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2021-03-01
Chakravarty, S., Hopkins, A..  2020.  LoRa Mesh Network with BeagleBone Black. 2020 Fourth World Conference on Smart Trends in Systems, Security and Sustainability (WorldS4). :306–311.
This paper investigates the use of BeagleBone Black Wireless single-board Linux computers with Long Range (LoRa) transceivers to send and receive information in a mesh network while one of the transmitting/receiving nodes is acting as a relay in the system. An experiment is conducted to examine how long each LoRa node needed to learn the transmission intervals of any other transmitting nodes on the network and to synchronize with the other nodes prior to transmission. The spread factor, bandwidth, and coding rate are all varied for a total of 18 different combinations. A link to the Python code used on the BeagleBone Black is provided at the end of this paper. The best parameter combinations for each individual node and for the system as a whole is investigated. Additional experiments and applications of this technology are explored in the conclusions.
2020-12-28
Zondo, S., Ogudo, K., Umenne, P..  2020.  Design of a Smart Home System Using Bluetooth Protocol. 2020 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Computing and Data Communication Systems (icABCD). :1—5.
Home automation is an intelligent, functional as a unit system that facilitates home processes without unnecessarily complicating the user's life. Devices can be connected, which in turn connect and talk through a centralized control unit, which are accessible via mobile phones. These devices include lights, appliances, security systems, alarms and many other sensors and devices. This paper presents the design and implementation of a Bluetooth based smart home automation system which uses a Peripheral interface controller (PIC) microcontroller (16F1937) as the main processer and the appliances are connected to the peripheral ports of the microcontroller via relays. The circuit in the project was designed in Diptrace software. The PCB layout design was completed. The fully functional smart home prototype was built and demonstrated to functional.
2020-09-18
Torabi, Mohammad, Pouri, Alireza Baghaei.  2019.  Physical Layer Security of a Two-Hop Mixed RF-FSO System in a Cognitive Radio Network. 2019 2nd West Asian Colloquium on Optical Wireless Communications (WACOWC). :167—170.
In this paper, the physical layer (PHY)security performance of a dual-hop cooperative relaying in a cognitive-radio system in the presence of an eavesdropper is investigated. The dual-hop transmission is composed of an asymmetric radio frequency (RF)link and a free space optical (FSO)link. In the considered system, an unlicensed secondary user (SU)uses the spectrum which is shared by a licensed primary user (PU)in a controlled manner to keep the interference at PU receiver, below a predefined value. Furthermore, among M available relays, one relay with the best end-to-end signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR)is selected for transmission. It is assumed that all of the RF links follow Rayleigh fading and all of the FSO links follow Gamma-Gamma distribution. Simulations results for some important security metrics, such as the average secrecy capacity (SC), and secrecy outage probability (SOP)are presented, where some practical issues of FSO links such as atmospheric turbulence, and pointing errors are taken into consideration.
2019-11-25
Benamira, Elias, Merazka, Fatiha, Kurt, Gunes Karabulut.  2018.  Joint Channel Coding and Cooperative Network Coding on PSK Constellations in Wireless Networks. 2018 International Conference on Smart Communications in Network Technologies (SaCoNeT). :132–137.
In this paper, we consider the application of Reed-Solomon (RS) channel coding for joint error correction and cooperative network coding on non-binary phase shift keying (PSK) modulated signals. The relay first decodes the RS channel coded messages received each in a time slot from all sources before applying network coding (NC) by the use of bit-level exclusive OR (XOR) operation. The network coded resulting message is then channel encoded before its transmission to the next relay or to the destination according to the network configuration. This scenario shows superior performance in comparison with the case where the relay does not perform channel coding/decoding. For different orders of PSK modulation and different wireless configurations, simulation results demonstrate the improvements resulting from the use of RS channel codes in terms of symbol error rate (SER) versus signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).
2017-03-07
Hsu, Kai-Cheng, Lin, Kate Ching-Ju, Wei, Hung-Yu.  2016.  Full-duplex Delay-and-forward Relaying. Proceedings of the 17th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing. :221–230.

A full-duplex radio can transmit and receive simultaneously, and, hence, is a natural fit for realizing an in-band relay system. Most of existing full-duplex relay designs, however, simply forward an amplified version of the received signal without decoding it, and, thereby, also amplify the noise at the relay, offsetting throughput gains of full-duplex relaying. To overcome this issue, we explore an alternative: demodulate-and-forward. This paper presents the design and implementation of DelayForward (DF), a practical system that fully extracts the relay gains of full-duplex demodulate-and-forward mechanism. DF allows a relay to remove its noise from the signal it receives via demodulation and forward the clean signal to destination with a small delay. While such delay-and-forward mechanism avoids forwarding the noise at the relay, the half-duplex destination, however, now receives the combination of the direct signal from a source and the delayed signal from a relay. Unlike previous theoretical work, which mainly focuses on deriving the capacity of demodulate-and-forward relaying, we observe that such combined signals have a structure similar to the convolutional code, and, hence, propose a novel viterbi-type decoder to recover data from those combined signals in practice. Another challenge is that the performance of full-duplex relay is inherently bounded by the minimum of the relay's SNR and the destination's SNR. To break this limitation, we further develop a power allocation scheme to optimize the capacity of DF. We have built a prototype of DF using USRP software radios. Experimental results show that our power-adaptive DF delivers the throughput gain of 1.25×, on average, over the state-of-the-art full-duplex relay design. The gain is as high as 2.03× for the more challenged clients.