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Yu, X., Li, T., Hu, A..  2020.  Time-series Network Anomaly Detection Based on Behaviour Characteristics. 2020 IEEE 6th International Conference on Computer and Communications (ICCC). :568–572.
In the application scenarios of cloud computing, big data, and mobile Internet, covert and diverse network attacks have become a serious problem that threatens the security of enterprises and personal information assets. Abnormal network behaviour detection based on network behaviour characteristics has become an important means to protect network security. However, existing frameworks do not make full use of the characteristics of the correlation between continuous network behaviours, and do not use an algorithm that can process time-series data or process the original feature set into time-series data to match the algorithm. This paper proposes a time-series abnormal network behaviour detection framework. The framework consists of two parts: an algorithm model (DBN-BiGRU) that combines Deep Belief Network (DBN) and Bidirectional Gated Recurrent Unit (BiGRU), and a pre-processing scheme that processes the original feature analysis files of CICIDS2017 to good time-series data. This detection framework uses past and future behaviour information to determine current behaviours, which can improve accuracy, and can adapt to the large amount of existing network traffic and high-dimensional characteristics. Finally, this paper completes the training of the algorithm model and gets the test results. Experimental results show that the prediction accuracy of this framework is as high as 99.82%, which is better than the traditional frameworks that do not use time-series information.
Li, Y., Yang, Y., Yu, X., Yang, T., Dong, L., Wang, W..  2020.  IoT-APIScanner: Detecting API Unauthorized Access Vulnerabilities of IoT Platform. 2020 29th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN). :1—5.

The Internet of Things enables interaction between IoT devices and users through the cloud. The cloud provides services such as account monitoring, device management, and device control. As the center of the IoT platform, the cloud provides services to IoT devices and IoT applications through APIs. Therefore, the permission verification of the API is essential. However, we found that some APIs are unverified, which allows unauthorized users to access cloud resources or control devices; it could threaten the security of devices and cloud. To check for unauthorized access to the API, we developed IoT-APIScanner, a framework to check the permission verification of the cloud API. Through observation, we found there is a large amount of interactive information between IoT application and cloud, which include the APIs and related parameters, so we can extract them by analyzing the code of the IoT application, and use this for mutating API test cases. Through these test cases, we can effectively check the permissions of the API. In our research, we extracted a total of 5 platform APIs. Among them, the proportion of APIs without permission verification reached 13.3%. Our research shows that attackers could use the API without permission verification to obtain user privacy or control of devices.

Nawaratne, R., Bandaragoda, T., Adikari, A., Alahakoon, D., Silva, D. De, Yu, X..  2017.  Incremental knowledge acquisition and self-learning for autonomous video surveillance. IECON 2017 - 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. :4790–4795.

The world is witnessing a remarkable increase in the usage of video surveillance systems. Besides fulfilling an imperative security and safety purpose, it also contributes towards operations monitoring, hazard detection and facility management in industry/smart factory settings. Most existing surveillance techniques use hand-crafted features analyzed using standard machine learning pipelines for action recognition and event detection. A key shortcoming of such techniques is the inability to learn from unlabeled video streams. The entire video stream is unlabeled when the requirement is to detect irregular, unforeseen and abnormal behaviors, anomalies. Recent developments in intelligent high-level video analysis have been successful in identifying individual elements in a video frame. However, the detection of anomalies in an entire video feed requires incremental and unsupervised machine learning. This paper presents a novel approach that incorporates high-level video analysis outcomes with incremental knowledge acquisition and self-learning for autonomous video surveillance. The proposed approach is capable of detecting changes that occur over time and separating irregularities from re-occurrences, without the prerequisite of a labeled dataset. We demonstrate the proposed approach using a benchmark video dataset and the results confirm its validity and usability for autonomous video surveillance.

Ghanbari, R., Jalili, M., Yu, X..  2016.  Analysis of cascaded failures in power networks using maximum flow based complex network approach. IECON 2016 - 42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. :4928–4932.

Power networks can be modeled as networked structures with nodes representing the bus bars (connected to generator, loads and transformers) and links representing the transmission lines. In this manuscript we study cascaded failures in power networks. As network structures we consider IEEE 118 bus network and a random spatial model network with similar properties to IEEE 118 bus network. A maximum flow based model is used to find the central edges. We study cascaded failures triggered by both random and targeted attacks to the edges. In the targeted attack the edge with the maximum centrality value is disconnected from the network. A number of metrics including the size of the largest connected component, the number of failed edges, the average maximum flow and the global efficiency are studied as a function of capacity parameter (edge critical load is proportional to its capacity parameter and nominal centrality value). For each case we identify the critical capacity parameter by which the network shows resilient behavior against failures. The experiments show that one should further protect the network for a targeted attack as compared to a random failure.