Visible to the public A Descriptive Study on Homomorphic Encryption Schemes for Enhancing Security in Fog Computing

TitleA Descriptive Study on Homomorphic Encryption Schemes for Enhancing Security in Fog Computing
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsSendhil, R., Amuthan, A.
Conference Name2020 International Conference on Smart Electronics and Communication (ICOSEC)
KeywordsApplication of Homomorphic Encryption, Brakerski-Gentry-Vaikuntanathan model, cloud computing, crypto-algorithms, data encryption, data integrity, data protection, Data security, edge computing, ElGamal based algebric homomorphic encryption, Encryption, False Data Injection, Fog Computing, homomorphic cryptosystem, homomorphic encryption, homomorphic encryption schemes, human factors, in-direct rapid homomorphic encryption, Metrics, Pailier, privacy, pubcrawl, public key cryptography, public key cryptosystem, public key cryptosystems, Resiliency, RSA, Scalability, security threats, Servers, Terminology, work flow
AbstractNowadays, Fog Computing gets more attention due to its characteristics. Fog computing provides more advantages in related to apply with the latest technology. On the other hand, there is an issue about the data security over processing of data. Fog Computing encounters many security challenges like false data injection, violating privacy in edge devices and integrity of data, etc. An encryption scheme called Homomorphic Encryption (HME) technique is used to protect the data from the various security threats. This homomorphic encryption scheme allows doing manipulation over the encrypted data without decrypting it. This scheme can be implemented in many systems with various crypto-algorithms. This homomorphic encryption technique is mainly used to retain the privacy and to process the stored encrypted data on a remote server. This paper addresses the terminologies of Fog Computing, work flow and properties of the homomorphic encryption algorithm, followed by exploring the application of homomorphic encryption in various public key cryptosystems such as RSA and Pailier. It focuses on various homomorphic encryption schemes implemented by various researchers such as Brakerski-Gentry-Vaikuntanathan model, Improved Homomorphic Cryptosystem, Upgraded ElGamal based Algebric homomorphic encryption scheme, In-Direct rapid homomorphic encryption scheme which provides integrity of data.
Citation Keysendhil_descriptive_2020