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2020-07-03
Huijuan, Wang, Yong, Jiang, Xingmin, Ma.  2019.  Fast Bi-dimensional Empirical Mode based Multisource Image Fusion Decomposition. 2019 28th Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC). :1—4.
Bi-dimensional empirical mode decomposition can decompose the source image into several Bi-dimensional Intrinsic Mode Functions. In the process of image decomposition, interpolation is needed and the upper and lower envelopes will be drawn. However, these interpolations and the drawings of upper and lower envelopes require a lot of computation time and manual screening. This paper proposes a simple but effective method that can maintain the characteristics of the original BEMD method, and the Hermite interpolation reconstruction method is used to replace the surface interpolation, and the variable neighborhood window method is used to replace the fixed neighborhood window method. We call it fast bi-dimensional empirical mode decomposition of the variable neighborhood window method based on research characteristics, and we finally complete the image fusion. The empirical analysis shows that this method can overcome the shortcomings that the source image features and details information of BIMF component decomposed from the original BEMD method are not rich enough, and reduce the calculation time, and the fusion quality is better.
2020-06-26
Wang, Manxi, Liu, Bingjie, Xu, Haitao.  2019.  Resource Allocation for Threat Defense in Cyber-security IoT system. 2019 28th Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC). :1—3.
In this paper, we design a model for resource allocation in IoT system considering the cyber security, to achieve optimal resource allocation when defend the attack and threat. The resource allocation problem is constructed as a dynamic game, where the threat level is the state and the defend cost is the objective function. Open loop solution and feedback solutions are both given to the defender as the optimal control variables under different solutions situations. The optimal allocated resource and the optimal threat level for the defender is simulated through the numerical simulations.
2020-06-19
Novak, Marek, Skryja, Petr.  2019.  Efficient Partial Firmware Update for IoT Devices with Lua Scripting Interface. 2019 29th International Conference Radioelektronika (RADIOELEKTRONIKA). :1—4.

The paper introduces a method of efficient partial firmware update with several advantages compared to common methods. The amount of data to transfer for an update is reduced, the energetic efficiency is increased and as the method is designed for over the air update, the radio spectrum occupancy is decreased. Herein described approach uses Lua scripting interface to introduce updatable fragments of invokable native code. This requires a dedicated memory layout, which is herein introduced. This method allows not only to distribute patches for deployed systems, but also on demand add-ons. At the end, the security aspects of proposed firmware update system is discussed and its limitations are presented.

Garrido, Pablo, Sanchez, Isabel, Ferlin, Simone, Aguero, Ramon, Alay, Ozgu.  2019.  Poster: rQUIC - integrating FEC with QUIC for robust wireless communications. 2019 IFIP Networking Conference (IFIP Networking). :1—2.

Quick UDP Internet Connections (QUIC) is an experimental transport protocol designed to primarily reduce connection establishment and transport latency, as well as to improve security standards with default end-to-end encryption in HTTPbased applications. QUIC is a multiplexed and secure transport protocol fostered by Google and its design emerged from the urgent need of innovation in the transport layer, mainly due to difficulties extending TCP and deploying new protocols. While still under standardisation, a non-negligble fraction of the Internet's traffic, more than 7% of a European Tier1-ISP, is already running over QUIC and it constitutes more than 30% of Google's egress traffic [1].

2020-06-15
Kipchuk, Feodosiy, Sokolov, Volodymyr, Buriachok, Volodymyr, Kuzmenko, Lidia.  2019.  Investigation of Availability of Wireless Access Points based on Embedded Systems. 2019 IEEE International Scientific-Practical Conference Problems of Infocommunications, Science and Technology (PIC S T). :1–5.
The paper presents the results of load testing of embedded hardware platforms for Internet of Things solutions. Analyzed the available hardware. The operating systems from different manufacturers were consolidated into a single classification, and for the two most popular, load testing was performed by an external and internal wireless network adapter. Developed its own software solution based on the Python programming language. The number of wireless subscribers ranged from 7 to 14. Experimental results will be useful in deploying wireless infrastructure for small commercial and scientific wireless networks.
2020-06-02
Kundu, M. K., Shabab, S., Badrudduza, A. S. M..  2019.  Information Theoretic Security over α-µ/α-µ Composite Multipath Fading Channel. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Telecommunications and Photonics (ICTP). :1—4.

