Visible to the public Biblio

Found 6892 results

Zhang, Xiaoqiang, Wang, Xuesong, Wang, Qingming.  2018.  Additive Spread Spectrum Image Hiding Algorithm Based on Host Signal. Proceedings of the 2018 7th {International Conference} on {Software} and {Computer Applications}. :164-168.
Image hiding is the important tools to protect the ownership rights of digital multimedia contents. To reduce the interference effect of the host signal in the popular Spread Spectrum (SS) image hiding algorithm, this paper proposes an Improved Additive Spread Spectrum (IASS) image hiding algorithm. The proposed IASS image hiding algorithm maintains the simple decoder of the Additive Spread Spectrum (ASS) image hiding algorithm. This paper makes the comparative experiments with the ASS image hiding algorithm and Correlation-and-bit-Aware Spread Spectrum (CASS) image hiding algorithm. For the noise-free scenario, the proposed IASS image hiding algorithm could yield error-free decoding performance in theory. For the noise scenario, the experimental results show that the proposed IASS image hiding algorithm could significantly reduce the host effect in data hiding and improve the watermark decoding performance remarkably.
Hu, W., Ardeshiricham, A., Gobulukoglu, M. S., Wang, X., Kastner, R..  2018.  Property Specific Information Flow Analysis for Hardware Security Verification. 2018 {IEEE}/{ACM International Conference} on {Computer}-{Aided Design} ({ICCAD}). :1-8.
Hardware information flow analysis detects security vulnerabilities resulting from unintended design flaws, timing channels, and hardware Trojans. These information flow models are typically generated in a general way, which includes a significant amount of redundancy that is irrelevant to the specified security properties. In this work, we propose a property specific approach for information flow security. We create information flow models tailored to the properties to be verified by performing a property specific search to identify security critical paths. This helps find suspicious signals that require closer inspection and quickly eliminates portions of the design that are free of security violations. Our property specific trimming technique reduces the complexity of the security model; this accelerates security verification and restricts potential security violations to a smaller region which helps quickly pinpoint hardware security vulnerabilities.
Goncharov, N. I., Goncharov, I. V., Parinov, P. A., Dushkin, A. V., Maximova, M. M..  2019.  Modeling of Information Processes for Modern Information System Security Assessment. 2019 {IEEE Conference} of {Russian Young Researchers} in {Electrical} and {Electronic Engineering} ({EIConRus}). :1758-1763.
A new approach of a formalism of hybrid automatons has been proposed for the analysis of conflict processes between the information system and the information's security malefactor. An example of probability-based assessment on malefactor's victory has been given and the possibility to abstract from a specific type of probability density function for the residence time of parties to the conflict in their possible states. A model of the distribution of destructive informational influences in the information system to connect the process of spread of destructive information processes and the process of changing subjects' states of the information system has been proposed. An example of the destructive information processes spread analysis has been given.
Sadkhan, S. B., Reda, D. M..  2018.  A Proposed Security Evaluator for Cryptosystem Based on Information Theory and Triangular Game. 2018 {International Conference} on {Advanced Science} and {Engineering} ({ICOASE}). :306-311.
The purpose of this research is to propose a new mathematical model, designed to evaluate the security of cryptosystems. This model is a mixture of ideas from two basic mathematical theories, information theory and game theory. The role of information theory is assigning the model with security criteria of the cryptosystems. The role of game theory was to produce the value of the game which is representing the outcome of these criteria, which finally refers to cryptosystem's security. The proposed model support an accurate and mathematical way to evaluate the security of cryptosystems by unifying the criteria resulted from information theory and produce a unique reasonable value.
Cebe, Mumin, Kaplan, Berkay, Akkaya, Kemal.  2018.  A Network Coding Based Information Spreading Approach for Permissioned Blockchain in IoT Settings. Proceedings of the 15th {EAI International Conference} on {Mobile} and {Ubiquitous Systems}: {Computing}, {Networking} and {Services}. :470-475.
