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2021-04-08
Guo, T., Zhou, R., Tian, C..  2020.  On the Information Leakage in Private Information Retrieval Systems. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. 15:2999—3012.
We consider information leakage to the user in private information retrieval (PIR) systems. Information leakage can be measured in terms of individual message leakage or total leakage. Individual message leakage, or simply individual leakage, is defined as the amount of information that the user can obtain on any individual message that is not being requested, and the total leakage is defined as the amount of information that the user can obtain about all the other messages except the one being requested. In this work, we characterize the tradeoff between the minimum download cost and the individual leakage, and that for the total leakage, respectively. Coding schemes are proposed to achieve these optimal tradeoffs, which are also shown to be optimal in terms of the message size. We further characterize the optimal tradeoff between the minimum amount of common randomness and the total leakage. Moreover, we show that under individual leakage, common randomness is in fact unnecessary when there are more than two messages.
2021-01-22
Zaher, A. A., Hussain, G. Amjad.  2019.  Chaos-based Cryptography for Transmitting Multimedia Data over Public Channels. 2019 7th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology (CoICT). :1–6.

This paper explores using chaos-based cryptography for transmitting multimedia data, mainly speech and voice messages, over public communication channels, such as the internet. The secret message to be transmitted is first converted into a one-dimensional time series, that can be cast in a digital/binary format. The main feature of the proposed technique is mapping the two levels of every corresponding bit of the time series into different multiple chaotic orbits, using a simple encryption function. This one-to-many mapping robustifies the encryption technique and makes it resilient to crypto-analysis methods that rely on associating the energy level of the signal into two binary levels, using return map attacks. A chaotic nonautonomous Duffing oscillator is chosen to implement the suggested technique, using three different parameters that are assumed unknown at the receiver side. Synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver and reconstructing the secret message, at the receiver side, is done using a Lyapunov-based adaptive technique. Achieving stable operation, tuning the required control gains, as well as effective utilization of the bandwidth of the public communication channel are investigated. Two different case studies are presented; the first one deals with text that can be expressed as 8-bit ASCII code, while the second one corresponds to an analog acoustic signal that corresponds to the voice associated with pronouncing a short sentence. Advantages and limitation of the proposed technique are highlighted, while suggesting extensions to other multimedia signals, along with their required additional computational effort.

Hayati, N., Suryanto, Y., Ramli, K., Suryanegara, M..  2019.  End-to-End Voice Encryption Based on Multiple Circular Chaotic Permutation. 2019 2nd International Conference on Communication Engineering and Technology (ICCET). :101–106.

Voice communication is an important need in daily activities whether delivered with or without technology. Telecommunication technology has accommodated this need by providing a wide range of infrastructure, including large varieties of devices used as intermediary and end devices. One of the cellular technologies that is very widely used by the public is GSM (Global System for Mobile), while in the military, trunked radio is still popular. However, the security systems of GSM and trunked radio have limitations. Therefore, this paper proposes a platform to secure voice data over wireless mobile communication by providing end-to-end encryption. This platform is robust to noise, real-time and remains secure. The proposed encryption utilizes multicircular permutations rotated by expanded keys as dynamic keys to scramble the data. We carry out simulations and testbed implementation to prove that application of the proposed method is feasible.

Bouteghrine, B., Rabiai, M., Tanougast, C., Sadoudi, S..  2019.  FPGA Implementation of Internet Key Exchange Based on Chaotic Cryptosystem. 2019 10th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications (IDAACS). 1:384–387.

In network communication domain, one of the most widely used protocol for encrypting data and securing communications is the IPSec protocol. The design of this protocol is based on two main phases which are: exchanging keys phase and transferring data phase. In this paper we focus on enhancing the exchanging keys phase which is included in the security association (SA), using a chaotic cryptosystem. Initially IPSec is based on the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol for establishing the SA. Actually IKE protocol is in charge for negotiating the connection and for authenticating both nodes. However; using IKE gives rise to a major problem related to security attack such as the Man in the Middle Attack. In this paper, we propose a chaotic cryptosystem solution to generate SA file for the connected nodes of the network. By solving a 4-Dimension chaotic system, a SA file that includes 128-bit keys will be established. The proposed solution is implemented and tested using FPGA boards.