Multipath fading as well as shadowing is liable for the leakage of confidential information from the wireless channels. In this paper a solution to this information leakage is proposed, where a source transmits signal through a α-μ/α-μ composite fading channel considering an eavesdropper is present in the system. Secrecy enhancement is investigated with the help of two fading parameters α and μ. To mitigate the impacts of shadowing a α-μ distribution is considered whose mean is another α-μ distribution which helps to moderate the effects multipath fading. The mathematical expressions of some secrecy matrices such as the probability of non-zero secrecy capacity and the secure outage probability are obtained in closed-form to analyze security of the wireless channel in light of the channel parameters. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations are provided to justify the correctness of the derived expressions.

2020-06-01
Kapoor, Chavi.  2019.  Routing Table Management using Dynamic Information with Routing Around Connectivity Holes (RACH) for IoT Networks. 2019 International Conference on Automation, Computational and Technology Management (ICACTM). :174—177.

The internet of things (IoT) is the popular wireless network for data collection applications. The IoT networks are deployed in dense or sparse architectures, out of which the dense networks are vastly popular as these are capable of gathering the huge volumes of data. The collected data is analyzed using the historical or continuous analytical systems, which uses the back testing or time-series analytics to observe the desired patterns from the target data. The lost or bad interval data always carries the high probability to misguide the analysis reports. The data is lost due to a variety of reasons, out of which the most popular ones are associated with the node failures and connectivity holes, which occurs due to physical damage, software malfunctioning, blackhole/wormhole attacks, route poisoning, etc. In this paper, the work is carried on the new routing scheme for the IoTs to avoid the connectivity holes, which analyzes the activity of wireless nodes and takes the appropriate actions when required.

Zhang, Tianchen, Zhang, Taimin, Ji, Xiaoyu, Xu, Wenyuan.  2019.  Cuckoo-RPL: Cuckoo Filter based RPL for Defending AMI Network from Blackhole Attacks. 2019 Chinese Control Conference (CCC). :8920—8925.

Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) is a key component in the smart grid. Transmitting data robustly and reliably between the tremendous smart meters in the AMI is one of the most crucial tasks for providing various services in smart grid. Among the many efforts for designing practical routing protocols for the AMI, the Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) proposed by the IETF ROLL working group is considered the most consolidated candidate. Resent research has shown cyber attacks such as blackhole attack and version number attack can seriously damage the performance of the network implementing RPL. The main reason that RPL is vulnerable to these kinds of attacks is the lack an authentication mechanism. In this paper, we study the impact of blackhole attacks on the performance of the AMI network and proposed a new blackhole attack that can bypass the existing defense mechanism. Then, we propose a cuckoo filter based RPL to defend the AMI network from blackhole attacks. We also give the security analysis of the proposed method.