Permissioned Blockchain (PBC) has become a prevalent data structure to ensure that the records are immutable and secure. However, PBC still has significant challenges before it can be realized in different applications. One of such challenges is the overhead of the communication which is required to execute the Byzantine Agreement (BA) protocol that is needed for consensus building. As such, it may not be feasible to implement PBC for resource constrained environments such as Internet-of-Things (IoT). In this paper, we assess the communication overhead of running BA in an IoT environment that consists of wireless nodes (e.g., Raspberry PIs) with meshing capabilities. As the the packet loss ratio is significant and makes BA unfeasible to scale, we propose a network coding based approach that will reduce the packet overhead and minimize the consensus completion time of the BA. Specifically, various network coding approaches are designed as a replacement to TCP protocol which relies on unicasting and acknowledgements. The evaluation on a network of Raspberry PIs demonstrates that our approach can significantly improve scalability making BA feasible for medium size IoT networks.
Gschwandtner, Mathias, Demetz, Lukas, Gander, Matthias, Maier, Ronald.  2018.  Integrating Threat Intelligence to Enhance an Organization's Information Security Management. Proceedings of the 13th {International Conference} on {Availability}, {Reliability} and {Security}. :37:1-37:8.
As security incidents might have disastrous consequences on an enterprise's information technology (IT), organizations need to secure their IT against threats. Threat intelligence (TI) promises to provide actionable information about current threats for information security management systems (ISMS). Common information range from malware characteristics to observed perpetrator origins that allow customizing security controls. The aim of this article is to assess the impact of utilizing public available threat feeds within the corporate process on an organization's security information level. We developed a framework to integrate TI for large corporations and evaluated said framework in cooperation with a global acting manufacturer and retailer. During the development of the TI framework, a specific provider of TI was analyzed and chosen for integration within the process of vulnerability management. The evaluation of this exemplary integration was assessed by members of the information security department at the cooperating enterprise. During our evaluation it was emphasized that a prioritization of management activities based on whether threats that have been observed in the wild are targeting them or similar companies. Furthermore, indicators of compromise (IoC) provided by the chosen TI source, can be automatically integrated utilizing a provided software development kit. Theoretical relevance is based on the contribution towards the verification of proposed benefits of TI integration, such as increasing the resilience of an enterprise network, within a real-world environment. Overall, practitioners suggest that TI integration should result in enhanced management of security budgets and more resilient enterprise networks.
Hanauer, Tanja, Hommel, Wolfgang, Metzger, Stefan, Pöhn, Daniela.  2018.  A Process Framework for Stakeholder-Specific Visualization of Security Metrics. Proceedings of the 13th {International Conference} on {Availability}, {Reliability} and {Security}. :28:1-28:10.
Awareness and knowledge management are key components to achieve a high level of information security in organizations. However, practical evidence suggests that there are significant discrepancies between the typical elements of security awareness campaigns, the decisions made and goals set by top-level management, and routine operations carried out by systems administration personnel. This paper presents Vis4Sec, a process framework for the generation and distribution of stakeholder-specific visualizations of security metrics, which assists in closing the gap between theoretical and practical information security by respecting the different points of view of the involved security report audiences. An implementation for patch management on Linux servers, deployed at a large data center, is used as a running example.
Alamélou, Quentin, Berthier, Paul-Edmond, Cachet, Chloé, Cauchie, Stéphane, Fuller, Benjamin, Gaborit, Philippe, Simhadri, Sailesh.  2018.  Pseudoentropic Isometries: A New Framework for Fuzzy Extractor Reusability. Proceedings of the 2018 on {Asia Conference} on {Computer} and {Communications Security}. :673-684.