Kubba, Z. M. Jawad, Hoomod, H. K..  2019.  A Hybrid Modified Lightweight Algorithm Combined of Two Cryptography Algorithms PRESENT and Salsa20 Using Chaotic System. 2019 First International Conference of Computer and Applied Sciences (CAS). :199–203.

Cryptography algorithms play a critical role in information technology against various attacks witnessed in the digital era. Many studies and algorithms are done to achieve security issues for information systems. The high complexity of computational operations characterises the traditional cryptography algorithms. On the other hand, lightweight algorithms are the way to solve most of the security issues that encounter applying traditional cryptography in constrained devices. However, a symmetric cipher is widely applied for ensuring the security of data communication in constraint devices. In this study, we proposed a hybrid algorithm based on two cryptography algorithms PRESENT and Salsa20. Also, a 2D logistic map of a chaotic system is applied to generate pseudo-random keys that produce more complexity for the proposed cipher algorithm. The goal of the proposed algorithm is to present a hybrid algorithm by enhancing the complexity of the current PRESENT algorithm while keeping the performance of computational operations as minimal. The proposed algorithm proved working efficiently with fast executed time, and the analysed result of the generated sequence keys passed the randomness of the NIST suite.

Xu, H., Jiang, H..  2019.  An Image Encryption Schema Based on Hybrid Optimized Chaotic System. 2019 3rd International Conference on Electronic Information Technology and Computer Engineering (EITCE). :784–788.

The purpose of this paper is to improve the safety of chaotic image encryption algorithm. Firstly, to achieve this goal, it put forward two improved chaotic system logistic and henon, which covered an promoted henon chaotic system with better probability density, and an 2-dimension logistic chaotic system with high Lyapunov exponents. Secondly, the chaotic key stream was generated by the new 2D logistic chaotic system and optimized henon mapping, which mixed in dynamic proportions. The conducted sequence has better randomness and higher safety for image cryptosystem. Thirdly, we proposed algorithm takes advantage of the compounded chaotic system Simulation experiment results and security analysis showed that the proposed scheme was more effective and secure. It can resist various typical attacks, has high security, satisfies the requirements of image encryption theoretical.

Ramos, E. de Almeida, Filho, J. C. B., Reis, R..  2019.  Cryptography by Synchronization of Hopfield Neural Networks that Simulate Chaotic Signals Generated by the Human Body. 2019 17th IEEE International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS). :1–4.

In this work, an asymmetric cryptography method for information security was developed, inspired by the fact that the human body generates chaotic signals, and these signals can be used to create sequences of random numbers. Encryption circuit was implemented in a Reconfigurable Hardware (FPGA). To encode and decode an image, the chaotic synchronization between two dynamic systems, such as Hopfield neural networks (HNNs), was used to simulate chaotic signals. The notion of Homotopy, an argument of topological nature, was used for the synchronization. The results show efficiency when compared to state of the art, in terms of image correlation, histogram analysis and hardware implementation.

2021-01-18
Ergün, S., Tanrıseven, S..  2020.  Random Number Generator Based on Skew-tent Map and Chaotic Sampling. 2020 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems (APCCAS). :224–227.
In this paper a novel random number generator is introduced and it is based on the Skew-tent discrete-time chaotic map. The RNG presented in this paper is made using the discrete-time chaotic map and chaotic sampling of regular waveform method together to increase the throughput and statistical quality of the output sequence. An explanation of the arithmetic model for the proposed design is given in this paper with an algebra confirmation for the generated bit stream that shows how it passes the primary four tests of the FIPS-140-2 test suit successfully. Finally the bit stream resulting from the hardware implementation of the circuit in a similar method has been confirmed to pass all NIST-800-22 test with no post processing. A presentation of the experimentally obtained results is given therefor proving the the circuit’s usefulness. The proposed RNG can be built with the integrated circuit.
Tsareva, P., Voronova, A., Vetrov, B., Ivanov, A..  2020.  Digital Dynamic Chaos-Based Encryption System in a Research Project of the Department of Marine Electronics. 2020 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :538–541.
The problems of synthesis of a digital data encryption system based on dynamic chaos in a research project carried out at the Department of Marine Electronics (SMTU) are considered. A description is made of the problems of generating a chaotic (random) signal in computer systems with calculations with finite accuracy.
Ibrahim, A. K., Hagras, E. A. A. A., Alfhar, A., El-Kamchochi, H. A..  2020.  Dynamic Chaotic Biometric Identity Isomorphic Elliptic Curve (DCBI-IEC) for Crypto Images. 2020 2nd International Conference on Computer Communication and the Internet (ICCCI). :119–125.