2020-05-15
Lebiednik, Brian, Abadal, Sergi, Kwon, Hyoukjun, Krishna, Tushar.  2018.  Architecting a Secure Wireless Network-on-Chip. 2018 Twelfth IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Networks-on-Chip (NOCS). :1—8.
With increasing integration in SoCs, the Network-on-Chip (NoC) connecting cores and accelerators is of paramount importance to provide low-latency and high-throughput communication. Due to limits to scaling of electrical wires in terms of energy and delay, especially for long multi-mm distances on-chip, alternate technologies such as Wireless Network-on-Chip (WNoC) have shown promise. WNoCs can provide low-latency one-hop broadcasts across the entire chip and can augment point-to-point multi-hop signaling over traditional wired NoCs. Thus, there has been a recent surge in research demonstrating the performance and energy benefits of WNoCs. However, little to no work has studied the additional security and fault tolerance challenges that are unique to WNoCs. In this work, we study potential threats related to denial-of-service, spoofing, and eavesdropping attacks in WNoCs, due to malicious hardware trojans or faulty wireless components. We introduce Prometheus, a dropin solution inside the network interface that provides protection from all three attacks, while adhering to the strict area, power and latency constraints of on-chip systems.
2020-05-11
Vashist, Abhishek, Keats, Andrew, Pudukotai Dinakarrao, Sai Manoj, Ganguly, Amlan.  2019.  Securing a Wireless Network-on-Chip Against Jamming Based Denial-of-Service Attacks. 2019 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI (ISVLSI). :320–325.
Wireless Networks-on-Chips (NoCs) have emerged as a panacea to the non-scalable multi-hop data transmission paths in traditional wired NoC architectures. Using low-power transceivers in NoC switches, novel Wireless NoC (WiNoC) architectures have been shown to achieve higher energy efficiency with improved peak bandwidth and reduced on-chip data transfer latency. However, using wireless interconnects for data transfer within a chip makes the on-chip communications vulnerable to various security threats from either external attackers or internal hardware Trojans (HTs). In this work, we propose a mechanism to make the wireless communication in a WiNoC secure against persistent jamming based Denial-of-Service attacks from both external and internal attackers. Persistent jamming attacks on the on-chip wireless medium will cause interference in data transfer over the duration of the attack resulting in errors in contiguous bits, known as burst errors. Therefore, we use a burst error correction code to monitor the rate of burst errors received over the wireless medium and deploy a Machine Learning (ML) classifier to detect the persistent jamming attack and distinguish it from random burst errors. In the event of jamming attack, alternate routing strategies are proposed to avoid the DoS attack over the wireless medium, so that a secure data transfer can be sustained even in the presence of jamming. We evaluate the proposed technique on a secure WiNoC in the presence of DoS attacks. It has been observed that with the proposed defense mechanisms, WiNoC can outperform a wired NoC even in presence of attacks in terms of performance and security. On an average, 99.87% attack detection was achieved with the chosen ML Classifiers. A bandwidth degradation of \textbackslashtextless;3% is experienced in the event of internal attack, while the wireless interconnects are disabled in the presence of an external attacker.
Poovendran, R, Billclinton., S, Darshan., R, Dinakar., R, Fazil., M.  2019.  Design and analysis of a mesh-based Adaptive Wireless Network-on Chips Architecture With Irregular Network Routing. 2019 IEEE International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN). :1–6.
The metallic interface for between core messages expends wealth influence and lesser throughput which are huge in Network-on Chip (NoC) structures. We proposed a remote Network-on-Chip (NoC) building Wireless Network-on Chip that uses power and imperatives gainful remote handsets to improve higherenergy and throughput by altering channels as indicated by traffic plans. Our proposed computations uses interface use bits of knowledge to redispensreal platforms, and a vitality funds of 29-35%. Wireless channels and a token sharing arrangement to totally use the remote information transmission successfully. Remote/electrical topological with results demonstrates a through-put advancement of 69%, a speedup between 1.7-2.9X on real platform, and an power savings of 25-38%.
2020-04-10
Simpson, Oluyomi, Sun, Yichuang.  2019.  A Stochastic Method to Physical Layer Security of an Amplify-and-Forward Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks: Secondary User to Relay. 2019 15th International Wireless Communications Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :197—202.
