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Conference Paper
Zhang, Zhenyong, Wu, Junfeng, Yau, David, Cheng, Peng, Chen, Jiming.  2018.  Secure Kalman Filter State Estimation by Partially Homomorphic Encryption. 2018 ACM/IEEE 9th International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems (ICCPS). :345–346.
Recently, the security of state estimation has been attracting significant research attention due to the need for trustworthy situation awareness in emerging (e.g., industrial) cyber-physical systems. In this paper, we investigate secure estimation based on Kalman filtering (SEKF) using partially homomorphically encrypted data. The encryption will enhance the confidentiality not only of data transmitted in the communication network, but also key system information required by the estimator. We use a multiplicative homomorphic encryption scheme, but with a modified decryption algorithm. SEKF is able to conceal comprehensive information (i.e., system parameters, measurements, and state estimates) aggregated at the sink node of the estimator, while retaining the effectiveness of normal Kalman filtering. Therefore, even if an attacker has gained unauthorized access to the estimator and associated communication channels, he will not be able to obtain sufficient knowledge of the system state to guide the attack, e.g., ensure its stealthiness. We present an implementation structure of the SEKF to reduce the communication overhead compared with traditional secure multiparty computation (SMC) methods. Finally, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the SEKF on an IEEE 9-bus power system.
Zhang, Jiao, Ren, Fengyuan, Shu, Ran, Cheng, Peng.  2016.  TFC: Token Flow Control in Data Center Networks. Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on Computer Systems. :23:1–23:14.

Services in modern data center networks pose growing performance demands. However, the widely existed special traffic patterns, such as micro-burst, highly concurrent flows, on-off pattern of flow transmission, exacerbate the performance of transport protocols. In this work, an clean-slate explicit transport control mechanism, called Token Flow Control (TFC), is proposed for data center networks to achieve high link utilization, ultra-low latency, fast convergence, and rare packets dropping. TFC uses tokens to represent the link bandwidth resource and define the concept of effective flows to stand for consumers. The total tokens will be explicitly allocated to each consumer every time slot. TFC excludes in-network buffer space from the flow pipeline and thus achieves zero-queueing. Besides, a packet delay function is added at switches to prevent packets dropping with highly concurrent flows. The performance of TFC is evaluated using both experiments on a small real testbed and large-scale simulations. The results show that TFC achieves high throughput, fast convergence, near zero-queuing and rare packets loss in various scenarios.