In this paper, a novel Dynamic Chaotic Biometric Identity Isomorphic Elliptic Curve (DCBI-IEC) has been introduced for Image Encryption. The biometric digital identity is extracted from the user fingerprint image as fingerprint minutia data incorporated with the chaotic logistic map and hence, a new DCBDI-IEC has been suggested. DCBI-IEC is used to control the key schedule for all encryption and decryption processing. Statistical analysis, differential analysis and key sensitivity test are performed to estimate the security strengths of the proposed DCBI-IEC system. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm is robust against common signal processing attacks and provides a high security level for image encryption application.

Huang, Y., Wang, S., Wang, Y., Li, H..  2020.  A New Four-Dimensional Chaotic System and Its Application in Speech Encryption. 2020 Information Communication Technologies Conference (ICTC). :171–175.
Traditional encryption algorithms are not suitable for modern mass speech situations, while some low-dimensional chaotic encryption algorithms are simple and easy to implement, but their key space often small, leading to poor security, so there is still a lot of room for improvement. Aiming at these problems, this paper proposes a new type of four-dimensional chaotic system and applies it to speech encryption. Simulation results show that the encryption scheme in this paper has higher key space and security, which can achieve the speech encryption goal.
Santos, T. A., Magalhães, E. P., Basílio, N. P., Nepomuceno, E. G., Karimov, T. I., Butusov, D. N..  2020.  Improving Chaotic Image Encryption Using Maps with Small Lyapunov Exponents. 2020 Moscow Workshop on Electronic and Networking Technologies (MWENT). :1–4.
Chaos-based encryption is one of the promising cryptography techniques that can be used. Although chaos-based encryption provides excellent security, the finite precision of number representation in computers affects decryption accuracy negatively. In this paper, a way to mitigate some problems regarding finite precision is analyzed. We show that the use of maps with small Lyapunov exponents can improve the performance of chaotic encryption scheme, making it suitable for image encryption.
2020-11-02
Kadhim, H., Hatem, M. A..  2019.  Secure Data Packet in MANET Based Chaos-Modified AES Algorithm. 2019 2nd International Conference on Engineering Technology and its Applications (IICETA). :208–213.
Security is one of the more challenging problem for wireless Ad-Hoc networks specially in MANT due their features like dynamic topology, no centralized infrastructure, open architecture, etc. that make its more prone to different attacks. These attacks can be passive or active. The passive attack it hard to detect it in the network because its targets the confidential of data packet by eavesdropping on it. Therefore, the privacy preservation for data packets payload which it transmission over MANET has been a major part of concern. especially for safety-sensitive applications such as, privacy conference meetings, military applications, etc. In this paper it used symmetric cryptography to provide privacy for data packet by proposed modified AES based on five proposed which are: Key generation based on multi chaotic system, new SubByte, new ShiftRows, Add-two-XOR, Add-Shiftcycl.
2020-09-21
Farrag, Sara, Alexan, Wassim, Hussein, Hisham H..  2019.  Triple-Layer Image Security Using a Zigzag Embedding Pattern. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Communication Technologies and Networking (CommNet). :1–8.
This paper proposes a triple-layer, high capacity, message security scheme. The first two layers are of a cryptographic nature, whereas the third layer is of a steganographic nature. In the first layer, AES-128 encryption is performed on the secret message. In the second layer, a chaotic logistic map encryption is applied on the output of the first secure layer to increase the security of the scheme. In the third layer of security, a 2D image steganography technique is performed, where the least significant bit (LSB) -embedding is done according to a zigzag pattern in each of the three color planes of the cover image (i.e. RGB). The distinguishing feature of the proposed scheme is that the secret data is hidden in a zigzag manner that cannot be predicted by a third party. Moreover, our scheme achieves higher values of peak signal to noise ratio (PPSNR), mean square error (MSE), the structural similarity index metric (SSIM), normal cross correlation (NCC) and image fidelity (IF) compared to its counterparts form the literature. In addition, a histogram analysis as well as the high achieved capacity are magnificent indicators for a reliable and high capacity steganographic scheme.