In this paper, a framework for capitalizing on the potential benefits of physical layer security in an amplify-and-forward cooperative spectrum sensing (AF-CSS) in a cognitive radio network (CRN) using a stochastic geometry is proposed. In the CRN network the sensing data from secondary users (SUs) are collected by a fusion center (FC) with the help of access points (AP) as relays, and when malicious eavesdropping secondary users (SUs) are listening. We focus on the secure transmission of active SUs transmitting their sensing data to the AP. Closed expressions for the average secrecy rate are presented. Numerical results corroborate our analysis and show that multiple antennas at the APs can enhance the security of the AF-CSS-CRN. The obtained numerical results show that average secrecy rate between the AP and its correlated FC decreases when the number of AP is increased. Nevertheless, we find that an increase in the number of AP initially increases the overall average secrecy rate, with a perilous value at which the overall average secrecy rate then decreases. While increasing the number of active SUs, there is a decrease in the secrecy rate between the sensor and its correlated AP.
Srinu, Sesham, Reddy, M. Kranthi Kumar, Temaneh-Nyah, Clement.  2019.  Physical layer security against cooperative anomaly attack using bivariate data in distributed CRNs. 2019 11th International Conference on Communication Systems Networks (COMSNETS). :410—413.
Wireless communication network (WCN) performance is primarily depends on physical layer security which is critical among all other layers of OSI network model. It is typically prone to anomaly/malicious user's attacks owing to openness of wireless channels. Cognitive radio networking (CRN) is a recently emerged wireless technology that is having numerous security challenges because of its unlicensed access of wireless channels. In CRNs, the security issues occur mainly during spectrum sensing and is more pronounced during distributed spectrum sensing. In recent past, various anomaly effects are modelled and developed detectors by applying advanced statistical techniques. Nevertheless, many of these detectors have been developed based on sensing data of one variable (energy measurement) and degrades their performance drastically when the data is contaminated with multiple anomaly nodes, that attack the network cooperatively. Hence, one has to develop an efficient multiple anomaly detection algorithm to eliminate all possible cooperative attacks. To achieve this, in this work, the impact of anomaly on detection probability is verified beforehand in developing an efficient algorithm using bivariate data to detect possible attacks with mahalanobis distance measure. Result discloses that detection error of cooperative attacks by anomaly has significant impact on eigenvalue-based sensing.
2020-04-06
Alamleh, Hosam, AlQahtani, Ali Abdullah S..  2020.  Two Methods for Authentication Using Variable Transmission Power Patterns. 2020 10th Annual Computing and Communication Workshop and Conference (CCWC). :0355–0358.
In the last decade, the adoption of wireless systems has increased. These systems allow multiple devices to send data wirelessly using radio waves. Moreover, in some applications, authentication is done wirelessly by exchanging authentication data over the air as in wireless locks and keyless entry systems. On the other hand, most of the wireless devices today can control the radio frequency transmission power to optimize the system's performance and minimize interference. In this paper, we explore the possibility of modulating the radio frequency transmission power in wireless systems for authentication purposes and using it for source authentication. Furthermore, we propose two system models that perform authentication using variable power transmission patterns. Then, we discuss possible applications. Finally, we implement and test a prototype system using IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi) devices.
2020-03-18
Wang, Johnson J. H..  2019.  Solving Cybersecurity Problem by Symmetric Dual-Space Formulation—Physical and Cybernetic. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting. :601–602.
To address cybersecurity, this author proposed recently the approach of formulating it in symmetric dual-space and dual-system. This paper further explains this concept, beginning with symmetric Maxwell Equation (ME) and Fourier Transform (FT). The approach appears to be a powerful solution, with wide applications ranging from Electronic Warfare (EW) to 5G Mobile, etc.
2020-03-09
Xiaoxin, LOU, Xiulan, SONG, Defeng, HE, Liming, MENG.  2019.  Secure estimation for intelligent connected vehicle systems against sensor attacks. 2019 Chinese Control Conference (CCC). :6658–6662.
Intelligent connected vehicle system tightly integrates computing, communication, and control strategy. It can increase the traffic throughput, minimize the risk of accidents and reduce the energy consumption. However, because of the openness of the vehicular ad hoc network, the system is vulnerable to cyber-attacks and may result in disastrous consequences. Hence, it is interesting in design of the connected vehicular systems to be resilient to the sensor attacks. The paper focuses on the estimation and control of the intelligent connected vehicle systems when the sensors or the wireless channels of the system are attacked by attackers. We give the upper bound of the corrupted sensors that can be corrected and design the state estimator to reconstruct the initial state by designing a closed-loop controller. Finally, we verify the algorithm for the connected vehicle system by some classical simulations.
2020-03-02
Wheeler, Thomas, Bharathi, Ezhil, Gil, Stephanie.  2019.  Switching Topology for Resilient Consensus Using Wi-Fi Signals. 2019 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA). :2018–2024.

