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Lu, Z., Shen, H..  2017.  A New Lower Bound of Privacy Budget for Distributed Differential Privacy. 2017 18th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Applications and Technologies (PDCAT). :25–32.

Distributed data aggregation via summation (counting) helped us to learn the insights behind the raw data. However, such computing suffered from a high privacy risk of malicious collusion attacks. That is, the colluding adversaries infer a victim's privacy from the gaps between the aggregation outputs and their source data. Among the solutions against such collusion attacks, Distributed Differential Privacy (DDP) shows a significant effect of privacy preservation. Specifically, a DDP scheme guarantees the global differential privacy (the presence or absence of any data curator barely impacts the aggregation outputs) by ensuring local differential privacy at the end of each data curator. To guarantee an overall privacy performance of a distributed data aggregation system against malicious collusion attacks, part of the existing work on such DDP scheme aim to provide an estimated lower bound of privacy budget for the global differential privacy. However, there are two main problems: low data utility from using a large global function sensitivity; unknown privacy guarantee when the aggregation sensitivity of the whole system is less than the sum of the data curator's aggregation sensitivity. To address these problems while ensuring distributed differential privacy, we provide a new lower bound of privacy budget, which works with an unconditional aggregation sensitivity of the whole distributed system. Moreover, we study the performance of our privacy bound in different scenarios of data updates. Both theoretical and experimental evaluations show that our privacy bound offers better global privacy performance than the existing work.

Wei, R., Shen, H., Tian, H..  2017.  An Improved (k,p,l)-Anonymity Method for Privacy Preserving Collaborative Filtering. GLOBECOM 2017 - 2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference. :1–6.

Collaborative Filtering (CF) is a successful technique that has been implemented in recommender systems and Privacy Preserving Collaborative Filtering (PPCF) aroused increasing concerns of the society. Current solutions mainly focus on cryptographic methods, obfuscation methods, perturbation methods and differential privacy methods. But these methods have some shortcomings, such as unnecessary computational cost, lower data quality and hard to calibrate the magnitude of noise. This paper proposes a (k, p, I)-anonymity method that improves the existing k-anonymity method in PPCF. The method works as follows: First, it applies Latent Factor Model (LFM) to reduce matrix sparsity. Then it improves Maximum Distance to Average Vector (MDAV) microaggregation algorithm based on importance partitioning to increase homogeneity among records in each group which can retain better data quality and (p, I)-diversity model where p is attacker's prior knowledge about users' ratings and I is the diversity among users in each group to improve the level of privacy preserving. Theoretical and experimental analyses show that our approach ensures a higher level of privacy preserving based on lower information loss.