2020-09-08
Peng, Peng, Li, Suoping, An, Xinlei, Wang, Fan, Dou, Zufang, Xu, Qianyu.  2019.  Synchronization for three chaotic systems with different structures and its application in secure communication. 2019 IEEE 3rd Advanced Information Management, Communicates, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IMCEC). :1485–1489.
Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, a novel adaptive synchronization method is proposed for three chaotic systems with different orders. Then the proposed method is applied to secure communication. This paper designs a novel multistage chaotic synchronized secure communication system in which the encrypted information signal is transmitted to the receiver after two chaotic masking, and then recovered at the synchronized receiver. Numerical results show the success in transmitting a continuous signal and a discrete signal through three synchronized systems.
Kassim, Sarah, Megherbi, Ouerdia, Hamiche, Hamid, Djennoune, Saïd, Bettayeb, Maamar.  2019.  Speech encryption based on the synchronization of fractional-order chaotic maps. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology (ISSPIT). :1–6.
This work presents a new method of encrypting and decrypting speech based on a chaotic key generator. The proposed scheme takes advantage of the best features of chaotic systems. In the proposed method, the input speech signal is converted into an image which is ciphered by an encryption function using a chaotic key matrix generated from a fractional-order chaotic map. Based on a deadbeat observer, the exact synchronization of system used is established, and the decryption is performed. Different analysis are applied for analyzing the effectiveness of the encryption system. The obtained results confirm that the proposed system offers a higher level of security against various attacks and holds a strong key generation mechanism for satisfactory speech communication.
Hayati, Nur, Suryanto, Yohan, Ramli, Kalamullah, Suryanegara, Muhammad.  2019.  End-to-End Voice Encryption Based on Multiple Circular Chaotic Permutation. 2019 2nd International Conference on Communication Engineering and Technology (ICCET). :101–106.
Voice communication is an important need in daily activities whether delivered with or without technology. Telecommunication technology has accommodated this need by providing a wide range of infrastructure, including large varieties of devices used as intermediary and end devices. One of the cellular technologies that is very widely used by the public is GSM (Global System for Mobile), while in the military, trunked radio is still popular. However, the security systems of GSM and trunked radio have limitations. Therefore, this paper proposes a platform to secure voice data over wireless mobile communication by providing end-to-end encryption. This platform is robust to noise, real-time and remains secure. The proposed encryption utilizes multicircular permutations rotated by expanded keys as dynamic keys to scramble the data. We carry out simulations and testbed implementation to prove that application of the proposed method is feasible.
Bouteghrine, Belqassim, Rabiai, Mohammed, Tanougast, Camel, Sadoudi, Said.  2019.  FPGA Implementation of Internet Key Exchange Based on Chaotic Cryptosystem. 2019 10th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications (IDAACS). 1:384–387.
In network communication domain, one of the most widely used protocol for encrypting data and securing communications is the IPSec protocol. The design of this protocol is based on two main phases which are: exchanging keys phase and transferring data phase. In this paper we focus on enhancing the exchanging keys phase which is included in the security association (SA), using a chaotic cryptosystem. Initially IPSec is based on the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol for establishing the SA. Actually IKE protocol is in charge for negotiating the connection and for authenticating both nodes. However; using IKE gives rise to a major problem related to security attack such as the Man in the Middle Attack. In this paper, we propose a chaotic cryptosystem solution to generate SA file for the connected nodes of the network. By solving a 4-Dimension chaotic system, a SA file that includes 128-bit keys will be established. The proposed solution is implemented and tested using FPGA boards.
Jawad Kubba, Zaid M., Hoomod, Haider K..  2019.  A Hybrid Modified Lightweight Algorithm Combined of Two Cryptography Algorithms PRESENT and Salsa20 Using Chaotic System. 2019 First International Conference of Computer and Applied Sciences (CAS). :199–203.
