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Mart\'ın-Ramos, Pablo, Susano, Maria, da Silva, Pedro S. Pereira, Silva, Manuela Ramos.  2017.  BYOD for Physics Lab: Studying Newton's Law of Cooling with a Smartphone. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Technological Ecosystems for Enhancing Multiculturality. :63:1–63:5.

In this paper we discuss a simple and inexpensive method to introduce students to Newton's law of cooling using only their smartphones, according to the Bring-Your-Own-Device philosophy. A popular experiment in basic thermodynamics, both at a high-school and at University level, is the determination of the specific heat of solids and liquids using a water calorimeter, resourcing in many cases to a mercury thermometer. With our approach the analogical instrument is quickly turned into a digital device by analyzing the movement of the mercury with a video tracker. Thus, using very simple labware and the students' smartphones or tablets, it is possible to observe the decay behavior of the temperature of a liquid left to cool at room temperature. The dependence of the time constant with the mass and surface of the liquid can be easily probed, and the results of the different groups in the classroom can be brought together to observe the linear dependence1.

Imani, Mohsen, Gupta, Saransh, Rosing, Tajana.  2017.  Ultra-Efficient Processing In-Memory for Data Intensive Applications. Proceedings of the 54th Annual Design Automation Conference 2017. :6:1–6:6.

Recent years have witnessed a rapid growth in the domain of Internet of Things (IoT). This network of billions of devices generates and exchanges huge amount of data. The limited cache capacity and memory bandwidth make transferring and processing such data on traditional CPUs and GPUs highly inefficient, both in terms of energy consumption and delay. However, many IoT applications are statistical at heart and can accept a part of inaccuracy in their computation. This enables the designers to reduce complexity of processing by approximating the results for a desired accuracy. In this paper, we propose an ultra-efficient approximate processing in-memory architecture, called APIM, which exploits the analog characteristics of non-volatile memories to support addition and multiplication inside the crossbar memory, while storing the data. The proposed design eliminates the overhead involved in transferring data to processor by virtually bringing the processor inside memory. APIM dynamically configures the precision of computation for each application in order to tune the level of accuracy during runtime. Our experimental evaluation running six general OpenCL applications shows that the proposed design achieves up to 20x performance improvement and provides 480x improvement in energy-delay product, ensuring acceptable quality of service. In exact mode, it achieves 28x energy savings and 4.8x speed up compared to the state-of-the-art GPU cores.

Mihaylov, Todor, Balchev, Daniel, Kiprov, Yasen, Koychev, Ivan, Nakov, Preslav.  2017.  Large-Scale Goodness Polarity Lexicons for Community Question Answering. Proceedings of the 40th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval. :1185–1188.

We transfer a key idea from the field of sentiment analysis to a new domain: community question answering (cQA). The cQA task we are interested in is the following: given a question and a thread of comments, we want to re-rank the comments, so that the ones that are good answers to the question would be ranked higher than the bad ones. We notice that good vs. bad comments use specific vocabulary and that one can often predict the goodness/badness of a comment even ignoring the question, based on the comment contents only. This leads us to the idea to build a good/bad polarity lexicon as an analogy to the positive/negative sentiment polarity lexicons, commonly used in sentiment analysis. In particular, we use pointwise mutual information in order to build large-scale goodness polarity lexicons in a semi-supervised manner starting with a small number of initial seeds. The evaluation results show an improvement of 0.7 MAP points absolute over a very strong baseline, and state-of-the art performance on SemEval-2016 Task 3.

Greenstein-Messica, Asnat, Rokach, Lior, Friedman, Michael.  2017.  Session-Based Recommendations Using Item Embedding. Proceedings of the 22Nd International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces. :629–633.

