Visible to the public Enabling Micro-payments on IoT Devices using Bitcoin Lightning Network

TitleEnabling Micro-payments on IoT Devices using Bitcoin Lightning Network
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsKurt, Ahmet, Mercana, Suat, Erdin, Enes, Akkaya, Kemal
Conference Name2021 IEEE International Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC)
Date Publishedmay
Keywordsbitcoin, bitcoin security, Conferences, cryptocurrency, Human Behavior, Internet of Things, Lightning, Lightning Network, Logic gates, Memory management, Protocols, pubcrawl, Scalability
AbstractLightning Network (LN) addresses the scalability problem of Bitcoin by leveraging off-chain transactions. Nevertheless, it is not possible to run LN on resource-constrained IoT devices due to its storage, memory, and processing requirements. Therefore, in this paper, we propose an efficient and secure protocol that enables an IoT device to use LN's functions through a gateway LN node. The idea is to involve the IoT device in LN operations with its digital signature by replacing original 2-of-2 multisignature channels with 3-of-3 multisignature channels. Our protocol enforces the LN gateway to request the IoT device's cryptographic signature for all operations on the channel. We evaluated the proposed protocol by implementing it on a Raspberry Pi for a toll payment scenario and demonstrated its feasibility and security.
Citation Keykurt_enabling_2021