Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Author is Xiao, L.  [Clear All Filters]
2017
Xu, D., Xiao, L., Mandayam, N. B., Poor, H. V..  2017.  Cumulative Prospect Theoretic Study of a Cloud Storage Defense Game against Advanced Persistent Threats. 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS). :541–546.

Cloud storage is vulnerable to advanced persistent threats (APTs), in which an attacker launches stealthy, continuous, well-funded and targeted attacks on storage devices. In this paper, cumulative prospect theory (CPT) is applied to study the interactions between a defender of cloud storage and an APT attacker when each of them makes subjective decisions to choose the scan interval and attack interval, respectively. Both the probability weighting effect and the framing effect are applied to model the deviation of subjective decisions of end-users from the objective decisions governed by expected utility theory, under uncertain attack durations. Cumulative decision weights are used to describe the probability weighting effect and the value distortion functions are used to represent the framing effect of subjective APT attackers and defenders in the CPT-based APT defense game, rather than discrete decision weights, as in earlier prospect theoretic study of APT defense. The Nash equilibria of the CPT-based APT defense game are derived, showing that a subjective attacker becomes risk-seeking if the frame of reference for evaluating the utility is large, and becomes risk-averse if the frame of reference for evaluating the utility is small.

Xu, D., Xiao, L., Sun, L., Lei, M..  2017.  Game theoretic study on blockchain based secure edge networks. 2017 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :1–5.

Blockchain has been applied to study data privacy and network security recently. In this paper, we propose a punishment scheme based on the action record on the blockchain to suppress the attack motivation of the edge servers and the mobile devices in the edge network. The interactions between a mobile device and an edge server are formulated as a blockchain security game, in which the mobile device sends a request to the server to obtain real-time service or launches attacks against the server for illegal security gains, and the server chooses to perform the request from the device or attack it. The Nash equilibria (NEs) of the game are derived and the conditions that each NE exists are provided to disclose how the punishment scheme impacts the adversary behaviors of the mobile device and the edge server.

Chakraborty, S., Stokes, J. W., Xiao, L., Zhou, D., Marinescu, M., Thomas, A..  2017.  Hierarchical learning for automated malware classification. MILCOM 2017 - 2017 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM). :23–28.

Despite widespread use of commercial anti-virus products, the number of malicious files detected on home and corporate computers continues to increase at a significant rate. Recently, anti-virus companies have started investing in machine learning solutions to augment signatures manually designed by analysts. A malicious file's determination is often represented as a hierarchical structure consisting of a type (e.g. Worm, Backdoor), a platform (e.g. Win32, Win64), a family (e.g. Rbot, Rugrat) and a family variant (e.g. A, B). While there has been substantial research in automated malware classification, the aforementioned hierarchical structure, which can provide additional information to the classification models, has been ignored. In this paper, we propose the novel idea and study the performance of employing hierarchical learning algorithms for automated classification of malicious files. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first research effort which incorporates the hierarchical structure of the malware label in its automated classification and in the security domain, in general. It is important to note that our method does not require any additional effort by analysts because they typically assign these hierarchical labels today. Our empirical results on a real world, industrial-scale malware dataset of 3.6 million files demonstrate that incorporation of the label hierarchy achieves a significant reduction of 33.1% in the binary error rate as compared to a non-hierarchical classifier which is traditionally used in such problems.

2018
Lu, X., Wan, X., Xiao, L., Tang, Y., Zhuang, W..  2018.  Learning-Based Rogue Edge Detection in VANETs with Ambient Radio Signals. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1-6.
Edge computing for mobile devices in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) has to address rogue edge attacks, in which a rogue edge node claims to be the serving edge in the vehicle to steal user secrets and help launch other attacks such as man-in-the-middle attacks. Rogue edge detection in VANETs is more challenging than the spoofing detection in indoor wireless networks due to the high mobility of onboard units (OBUs) and the large-scale network infrastructure with roadside units (RSUs). In this paper, we propose a physical (PHY)- layer rogue edge detection scheme for VANETs according to the shared ambient radio signals observed during the same moving trace of the mobile device and the serving edge in the same vehicle. In this scheme, the edge node under test has to send the physical properties of the ambient radio signals, including the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of the ambient signals with the corresponding source media access control (MAC) address during a given time slot. The mobile device can choose to compare the received ambient signal properties and its own record or apply the RSSI of the received signals to detect rogue edge attacks, and determines test threshold in the detection. We adopt a reinforcement learning technique to enable the mobile device to achieve the optimal detection policy in the dynamic VANET without being aware of the VANET model and the attack model. Simulation results show that the Q-learning based detection scheme can significantly reduce the detection error rate and increase the utility compared with existing schemes.
Liu, Y., Li, X., Xiao, L..  2018.  Service Oriented Resilience Strategy for Cloud Data Center. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security Companion (QRS-C). :269-274.

As an information hinge of various trades and professions in the era of big data, cloud data center bears the responsibility to provide uninterrupted service. To cope with the impact of failure and interruption during the operation on the Quality of Service (QoS), it is important to guarantee the resilience of cloud data center. Thus, different resilience actions are conducted in its life circle, that is, resilience strategy. In order to measure the effect of resilience strategy on the system resilience, this paper propose a new approach to model and evaluate the resilience strategy for cloud data center focusing on its core part of service providing-IT architecture. A comprehensive resilience metric based on resilience loss is put forward considering the characteristic of cloud data center. Furthermore, mapping model between system resilience and resilience strategy is built up. Then, based on a hierarchical colored generalized stochastic petri net (HCGSPN) model depicting the procedure of the system processing the service requests, simulation is conducted to evaluate the resilience strategy through the metric calculation. With a case study of a company's cloud data center, the applicability and correctness of the approach is demonstrated.

2020
Yu, Z., Fang, X., Zhou, Y., Xiao, L., Zhang, L..  2020.  Chaotic Constellation Scrambling Method for Security-Enhanced CO-OFDM/OQAM Systems. 2020 12th International Conference on Communication Software and Networks (ICCSN). :192–195.
With the deep research on coherent optical OFDM offset quadrature amplitude modulation OFDM/OQAM in these years, and the communication system exposed to potential threat from various capable attackers, which prompt people lay emphasis on encryption methods for transmission. Therefore, in this paper, we systematically discuss an encryption project with the main purpose of improving security in coherent optical OFDM/OQAM (CO-OFDM/OQAM) system, and the scheme applied the chaotic constellation scrambling (CCS) which founded on chaotic cross mapping to encrypt transmitted information. Besides, we also systematically discuss the basic principle of the encryption scheme for CO-OFDM/OQAM system. According to numerous studies and analysis on experiment data with caution, such as the performance of entropy, bit error rate (BER). It's conforms that the security of CO-OFDM/OQAM system have been enhanced.