Fuzzy extractors (Dodiset al., Eurocrypt 2004) turn a noisy secret into a stable, uniformly distributed key. Reusable fuzzy extractors remain secure when multiple keys are produced from a single noisy secret (Boyen, CCS 2004). Boyen showed information-theoretically secure reusable fuzzy extractors are subject to strong limitations. Simoens et al. (IEEE S&P, 2009) then showed deployed constructions suffer severe security breaks when reused. Canetti et al. (Eurocrypt 2016) used computational security to sidestep this problem, building a computationally secure reusable fuzzy extractor that corrects a sublinear fraction of errors. We introduce a generic approach to constructing reusable fuzzy extractors. We define a new primitive called a reusable pseudoentropic isometry that projects an input metric space to an output metric space. This projection preserves distance and entropy even if the same input is mapped to multiple output metric spaces. A reusable pseudoentropy isometry yields a reusable fuzzy extractor by 1) randomizing the noisy secret using the isometry and 2) applying a traditional fuzzy extractor to derive a secret key. We propose reusable pseudoentropic isometries for the set difference and Hamming metrics. The set difference construction is built from composable digital lockers (Canetti and Dakdouk, Eurocrypt 2008). For the Hamming metric, we show that the second construction of Canetti et al.(Eurocrypt 2016) can be seen as an instantiation of our framework. In both cases, the pseudoentropic isometry's reusability requires noisy secrets distributions to have entropy in each symbol of the alphabet. Our constructions yield the first reusable fuzzy extractors that correct a constant fraction of errors. We also implement our set difference solution and describe two use cases.
[Anonymous].  Submitted.  Breaking the Circuit-Size Barrier in Secret Sharing. STOC 2018.
{We study secret sharing schemes for general (non-threshold) access structures. A general secret sharing scheme for n parties is associated to a monotone function F:\0,1\n$\rightarrowłbrace$0,1\}. In such a scheme, a dealer distributes shares of a secret s among n parties. Any subset of parties T {$\subseteq$} [n] should be able to put together their shares and reconstruct the secret s if F(T)=1, and should have no information about s if F(T)=0. One of the major long-standing questions in information-theoretic cryptography is to minimize the (total) size of the shares in a secret-sharing scheme for arbitrary monotone functions F. There is a large gap between lower and upper bounds for secret sharing. The best known scheme for general F has shares of size 2n-o(n), but the best lower bound is {$Ømega$}(n2/logn). Indeed, the exponential share size is a direct result of the fact that in all known secret-sharing schemes, the share size grows with the size of a circuit (or formula, or monotone span program) for F. Indeed, several researchers have suggested the existence of a representation size barrier which implies that the right answer is closer to the upper bound, namely, 2n-o(n). In this work, we overcome this barrier by constructing a secret sharing scheme for any access structure with shares of size 20.994n and a linear secret sharing scheme for any access structure with shares of size 20.999n. As a contribution of independent interest, we also construct a secret sharing scheme with shares of size 2Õ({$\surd$}n) for 2n n/2 monotone access structures, out of a total of 2n n/2{$\cdot$} (1+O(logn/n)) of them. Our construction builds on recent works that construct better protocols for the conditional disclosure of secrets (CDS) problem.
Sutradhar, M. R., Sultana, N., Dey, H., Arif, H..  2018.  A New Version of Kerberos Authentication Protocol Using ECC and Threshold Cryptography for Cloud Security. 2018 Joint 7th International Conference on Informatics, Electronics Vision (ICIEV) and 2018 2nd International Conference on Imaging, Vision Pattern Recognition (icIVPR). :239–244.
Dependency on cloud computing are increasing day by day due to its beneficial aspects. As day by day we are relying on cloud computing, the securities issues are coming up. There are lots of security protocols but now-a-days those protocol are not secured enough to provide a high security. One of those protocols which were once highly secured, is Kerberos authentication protocol. With the advancement of technology, Kerberos authentication protocol is no longer as secured as it was before. Many authors have thought about the improvement of Kerberos authentication protocol and consequently they have proposed different types of protocol models by using a renowned public key cryptography named RSA cryptography. Though RSA cryptography is good to some extent but this cryptography has some flaws that make this cryptography less secured as well as less efficient. In this paper, we are combining Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) as well as Threshold Cryptography to create a new version of Kerberos authentication protocol. Our proposed model will provide secure transaction of data which will not only be hard to break but also increase memory efficiency, cost efficiency, and reduce the burden of computation.
