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Gope, Prosanta, Sikdar, Biplab.  2018.  An Efficient Privacy-Preserving Dynamic Pricing-Based Billing Scheme for Smart Grids. 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS). :1–2.

This paper proposes a lightweight and privacy-preserving data aggregation scheme for dynamic electricity pricing based billing in smart grids using the concept of single-pass authenticated encryption (AE). Unlike existing literature that only considers static pricing, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper to address privacy under dynamic pricing.

Benmalek, Mourad, Challal, Yacine, Derhab, Abdelouahid.  2019.  An Improved Key Graph Based Key Management Scheme for Smart Grid AMI Systems. 2019 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC). :1–6.

In this paper, we focus on versatile and scalable key management for Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) in Smart Grid (SG). We show that a recently proposed key graph based scheme for AMI systems (VerSAMI) suffers from efficiency flaws in its broadcast key management protocol. Then, we propose a new key management scheme (iVerSAMI) by modifying VerSAMI's key graph structure and proposing a new broadcast key update process. We analyze security and performance of the proposed broadcast key management in details to show that iVerSAMI is secure and efficient in terms of storage and communication overheads.

Mahmood, N. H., Pedersen, K. I., Mogensen, P..  2017.  A centralized inter-cell rank coordination mechanism for 5G systems. 2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). :1951–1956.
Multiple transmit and receive antennas can be used to increase the number of independent streams between a transmitter-receiver pair, or to improve the interference resilience property with the help of linear minimum mean squared error (MMSE) receivers. An interference aware inter-cell rank coordination framework for the future fifth generation wireless system is proposed in this article. The proposal utilizes results from random matrix theory to estimate the mean signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio at the MMSE receiver. In addition, a game-theoretic interference pricing measure is introduced as an inter-cell interference management mechanism to balance the spatial multiplexing vs. interference resilience trade-off. Exhaustive Monte Carlo simulations results demonstrating the performance of the proposed algorithm indicate a gain of around 40% over conventional non interference-aware schemes; and within around 6% of the optimum performance obtained using a brute-force exhaustive search algorithm.
Matt, J., Waibel, P., Schulte, S..  2017.  Cost- and Latency-Efficient Redundant Data Storage in the Cloud. 2017 IEEE 10th Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA). :164–172.
With the steady increase of offered cloud storage services, they became a popular alternative to local storage systems. Beside several benefits, the usage of cloud storage services can offer, they have also some downsides like potential vendor lock-in or unavailability. Different pricing models, storage technologies and changing storage requirements are further complicating the selection of the best fitting storage solution. In this work, we present a heuristic optimization approach that optimizes the placement of data on cloud-based storage services in a redundant, cost- and latency-efficient way while considering user-defined Quality of Service requirements. The presented approach uses monitored data access patterns to find the best fitting storage solution. Through extensive evaluations, we show that our approach saves up to 30% of the storage cost and reduces the upload and download times by up to 48% and 69% in comparison to a baseline that follows a state-of-the-art approach.
Lin, Y., Abur, A..  2017.  Identifying security vulnerabilities of weakly detectable network parameter errors. 2017 55th Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing (Allerton). :295–301.
This paper is concerned about the security vulnerabilities in the implementation of the Congestion Revenue Rights (CRR) markets. Such problems may be due to the weakly detectable network model parameter errors which are commonly found in power systems. CRRs are financial tools for hedging the risk of congestion charges in power markets. The reimbursements received by CRR holders are determined by the congestion patterns and Locational Marginal Prices (LMPs) in the day-ahead markets, which heavily rely on the parameters in the network model. It is recently shown that detection of errors in certain network model parameters may be very difficult. This paper's primary goal is to illustrate the lack of market security due to such vulnerabilities, i.e. CRR market calculations can be manipulated by injecting parameter errors which are not likely to be detected. A case study using the IEEE 14-bus system will illustrate the feasibility of such undetectable manipulations. Several suggestions for preventing such cyber security issues are provided at the end of the paper.
Tajer, A..  2017.  Data Injection Attacks in Electricity Markets: Stochastic Robustness. 2017 IEEE Global Conference on Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP). :1095–1099.

