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Samir, Nagham, Gamal, Yousef, El-Zeiny, Ahmed N., Mahmoud, Omar, Shawky, Ahmed, Saeed, AbdelRahman, Mostafa, Hassan.  2019.  Energy-Adaptive Lightweight Hardware Security Module using Partial Dynamic Reconfiguration for Energy Limited Internet of Things Applications. 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS). :1—4.
Data security is the main challenge in Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Security strength and the immunity to security attacks depend mainly on the available power budget. The power-security level trade-off is the main challenge for low power IoT applications, especially, energy limited IoT applications. In this paper, multiple encryption modes that provide different power consumption and security level values are hardware implemented. In other words, some modes provide high security levels at the expense of high power consumption and other modes provide low power consumption with low security level. Dynamic Partial Reconfiguration (DPR) is utilized to adaptively configure the hardware security module based on the available power budget. For example, for a given power constraint, the DPR controller configures the security module with the security mode that meets the available power constraint. ZC702 evaluation board is utilized to implement the proposed encryption modes using DPR. A Lightweight Authenticated Cipher (ACORN) is the most suitable encryption mode for low power IoT applications as it consumes the minimum power and area among the selected candidates at the expense of low throughput. The whole DPR system is tested with a maximum dynamic power dissipation of 10.08 mW. The suggested DPR system saves about 59.9% of the utilized LUTs compared to the individual implementation of the selected encryption modes.
Pandey, Jai Gopal, Mitharwal, Chhavi, Karmakar, Abhijit.  2019.  An RNS Implementation of the Elliptic Curve Cryptography for IoT Security. 2019 First IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems and Applications (TPS-ISA). :66—72.

Public key cryptography plays a vital role in many information and communication systems for secure data transaction, authentication, identification, digital signature, and key management purpose. Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) is a widely used public key cryptographic algorithm. In this paper, we propose a hardware-software codesign implementation of the ECC cipher. The algorithm is modelled in C language. Compute-intensive components are identified for their efficient hardware implementations. In the implementation, residue number system (RNS) with projective coordinates are utilized for performing the required arithmetic operations. To manage the hardware-software codeign in an integrated fashion Xilinx platform studio tool and Virtex-5 xc5vfx70t device based platform is utilized. An application of the implementation is demonstrated for encryption of text and its respective decryption over prime fields. The design is useful for providing an adequate level of security for IoTs.

Savitri, Nadia, Johan, Ahmad Wali Satria Bahari, Al Islama A, Firnanda, Utaminingrum, Fitri.  2019.  Efficient Technique Image Encryption with Cipher Block Chaining and Gingerbreadman Map. 2019 International Conference on Sustainable Information Engineering and Technology (SIET). :116—119.

Digital image security is now a severe issue, especially when sending images to telecommunications networks. There are many ways where digital images can be encrypted and decrypted from secure communication. Digital images contain data that is important when captured or disseminated to preserve and preserve data. The technique of encryption is one way of providing data on digital images. A key cipher block chaining and Gingerbreadman Map are used in our search to encrypt images. This new system uses simplicity, high quality, enhanced by the vehicle's natural efficiency and the number of the chain. The proposed method is performed for experimental purposes and the experiments are performed in- depth, highly reliable analysis. The results confirm that by referring to several known attacks, the plan cannot be completed. Comparative studies with other algorithms show a slight rise in the security of passwords with the advantages of security of the chain. The results of this experiment are a comparison of button sensitivity and a comparison after encryption and decryption of the initial image using the amount of pixel change rate and unified average change intensity.

