolet spectra, UV-visible absorption, vacancies, vacancies (crystal), visible spectra, wide band gap semiconductors, X-ray chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
AbstractHexagonal CdS and Fe-doped CdS nanorods were synthesised by a facile hydrothermal method and characterised by X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, UV-vis absorption, photoluminescence, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of undoped and Fe-doped CdS nanorods were investigated at room temperature. The experimental results demonstrate that the ferromagnetism of the Fe-doped CdS nanorods differs from that of the undoped CdS nanorods. The remanence magnetisation (Mr) and the coercive field (Hc) of the Fe-doped CdS nanorods were 4.9 × 10-3 emu/g and 270.6 Oe, respectively, while photoluminescence properties were not influenced by doping. First-principle calculations show that the ferromagnetism in Fe-doped CdS nanocrystal arose not only from the Fe dopants but also from the Cd vacancies, although the main contribution was due to the Fe dopants.
DOI10.1049/mnl.2018.5331
Citation Keyli_synthesis_2019