Dey, H., Islam, R., Arif, H..  2019.  An Integrated Model To Make Cloud Authentication And Multi-Tenancy More Secure. 2019 International Conference on Robotics,Electrical and Signal Processing Techniques (ICREST). :502–506.
Cloud Computing is an important term of modern technology. The usefulness of Cloud is increasing day by day and simultaneously more and more security problems are arising as well. Two of the major threats of Cloud are improper authentication and multi-tenancy. According to the specialists both pros and cons belong to multi-tenancy. There are security protocols available but it is difficult to claim these protocols are perfect and ensure complete protection. The purpose of this paper is to propose an integrated model to ensure better Cloud security for Authentication and multi-tenancy. Multi-tenancy means sharing of resources and virtualization among clients. Since multi-tenancy allows multiple users to access same resources simultaneously, there is high probability of accessing confidential data without proper privileges. Our model includes Kerberos authentication protocol to enhance authentication security. During our research on Kerberos we have found some flaws in terms of encryption method which have been mentioned in couple of IEEE conference papers. Pondering about this complication we have elected Elliptic Curve Cryptography. On the other hand, to attenuate arose risks due to multi-tenancy we are proposing a Resource Allocation Manager Unit, a Control Database and Resource Allocation Map. This part of the model will perpetuate resource allocation for the users.
Prabha, K. M., Saraswathi, D. P. Vidhya.  2018.  TIGER HASH KERBEROS BIOMETRIC BLOWFISH USER AUTHENTICATION FOR SECURED DATA ACCESS IN CLOUD. 2018 2nd International Conference on 2018 2nd International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC)I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC). :145–151.
Cloud computing is a standard architecture for providing computing services among servers and cloud user (CU) for preserving data from unauthorized users. Therefore, the user authentication is more reliable to ensure cloud services accessed only by a genuine user. To improve the authentication accuracy, Tiger Hash-based Kerberos Biometric Blowfish Authentication (TH-KBBA) Mechanism is introduced for accessing data from server. It comprises three steps, namely Registration, Authentication and Ticket Granting. In the Registration process, client enrolls user details and stores on cloud server (CS) using tiger hashing function. User ID and password is given by CS after registration. When client wants to access data from CS, authentication server (AS) verifies user identity by sending a message. When authenticity is verified, AS accepts user as authenticated user and convinces CS that user is authentic. For convincing process, AS generates a ticket and encrypted using Blowfish encryption. Encrypted ticket is sent back to user. Then, CU sends message to server containing users ID and encrypted ticket. Finally, the server decrypts ticket using blowfish decryption and verifies the user ID. If these two ID gets matched, the CS grants requested data to the user. Experimental evaluation of TH-KBBA mechanism and existing methods are carried out with different factors such as Authentication accuracy, authentications time and confidentiality rate with respect to a number of CUs and data.
Kurera, C., Navoda, D..  2018.  Node-to-Node Secure Data Transmission Protocol for Low-power IoT Devices. 2018 18th International Conference on Advances in ICT for Emerging Regions (ICTer). :1–7.
Through the internet and local networks, IoT devices exchange data. Most of the IoT devices are low-power devices, meaning that they are designed to use less electric power. To secure data transmission, it is required to encrypt the messages. Encryption and decryption of messages are computationally expensive activities, thus require considerable amount of processing and memory power which is not affordable to low-power IoT devices. Therefore, not all secure transmission protocols are low-power IoT devices friendly. This study proposes a secure data transmission protocol for low-power IoT devices. The design inherits some features in Kerberos and onetime password concepts. The protocol is designed for devices which are connected to each other, as in a fully connected network topology. The protocol uses symmetric key cryptography under the assumption of that the device specific keys are never being transmitted over the network. It resists DoS, message replay and Man-of-the-middle attacks while facilitating the key security concepts such as Authenticity, Confidentiality and Integrity. The designed protocol uses less number of encryption/decryption cycles and maintain session based strong authentication to facilitate secure data transmission among nodes.