Ravichandran, Dhivya, Fathima, Sherin, Balasubramanian, Vidhyadharini, Banu, Aashiq, Anushiadevi, Amirtharajan, Rengarajan.  2019.  DNA and Chaos Based Confusion-Diffusion for Color Image Security. 2019 International Conference on Vision Towards Emerging Trends in Communication and Networking (ViTECoN). :1–6.
Nowadays, secure transmission of multimedia files has become more significant concern with the evolution of technologies. Cryptography is the well-known technique to safeguard the files from various destructive hacks. In this work, a colour image encryption scheme is suggested using chaos and Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid (DNA) coding. The encryption scheme is carried out in two stages namely confusion and diffusion. As the first stage, chaos aided inter-planar row and column shuffling are performed to shuffle the image pixels completely. DNA coding and decoding operations then diffuse the resultant confused image with the help of eight DNA XOR rules. This confusion-diffusion process has achieved the entropy value equal to 7.9973 and correlation coefficient nearer to zero with key space of 10140. Various other analyses are also done to ensure the effectiveness of the developed algorithm. The results show that the proposed scheme can withstand different attacks and better than the recent state-of-art methods.
Sreenivasan, Medha, Sidhardhan, Anargh, Priya, Varnitha Meera, V., Thanikaiselvan.  2019.  5D Combined Chaotic System for Image Encryption with DNA Encoding and Scrambling. 2019 International Conference on Vision Towards Emerging Trends in Communication and Networking (ViTECoN). :1–6.
The objective of this paper was to propose a 5D combined chaotic system used for image encryption by scrambling and DNA encryption. The initial chaotic values were calculated with a set of equations. The chaotic sequences were used for pixel scrambling, bit scrambling, DNA encryption and DNA complementary function. The average of NPCR, UACI and entropy values of the 6 images used for testing were 99.61, 33.51 and 7.997 respectively. The correlation values obtained for the encrypted image were much lower than the corresponding original image. The histogram of the encrypted image was flat. Based on the theoretical results from the tests performed on the proposed system it can be concluded that the system is suited for practical applications, since it offers high security.
Vikram, A., Kalaivani, S., Gopinath, G..  2019.  A Novel Encryption Algorithm based on DNA Cryptography. 2019 International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :1004–1009.
The process of information security entails securing the information by transferring it through the networks preventing the data from attacks. This way of securing the information is known as cryptography. The perspective of converting the plain-text into non-understandable format is known as cryptography that could be possible using certain cryptography algorithms. The security could not be offered by the conventional cryptographic algorithms that lacks in their security for the huge amount of growing data, which could be easily broken by the intruders for their malicious activities. This gives rise to the new cryptographic algorithm known as DNA computing that could strengthen the information security, which does not provide any intruders to get authorized to confidential data. The proposed DNA symmetric cryptography enhances information security. The results reveal that encryption process carried out on plain-text is highly secured.
Tanizawa, Ken, Futami, Fumio.  2019.  Digital Coherent 20-Gbit/s DP-PSK Y-00 Quantum Stream Cipher Transmission over 800-km SSMF. 2019 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC). :1—3.

We demonstrate secure fiber-optic transmission utilizing quantum-noise signal masking by 217-level random phase modulation. Masking of 157 signal phase levels at a BER of HD-FEC threshold is achieved without significant impacts on the transmission performance.