Securing multi-robot teams against malicious activity is crucial as these systems accelerate towards widespread societal integration. This emerging class of ``physical networks'' requires research into new methods of security that exploit their physical nature. This paper derives a theoretical framework for securing multi-agent consensus against the Sybil attack by using the physical properties of wireless transmissions. Our frame-work uses information extracted from the wireless channels to design a switching signal that stochastically excludes potentially untrustworthy transmissions from the consensus. Intuitively, this amounts to selectively ignoring incoming communications from untrustworthy agents, allowing for consensus to the true average to be recovered with high probability if initiated after a certain observation time T0 that we derive. This work is different from previous work in that it allows for arbitrary malicious node values and is insensitive to the initial topology of the network so long as a connected topology over legitimate nodes in the network is feasible. We show that our algorithm will recover consensus and the true graph over the system of legitimate agents with an error rate that vanishes exponentially with time.

Illi, Elmehdi, Bouanani, Faissal El, da Costa, Daniel Benevides, Sofotasios, Paschalis C., Ayoub, Fouad, Mezher, Kahtan, Muhaidat, Sami.  2019.  On the Physical Layer Security of a Regenerative Relay-Based mixed RF/UOWC. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Communication Technologies and Networking (CommNet). :1–7.
This paper investigates the secrecy outage performance of a dual-hop decode-and-forward (DF) mixed radio-frequency/underwater optical wireless communication (RF/UOWC) system. We consider a one-antenna source node ( S), communicating with one legitimate destination node (D) via a multi-antenna DF relay (R) node. In this context, the relay node receives the incoming signal from S via an RF link, which is subject to Rayleigh fading, then performes selection-combining (SC) followed by decoding and then re-encoding for transmission to the destination over a UOWC link, subject to mixture Exponential-Gamma fading. Under the assumption of eavesdroppers attempting to intercept the S-R (RF side), a closed-form expression for the secrecy outage probability is derived. Our analytical results are corroborated through computer simulations, which verifies their validity.
2020-02-26
Qiu, Tongsheng, Wang, Xianyi, Tian, Yusen, Du, Qifei, Sun, Yueqiang.  2019.  A System Design of Real-Time Narrowband Rfi Detection And Mitigation for Gnss-R Receiver. IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. :5167–5170.

With the rapid development of radio detection and wireless communication, narrowband radio-frequency interference (NB-RFI) is a serious threat for GNSS-R (global navigation satellite systems - reflectometry) receivers. However, interferometric GNSS-R (iGNSS-R) is more prone to the NB-RFIs than conventional GNSS-R (cGNSS-R), due to wider bandwidth and unclean replica. Therefore, there is strong demand of detecting and mitigating NB-RFIs for GNSS-R receivers, especially iGNSS-R receivers. Hence, focusing on working with high sampling rate and simplifying the fixed-point implementation on FPGA, this paper proposes a system design exploiting cascading IIR band-stop filters (BSFs) to suppress NB-RFIs. Furthermore, IIR BSF compared with IIR notch filter (NF) and IIR band-pass filter (BPF) is the merely choice that is able to mitigate both white narrowband interference (WNBI) and continuous wave interference (CWI) well. Finally, validation and evaluation are conducted, and then it is indicated that the system design can detect NB-RFIs and suppress WNBI and CWI effectively, which improves the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the Delay-Doppler map (DDM).

2020-02-17
Nouichi, Douae, Abdelsalam, Mohamed, Nasir, Qassim, Abbas, Sohail.  2019.  IoT Devices Security Using RF Fingerprinting. 2019 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET). :1–7.
Internet of Things (IoT) devices industry is rapidly growing, with an accelerated increase in the list of manufacturers offering a wide range of smart devices selected to enhance end-users' standard of living. Security remains an after-thought in these devices resulting in vulnerabilities. While there exists a cryptographic protocol designed to solve such authentication problem, the computational complexity of cryptographic protocols and scalability problems make almost all cryptography-based authentication protocols impractical for IoT. Wireless RFF (Radio Frequency Fingerprinting) comes as a physical layer-based security authentication method that improves wireless security authentication, which is especially useful for the power and computing limited devices. As a proof-of-concept, this paper proposes a universal SDR (software defined Radio)-based inexpensive implementation intended to sense emitted wireless signals from IoT devices. Our approach is validated by extracting mobile phone signal bursts under different user-dedicated modes. The proposed setup is well adapted to accurately capture signals from different telecommunication standards. To ensure a unique identification of IoT devices, this paper also provides an optimum set of features useful to generate the device identity fingerprint.
Hylamia, Sam, Yan, Wenqing, Rohner, Christian, Voigt, Thiemo.  2019.  Tiek: Two-tier Authentication and Key Distribution for Wearable Devices. 2019 International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob). :1–6.
Wearable devices, such as implantable medical devices and smart wearables, are becoming increasingly popular with applications that vary from casual activity monitoring to critical medical uses. Unsurprisingly, numerous security vulnerabilities have been found in this class of devices. Yet, research on physical measurement-based authentication and key distribution assumes that body-worn devices are benign and uncompromised. Tiek is a novel authentication and key distribution protocol which addresses this issue. We utilize two sources of randomness to perform device authentication and key distribution simultaneously but through separate means. This creates a two-tier authorization scheme that enables devices to join the network while protecting them from each other. We describe Tiek and analyze its security.
2020-01-21
Jain, Jay Kumar, Chauhan, Dipti.  2019.  Analytical Study on Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for IPV6. 2019 4th International Conference on Internet of Things: Smart Innovation and Usages (IoT-SIU). :1–6.
The ongoing progressions in wireless innovation have lead to the advancement of another remote framework called Mobile Ad hoc Networks. The Mobile Ad hoc Network is a self arranging system of wireless gadgets associated by wireless connections. The traditional protocol, for example, TCP/IP has restricted use in Mobile impromptu systems in light of the absence of portability and assets. This has lead to the improvement of many steering conventions, for example, proactive, receptive and half breed. One intriguing examination zone in MANET is steering. Steering in the MANETs is a testing assignment and has gotten a colossal measure of consideration from examines. An uncommon consideration is paid on to feature the combination of MANET with the critical highlights of IPv6, for example, coordinated security, start to finish correspondence. This has prompted advancement of various directing conventions for MANETs, and every creator of each developed convention contends that the technique proposed gives an improvement over various distinctive systems considered in the writing for a given system situation. In this way, it is very hard to figure out which conventions may perform best under various diverse system situations, for example, expanding hub thickness and traffic. In this paper, we give the ongoing expository investigation on MANETs for IPV6 systems.
Zhou, Lin, Feng, Jing, He, Haiguang, Mao, Zhijie, Chen, Yingmei, Gao, Mei, He, Zhuzhen.  2019.  A Construction Method of Security Mechanism Requirement for Wireless Access System Based on CC Standard. 2019 International Conference on Intelligent Transportation, Big Data Smart City (ICITBS). :369–372.

