Visible to the public Biblio

Filters: Author is Liu, H.  [Clear All Filters]
2019-04-05
Nan, Z., Zhai, L., Zhai, L., Liu, H..  2018.  Botnet Homology Method Based on Symbolic Approximation Algorithm of Communication Characteristic Curve. 2018 15th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Video and Signal Based Surveillance (AVSS). :1-6.
The IRC botnet is the earliest and most significant botnet group that has a significant impact. Its characteristic is to control multiple zombies hosts through the IRC protocol and constructing command control channels. Relevant research analyzes the large amount of network traffic generated by command interaction between the botnet client and the C&C server. Packet capture traffic monitoring on the network is currently a more effective detection method, but this information does not reflect the essential characteristics of the IRC botnet. The increase in the amount of erroneous judgments has often occurred. To identify whether the botnet control server is a homogenous botnet, dynamic network communication characteristic curves are extracted. For unequal time series, dynamic time warping distance clustering is used to identify the homologous botnets by category, and in order to improve detection. Speed, experiments will use SAX to reduce the dimension of the extracted curve, reducing the time cost without reducing the accuracy.
2019-03-28
He, F., Zhang, Y., Liu, H., Zhou, W..  2018.  SCPN-Based Game Model for Security Situational Awareness in the Intenet of Things. 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1-5.
Internet of Things (IoT) is characterized by various of heterogeneous devices that facing numerous threats, which makes modeling security situation of IoT still a certain challenge. This paper defines a Stochastic Colored Petri Net (SCPN) for IoT-based smart environment and then proposes a Game model for security situational awareness. All possible attack paths are computed by the SCPN, and antagonistic behavior of both attackers and defenders are taken into consideration dynamically according to Game Theory (GT). Experiments on two typical attack scenarios in smart home environment demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model. The proposed model can form a macroscopic trend curve of the security situation. Analysis of the results shows the capabilities of the proposed model in finding vulnerable devices and potential attack paths, and even facilitating the choice of defense strategy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to use Game Theory in the IoT-based SCPN to establish a security situational awareness model for a complex smart environment.
2019-03-06
Lin, Y., Liu, H., Xie, G., Zhang, Y..  2018.  Time Series Forecasting by Evolving Deep Belief Network with Negative Correlation Search. 2018 Chinese Automation Congress (CAC). :3839-3843.

The recently developed deep belief network (DBN) has been shown to be an effective methodology for solving time series forecasting problems. However, the performance of DBN is seriously depended on the reasonable setting of hyperparameters. At present, random search, grid search and Bayesian optimization are the most common methods of hyperparameters optimization. As an alternative, a state-of-the-art derivative-free optimizer-negative correlation search (NCS) is adopted in this paper to decide the sizes of DBN and learning rates during the training processes. A comparative analysis is performed between the proposed method and other popular techniques in the time series forecasting experiment based on two types of time series datasets. Experiment results statistically affirm the efficiency of the proposed model to obtain better prediction results compared with conventional neural network models.

2019-01-21
Lu, L., Yu, J., Chen, Y., Liu, H., Zhu, Y., Liu, Y., Li, M..  2018.  LipPass: Lip Reading-based User Authentication on Smartphones Leveraging Acoustic Signals. IEEE INFOCOM 2018 - IEEE Conference on Computer Communications. :1466–1474.
To prevent users' privacy from leakage, more and more mobile devices employ biometric-based authentication approaches, such as fingerprint, face recognition, voiceprint authentications, etc., to enhance the privacy protection. However, these approaches are vulnerable to replay attacks. Although state-of-art solutions utilize liveness verification to combat the attacks, existing approaches are sensitive to ambient environments, such as ambient lights and surrounding audible noises. Towards this end, we explore liveness verification of user authentication leveraging users' lip movements, which are robust to noisy environments. In this paper, we propose a lip reading-based user authentication system, LipPass, which extracts unique behavioral characteristics of users' speaking lips leveraging build-in audio devices on smartphones for user authentication. We first investigate Doppler profiles of acoustic signals caused by users' speaking lips, and find that there are unique lip movement patterns for different individuals. To characterize the lip movements, we propose a deep learning-based method to extract efficient features from Doppler profiles, and employ Support Vector Machine and Support Vector Domain Description to construct binary classifiers and spoofer detectors for user identification and spoofer detection, respectively. Afterwards, we develop a binary tree-based authentication approach to accurately identify each individual leveraging these binary classifiers and spoofer detectors with respect to registered users. Through extensive experiments involving 48 volunteers in four real environments, LipPass can achieve 90.21% accuracy in user identification and 93.1% accuracy in spoofer detection.
2018-09-28
Hu, J., Shi, W., Liu, H., Yan, J., Tian, Y., Wu, Z..  2017.  Preserving Friendly-Correlations in Uncertain Graphs Using Differential Privacy. 2017 International Conference on Networking and Network Applications (NaNA). :24–29.

It is a challenging problem to preserve the friendly-correlations between individuals when publishing social-network data. To alleviate this problem, uncertain graph has been presented recently. The main idea of uncertain graph is converting an original graph into an uncertain form, where the correlations between individuals is an associated probability. However, the existing methods of uncertain graph lack rigorous guarantees of privacy and rely on the assumption of adversary's knowledge. In this paper we first introduced a general model for constructing uncertain graphs. Then, we proposed an algorithm under the model which is based on differential privacy and made an analysis of algorithm's privacy. Our algorithm provides rigorous guarantees of privacy and against the background knowledge attack. Finally, the algorithm we proposed satisfied differential privacy and showed feasibility in the experiments. And then, we compare our algorithm with (k, ε)-obfuscation algorithm in terms of data utility, the importance of nodes for network in our algorithm is similar to (k, ε)-obfuscation algorithm.

