Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Author is Shi, Y.  [Clear All Filters]
2017
Zheng, Y., Shi, Y., Guo, K., Li, W., Zhu, L..  2017.  Enhanced word embedding with multiple prototypes. 2017 4th International Conference on Industrial Economics System and Industrial Security Engineering (IEIS). :1–5.

Word representation is one of the basic word repressentation methods in natural language processing, which mapped a word into a dense real-valued vector space based on a hypothesis: words with similar context have similar meanings. Models like NNLM, C&W, CBOW, Skip-gram have been designed for word embeddings learning, and get widely used in many NLP tasks. However, these models assume that one word had only one semantics meaning which is contrary to the real language rules. In this paper we pro-pose a new word unit with multiple meanings and an algorithm to distinguish them by it's context. This new unit can be embedded in most language models and get series of efficient representations by learning variable embeddings. We evaluate a new model MCBOW that integrate CBOW with our word unit on word similarity evaluation task and some downstream experiments, the result indicated our new model can learn different meanings of a word and get a better result on some other tasks.

Dai, F., Shi, Y., Meng, N., Wei, L., Ye, Z..  2017.  From Bitcoin to cybersecurity: A comparative study of blockchain application and security issues. 2017 4th International Conference on Systems and Informatics (ICSAI). :975–979.

With the accelerated iteration of technological innovation, blockchain has rapidly become one of the hottest Internet technologies in recent years. As a decentralized and distributed data management solution, blockchain has restored the definition of trust by the embedded cryptography and consensus mechanism, thus providing security, anonymity and data integrity without the need of any third party. But there still exists some technical challenges and limitations in blockchain. This paper has conducted a systematic research on current blockchain application in cybersecurity. In order to solve the security issues, the paper analyzes the advantages that blockchain has brought to cybersecurity and summarizes current research and application of blockchain in cybersecurity related areas. Through in-depth analysis and summary of the existing work, the paper summarizes four major security issues of blockchain and performs a more granular analysis of each problem. Adopting an attribute-based encryption method, the paper also puts forward an enhanced access control strategy.

Wu, Y., Lyu, Y., Fang, Q., Zheng, G., Yin, H., Shi, Y..  2017.  Protecting Outsourced Data in Semi-Trustworthy Cloud: A Hierarchical System. 2017 IEEE 37th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops (ICDCSW). :300–305.

Data outsourcing in cloud is emerging as a successful paradigm that benefits organizations and enterprises with high-performance, low-cost, scalable data storage and sharing services. However, this paradigm also brings forth new challenges for data confidentiality because the outsourced are not under the physic control of the data owners. The existing schemes to achieve the security and usability goal usually apply encryption to the data before outsourcing them to the storage service providers (SSP), and disclose the decryption keys only to authorized user. They cannot ensure the security of data while operating data in cloud where the third-party services are usually semi-trustworthy, and need lots of time to deal with the data. We construct a privacy data management system appending hierarchical access control called HAC-DMS, which can not only assure security but also save plenty of time when updating data in cloud.

Shi, Y., Dai, F., Ye, Z..  2017.  An enhanced security framework of software defined network based on attribute-based encryption. 2017 4th International Conference on Systems and Informatics (ICSAI). :965–969.

With the development of the information and communications technology, new network architecture and applications keep emerging promoted by cloud computing, big data, virtualization technology, etc. As a novel network architecture, Software Defined Network (SDN) realizes separation of the control plane and the data plane, thus controlling hardware by a software platform which is known as the central controller. Through that method SDN realizes the flexible deployment of network resources. In the process of the development and application of SDN, its open architecture has exposed more and more security problem, which triggers a critical focus on how to build a secure SDN. Based on the hierarchical SDN architecture and characteristics, this paper analyzes the security threats that SDN may face in the application layer, the control layer, the resource layer and the interface layer. In order to solve those security threats, the paper presents an SDN security architecture which can provide corresponding defense ability. The paper also puts forward an enhanced access control strategy adopting an attribute-based encryption method in the SDN security architecture.

Shi, Y., Piao, C., Zheng, L..  2017.  Differential-Privacy-Based Correlation Analysis in Railway Freight Service Applications. 2017 International Conference on Cyber-Enabled Distributed Computing and Knowledge Discovery (CyberC). :35–39.