Cryptography algorithms play a critical role in information technology against various attacks witnessed in the digital era. Many studies and algorithms are done to achieve security issues for information systems. The high complexity of computational operations characterises the traditional cryptography algorithms. On the other hand, lightweight algorithms are the way to solve most of the security issues that encounter applying traditional cryptography in constrained devices. However, a symmetric cipher is widely applied for ensuring the security of data communication in constraint devices. In this study, we proposed a hybrid algorithm based on two cryptography algorithms PRESENT and Salsa20. Also, a 2D logistic map of a chaotic system is applied to generate pseudo-random keys that produce more complexity for the proposed cipher algorithm. The goal of the proposed algorithm is to present a hybrid algorithm by enhancing the complexity of the current PRESENT algorithm while keeping the performance of computational operations as minimal. The proposed algorithm proved working efficiently with fast executed time, and the analysed result of the generated sequence keys passed the randomness of the NIST suite.
Xu, Hong-Li, JIANG, HongHua.  2019.  An Image Encryption Schema Based on Hybrid Optimized Chaotic System. 2019 3rd International Conference on Electronic Information Technology and Computer Engineering (EITCE). :784–788.
The purpose of this paper is to improve the safety of chaotic image encryption algorithm. Firstly, to achieve this goal, it put forward two improved chaotic system logistic and henon, which covered an promoted henon chaotic system with better probability density, and an 2-dimension logistic chaotic system with high Lyapunov exponents. Secondly, the chaotic key stream was generated by the new 2D logistic chaotic system and optimized henon mapping, which mixed in dynamic proportions. The conducted sequence has better randomness and higher safety for image cryptosystem. Thirdly, we proposed algorithm takes advantage of the compounded chaotic system Simulation experiment results and security analysis showed that the proposed scheme was more effective and secure. It can resist various typical attacks, has high security, satisfies the requirements of image encryption theoretical.
de Almeida Ramos, Elias, Filho, João Carlos Britto, Reis, Ricardo.  2019.  Cryptography by Synchronization of Hopfield Neural Networks that Simulate Chaotic Signals Generated by the Human Body. 2019 17th IEEE International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS). :1–4.
In this work, an asymmetric cryptography method for information security was developed, inspired by the fact that the human body generates chaotic signals, and these signals can be used to create sequences of random numbers. Encryption circuit was implemented in a Reconfigurable Hardware (FPGA). To encode and decode an image, the chaotic synchronization between two dynamic systems, such as Hopfield neural networks (HNNs), was used to simulate chaotic signals. The notion of Homotopy, an argument of topological nature, was used for the synchronization. The results show efficiency when compared to state of the art, in terms of image correlation, histogram analysis and hardware implementation.
Meenu, M, Raajan, N.R., Greeta, S.  2019.  Secured Transmission of Data Using Chaos in Wcdma Network. 2019 International Conference on Vision Towards Emerging Trends in Communication and Networking (ViTECoN). :1–5.
Spreading code assumes an indispensable work in WCDMA system. Every individual client in a cell is isolated by an exceptional spread code. PN grouping are commonly utilized in WCDMA framework. For example, Walsh codes or gold codes as spread code. Data received from WCDMA are transmitted using chaotic signal and that signal is generated by using logistic map. It is unsuitable to be utilized as spreading sequence. Using a threshold function the chaos signal is changed in the form of binary sequence. Consequently, QPSK modulation techniques is analyzed in W-CDMA downlink over Additive white Gaussian noise channel (AWGN) and Rayleigh multipath fading channel. The activity was assessed with the assistance of BER contrary to SNR utilizing parameters indicating the BER in low to high in SNR.
Wu, Xiaoge, Zhang, Lin.  2019.  Robust Chaos-Based Information Masking Polar Coding Scheme for Wiretap Channel in Practical Wireless Systems. 2019 IEEE 90th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2019-Fall). :1–5.
