Visible to the public Towards A Distributed Ledger Based Verifiable Trusted Protocol For VANET

TitleTowards A Distributed Ledger Based Verifiable Trusted Protocol For VANET
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsAftab, Muhammad Usman, Hussain, Mehdi, Lindgren, Anders, Ghafoor, Abdul
Conference Name2021 International Conference on Digital Futures and Transformative Technologies (ICoDT2)
Keywordsauthentication, blockchain, distributed ledger, handwriting recognition, Human Behavior, human factors, Metrics, PKI Trust Models, Protocols, pubcrawl, public verification, resilience, Resiliency, road side unit, Safety, Scalability, Trust management, trust management model, VANET
AbstractTo ensure traffic safety and proper operation of vehicular networks, safety messages or beacons are periodically broadcasted in Vehicular Adhoc Networks (VANETs) to neighboring nodes and road side units (RSU). Thus, authenticity and integrity of received messages along with the trust in source nodes is crucial and highly required in applications where a failure can result in life-threatening situations. Several digital signature based approaches have been described in literature to achieve the authenticity of these messages. In these schemes, scenarios having high level of vehicle density are handled by RSU where aggregated signature verification is done. However, most of these schemes are centralized and PKI based where our goal is to develop a decentralized dynamic system. Along with authenticity and integrity, trust management plays an important role in VANETs which enables ways for secure and verified communication. A number of trust management models have been proposed but it is still an ongoing matter of interest, similarly authentication which is a vital security service to have during communication is not mostly present in the literature work related to trust management systems. This paper proposes a secure and publicly verifiable communication scheme for VANET which achieves source authentication, message authentication, non repudiation, integrity and public verifiability. All of these are achieved through digital signatures, Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) technique and logging mechanism which is aided by blockchain technology.
Citation Keyaftab_towards_2021