Das, Bablu Kumar, Garg, Ritu.  2019.  Security of Cloud Storage based on Extended Hill Cipher and Homomorphic Encryption. 2019 International Conference on Communication and Electronics Systems (ICCES). :515–520.
Cloud computing is one of the emerging area in the business world that help to access resources at low expense with high privacy. Security is a standout amongst the most imperative difficulties in cloud network for cloud providers and their customers. In order to ensure security in cloud, we proposed a framework using different encryption algorithm namely Extended hill cipher and homomorphic encryption. Firstly user data/information is isolated into two parts which is static and dynamic data (critical data). Extended hill cipher encryption is applied over more important dynamic part where we are encrypting the string using matrix multiplication. While homomorphic encryption is applied over static data in which it accepts n number of strings as information, encode each string independently and lastly combine all the strings. The test results clearly manifests that the proposed model provides better information security.
De Guzman, Froilan E., Gerardo, Bobby D., Medina, Ruji P..  2019.  Implementation of Enhanced Secure Hash Algorithm Towards a Secured Web Portal. 2019 IEEE 4th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). :189–192.
In this paper, the application of the enhanced secure hash algorithm-512 is implemented on web applications specifically in password hashing. In addition to the enhancement of hash function, hill cipher is included for the salt generation to increase the complexity of generating hash tables that may be used as an attack on the algorithm. The testing of same passwords saved on the database is used to create hash collisions that will result to salt generation to produce a new hash message. The matrix encryption key provides five matrices to be selected upon based on the length of concatenated username, password, and concatenated characters from the username. In this process, same password will result to a different hash message that will to make it more secured from future attacks.
Saraswat, Pavi, Garg, Kanika, Tripathi, Rajan, Agarwal, Ayush.  2019.  Encryption Algorithm Based on Neural Network. 2019 4th International Conference on Internet of Things: Smart Innovation and Usages (IoT-SIU). :1—5.
Security is one of the most important needs in network communication. Cryptography is a science which involves two techniques encryption and decryption and it basically enables to send sensitive and confidential data over the unsecure network. The basic idea of cryptography is concealing of the data from unauthenticated users as they can misuse the data. In this paper we use auto associative neural network concept of soft computing in combination with encryption technique to send data securely on communication network.
Mahmoud, Ahmed Y., Alqumboz, Mohammed Naji Abu.  2019.  Encryption Based On Multilevel Security for Relational Database EBMSR. 2019 International Conference on Promising Electronic Technologies (ICPET). :130–135.
Cryptography is one of the most important sciences today because of the importance of data and the possibility of sharing data via the Internet. Therefore, data must be preserved when stored or transmitted over the Internet. Encryption is used as a solution to protect information during the transmission via an open channel. If the information is obtained illegally, the opponent/ enemy will not be able to understand the information due to encryption. In this paper we have developed a cryptosystem for testing the concepts of multi security level. The information is encrypted using more than one encryption algorithm based on the security level. The proposed cryptosystem concerns of Encryption Based on Multilevel Security (MLS) Model for DBMS. The cryptosystem is designed for both encryption and decryption.
Mucchi, Lorenzo, Nizzi, Francesca, Pecorella, Tommaso, Fantacci, Romano, Esposito, Flavio.  2019.  Benefits of Physical Layer Security to Cryptography: Tradeoff and Applications. 2019 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking (BlackSeaCom). :1—3.
Physical-layer security (PLS) has raised the attention of the research community in recent years, particularly for Internet of things (IoT) applications. Despite the use of classical cryptography, PLS provides security at physical layer, regardless of the computational power owned by the attacker. The investigations on PLS are numerous in the literature, but one main issue seems to be kept apart: how to measure the benefit that PLS can bring to cryptography? This paper tries to answer this question with an initial performance analysis of PLS in conjunction with typical cryptography of wireless communication protocols. Our results indicate that PLS can help cryptography to harden the attacker job in real operative scenario: PLS can increase the detection errors at the attacker's receiver, leading to inability to recover the cipher key, even if the plaintext is known.
Heigl, Michael, Schramm, Martin, Fiala, Dalibor.  2019.  A Lightweight Quantum-Safe Security Concept for Wireless Sensor Network Communication. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PerCom Workshops). :906–911.

The ubiquitous internetworking of devices in all areas of life is boosted by various trends for instance the Internet of Things. Promising technologies that can be used for such future environments come from Wireless Sensor Networks. It ensures connectivity between distributed, tiny and simple sensor nodes as well as sensor nodes and base stations in order to monitor physical or environmental conditions such as vibrations, temperature or motion. Security plays an increasingly important role in the coming decades in which attacking strategies are becoming more and more sophisticated. Contemporary cryptographic mechanisms face a great threat from quantum computers in the near future and together with Intrusion Detection Systems are hardly applicable on sensors due to strict resource constraints. Thus, in this work a future-proof lightweight and resource-aware security concept for sensor networks with a processing stage permeated filtering mechanism is proposed. A special focus in the concepts evaluation lies on the novel Magic Number filter to mitigate a special kind of Denial-of-Service attack performed on CC1350 LaunchPad ARM Cortex-M3 microcontroller boards.

Abedin, Zain Ul, Guan, Zhitao, Arif, Asad Ullah, Anwar, Usman.  2019.  An Advance Cryptographic Solutions in Cloud Computing Security. 2019 2nd International Conference on Computing, Mathematics and Engineering Technologies (iCoMET). :1–6.