With the development of modern logistics industry railway freight enterprises as the main traditional logistics enterprises, the service mode is facing many problems. In the era of big data, for railway freight enterprises, coordinated development and sharing of information resources have become the requirements of the times, while how to protect the privacy of citizens has become one of the focus issues of the public. To prevent the disclosure or abuse of the citizens' privacy information, the citizens' privacy needs to be preserved in the process of information opening and sharing. However, most of the existing privacy preserving models cannot to be used to resist attacks with continuously growing background knowledge. This paper presents the method of applying differential privacy to protect associated data, which can be shared in railway freight service association information. First, the original service data need to slice by optimal shard length, then differential method and apriori algorithm is used to add Laplace noise in the Candidate sets. Thus the citizen's privacy information can be protected even if the attacker gets strong background knowledge. Last, sharing associated data to railway information resource partners. The steps and usefulness of the discussed privacy preservation method is illustrated by an example.

2018
Yang, J., Kang, X., Wong, E. K., Shi, Y..  2018.  Deep Learning with Feature Reuse for JPEG Image Steganalysis. 2018 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference (APSIPA ASC). :533–538.
It is challenging to detect weak hidden information in a JPEG compressed image. In this paper, we propose a 32-layer convolutional neural networks (CNNs) with feature reuse by concatenating all features from previous layers. The proposed method can improve the flow of gradient and information, and the shared features and bottleneck layers in the proposed CNN model further reduce the number of parameters dramatically. The experimental results shown that the proposed method significantly reduce the detection error rate compared with the existing JPEG steganalysis methods, e.g. state-of-the-art XuNet method and the conventional SCA-GFR method. Compared with XuNet method and conventional method SCA-GFR in detecting J-UNIWARD at 0.1 bpnzAC (bit per non-zero AC DCT coefficient), the proposed method can reduce detection error rate by 4.33% and 6.55% respectively.
2020
Shi, Y., Sagduyu, Y. E., Erpek, T..  2020.  Reinforcement Learning for Dynamic Resource Optimization in 5G Radio Access Network Slicing. 2020 IEEE 25th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD). :1—6.
The paper presents a reinforcement learning solution to dynamic resource allocation for 5G radio access network slicing. Available communication resources (frequency-time blocks and transmit powers) and computational resources (processor usage) are allocated to stochastic arrivals of network slice requests. Each request arrives with priority (weight), throughput, computational resource, and latency (deadline) requirements, and if feasible, it is served with available communication and computational resources allocated over its requested duration. As each decision of resource allocation makes some of the resources temporarily unavailable for future, the myopic solution that can optimize only the current resource allocation becomes ineffective for network slicing. Therefore, a Q-learning solution is presented to maximize the network utility in terms of the total weight of granted network slicing requests over a time horizon subject to communication and computational constraints. Results show that reinforcement learning provides major improvements in the 5G network utility relative to myopic, random, and first come first served solutions. While reinforcement learning sustains scalable performance as the number of served users increases, it can also be effectively used to assign resources to network slices when 5G needs to share the spectrum with incumbent users that may dynamically occupy some of the frequency-time blocks.
Li, K., Ren, A., Ding, Y., Shi, Y., Wang, X..  2020.  Research on Decentralized Identity and Access Management Model Based on the OIDC Protocol. 2020 International Conference on E-Commerce and Internet Technology (ECIT). :252—255.

In the increasingly diverse information age, various kinds of personal information security problems continue to break out. According to the idea of combination of identity authentication and encryption services, this paper proposes a personal identity access management model based on the OIDC protocol. The model will integrate the existing personal security information and build a set of decentralized identity authentication and access management application cluster. The advantage of this model is to issue a set of authentication rules, so that all users can complete the authentication of identity access of all application systems in the same environment at a lower cost, and can well compatible and expand more categories of identity information. Therefore, this method not only reduces the number of user accounts, but also provides a unified and reliable authentication service for each application system.

Lin, T., Shi, Y., Shu, N., Cheng, D., Hong, X., Song, J., Gwee, B. H..  2020.  Deep Learning-Based Image Analysis Framework for Hardware Assurance of Digital Integrated Circuits. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on the Physical and Failure Analysis of Integrated Circuits (IPFA). :1—6.
We propose an Artificial Intelligence (AI)/Deep Learning (DL)-based image analysis framework for hardware assurance of digital integrated circuits (ICs). Our aim is to examine and verify various hardware information from analyzing the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) images of an IC. In our proposed framework, we apply DL-based methods at all essential steps of the analysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such framework that makes heavy use of DL-based methods at all essential analysis steps. Further, to reduce time and effort required in model re-training, we propose and demonstrate various automated or semi-automated training data preparation methods and demonstrate the effectiveness of using synthetic data to train a model. By applying our proposed framework to analyzing a set of SEM images of a large digital IC, we prove its efficacy. Our DL-based methods are fast, accurate, robust against noise, and can automate tasks that were previously performed mainly manually. Overall, we show that DL-based methods can largely increase the level of automation in hardware assurance of digital ICs and improve its accuracy.