Deregulated electricity markets rely on a two-settlement system consisting of day-ahead and real-time markets, across which electricity price is volatile. In such markets, locational marginal pricing is widely adopted to set electricity prices and manage transmission congestion. Locational marginal prices are vulnerable to measurement errors. Existing studies show that if the adversaries are omniscient, they can design profitable attack strategies without being detected by the residue-based bad data detectors. This paper focuses on a more realistic setting, in which the attackers have only partial and imperfect information due to their limited resources and restricted physical access to the grid. Specifically, the attackers are assumed to have uncertainties about the state of the grid, and the uncertainties are modeled stochastically. Based on this model, this paper offers a framework for characterizing the optimal stochastic guarantees for the effectiveness of the attacks and the associated pricing impacts.

Li, X..  2015.  A Quantity-Flexibility Contract in Two-Stage Decision with Supply Chain Coordination. 2015 11th International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security (CIS). :109–112.

We study a quantity-flexibility supply contract between a manufacturer and a retailer in two periods. The retailer can get a low wholesale price within a fixed quantity and adjust the quantity at the end of the first period. The retailer can adjust the order quantities after the first period based on updated inventory status by paying a higher per-unit price for the incremental units or obtaining a buyback price per-unit for the returning units. By developing a two-period dynamic programming model in this paper, we first obtain an optimal replenishment strategy for the retailer when the manufacturer's price scheme is known. Then we derive an proper pricing scheme for the manufacturer by assuming that the supply chain is coordinated. The numerical results show some managerial insights by comparing this coordination scheme with Stackelberg game.

Dai, Z., Li, Z. Y..  2015.  Fuzzy Optimization of Automobile Supply Chain Network of Considering Risks. 2015 Seventh International Symposium on Parallel Architectures Algorithms and Programming (PAAP). :134–138.

In this paper, an optimization model of automobile supply chain network with risks under fuzzy price is put forward. The supply chain network is composed of component suppliers, plants, and distribution centers. The total costs of automobile supply chain consist of variable costs, fixed costs, and transportation costs. The objective of this study is to minimize the risks of total profits. In order to deal with this model, this paper puts forward an approximation method to transform a continuous fuzzy problem into discrete fuzzy problem. The model is solved using Cplex 12.6. The results show that Cplex 12.6 can perfectly solve this model, the expected value and lower semi-variance of total profits converge with the increasing number of discretization points, the structure of automobile supply chain network keeps unchanged with the increasing number of discretization points.

Shahgoshtasbi, D., Jamshidi, M.M..  2014.  A New Intelligent Neuro #x2013;Fuzzy Paradigm for Energy-Efficient Homes. Systems Journal, IEEE. 8:664-673.

Demand response (DR), which is the action voluntarily taken by a consumer to adjust amount or timing of its energy consumption, has an important role in improving energy efficiency. With DR, we can shift electrical load from peak demand time to other periods based on changes in price signal. At residential level, automated energy management systems (EMS) have been developed to assist users in responding to price changes in dynamic pricing systems. In this paper, a new intelligent EMS (iEMS) in a smart house is presented. It consists of two parts: a fuzzy subsystem and an intelligent lookup table. The fuzzy subsystem is based on its fuzzy rules and inputs that produce the proper output for the intelligent lookup table. The second part, whose core is a new model of an associative neural network, is able to map inputs to desired outputs. The structure of the associative neural network is presented and discussed. The intelligent lookup table takes three types of inputs that come from the fuzzy subsystem, outside sensors, and feedback outputs. Whatever is trained in this lookup table are different scenarios in different conditions. This system is able to find the best energy-efficiency scenario in different situations.

Mitchell, R., Ing-Ray Chen.  2014.  Adaptive Intrusion Detection of Malicious Unmanned Air Vehicles Using Behavior Rule Specifications. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, IEEE Transactions on. 44:593-604.

In this paper, we propose an adaptive specification-based intrusion detection system (IDS) for detecting malicious unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) in an airborne system in which continuity of operation is of the utmost importance. An IDS audits UAVs in a distributed system to determine if the UAVs are functioning normally or are operating under malicious attacks. We investigate the impact of reckless, random, and opportunistic attacker behaviors (modes which many historical cyber attacks have used) on the effectiveness of our behavior rule-based UAV IDS (BRUIDS) which bases its audit on behavior rules to quickly assess the survivability of the UAV facing malicious attacks. Through a comparative analysis with the multiagent system/ant-colony clustering model, we demonstrate a high detection accuracy of BRUIDS for compliant performance. By adjusting the detection strength, BRUIDS can effectively trade higher false positives for lower false negatives to cope with more sophisticated random and opportunistic attackers to support ultrasafe and secure UAV applications.