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Chen, Yifang, Kang, Xiangui, Wang, Z. Jane, Zhang, Qiong.  2018.  Densely Connected Convolutional Neural Network for Multi-purpose Image Forensics Under Anti-forensic Attacks. Proceedings of the 6th ACM Workshop on Information Hiding and Multimedia Security. :91–96.

Multiple-purpose forensics has been attracting increasing attention worldwide. However, most of the existing methods based on hand-crafted features often require domain knowledge and expensive human labour and their performances can be affected by factors such as image size and JPEG compression. Furthermore, many anti-forensic techniques have been applied in practice, making image authentication more difficult. Therefore, it is of great importance to develop methods that can automatically learn general and robust features for image operation detectors with the capability of countering anti-forensics. In this paper, we propose a new convolutional neural network (CNN) approach for multi-purpose detection of image manipulations under anti-forensic attacks. The dense connectivity pattern, which has better parameter efficiency than the traditional pattern, is explored to strengthen the propagation of general features related to image manipulation detection. When compared with three state-of-the-art methods, experiments demonstrate that the proposed CNN architecture can achieve a better performance (i.e., with a 11% improvement in terms of detection accuracy under anti-forensic attacks). The proposed method can also achieve better robustness against JPEG compression with maximum improvement of 13% on accuracy under low-quality JPEG compression.

Zhan, Yifeng, Chen, Yifang, Zhang, Qiong, Kang, Xiangui.  2017.  Image Forensics Based on Transfer Learning and Convolutional Neural Network. Proceedings of the 5th ACM Workshop on Information Hiding and Multimedia Security. :165–170.

There have been a growing number of interests in using the convolutional neural network(CNN) in image forensics, where some excellent methods have been proposed. Training the randomly initialized model from scratch needs a big amount of training data and computational time. To solve this issue, we present a new method of training an image forensic model using prior knowledge transferred from the existing steganalysis model. We also find out that CNN models tend to show poor performance when tested on a different database. With knowledge transfer, we are able to easily train an excellent model for a new database with a small amount of training data from the new database. Performance of our models are evaluated on Bossbase and BOW by detecting five forensic types, including median filtering, resampling, JPEG compression, contrast enhancement and additive Gaussian noise. Through a series of experiments, we demonstrate that our proposed method is very effective in two scenario mentioned above, and our method based on transfer learning can greatly accelerate the convergence of CNN model. The results of these experiments show that our proposed method can detect five different manipulations with an average accuracy of 97.36%.