Aiming at the incomplete and incomplete security mechanism of wireless access system in emergency communication network, this paper proposes a security mechanism requirement construction method for wireless access system based on security evaluation standard. This paper discusses the requirements of security mechanism construction in wireless access system from three aspects: the definition of security issues, the construction of security functional components and security assurance components. This method can comprehensively analyze the security threats and security requirements of wireless access system in emergency communication network, and can provide correct and reasonable guidance and reference for the establishment of security mechanism.

Zhan, Xin, Yuan, Huabing, Wang, Xiaodong.  2019.  Research on Block Chain Network Intrusion Detection System. 2019 International Conference on Computer Network, Electronic and Automation (ICCNEA). :191–196.

With the development of computer technology and the popularization of network, network brings great convenience to colleagues and risks to people from all walks of life all over the world. The data in the network world is growing explosively. Various kinds of intrusions are emerging in an endless stream. The means of network intrusion are becoming more and more complex. The intrusions occur at any time and the security threats become more and more serious. Defense alone cannot meet the needs of system security. It is also necessary to monitor the behavior of users in the network at any time and detect new intrusions that may occur at any time. This will not only make people's normal network needs cannot be guaranteed, but also face great network risks. So that people not only rely on defensive means to protect network security, this paper explores block chain network intrusion detection system. Firstly, the characteristics of block chain are briefly introduced, and the challenges of block chain network intrusion security and privacy are proposed. Secondly, the intrusion detection system of WLAN is designed experimentally. Finally, the conclusion analysis of block chain network intrusion detection system is discussed.

2020-01-20
Ohata, Keita, Adachi, Masakazu, Kusaka, Keisuke, Itoh, Jun-Ichi.  2019.  Three-phase AC-DC Converter for EV Rapid Charging with Wireless Communication for Decentralized Controller. 2019 10th International Conference on Power Electronics and ECCE Asia (ICPE 2019 - ECCE Asia). :3033–3039.

This paper proposes a multi-modular AC-DC converter system using wireless communication for a rapid charger of electric vehicles (EVs). The multi-modular topology, which consists of multiple modules, has an advantage on the expandability regarding voltage and power. In the proposed system, the input current and output voltage are controlled by each decentralized controller, which wirelessly communicates to the main controller, on each module. Thus, high-speed communication between the main and modules is not required. As the results in a reduced number of signal lines. The fundamental effectiveness of the proposed system is verified with a 3-kW prototype. In the experimented results, the input current imbalance rate is reduced from 49.4% to 0.1%, where total harmonic distortion is less than 3%.