Cryptographically cloud computing may be an innovative safe cloud computing design. Cloud computing may be a huge size dispersed computing model that ambitious by the economy of the level. It integrates a group of inattentive virtualized animatedly scalable and managed possessions like computing control storage space platform and services. External end users will approach to resources over the net victimization fatal particularly mobile terminals, Cloud's architecture structures are advances in on-demand new trends. That are the belongings are animatedly assigned to a user per his request and hand over when the task is finished. So, this paper projected biometric coding to boost the confidentiality in Cloud computing for biometric knowledge. Also, this paper mentioned virtualization for Cloud computing also as statistics coding. Indeed, this paper overviewed the safety weaknesses of Cloud computing and the way biometric coding will improve the confidentiality in Cloud computing atmosphere. Excluding this confidentiality is increased in Cloud computing by victimization biometric coding for biometric knowledge. The novel approach of biometric coding is to reinforce the biometric knowledge confidentiality in Cloud computing. Implementation of identification mechanism can take the security of information and access management in the cloud to a higher level. This section discusses, however, a projected statistics system with relation to alternative recognition systems to date is a lot of advantageous and result oriented as a result of it does not work on presumptions: it's distinctive and provides quick and contact less authentication. Thus, this paper reviews the new discipline techniques accustomed to defend methodology encrypted info in passing remote cloud storage.

Xiao-Mei, Liu, Yong, Qian.  2019.  Research on LED lightweight cryptographic algorithm based on RFID tag of Internet of things. 2019 IEEE 8th Joint International Information Technology and Artificial Intelligence Conference (ITAIC). :1717–1720.
In recent years, with the rapid development of Internet of things, RFID tags have been widely used, in due to the chip used in radio frequency identification (RFID) tags is more demanding for resources, which also brings a great threat to the safety performance of cryptographic algorithms in differential power analysis (DPA). For this purpose, it is necessary to study the LED lightweight cryptography algorithm of RFID tags in the Internet of things, so as to explore a lightweight and secure cryptographic algorithm which can be applied to RFID Tags. In this paper, through the combination of Piccolo cryptographic algorithm and the new DPA protection technology threshold, we propose a LED lightweight cryptographic algorithm which can be applied to the RFID tag of the Internet of things. With the help of improve d exhaustive search and Boolean expression reconstruction, the two methods share the implementation of the S -box and the InvS-box, thereby effectively solves the burr threat problem of the S-box and the InvS-box in the sharing implementation process, the security performance of the algorithm is evaluated by the DPA attack of FPGA. The results show that the algorithm can achieve lightweight and security performance at the same time, can effectively meet the light and security requirements of RFID tag chip of Internet of things for cryptographic algorithms.
Manucom, Emraida Marie M., Gerardo, Bobby D., Medina, Ruji P..  2019.  Analysis of Key Randomness in Improved One-Time Pad Cryptography. 2019 IEEE 13th International Conference on Anti-counterfeiting, Security, and Identification (ASID). :11–16.
In cryptography, one-time pad (OTP) is claimed to be the perfect secrecy algorithm in several works if all of its features are applied correctly. Its secrecy depends mostly on random keys, which must be truly random and unpredictable. Random number generators are used in key generation. In Psuedo Random Number Generator (PRNG), the possibility of producing numbers that are predictable and repeated exists. In this study, a proposed method using True Random Number Generator (TRNG) and Fisher-Yates shuffling algorithm are implemented to generate random keys for OTP. Frequency (monobit) test, frequency test within a block, and runs tests are performed and showed that the proposed method produces more random keys. Sufficient confusion and diffusion properties are obtained using Pearson correlation analysis.
Uthayashangar, S., Dhamini, P., Mahalakshmi, M., Mangayarkarasi, V..  2019.  Efficient Group Data Sharing In Cloud Environment Using Honey Encryption. 2019 IEEE International Conference on System, Computation, Automation and Networking (ICSCAN). :1–3.
Cloud computing is a rapid growing advanced technology which is Internet based, providing various ways for storage, resource sharing, and various features. It has brought a new way to securely store and share information and data with multiple users and groups. The cloud environment deals with many problems, and one of the most important problems in recent days is the security issues. Sharing the data in a group, in cloud conditions has turned into a blazing theme in up and coming decades. Thus the blasting interest in cloud computing, ways and measures to accomplish secure and effective information and data sharing in the cloud is a flourishing point to be engaged. In this way, the venture centers around empowering information sharing and capacity for a similar gathering inside the cloud with high security and intensity. Therefore, Honey Encryption and Advanced Encryption Standard is used for providing security for the data shared within the group by the crew members in cloud environment. In addition, an access key is provided by the Group Manager to enable access to the documents and files stored in cloud by the users for specific time period.
Kholidy, Hisham A..  2019.  Towards A Scalable Symmetric Key Cryptographic Scheme: Performance Evaluation and Security Analysis. 2019 2nd International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1–6.
In most applications, security attributes are pretty difficult to meet but it becomes even a bigger challenge when talking about Grid Computing. To secure data passes in Grid Systems, we need a professional scheme that does not affect the overall performance of the grid system. Therefore, we previously developed a new security scheme “ULTRA GRIDSEC” that is used to accelerate the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithms for both stream and block cipher encryption algorithms. The scheme is used to accelerate the security of data pass between elements of our newly developed pure peer-to-peer desktop grid framework, “HIMAN”. It also enhances the security of the encrypted data resulted from the scheme and prevents the problem of weak keys of the encryption algorithms. This paper covers the analysis and evaluation of this scheme showing the different factors affecting the scheme performance, and covers the efficiency of the scheme from the security prospective. The experimental results are highlighted for two types of encryption algorithms, TDES as an example for the block cipher algorithms, and RC4 as an example for the stream cipher algorithms. The scheme speeds up the former algorithm by 202.12% and the latter one by 439.7%. These accelerations are also based on the running machine's capabilities.
Voronych, Artur, Nyckolaychuk, Lyubov, Vozna, Nataliia, Pastukh, Taras.  2019.  Methods and Special Processors of Entropy Signal Processing. 2019 IEEE 15th International Conference on the Experience of Designing and Application of CAD Systems (CADSM). :1–4.

