Visible to the public Identity management using permissioned blockchain

TitleIdentity management using permissioned blockchain
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsGururaj, P.
Conference Name2020 International Conference on Mainstreaming Block Chain Implementation (ICOMBI)
Date PublishedFeb. 2020
ISBN Number978-93-5406-901-7
KeywordsAadhar-card, authorisation, Bitnation, blockchain technology, contracts, cryptocurrencies, data privacy, design information security, Digital India, distributed ledger, Distributed trust model, distribution control, e-Residency, efficient identity management, Estonia, ethereum, Fabrics, financial data processing, fraud, fraud cases, Government, government agencies, government data processing, hashing algorithms, homeland security enterprise, Human Behavior, identity cards, Identity management, identity management capabilities, identity thefts, India, permissioned blockchain, person identity authentication, personal data hashing, privacy, privacy concepts, private key cryptography, pubcrawl, public key cryptography, public-private keys, resilience, Resiliency, Scalability, score-card, security, Self-Sovereign Identity, smart cards, smart contracts, unauthorized hands, US Home Land Security

Authenticating a person's identity has always been a challenge. While attempts are being made by government agencies to address this challenge, the citizens are being exposed to a new age problem of Identity management. The sharing of photocopies of identity cards in order to prove our identity is a common sight. From score-card to Aadhar-card, the details of our identity has reached many unauthorized hands during the years. In India the identity thefts accounts for 77% [1] of the fraud cases, and the threats are trending. Programs like e-Residency by Estonia[2], Bitnation using Ethereum[3] are being devised for an efficient Identity Management. Even the US Home Land Security is funding a research with an objective of "Design information security and privacy concepts on the Blockchain to support identity management capabilities that increase security and productivity while decreasing costs and security risks for the Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE)." [4] This paper will discuss the challenges specific to India around Identity Management, and the possible solution that the Distributed ledger, hashing algorithms and smart contracts can offer. The logic of hashing the personal data, and controlling the distribution of identity using public-private keys with Blockchain technology will be discussed in this paper.

Citation Keygururaj_identity_2020