F, A. K., Mhaibes, H. Imad.  2018.  A New Initial Authentication Scheme for Kerberos 5 Based on Biometric Data and Virtual Password. 2018 International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering (ICOASE). :280–285.
Kerberos is a third party and widely used authentication protocol, in which it enables computers to connect securely using a single sign-on over an insecure channel. It proves the identity of clients and encrypts all the communications between them to ensure data privacy and integrity. Typically, Kerberos composes of three communication phases to establish a secure session between any two clients. The authentication is based on a password-based scheme, in which it is a secret long-term key shared between the client and the Kerberos. Therefore, Kerberos suffers from a password-guessing attack, the main drawback of Kerberos. In this paper, we overcome this limitation by modifying the first initial phase using the virtual password and biometric data. In addition, the proposed protocol provides a strong authentication scenario against multiple types of attacks.
Frolov, A. B., Vinnikov, A. M..  2018.  Modeling Cryptographic Protocols Using the Algebraic Processor. 2018 IV International Conference on Information Technologies in Engineering Education (Inforino). :1–5.
We present the IT solution for remote modeling of cryptographic protocols and other cryptographic primitives and a number of education-oriented capabilities based on them. These capabilities are provided at the Department of Mathematical Modeling using the MPEI algebraic processor, and allow remote participants to create automata models of cryptographic protocols, use and manage them in the modeling process. Particular attention is paid to the IT solution for modeling of the private communication and key distribution using the processor combined with the Kerberos protocol. This allows simulation and studying of key distribution protocols functionality on remote computers via the Internet. The importance of studying cryptographic primitives for future IT specialists is emphasized.
Ma, Y., Ning, H..  2018.  The improvement of wireless LAN security authentication mechanism based on Kerberos. 2018 International Conference on Electronics Technology (ICET). :392–397.
In order to solve the problem of vulnerable password guessing attacks caused by dictionary attacks, replay attacks in the authentication process, and man-in-the-middle attacks in the existing wireless local area network in terms of security authentication, we make some improvements to the 802.1X / EAP authentication protocol based on the study of the current IEEE802.11i security protocol with high security. After introducing the idea of Kerberos protocol authentication and applying the idea in the authentication process of 802.1X / EAP, a new protocol of Kerberos extensible authentication protocol (KEAP) is proposed. Firstly, the protocol introduces an asymmetric key encryption method, uses public key encryption during data transmission, and the receiver uses the corresponding private key for decryption. With unidirectional characteristics and high security, the encryption can avoid password guessing attacks caused by dictionary attacks as much as possible. Secondly, aiming at the problem that the request message sent from the client to the authentication server is vulnerable to replay attacks, the protocol uses a combination of the message sequence number and the random number, and the message serial number is added to the request message sent from the client to the authentication server. And establish a list database for storing message serial number and random number in the authentication server. After receiving a transfer message, the serial number and the random number are extracted and compared with the values in the list database to distinguish whether it is a retransmission message. Finally, the protocol introduces a keychain mechanism and uses an irreversible Hash function to encrypt the final authentication result, thereby effectively solving the man-in-the-middle attack by the pretender. The experiment uses the OPNET 14.5 simulation platform to model the KEAP protocol and simulate simulation attacks, and compares it with the current more common EAP-TLS authentication protocol. Experimental results show that the average traffic of the KEAP protocol is at least 14.74% higher than the EAP-TLS authentication protocol, and the average bit error rate is reduced by at least 24.00%.
Velthuis, Paul J. E., Schäfer, Marcel, Steinebach, Martin.  2018.  New Authentication Concept Using Certificates for Big Data Analytic Tools. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security. :40:1–40:7.