The analysis of applied tasks and methods of entropy signal processing are carried out in this article. The theoretical comments about the specific schemes of special processors for the determination of probability and correlation activity are given. The perspective of the influence of probabilistic entropy of C. Shannon as cipher signal receivers is reviewed. Examples of entropy-manipulated signals and system characteristics of the proposed special processors are given.

Sadkhan, Sattar B., Yaseen, Basim S..  2019.  Hybrid Method to Implement a Parallel Search of the Cryptosystem Keys. 2019 International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering (ICOASE). :204–207.

The current paper proposes a method to combine the theoretical concepts of the parallel processing created by the DNA computing and GA environments, with the effectiveness novel mechanism of the distinction and discover of the cryptosystem keys. Three-level contributions to the current work, the first is the adoption of a final key sequence mechanism by the principle of interconnected sequence parts, the second to exploit the principle of the parallel that provides GA in the search for the counter value of the sequences of the challenge to the mechanism of the discrimination, the third, the most important and broadening the breaking of the cipher, is the harmony of the principle of the parallelism that has found via the DNA computing to discover the basic encryption key. The proposed method constructs a combined set of files includes binary sequences produced from substitution of the guess attributes of the binary equations system of the cryptosystem, as well as generating files that include all the prospects of the DNA strands for all successive cipher characters, the way to process these files to be obtained from the first character file, where extract a key sequence of each sequence from mentioned file and processed with the binary sequences that mentioned the counter produced from GA. The aim of the paper is exploitation and implementation the theoretical principles of the parallelism that providing via biological environment with the new sequences recognition mechanism in the cryptanalysis.

Yoshikawa, Masaya, Nozaki, Yusuke.  2019.  Side-Channel Analysis for Searchable Encryption System and Its Security Evaluation. 2019 IEEE International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering (CSE) and IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (EUC). :465–469.

Searchable encryption will become more important as medical services intensify their use of big data and artificial intelligence. To use searchable encryption safely, the resistance of terminals with embedded searchable encryption to illegal attacks (tamper resistance) is extremely important. This study proposes a searchable encryption system embedded in terminals and evaluate the tamper resistance of the proposed system. This study also proposes attack scenarios and quantitatively evaluates the tamper resistance of the proposed system by performing experiments following the proposed attack scenarios.

