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Murali, R., Velayutham, C. S..  2020.  A Conceptual Direction on Automatically Evolving Computer Malware using Genetic and Evolutionary Algorithms. 2020 International Conference on Inventive Computation Technologies (ICICT). :226—229.

The widespread use of computing devices and the heavy dependence on the internet has evolved the cyberspace to a cyber world - something comparable to an artificial world. This paper focuses on one of the major problems of the cyber world - cyber security or more specifically computer malware. We show that computer malware is a perfect example of an artificial ecosystem with a co-evolutionary predator-prey framework. We attempt to merge the two domains of biologically inspired computing and computer malware. Under the aegis of proactive defense, this paper discusses the possibilities, challenges and opportunities in fusing evolutionary computing techniques with malware creation.

Goudos, S. K., Diamantoulakis, P. D., Boursianis, A. D., Papanikolaou, V. K., Karagiannidis, G. K..  2020.  Joint User Association and Power Allocation Using Swarm Intelligence Algorithms in Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Networks. 2020 9th International Conference on Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies (MOCAST). :1–4.
In this paper, we address the problem of joint user association and power allocation for non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) networks with multiple base stations (BSs). A user grouping procedure into orthogonal clusters, as well as an allocation of different physical resource blocks (PRBs) is considered. The problem of interest is mathematically described using the maximization of the weighted sum rate. We apply two different swarm intelligence algorithms, namely, the recently introduced Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), and the popular Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), in order to solve this problem. Numerical results demonstrate that the above-described problem can be satisfactorily addressed by both algorithms.
Dong, D., Ye, Z., Su, J., Xie, S., Cao, Y., Kochan, R..  2020.  A Malware Detection Method Based on Improved Fireworks Algorithm and Support Vector Machine. 2020 IEEE 15th International Conference on Advanced Trends in Radioelectronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering (TCSET). :846–851.
The increasing of malwares has presented a serious threat to the security of computer systems in recent years. Traditional signature-based anti-virus systems are not able to detect metamorphic and previously unseen malwares and it inspires people to use machine learning methods such as Naive Bayes and Decision Tree to identity malicious executables. Among these methods, detecting malwares by using Support Vector Machine (SVM) is one of the most effective approaches. However, the parameters of SVM have serious impacts on its classification performance. In order to find the optimal parameter combination and avoid the problem of falling into local optimal solution, many methods based on evolutionary algorithms are proposed, including Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Differential Evolution (DE) and others. But these algorithms still face the problem of being trapped into local solution spaces in different degree. In this paper, an improved fireworks algorithm is presented and applied to search parameters of SVM: penalty factor c and kernel function parameter g. To research the performance of the proposed algorithm, numeric experiments are made and compared with some typical algorithms, the experimental results demonstrate it outperforms other algorithms.
Zhang, Xu, Ye, Zhiwei, Yan, Lingyu, Wang, Chunzhi, Wang, Ruoxi.  2018.  Security Situation Prediction based on Hybrid Rice Optimization Algorithm and Back Propagation Neural Network. 2018 IEEE 4th International Symposium on Wireless Systems within the International Conferences on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems (IDAACS-SWS). :73—77.
Research on network security situation awareness is currently a research hotspot in the field of network security. It is one of the easiest and most effective methods to use the BP neural network for security situation prediction. However, there are still some problems in BP neural network, such as slow convergence rate, easy to fall into local extremum, etc. On the other hand, some common used evolutionary algorithms, such as genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO), easily fall into local optimum. Hybrid rice optimization algorithm is a newly proposed algorithm with strong search ability, so the method of this paper is proposed. This article describes in detail the use of BP network security posture prediction method. In the proposed method, HRO is used to train the connection weights of the BP network. Through the advantages of HRO global search and fast convergence, the future security situation of the network is predicted, and the accuracy of the situation prediction is effectively improved.
Garcia, Dennis, Lugo, Anthony Erb, Hemberg, Erik, O'Reilly, Una-May.  2017.  Investigating Coevolutionary Archive Based Genetic Algorithms on Cyber Defense Networks. Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion. :1455–1462.
We introduce a new cybersecurity project named RIVALS. RIVALS will assist in developing network defense strategies through modeling adversarial network attack and defense dynamics. RIVALS will focus on peer-to-peer networks and use coevolutionary algorithms. In this contribution, we describe RIVALS' current suite of coevolutionary algorithms that use archiving to maintain progressive exploration and that support different solution concepts as fitness metrics. We compare and contrast their effectiveness by executing a standard coevolutionary benchmark (Compare-on-one) and RIVALS simulations on 3 different network topologies. Currently, we model denial of service (DOS) attack strategies by the attacker selecting one or more network servers to disable for some duration. Defenders can choose one of three different network routing protocols: shortest path, flooding and a peer-to-peer ring overlay to try to maintain their performance. Attack completion and resource cost minimization serve as attacker objectives. Mission completion and resource cost minimization are the reciprocal defender objectives. Our experiments show that existing algorithms either sacrifice execution speed or forgo the assurance of consistent results. rIPCA, our adaptation of a known coevolutionary algorithm named IPC A, is able to more consistently produce high quality results, albeit without IPCA's guarantees for results with monotonically increasing performance, without sacrificing speed.
Lugo, Anthony Erb, Garcia, Dennis, Hemberg, Erik, O'Reilly, Una-May.  2017.  Developing Proactive Defenses for Computer Networks with Coevolutionary Genetic Algorithms. Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion. :273–274.
Our cybersecurity tool, RIVALS, develops adaptive network defense strategies by modeling adversarial network attack and defense behavior in peer-to-peer networks via coevolutionary algorithms. Currently RIVALS DOS attacks are modestly modeled by the selection of a node that is completely disabled for a resource-limited duration. Defenders have three different network routing protocols. Attack or mission completion and resource cost metrics serve as attacker and defender objectives. This work also includes a description of RIVALS' suite of coevolutionary algorithms that explore archiving as a means of maintaining progressive exploration and support the evaluation of different solution concepts. To compare and contrast the effectiveness of each algorithm, we execute simulations on 3 different network topologies. Our experiments show that it is possible to forgo the assurance of monotonically increasing results and still retain high quality results.
Biao Zhang, Huihui Yan, Junhua Duan, Liang, J.J., Hong-yan Sang, Quan-ke Pan.  2014.  An improved harmony search algorithm with dynamic control parameters for continuous optimization problems. Control and Decision Conference (2014 CCDC), The 26th Chinese. :966-971.

An improved harmony search algorithm is presented for solving continuous optimization problems in this paper. In the proposed algorithm, an elimination principle is developed for choosing from the harmony memory, so that the harmonies with better fitness will have more opportunities to be selected in generating new harmonies. Two key control parameters, pitch adjustment rate (PAR) and bandwidth distance (bw), are dynamically adjusted to favor exploration in the early stages and exploitation during the final stages of the search process with the different search spaces of the optimization problems. Numerical results of 12 benchmark problems show that the proposed algorithm performs more effectively than the existing HS variants in finding better solutions.