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Al-Dhaqm, A., Razak, S. A., Dampier, D. A., Choo, K. R., Siddique, K., Ikuesan, R. A., Alqarni, A., Kebande, V. R..  2020.  Categorization and Organization of Database Forensic Investigation Processes. IEEE Access. 8:112846—112858.
Database forensic investigation (DBFI) is an important area of research within digital forensics. It's importance is growing as digital data becomes more extensive and commonplace. The challenges associated with DBFI are numerous, and one of the challenges is the lack of a harmonized DBFI process for investigators to follow. In this paper, therefore, we conduct a survey of existing literature with the hope of understanding the body of work already accomplished. Furthermore, we build on the existing literature to present a harmonized DBFI process using design science research methodology. This harmonized DBFI process has been developed based on three key categories (i.e. planning, preparation and pre-response, acquisition and preservation, and analysis and reconstruction). Furthermore, the DBFI has been designed to avoid confusion or ambiguity, as well as providing practitioners with a systematic method of performing DBFI with a higher degree of certainty.
Adeyemi, I. R., Razak, S. A., Venter, H. S., Salleh, M..  2017.  High-Level Online User Attribution Model Based on Human Polychronic-Monochronic Tendency. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data and Smart Computing (BigComp). :445–450.

User attribution process based on human inherent dynamics and preference is one area of research that is capable of elucidating and capturing human dynamics on the Internet. Prior works on user attribution concentrated on behavioral biometrics, 1-to-1 user identification process without consideration for individual preference and human inherent temporal tendencies, which is capable of providing a discriminatory baseline for online users, as well as providing a higher level classification framework for novel user attribution. To address these limitations, the study developed a temporal model, which comprises the human Polyphasia tendency based on Polychronic-Monochronic tendency scale measurement instrument and the extraction of unique human-centric features from server-side network traffic of 48 active users. Several machine-learning algorithms were applied to observe distinct pattern among the classes of the Polyphasia tendency, through which a logistic model tree was observed to provide higher classification accuracy for a 1-to-N user attribution process. The study further developed a high-level attribution model for higher-level user attribution process. The result from this study is relevant in online profiling process, forensic identification and profiling process, e-learning profiling process as well as in social network profiling process.

Al-Dhaqm, A., Razak, S. A., Ikuesan, R. A., Kebande, V. R., Siddique, K..  2020.  A Review of Mobile Forensic Investigation Process Models. IEEE Access. 8:173359—173375.
Mobile Forensics (MF) field uses prescribed scientific approaches with a focus on recovering Potential Digital Evidence (PDE) from mobile devices leveraging forensic techniques. Consequently, increased proliferation, mobile-based services, and the need for new requirements have led to the development of the MF field, which has in the recent past become an area of importance. In this article, the authors take a step to conduct a review on Mobile Forensics Investigation Process Models (MFIPMs) as a step towards uncovering the MF transitions as well as identifying open and future challenges. Based on the study conducted in this article, a review of the literature revealed that there are a few MFIPMs that are designed for solving certain mobile scenarios, with a variety of concepts, investigation processes, activities, and tasks. A total of 100 MFIPMs were reviewed, to present an inclusive and up-to-date background of MFIPMs. Also, this study proposes a Harmonized Mobile Forensic Investigation Process Model (HMFIPM) for the MF field to unify and structure whole redundant investigation processes of the MF field. The paper also goes the extra mile to discuss the state of the art of mobile forensic tools, open and future challenges from a generic standpoint. The results of this study find direct relevance to forensic practitioners and researchers who could leverage the comprehensiveness of the developed processes for investigation.