Saha, Arunima, Srinivasan, Chungath.  2019.  White-Box Cryptography Based Data Encryption-Decryption Scheme for IoT Environment. 2019 5th International Conference on Advanced Computing Communication Systems (ICACCS). :637–641.

The economic progress of the Internet of Things (IoT) is phenomenal. Applications range from checking the alignment of some components during a manufacturing process, monitoring of transportation and pedestrian levels to enhance driving and walking path, remotely observing terminally ill patients by means of medical devices such as implanted devices and infusion pumps, and so on. To provide security, encrypting the data becomes an indispensable requirement, and symmetric encryptions algorithms are becoming a crucial implementation in the resource constrained environments. Typical symmetric encryption algorithms like Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) showcases an assumption that end points of communications are secured and that the encryption key being securely stored. However, devices might be physically unprotected, and attackers may have access to the memory while the data is still encrypted. It is essential to reserve the key in such a way that an attacker finds it hard to extract it. At present, techniques like White-Box cryptography has been utilized in these circumstances. But it has been reported that applying White-Box cryptography in IoT devices have resulted in other security issues like the adversary having access to the intermediate values, and the practical implementations leading to Code lifting attacks and differential attacks. In this paper, a solution is presented to overcome these problems by demonstrating the need of White-Box Cryptography to enhance the security by utilizing the cipher block chaining (CBC) mode.

Alsumayt, Albandari, Albawardy, Norah, Aldossary, Wejdan, Alghamdi, Ebtehal, Aljammaz, Aljawhra.  2019.  Improve the security over the wireless sensor networks in medical sector. 2019 2nd International Conference on Computer Applications Information Security (ICCAIS). :1–4.
Nowadays with the huge technological development, the reliance on technology has become enormous. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is an example of using the Internet and communication between the patient and the hospital. Easy use of such networks helps to increase the quality of communication between patient and hospital. With the development of technology increased risk in use. Any change in this data between the patient and the hospital may cause false data that may harm the patient. In this paper, a secure protocol is designed to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data transfer between the hospital and the patient, depending on the AES and RC4 algorithms.
Ramu, Gandu, Mishra, Zeesha, Acharya, B..  2019.  Hardware implementation of Piccolo Encryption Algorithm for constrained RFID application. 2019 9th Annual Information Technology, Electromechanical Engineering and Microelectronics Conference (IEMECON). :85–89.
The deployment of smart devices in IoT applications are increasing with tremendous pace causing severe security concerns, as it trade most of private information. To counter that security issues in low resource applications, lightweight cryptographic algorithms have been introduced in recent past. In this paper we propose efficient hardware architecture of piccolo lightweight algorithm uses 64 bits block size with variable key size of length 80 and 128 bits. This paper introduces novel hardware architecture of piccolo-80, to supports high speed RFID security applications. Different design strategies are there to optimize the hardware metrics trade-off for particular application. The algorithm is implemented on different family of FPGAs with different devices to analyze the performance of design in 4 input LUTs and 6 input LUTs implementations. In addition, the results of hardware design are evaluated and compared with the most relevant lightweight block ciphers, shows the proposed architecture finds its utilization in terms of speed and area optimization from the hardware resources. The increment in throughput with optimized area of this architecture suggests that piccolo can applicable to implement for ultra-lightweight applications also.
Korzhik, Valery, Duy Cuong, Nguyen, Morales-Luna, Guillermo.  2019.  Cipher Modification Against Steganalysis Based on NIST Tests. 2019 24th Conference of Open Innovations Association (FRUCT). :179–186.

Part of our team proposed a new steganalytic method based on NIST tests at MMM-ACNS 2017 [1], and it was encouraged to investigate some cipher modifications to prevent such types of steganalysis. In the current paper, we propose one cipher modification based on decompression by arithmetic source compression coding. The experiment shows that the current proposed method allows to protect stegosystems against steganalysis based on NIST tests, while security of the encrypted embedded messages is kept. Protection of contemporary image steganography based on edge detection and modified LSB against NIST tests steganalysis is also presented.