Visible to the public CP-SAM: Cyber-Physical Security Assessment Metric for Monitoring Microgrid Resiliency

TitleCP-SAM: Cyber-Physical Security Assessment Metric for Monitoring Microgrid Resiliency
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsVenkataramanan, Venkatesh, Hahn, Adam, Srivastava, Anurag
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Keywordscyber-attack, Cyber-physical security, Cyber-physical systems, decision making, Generators, graph theory, Measurement, microgrid, Microgrids, Monitoring, pubcrawl, Redundancy, resilience, Resiliency, security
AbstractTrustworthy and secure operation of the cyber-power system calls for resilience against malicious and accidental failures. The objective of a resilient system is to withstand and recover operation of the system to supply critical loads despite multiple contingencies in the system. To take timely actions, we need to continuously measure the cyberphysical security of the system. We propose a cyber-physical security assessment metric (CP-SAM) based on quantitative factors affecting resiliency and utilizing concepts from graph theoretic analysis, probabilistic model of availability, attack graph metrics, and vulnerabilities across different layers of the microgrid system. These factors are integrated into a single metric using a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) technique, Choquet Integral to compute CP-SAM. The developed metric will be valuable for i) monitoring the microgrid resiliency considering a holistic cyber-physical model; and ii) enable better decision-making to select best possible mitigation strategies towards resilient microgrid system. Developed CP-SAM can be extended for active distribution system and has been validated in a real-world power-grid test-bed to monitor the microgrid resiliency.
Citation Keyvenkataramanan_cp-sam_2020