Recent methods for learning vector space representations of words, word embedding, such as GloVe and Word2Vec have succeeded in capturing fine-grained semantic and syntactic regularities. We analyzed the effectiveness of these methods for e-commerce recommender systems by transferring the sequence of items generated by users' browsing journey in an e-commerce website into a sentence of words. We examined the prediction of fine-grained item similarity (such as item most similar to iPhone 6 64GB smart phone) and item analogy (such as iPhone 5 is to iPhone 6 as Samsung S5 is to Samsung S6) using real life users' browsing history of an online European department store. Our results reveal that such methods outperform related models such as singular value decomposition (SVD) with respect to item similarity and analogy tasks across different product categories. Furthermore, these methods produce a highly condensed item vector space representation, item embedding, with behavioral meaning sub-structure. These vectors can be used as features in a variety of recommender system applications. In particular, we used these vectors as features in a neural network based models for anonymous user recommendation based on session's first few clicks. It is found that recurrent neural network that preserves the order of user's clicks outperforms standard neural network, item-to-item similarity and SVD (recall@10 value of 42% based on first three clicks) for this task.

Siripurapu, Srinivas, Gayasen, Aman, Gopalakrishnan, Padmini, Chandrachoodan, Nitin.  2017.  FPGA Implementation of Non-Uniform DFT for Accelerating Wireless Channel Simulations (Abstract Only). Proceedings of the 2017 ACM/SIGDA International Symposium on Field-Programmable Gate Arrays. :295–295.

FPGAs have been used as accelerators in a wide variety of domains such as learning, search, genomics, signal processing, compression, analytics and so on. In recent years, the availability of tools and flows such as high-level synthesis has made it even easier to accelerate a variety of high-performance computing applications onto FPGAs. In this paper we propose a systematic methodology for optimizing the performance of an accelerated block using the notion of compute intensity to guide optimizations in high-level synthesis. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our methodology on an FPGA implementation of a non-uniform discrete Fourier transform (NUDFT), used to convert a wireless channel model from the time-domain to the frequency domain. The acceleration of this particular computation can be used to improve the performance and capacity of wireless channel simulation, which has wide applications in the system level design and performance evaluation of wireless networks. Our results show that our FPGA implementation outperforms the same code offloaded onto GPUs and CPUs by 1.6x and 10x respectively, in performance as measured by the throughput of the accelerated block. The gains in performance per watt versus GPUs and CPUs are 15.6x and 41.5x respectively.

Vaillant, Victor, Rivet, Fran\c cois.  2017.  An Analog RF Fully Differential Common Mode Controlled Delay Line in 28Nm FDSOI Technology. Proceedings of the 30th Symposium on Integrated Circuits and Systems Design: Chip on the Sands. :120–124.

This paper presents an integrated Analog Delay Line (ADL) for analog RF signal processing. The design is inspired by a Bucket Brigade Device (BBD) structure. It transfers charges from a sampled input signal stage after stage. It belongs to the Charge Coupled Devices (CCD). This ADL is fully differential with Common Mode (CM) control. The 28nm Fully Depleted Silicon on Insulator (FDSOI) Technology from ST Microelectronics is used for the design. Further results come from simulations using Spectre Cadence.

Both, Fabian, Thoma, Steffen, Rettinger, Achim.  2017.  Cross-Modal Knowledge Transfer: Improving the Word Embedding of Apple by Looking at Oranges. Proceedings of the Knowledge Capture Conference. :18:1–18:8.

Capturing knowledge via learned latent vector representations of words, images and knowledge graph (KG) entities has shown state-of-the-art performance in computer vision, computational linguistics and KG tasks. Recent results demonstrate that the learning of such representations across modalities can be beneficial, since each modality captures complementary information. However, those approaches are limited to concepts with cross-modal alignments in the training data which are only available for just a few concepts. Especially for visual objects exist far fewer embeddings than for words or KG entities. We investigate whether a word embedding (e.g., for "apple") can still capture information from other modalities even if there is no matching concept within the other modalities (i.e., no images or KG entities of apples but of oranges as pictured in the title analogy). The empirical results of our knowledge transfer approach demonstrate that word embeddings do benefit from extrapolating information across modalities even for concepts that are not represented in the other modalities. Interestingly, this applies most to concrete concepts (e.g., dragonfly) while abstract concepts (e.g., animal) benefit most if aligned concepts are available in the other modalities.