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Chen, Bo, Hawkins, Calvin, Yazdani, Kasra, Hale, Matthew.  2021.  Edge Differential Privacy for Algebraic Connectivity of Graphs. 2021 60th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC). :2764—2769.
Graphs are the dominant formalism for modeling multi-agent systems. The algebraic connectivity of a graph is particularly important because it provides the convergence rates of consensus algorithms that underlie many multi-agent control and optimization techniques. However, sharing the value of algebraic connectivity can inadvertently reveal sensitive information about the topology of a graph, such as connections in social networks. Therefore, in this work we present a method to release a graph’s algebraic connectivity under a graph-theoretic form of differential privacy, called edge differential privacy. Edge differential privacy obfuscates differences among graphs’ edge sets and thus conceals the absence or presence of sensitive connections therein. We provide privacy with bounded Laplace noise, which improves accuracy relative to conventional unbounded noise. The private algebraic connectivity values are analytically shown to provide accurate estimates of consensus convergence rates, as well as accurate bounds on the diameter of a graph and the mean distance between its nodes. Simulation results confirm the utility of private algebraic connectivity in these contexts.
Yazdani, Kasra, Hale, Matthew.  2020.  Error Bounds and Guidelines for Privacy Calibration in Differentially Private Kalman Filtering. 2020 American Control Conference (ACC). :4423—4428.
Differential privacy has emerged as a formal framework for protecting sensitive information in control systems. One key feature is that it is immune to post-processing, which means that arbitrary post-hoc computations can be performed on privatized data without weakening differential privacy. It is therefore common to filter private data streams. To characterize this setup, in this paper we present error and entropy bounds for Kalman filtering differentially private state trajectories. We consider systems in which an output trajectory is privatized in order to protect the state trajectory that produced it. We provide bounds on a priori and a posteriori error and differential entropy of a Kalman filter which is processing the privatized output trajectories. Using the error bounds we develop, we then provide guidelines to calibrate privacy levels in order to keep filter error within pre-specified bounds. Simulation results are presented to demonstrate these developments.