In practical wireless communication systems, the channel conditions of legitimate users can not always be better than those of eavesdroppers. This realistic fact brings the challenge for the design of secure transmission over wiretap channels which requires that the eavesdropping channel conditions should be worse than legitimate channels. In this paper, we present a robust chaos-based information masking polar coding scheme for enhancing reliability and security performances under realistic channel conditions for practical systems. In our design, we mask the original information, wherein the masking matrix is determined by chaotic sequences. Then the masked information is encoded by the secure polar coding scheme. After the channel polarization achieved by the polar coding, we could identify the bit-channels providing good transmission conditions for legitimate users and the bit-channels with bad conditions for eavesdroppers. Simulations are performed over the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and slow flat-fading Rayleigh channels. The results demonstrate that compared with existing schemes, the proposed scheme can achieve better reliability and security even when the eavesdroppers have better channel conditions than legitimate users, hence the practicability is greatly enhanced.
2020-09-04
Li, Chengqing, Feng, Bingbing, Li, Shujun, Kurths, Jüergen, Chen, Guanrong.  2019.  Dynamic Analysis of Digital Chaotic Maps via State-Mapping Networks. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers. 66:2322—2335.
Chaotic dynamics is widely used to design pseudo-random number generators and for other applications, such as secure communications and encryption. This paper aims to study the dynamics of the discrete-time chaotic maps in the digital (i.e., finite-precision) domain. Differing from the traditional approaches treating a digital chaotic map as a black box with different explanations according to the test results of the output, the dynamical properties of such chaotic maps are first explored with a fixed-point arithmetic, using the Logistic map and the Tent map as two representative examples, from a new perspective with the corresponding state-mapping networks (SMNs). In an SMN, every possible value in the digital domain is considered as a node and the mapping relationship between any pair of nodes is a directed edge. The scale-free properties of the Logistic map's SMN are proved. The analytic results are further extended to the scenario of floating-point arithmetic and for other chaotic maps. Understanding the network structure of a chaotic map's SMN in digital computers can facilitate counteracting the undesirable degeneration of chaotic dynamics in finite-precision domains, also helping to classify and improve the randomness of pseudo-random number sequences generated by iterating the chaotic maps.
2020-08-24
Long, Cao-Fang, Xiao, Heng.  2019.  Construction of Big Data Hyperchaotic Mixed Encryption Model for Mobile Network Privacy. 2019 International Conference on Virtual Reality and Intelligent Systems (ICVRIS). :90–93.
Big data of mobile network privacy is vulnerable to clear text attack in the process of storage and mixed network information sharing, which leads to information leakage. Through the mixed encryption of data of mobile network privacy big data to improve the confidentiality and security of mobile network privacy big data, a mobile network privacy big data hybrid encryption algorithm based on hyperchaos theory is proposed. The hybrid encryption key of mobile network privacy big data is constructed by using hyperchaotic nonlinear mapping hybrid encryption technology. Combined with the feature distribution of mobile network privacy big data, the mixed encrypted public key is designed by using Logistic hyperchaotic arrangement method, and a hyperchaotic analytic cipher and block cipher are constructed by using Rossle chaotic mapping. The random piecewise linear combination method is used to design the coding and key of mobile network privacy big data. According to the two-dimensional coding characteristics of mobile network privacy big data in the key authorization protocol, the hybrid encryption and decryption key of mobile network privacy big data is designed, and the mixed encryption and decryption key of mobile network privacy big data is constructed, Realize the privacy of mobile network big data mixed encryption output and key design. The simulation results show that this method has good confidentiality and strong steganography performance, which improves the anti-attack ability of big data, which is used to encrypt the privacy of mobile network.