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Lira, Wallace, Gama, Fernando, Barbosa, Hivana, Alves, Ronnie, de Souza, Cleidson.  2016.  VCloud: Adding Interactiveness to Word Clouds for Knowledge Exploration in Large Unstructured Texts. Proceedings of the 31st Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing. :193–198.

The identification of relevant information in large text databases is a challenging task. One of the reasons is human beings' limitations in handling large volumes of data. A common solution for scavenging data from texts are word clouds. A word cloud illustrates word usage in a document by resizing individual words in documents proportionally to how frequently they appear. Even though word clouds are easy to understand, they are not particularly efficient, because they are static. In addition, the presented information lacks context, i.e., words are not explained and they may lead to radically erroneous interpretations. To tackle these problems we developed VCloud, a tool that allows the user to interact with word clouds, therefore allowing informative and interactive data exploration. Furthermore, our tool also allows one to compare two data sets presented as word clouds. We evaluated VCloud using real data about the evolution of gastritis research through the years. The papers indexed by Pubmed related to this medical context were selected for visualization and data analysis using VCloud. A domain expert explored these visualizations, being able to extract useful information from it. This illustrates how can VCloud be a valuable tool for visual text analytics.