Visible to the public Biblio

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Chen, B., Wu, L., Li, L., Choo, K. R., He, D..  2020.  A Parallel and Forward Private Searchable Public-Key Encryption for Cloud-Based Data Sharing. IEEE Access. 8:28009–28020.
Data sharing through the cloud is flourishing with the development of cloud computing technology. The new wave of technology will also give rise to new security challenges, particularly the data confidentiality in cloud-based sharing applications. Searchable encryption is considered as one of the most promising solutions for balancing data confidentiality and usability. However, most existing searchable encryption schemes cannot simultaneously satisfy requirements for both high search efficiency and strong security due to lack of some must-have properties, such as parallel search and forward security. To address this problem, we propose a variant searchable encryption with parallelism and forward privacy, namely the parallel and forward private searchable public-key encryption (PFP-SPE). PFP-SPE scheme achieves both the parallelism and forward privacy at the expense of slightly higher storage costs. PFP-SPE has similar search efficiency with that of some searchable symmetric encryption schemes but no key distribution problem. The security analysis and the performance evaluation on a real-world dataset demonstrate that the proposed scheme is suitable for practical application.
Li, W., Li, L..  2009.  A Novel Approach for Vehicle-logo Location Based on Edge Detection and Morphological Filter. 2009 Second International Symposium on Electronic Commerce and Security. 1:343—345.

Vehicle-logo location is a crucial step in vehicle-logo recognition system. In this paper, a novel approach of the vehicle-logo location based on edge detection and morphological filter is proposed. Firstly, the approximate location of the vehicle-logo region is determined by the prior knowledge about the position of the vehicle-logo; Secondly, the texture measure is defined to recognize the texture of the vehicle-logo background; Then, vertical edge detection is executed for the vehicle-logo background with the horizontal texture and horizontal edge detection is implemented for the vehicle-logo background with the vertical texture; Finally, position of the vehicle-logo is located accurately by mathematical morphology filter. Experimental results show the proposed method is effective.

Wang, R., Li, L., Hong, W., Yang, N..  2009.  A THz Image Edge Detection Method Based on Wavelet and Neural Network. 2009 Ninth International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems. 3:420—424.

A THz image edge detection approach based on wavelet and neural network is proposed in this paper. First, the source image is decomposed by wavelet, the edges in the low-frequency sub-image are detected using neural network method and the edges in the high-frequency sub-images are detected using wavelet transform method on the coarsest level of the wavelet decomposition, the two edge images are fused according to some fusion rules to obtain the edge image of this level, it then is projected to the next level. Afterwards the final edge image of L-1 level is got according to some fusion rule. This process is repeated until reaching the 0 level thus to get the final integrated and clear edge image. The experimental results show that our approach based on fusion technique is superior to Canny operator method and wavelet transform method alone.

Liu, F., Li, J., Wang, Y., Li, L..  2019.  Kubestorage: A Cloud Native Storage Engine for Massive Small Files. 2019 6th International Conference on Behavioral, Economic and Socio-Cultural Computing (BESC). :1—4.
Cloud Native, the emerging computing infrastructure has become a new trend for cloud computing, especially after the development of containerization technology such as docker and LXD, and the orchestration system for them like Kubernetes and Swarm. With the growing popularity of Cloud Native, the following problems have been raised: (i) most Cloud Native applications were designed for making full use of the cloud platform, but their file storage has not been completely optimized for adapting it. (ii) the traditional file system is designed as a utility for storing and retrieving files, usually built into the kernel of the operating systems. But when placing it to a large-scale condition, like a network storage server shared by thousands of computing instances, and stores millions of files, it will be slow and even unstable. (iii) most storage solutions use metadata for faster tracking of files, but the metadata itself will take up a lot of space, and the capacity of it is usually limited. If the file system store metadata directly into hard disk without caching, the tracking of massive small files will be a lot slower. (iv) The traditional object storage solution can't provide enough features to make itself more practical on the cloud such as caching and auto replication. This paper proposes a new storage engine based on the well-known Haystack storage engine, optimized in terms of service discovery and Automated fault tolerance, make it more suitable for Cloud Native infrastructure, deployment and applications. We use the object storage model to solve the large and high-frequency file storage needs, offering a simple and unified set of APIs for application to access. We also take advantage of Kubernetes' sophisticated and automated toolchains to make cloud storage easier to deploy, more flexible to scale, and more stable to run.
Liu, Y., Li, L., Gao, Q., Cao, J., Wang, R., Sun, Z..  2019.  Analytical Model of Torque-Prediction for a Novel Hybrid Rotor Permanent Magnet Machines. IEEE Access. 7:109528–109538.

