Visible to the public Efficient Modeling of IEC-61850 Logical Nodes in IEDs for Scalability in CPS Security Testbed

TitleEfficient Modeling of IEC-61850 Logical Nodes in IEDs for Scalability in CPS Security Testbed
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsRavikumar, Gelli, Hyder, Burhan, Govindarasu, Manimaran
Conference Name2020 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T D)
Keywordscomposability, CPS modeling, CPS Modeling and Simulation, cyber-physical system (CPS) testbed, DNP3, Hardware-in-the-Loop, Heuristic algorithms, IEC-61850, Predictive Metrics, Protocols, pubcrawl, Real-time Systems, Relays, Resiliency, SCADA, Scalability, security, simulation, Substations, wide-area measurement system (WAMS)

Though the deep penetration of cyber systems across the smart grid sub-domains enrich the operation of the wide-area protection, control, and smart grid applications, the stochastic nature of cyber-attacks by adversaries inflict their performance and the system operation. Various hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) cyber-physical system (CPS) testbeds have attempted to evaluate the cyberattack dynamics and power system perturbations for robust wide-area protection algorithms. However, physical resource constraints and modular integration designs have been significant barriers while modeling large-scale grid models (scalability) and have limited many of the CPS testbeds to either small-scale HIL environment or complete simulation environments. This paper proposes a meticulous design and efficient modeling of IEC-61850 logical nodes in physical relays to simulate large-scale grid models in a HIL real-time digital simulator environment integrated with industry-grade hardware and software systems for wide-area power system applications. The proposed meticulous design includes multi-breaker emulation in the physical relays, which extends the capacity of a physical relay to accommodate more number of CPS interfaces in the HIL CPS security testbed environment. We have used our existing HIL CPS security testbed to demonstrate scalability by the real-time performance of ten simultaneous IEEE-39 CPS grid models. The experiments demonstrated significant results by 100% real-time performance with zero overruns, and low latency while receiving and executing control signals from physical SEL relays via IEC-61850 and DNP-3 protocols to real-time digital simulator, substation remote terminal unit (RTU) software and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) software at control center.

Citation Keyravikumar_efficient_2020