Companies analyse large amounts of data on clusters of machines, using big data analytic tools such as Apache Spark and Apache Flink to analyse the data. Big data analytic tools are mainly tested regarding speed and reliability. Efforts about Security and thus authentication are spent only at second glance. In such big data analytic tools, authentication is achieved with the help of the Kerberos protocol that is basically built as authentication on top of big data analytic tools. However, Kerberos is vulnerable to attacks, and it lacks providing high availability when users are all over the world. To improve the authentication, this work presents first an analysis of the authentication in Hadoop and the data analytic tools. Second, we propose a concept to deploy Transport Layer Security (TLS) not only for the security of data transportation but as well for authentication within the big data tools. This is done by establishing the connections using certificates with a short lifetime. The proof of concept is realized in Apache Spark, where Kerberos is replaced by the method proposed. We deploy new short living certificates for authentication that are less vulnerable to abuse. With our approach the requirements of the industry regarding multi-factor authentication and scalability are met.
Linna, Fan, Xiaofeng, Song, Weiwei, Zhao, Haodan, Ran, Jingzhi, Li, Deyang, Shi, Suining, Mu, Tao, Qi.  2018.  An Anonymous Authentication Mechanism Based on Kerberos and HIBC. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Education Technology and Computers. :392–396.
With the development of the grid and more and more attention attached to the privacy security, there is an urgent need of a secure anonymous authentication mechanism. In order to meet this requirement, we proposed an anonymous authentication mechanism based on Kerberos and HIBC, which is called KHIBC. It can meet the demand of authentication of Grid. At the same time, it can also protect the users' identity through anonymous method. Through analysis, KHIBC can meet the requirement of anonymity, mutual authentication, traceability and so on.
Prokofiev, A. O., Smirnova, Y. S., Surov, V. A..  2018.  A method to detect Internet of Things botnets. 2018 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :105–108.
The main security problems, typical for the Internet of Things (IoT), as well as the purpose of gaining unauthorized access to the IoT, are considered in this paper. Common characteristics of the most widespread botnets are provided. A method to detect compromised IoT devices included into a botnet is proposed. The method is based on a model of logistic regression. The article describes a developed model of logistic regression which allows to estimate the probability that a device initiating a connection is running a bot. A list of network protocols, used to gain unauthorized access to a device and to receive instructions from common and control (C&C) server, is provided too.
Atlam, Hany F., Walters, Robert J., Wills, Gary B..  2018.  Internet of Nano Things: Security Issues and Applications. Proceedings of the 2018 2Nd International Conference on Cloud and Big Data Computing. :71–77.
Nanotechnology provides new solutions for numerous applications that have a significant effect on almost every aspect of our community including health monitoring, smart cities, military, agriculture, and industry. The interconnection of nanoscale devices with existing communication networks over the Internet defines a novel networking paradigm called the Internet of Nano-Things (IoNT). The IoNT involves a large number of nanosensors that used to provide more precise and detailed information about a particular object to enable a better understanding of object behaviour. In this paper, we investigate the challenges and opportunities of the IoNT system in various applications. An overview of the IoNT is first introduced. This is followed by a discussion of the network architecture of the IoNT and various applications that benefit from integrating IoT with nanotechnology. In the end, since security is considered to be one of the main issues of the IoNT system, we provide an in-depth discussion on security goals, attack vectors and security challenges of the IoNT system.
Taherkordi, Amir, Herrmann, Peter.  2018.  Pervasive Smart Contracts for Blockchains in IoT Systems. Proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on Blockchain Technology and Application. :6–11.
Thanks to its decentralized structure and immutability, blockchain technology has the potential to address relevant security and privacy challenges in the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular, by hosting and executing smart contracts, blockchain allows secure, flexible, and traceable message communication between IoT devices. The unique characteristics of IoT systems, such as heterogeneity and pervasiveness, however, pose challenges in designing smart contracts for such systems. In this paper, we study these challenges and propose a design approach for smart contracts used in IoT systems. The main goal of our design model is to enhance the development of IoT smart contracts based on the inherent pervasive attributes of IoT systems. In particular, the design model allows the smart contracts to encapsulate functionalities such as contractlevel communication between IoT devices, access to data-sources within contracts, and interoperability of heterogeneous IoT smart contracts. The essence of our approach is structuring the design of IoT smart contracts as self-contained software services, inspired by the microservice architecture model. The flexibility, scalability and modularity of this model make it an efficient approach for developing pervasive IoT smart contracts.