This paper presents an analytical method for predicting the electromagnetic performance in permanent magnet (PM) machine with the spoke-type rotor (STR) and a proposed hybrid rotor structure (HRS), respectively. The key of this method is to combine magnetic field analysis model (MFAM) with the magnetic equivalent circuit model. The influence of the irregular PM shape is considered by the segmentation calculation. To obtain the boundary condition in the MFAM, respectively, two equivalent methods on the rotor side are proposed. In the STR, the average flux density of the rotor core outer-surface is calculated to solve the Laplace's equation with considering for the rotor core outer-surface eccentric. In the HRS, based on the Thevenin's theorem, the equivalent parameters of PM remanence BreB and thickness hpme are obtained as a given condition, which can be utilized to compute the air-gap flux density by conventional classic magnetic field analysis model of surface-mounted PMs with air-gap region. Finally, the proposed analytical models are verified by the finite element analysis (FEA) with comparisons of the air-gap flux density, flux linkage, back-EMF and electromagnetic torque, respectively. Furthermore, the performance that the machine with the proposed hybrid structure rotor can improve the torque density as explained.

Liang, J., Jiang, L., Cao, L., Li, L., Hauptmann, A..  2018.  Focal Visual-Text Attention for Visual Question Answering. 2018 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. :6135–6143.
Recent insights on language and vision with neural networks have been successfully applied to simple single-image visual question answering. However, to tackle real-life question answering problems on multimedia collections such as personal photos, we have to look at whole collections with sequences of photos or videos. When answering questions from a large collection, a natural problem is to identify snippets to support the answer. In this paper, we describe a novel neural network called Focal Visual-Text Attention network (FVTA) for collective reasoning in visual question answering, where both visual and text sequence information such as images and text metadata are presented. FVTA introduces an end-to-end approach that makes use of a hierarchical process to dynamically determine what media and what time to focus on in the sequential data to answer the question. FVTA can not only answer the questions well but also provides the justifications which the system results are based upon to get the answers. FVTA achieves state-of-the-art performance on the MemexQA dataset and competitive results on the MovieQA dataset.
Li, L., Wu, S., Huang, L., Wang, W..  2017.  Research on modeling for network security policy confliction based on network topology. 2017 14th International Computer Conference on Wavelet Active Media Technology and Information Processing (ICCWAMTIP). :36–41.

The consistency checking of network security policy is an important issue of network security field, but current studies lack of overall security strategy modeling and entire network checking. In order to check the consistency of policy in distributed network system, a security policy model is proposed based on network topology, which checks conflicts of security policies for all communication paths in the network. First, the model uniformly describes network devices, domains and links, abstracts the network topology as an undirected graph, and formats the ACL (Access Control List) rules into quintuples. Then, based on the undirected graph, the model searches all possible paths between all domains in the topology, and checks the quintuple consistency by using a classifying algorithm. The experiments in campus network demonstrate that this model can effectively detect the conflicts of policy globally in the distributed network and ensure the consistency of the network security policies.

Lai, J., Duan, B., Su, Y., Li, L., Yin, Q..  2017.  An active security defense strategy for wind farm based on automated decision. 2017 IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting. :1–5.

With the development of smart grid, information and energy integrate deeply. For remote monitoring and cluster management, SCADA system of wind farm should be connected to Internet. However, communication security and operation risk put forward a challenge to data network of the wind farm. To address this problem, an active security defense strategy combined whitelist and security situation assessment is proposed. Firstly, the whitelist is designed by analyzing the legitimate packet of Modbus on communication of SCADA servers and PLCs. Then Knowledge Automation is applied to establish the Decision Requirements Diagram (DRD) for wind farm security. The D-S evidence theory is adopted to assess operation situation of wind farm and it together with whitelist offer the security decision for wind turbine. This strategy helps to eliminate the wind farm owners' security concerns of data networking, and improves the integrity of the cyber security defense for wind farm.

Li, L., Abd-El-Atty, B., El-Latif, A. A. A., Ghoneim, A..  2017.  Quantum color image encryption based on multiple discrete chaotic systems. 2017 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS). :555–559.

In this paper, a novel quantum encryption algorithm for color image is proposed based on multiple discrete chaotic systems. The proposed quantum image encryption algorithm utilize the quantum controlled-NOT image generated by chaotic logistic map, asymmetric tent map and logistic Chebyshev map to control the XOR operation in the encryption process. Experiment results and analysis show that the proposed algorithm has high efficiency and security against differential and statistical attacks.