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Keeler, G. A., Campione, S., Wood, M. G., Serkland, D. K., Parameswaran, S., Ihlefeld, J., Luk, T. S., Wendt, J. R., Geib, K. M..  2017.  Reducing optical confinement losses for fast, efficient nanophotonic modulators. 2017 IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (SUM). :201–202.

We demonstrate high-speed operation of ultracompact electroabsorption modulators based on epsilon-near-zero confinement in indium oxide (In$_\textrm2$$_\textrm3$\$) on silicon using field-effect carrier density tuning. Additionally, we discuss strategies to enhance modulator performance and reduce confinement-related losses by introducing high-mobility conducting oxides such as cadmium oxide (CdO).

Ji, X., Yao, X., Tadayon, M. A., Mohanty, A., Hendon, C. P., Lipson, M..  2017.  High confinement and low loss Si3N4waveguides for miniaturizing optical coherence tomography. 2017 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO). :1–2.

We show high confinement thermally tunable, low loss (0.27 ± 0.04 dB/cm) Si3N4waveguides that are 42 cm long. We show that this platform can enable the miniaturization of traditionally bulky active OCT components.

Avrutin, E. A., Ryvkin, B. S., Kostamovaara, J. T..  2017.  Increasing output power of pulsed-eye safe wavelength range laser diodes by strong doping of the n-optical confinement layer. 2017 IEEE High Power Diode Lasers and Systems Conference (HPD). :17–18.

A semi-analytical model for internal optical losses at high power in a 1.5 μm laser diode with strong n-doping in the n-side of the optical confinement layer is created. The model includes intervalence band absorption by holes supplied by both current flow and two-photon absorption. The resulting losses are shown to be substantially lower than those in a similar, but weakly doped structure. Thus a significant improvement in the output power and efficiency by strong n-doping is predicted.

Huang, H., Wang, H., Luo, W., Ma, L., Jiang, W., Zhu, X., Li, Z., Liu, W..  2017.  Real-Time Neural Style Transfer for Videos. 2017 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). :7044–7052.

Recent research endeavors have shown the potential of using feed-forward convolutional neural networks to accomplish fast style transfer for images. In this work, we take one step further to explore the possibility of exploiting a feed-forward network to perform style transfer for videos and simultaneously maintain temporal consistency among stylized video frames. Our feed-forward network is trained by enforcing the outputs of consecutive frames to be both well stylized and temporally consistent. More specifically, a hybrid loss is proposed to capitalize on the content information of input frames, the style information of a given style image, and the temporal information of consecutive frames. To calculate the temporal loss during the training stage, a novel two-frame synergic training mechanism is proposed. Compared with directly applying an existing image style transfer method to videos, our proposed method employs the trained network to yield temporally consistent stylized videos which are much more visually pleasant. In contrast to the prior video style transfer method which relies on time-consuming optimization on the fly, our method runs in real time while generating competitive visual results.

Cao, Y., Tang, Y..  2019.  Development of Real-Time Style Transfer for Video System. 2019 3rd International Conference on Circuits, System and Simulation (ICCSS). :183—187.

Re-drawing the image as a certain artistic style is considered to be a complicated task for computer machine. On the contrary, human can easily master the method to compose and describe the style between different images. In the past, many researchers studying on the deep neural networks had found an appropriate representation of the artistic style using perceptual loss and style reconstruction loss. In the previous works, Gatys et al. proposed an artificial system based on convolutional neural networks that creates artistic images of high perceptual quality. Whereas in terms of running speed, it was relatively time-consuming, thus it cannot apply to video style transfer. Recently, a feed-forward CNN approach has shown the potential of fast style transformation, which is an end-to-end system without hundreds of iteration while transferring. We combined the benefits of both approaches, optimized the feed-forward network and defined time loss function to make it possible to implement the style transfer on video in real time. In contrast to the past method, our method runs in real time with higher resolution while creating competitive visually pleasing and temporally consistent experimental results.

Maswood, Mirza Mohd Shahriar, Uddin, Md Ashif, Dey, Uzzwal Kumar, Islam Mamun, Md Mainul, Akter, Moriom, Sonia, Shamima Sultana, Alharbi, Abdullah G..  2020.  A Novel Sensor Design to Sense Liquid Chemical Mixtures using Photonic Crystal Fiber to Achieve High Sensitivity and Low Confinement Losses. 2020 11th IEEE Annual Information Technology, Electronics and Mobile Communication Conference (IEMCON). :0686—0691.
Chemical sensing is an important issue in food, water, environment, biomedical, and pharmaceutical field. Conventional methods used in laboratory for sensing the chemical are costly, time consuming, and sometimes wastes significant amount of sample. Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF) offers high compactness and design flexibility and it can be used as biosensor, chemical sensor, liquid sensor, temperature sensor, mechanical sensor, gas sensor, and so on. In this work, we designed PCF to sense different concentrations of different liquids by one PCF structure. We designed different structure for silica cladding hexagonal PCF to sense different concentrations of benzene-toluene and ethanol-water mixer. Core diameter, air hole diameter, and air hole diameter to lattice pitch ratio are varied to get the optimal result as well to explore the effect of core size, air hole size and the pitch on liquid chemical sensing. Performance of the chemical sensors was examined based on confinement loss and sensitivity. The performance of the sensor varied a lot and basically it depends not only on refractive index of the liquid but also on sensing wavelengths. Our designed sensor can provide comparatively high sensitivity and low confinement loss.