Morris, Alexis, Lessio, Nadine.  2018.  Deriving Privacy and Security Considerations for CORE: An Indoor IoT Adaptive Context Environment. Proceedings of the 2Nd International Workshop on Multimedia Privacy and Security. :2–11.
The internet-of-things (IoT) consists of embedded devices and their networks of communication as they form decentralized frameworks of ubiquitous computing services. Within such decentralized systems the potential for malicious actors to impact the system is significant, with far-reaching consequences. Hence this work addresses the challenge of providing IoT systems engineers with a framework to elicit privacy and security design considerations, specifically for indoor adaptive smart environments. It introduces a new ambient intelligence indoor adaptive environment framework (CORE) which leverages multiple forms of data, and aims to elicit the privacy and security needs of this representative system. This contributes both a new adaptive IoT framework, but also an approach to systematically derive privacy and security design requirements via a combined and modified OCTAVE-Allegro and Privacy-by-Design methodology. This process also informs the future developments and evaluations of the CORE system, toward engineering more secure and private IoT systems.
Wang, Ge, Qian, Chen, Cai, Haofan, Han, Jinsong, Zhao, Jizhong.  2018.  Replay-resilient Authentication for IoT. Proceedings of the 10th on Wireless of the Students, by the Students, and for the Students Workshop. :3–5.
We provide the first solution to an important question, "how a physical-layer RFID authentication method can defend against signal replay attacks". It was believed that if the attacker has a device that can replay the exact same reply signal of a legitimate tag, any physical-layer authentication method will fail. This paper presents Hu-Fu, the first physical layer RFID authentication protocol that is resilient to the major attacks including tag counterfeiting, signal replay, signal compensation, and brute-force feature reply. Hu-Fu is built on two fundamental ideas, namely inductive coupling of two tags and signal randomization. Hu-Fu does not require any hardware or protocol modification on COTS passive tags and can be implemented with COTS devices. We implement a prototype of Hu-Fu and demonstrate that it is accurate and robust to device diversity and environmental changes.
Chang, Kai Chih, Zaeem, Razieh Nokhbeh, Barber, K. Suzanne.  2018.  Enhancing and Evaluating Identity Privacy and Authentication Strength by Utilizing the Identity Ecosystem. Proceedings of the 2018 Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society. :114–120.
This paper presents a novel research model of identity and the use of this model to answer some interesting research questions. Information travels in the cyber world, not only bringing us convenience and prosperity but also jeopardy. Protecting this information has been a commonly discussed issue in recent years. One type of this information is Personally Identifiable Information (PII), often used to perform personal authentication. People often give PIIs to organizations, e.g., when applying for a new job or filling out a new application on a website. While the use of such PII might be necessary for authentication, giving PII increases the risk of its exposure to criminals. We introduce two innovative approaches based on our model of identity to help evaluate and find an optimal set of PIIs that satisfy authentication purposes but minimize risk of exposure. Our model paves the way for more informed selection of PIIs by organizations that collect them as well as by users who offer PIIs to these organizations.
Caminha, J., Perkusich, A., Perkusich, M..  2018.  A smart middleware to detect on-off trust attacks in the Internet of Things. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE). :1–2.
Security is a key concern in Internet of Things (IoT) designs. In a heterogeneous and complex environment, service providers and service requesters must trust each other. On-off attack is a sophisticated trust threat in which a malicious device can perform good and bad services randomly to avoid being rated as a low trust node. Some countermeasures demands prior level of trust knowing and time to classify a node behavior. In this paper, we introduce a Smart Middleware that automatically assesses the IoT resources trust, evaluating service providers attributes to protect against On-off attacks.