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Wang, W.-C., Ho, C.-C., Chang, Y.-M., Chang, Y.-H..  2020.  Challenges and Designs for Secure Deletion in Storage Systems. 2020 Indo – Taiwan 2nd International Conference on Computing, Analytics and Networks (Indo-Taiwan ICAN). :181–189.
Data security has risen to be one of the most critical concerns of computer professionals. Tighter legal requirements now exist for the purpose of protecting user data from unauthorized uses and for both preserving and erasing/sanitizing data records to meet legal compliance requirements. To meet the data security requirement, many secure (data) deletion techniques have been proposed to deal with the data security concerns from different system layers. This paper surveys the state-of-the-art secure deletion techniques that have been designed to pursue higher efficiency, verifiability, and portability for emerging types of hard disk drives and flash-based solid-state drives. Meanwhile, the pros and cons of implementing secure deletion in different system layers are also discussed, so as to assist in pursuing better secure deletion designs for future storage systems.
Chen, Shuo-Han, Yang, Ming-Chang, Chang, Yuan-Hao, Wu, Chun-Feng.  2019.  Enabling File-Oriented Fast Secure Deletion on Shingled Magnetic Recording Drives. 2019 56th ACM/IEEE Design Automation Conference (DAC). :1—6.

Existing secure deletion approaches are inefficient in erasing data permanently because file systems have no knowledge of the data layout on the storage device, nor is the storage device aware of file information within the file systems. This inefficiency is exaggerated on the emerging shingled magnetic recording (SMR) drive due to its inherent sequential-write constraint. On SMR drives, secure deletion requests may lead to serious write amplification and performance degradation if the data layout is not properly configured. Such observation motivates us to propose a file-oriented fast secure deletion (FFSD) strategy to alleviate the negative impacts of SMR drives' sequential-write constraint and improve the efficiency of secure deletion operations on SMR drives. A series of experiments was conducted to demonstrate the capability of the proposed strategy on improving the efficiency of secure deletion on SMR drives.

Hohlfeld, J., Czoschke, P., Asselin, P., Benakli, M..  2019.  Improving Our Understanding of Measured Jitter (in HAMR). IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 55:1–11.

The understanding of measured jitter is improved in three ways. First, it is shown that the measured jitter is not only governed by written-in jitter and the reader resolution along the cross-track direction but by remanence noise in the vicinity of transitions and the down-track reader resolution as well. Second, a novel data analysis scheme is introduced that allows for an unambiguous separation of these two contributions. Third, based on data analyses involving the first two learnings and micro-magnetic simulations, we identify and explain the root causes for variations of jitter with write current (WC) (write field), WC overshoot amplitude (write-field rise time), and linear disk velocity measured for heat-assisted magnetic recording.

Hernández, S., Lu, P. L., Granz, S., Krivosik, P., Huang, P. W., Eppler, W., Rausch, T., Gage, E..  2017.  Using Ensemble Waveform Analysis to Compare Heat Assisted Magnetic Recording Characteristics of Modeled and Measured Signals. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 53:1–6.

Ensemble waveform analysis is used to calculate signal to noise ratio (SNR) and other recording characteristics from micromagnetically modeled heat assisted magnetic recording waveforms and waveforms measured at both drive and spin-stand level. Using windowing functions provides the breakdown between transition and remanence SNRs. In addition, channel bit density (CBD) can be extracted from the ensemble waveforms using the di-bit extraction method. Trends in both transition SNR, remanence SNR, and CBD as a function of ambient temperature at constant track width showed good agreement between model and measurement. Both model and drive-level measurement show degradation in SNR at higher ambient temperatures, which may be due to changes in the down-track profile at the track edges compared with track center. CBD as a function of cross-track position is also calculated for both modeling and spin-stand measurements. The CBD widening at high cross-track offset, which is observed at both measurement and model, was directly related to the radius of curvature of the written transitions observed in the model and the thermal profiles used.