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Conference Paper
Farid, Mina, Roatis, Alexandra, Ilyas, Ihab F., Hoffmann, Hella-Franziska, Chu, Xu.  2016.  CLAMS: Bringing Quality to Data Lakes. Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Management of Data. :2089–2092.

With the increasing incentive of enterprises to ingest as much data as they can in what is commonly referred to as "data lakes", and with the recent development of multiple technologies to support this "load-first" paradigm, the new environment presents serious data management challenges. Among them, the assessment of data quality and cleaning large volumes of heterogeneous data sources become essential tasks in unveiling the value of big data. The coveted use of unstructured and semi-structured data in large volumes makes current data cleaning tools (primarily designed for relational data) not directly adoptable. We present CLAMS, a system to discover and enforce expressive integrity constraints from large amounts of lake data with very limited schema information (e.g., represented as RDF triples). This demonstration shows how CLAMS is able to discover the constraints and the schemas they are defined on simultaneously. CLAMS also introduces a scale-out solution to efficiently detect errors in the raw data. CLAMS interacts with human experts to both validate the discovered constraints and to suggest data repairs. CLAMS has been deployed in a real large-scale enterprise data lake and was experimented with a real data set of 1.2 billion triples. It has been able to spot multiple obscure data inconsistencies and errors early in the data processing stack, providing huge value to the enterprise.

Chu, Xu, Ilyas, Ihab F., Krishnan, Sanjay, Wang, Jiannan.  2016.  Data Cleaning: Overview and Emerging Challenges. Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Management of Data. :2201–2206.

Detecting and repairing dirty data is one of the perennial challenges in data analytics, and failure to do so can result in inaccurate analytics and unreliable decisions. Over the past few years, there has been a surge of interest from both industry and academia on data cleaning problems including new abstractions, interfaces, approaches for scalability, and statistical techniques. To better understand the new advances in the field, we will first present a taxonomy of the data cleaning literature in which we highlight the recent interest in techniques that use constraints, rules, or patterns to detect errors, which we call qualitative data cleaning. We will describe the state-of-the-art techniques and also highlight their limitations with a series of illustrative examples. While traditionally such approaches are distinct from quantitative approaches such as outlier detection, we also discuss recent work that casts such approaches into a statistical estimation framework including: using Machine Learning to improve the efficiency and accuracy of data cleaning and considering the effects of data cleaning on statistical analysis.