2018-02-06
Ming, Z., Zheng-jiang, W., Liu, H..  2017.  Random Projection Data Perturbation Based Privacy Protection in WSNs. 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS). :493–498.

Wireless sensor networks are responsible for sensing, gathering and processing the information of the objects in the network coverage area. Basic data fusion technology generally does not provide data privacy protection mechanism, and the privacy protection mechanism in health care, military reconnaissance, smart home and other areas of the application is usually indispensable. In this paper, we consider the privacy, confidentiality, and the accuracy of fusion results, and propose a data fusion algorithm for privacy preserving. This algorithm relies on the characteristics of data fusion, and uses the method of pre-distribution random number in the node to get the privacy protection requirements of the original data. Theoretical analysis shows that the malicious attacker attempts to steal the difficulty of node privacy in PPND algorithm. At the same time in the TOSSIM simulation results also show that, compared with TAG, SMART algorithm, PPND algorithm in the data traffic, the convergence accuracy of the good performance.

2018-01-23
Hu, X., Tang, W., Liu, H., Zhang, D., Lian, S., He, Y..  2017.  Construction of bulk power grid security defense system under the background of AC/DC hybrid EHV transmission system and new energy. IECON 2017 - 43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. :5713–5719.

With the rapid development of bulk power grid under extra-high voltage (EHV) AC/DC hybrid power system and extensive access of distributed energy resources (DER), operation characteristics of power grid have become increasingly complicated. To cope with new severe challenges faced by safe operation of interconnected bulk power grids, an in-depth analysis of bulk power grid security defense system under the background of EHV and new energy resources was implemented from aspects of management and technology in this paper. Supported by big data and cloud computing, bulk power grid security defense system was divided into two parts: one is the prevention and control of operation risks. Power grid risks are eliminated and influence of random faults is reduced through measures such as network planning, power-cut scheme, risk pre-warning, equipment status monitoring, voltage control, frequency control and adjustment of operating mode. The other is the fault recovery control. By updating “three defense lines”, intelligent relay protection is used to deal with the challenges brought by EHV AC/DC hybrid grid and new energy resources. And then security defense system featured by passive defense is promoted to active type power grid security defense system.

2017-12-28
Liu, H., Ditzler, G..  2017.  A fast information-theoretic approximation of joint mutual information feature selection. 2017 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN). :4610–4617.

Feature selection is an important step in data analysis to address the curse of dimensionality. Such dimensionality reduction techniques are particularly important when if a classification is required and the model scales in polynomial time with the size of the feature (e.g., some applications include genomics, life sciences, cyber-security, etc.). Feature selection is the process of finding the minimum subset of features that allows for the maximum predictive power. Many of the state-of-the-art information-theoretic feature selection approaches use a greedy forward search; however, there are concerns with the search in regards to the efficiency and optimality. A unified framework was recently presented for information-theoretic feature selection that tied together many of the works in over the past twenty years. The work showed that joint mutual information maximization (JMI) is generally the best options; however, the complexity of greedy search for JMI scales quadratically and it is infeasible on high dimensional datasets. In this contribution, we propose a fast approximation of JMI based on information theory. Our approach takes advantage of decomposing the calculations within JMI to speed up a typical greedy search. We benchmarked the proposed approach against JMI on several UCI datasets, and we demonstrate that the proposed approach returns feature sets that are highly consistent with JMI, while decreasing the run time required to perform feature selection.

2017-12-27
Sun, X., Liu, H., Zhang, M..  2016.  Multivariate symmetric cryptography with 2-dimesion chaotic disturbation. 2016 8th International Conference on Wireless Communications Signal Processing (WCSP). :1–4.

Multivariate public key cryptosystem acts as a signature system rather than encryption system due to the minus mode used in system. A multivariate encryption system with determinate equations in central map and chaotic shell protection for central map and affine map is proposed in this paper. The outputs of two-dimension chaotic system are discretized on a finite field to disturb the central map and affine map in multivariate cryptosystem. The determined equations meet the shortage of indeterminate equations in minus mode and make the general attack methods are out of tenable condition. The analysis shows the proposed multivariate symmetric encryption system based on chaotic shell is able to resist general attacks.

2017-03-08
Liu, H., Wang, W., He, Z., Tong, Q., Wang, X., Yu, W., Lv, M..  2015.  Blind image quality evaluation metrics design for UAV photographic application. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Cyber Technology in Automation, Control, and Intelligent Systems (CYBER). :293–297.

A number of blind Image Quality Evaluation Metrics (IQEMs) for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) photograph application are presented. Nowadays, the visible light camera is widely used for UAV photograph application because of its vivid imaging effect; however, the outdoor environment light will produce great negative influences on its imaging output unfortunately. In this paper, to conquer this problem above, we design and reuse a series of blind IQEMs to analyze the imaging quality of UAV application. The Human Visual System (HVS) based IQEMs, including the image brightness level, the image contrast level, the image noise level, the image edge blur level, the image texture intensity level, the image jitter level, and the image flicker level, are all considered in our application. Once these IQEMs are calculated, they can be utilized to provide a computational reference for the following image processing application, such as image understanding and recognition. Some preliminary experiments for image enhancement have proved the correctness and validity of our proposed technique.