Visible to the public Information-Theoretic Security in Stochastic Control Systems

TitleInformation-Theoretic Security in Stochastic Control Systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsVenkitasubramaniam, P., Yao, J., Pradhan, P.
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Date Publishedoct
Keywordsanonymous system timing analysis, Communication system security, control engineering computing, control systems, controller policy security, CPS, cyber-physical architecture, cyber-physical system, Cyber-physical systems, demand response system, Entropy, Human Behavior, Information security, information theoretic security, information-theoretic security, Metrics, Monitoring, networked controller, Physical layer, policy-based governance, power engineering computing, power system control, power system security, pubcrawl, Resiliency, Scalability, security, security of data, smart electricity grid, smart meters, smart power grids, stochastic control, stochastic control system, Stochastic processes, stochastic systems, telecommunication services
AbstractInfrastructural systems such as the electricity grid, healthcare, and transportation networks today rely increasingly on the joint functioning of networked information systems and physical components, in short, on cyber-physical architectures. Despite tremendous advances in cryptography, physical-layer security and authentication, information attacks, both passive such as eavesdropping, and active such as unauthorized data injection, continue to thwart the reliable functioning of networked systems. In systems with joint cyber-physical functionality, the ability of an adversary to monitor transmitted information or introduce false information can lead to sensitive user data being leaked or result in critical damages to the underlying physical system. This paper investigates two broad challenges in information security in cyber-physical systems (CPSs): preventing retrieval of internal physical system information through monitored external cyber flows, and limiting the modification of physical system functioning through compromised cyber flows. A rigorous analytical framework grounded on information-theoretic security is developed to study these challenges in a general stochastic control system abstraction-a theoretical building block for CPSs-with the objectives of quantifying the fundamental tradeoffs between information security and physical system performance, and through the process, designing provably secure controller policies. Recent results are presented that establish the theoretical basis for the framework, in addition to practical applications in timing analysis of anonymous systems, and demand response systems in a smart electricity grid.
Citation Keyvenkitasubramaniam_information-theoretic_2015