Visible to the public A distributed biometric authentication scheme based on blockchain

TitleA distributed biometric authentication scheme based on blockchain
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsToutara, F., Spathoulas, G.
Conference Name2020 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain (Blockchain)
Keywordsauthentication, authorisation, Biometric, biometric encryption, biometric templates, biometrics (access control), blockchain, cautious handling, cryptography, distributed biometric authentication, Distributed databases, Encryption, enhanced usability, homomorphic encryption, homomorphically encrypted form, message authentication, Metrics, modern computing systems, nonencrypted form, privacy, pubcrawl, Resiliency, Scalability, secure authentication, sensitive biometric data, sensitive users, smart contracts, usability, wearable computers

Biometric authentication is the preferred authentication scheme in modern computing systems. While it offers enhanced usability, it also requires cautious handling of sensitive users' biometric templates. In this paper, a distributed scheme that eliminates the requirement for a central node that holds users' biometric templates is presented. This is replaced by an Ethereum/IPFS combination to which the templates of the users are stored in a homomorphically encrypted form. The scheme enables the biometric authentication of the users by any third party service, while the actual biometric templates of the user never leave his device in non encrypted form. Secure authentication of users in enabled, while sensitive biometric data are not exposed to anyone. Experiments show that the scheme can be applied as an authentication mechanism with minimal time overhead.

Citation Keytoutara_distributed_2020