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Rahman, Lamiya, Adan, Jannatul, Nahid-AI-Masood, Deeba, Shohana Rahman.  2018.  Performance Analysis of Floating Buoy Point Absorber and Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converters in Onshore and Offshore Locations. 2018 10th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE). :233—236.

The aim of this paper is to explore the performance of two well-known wave energy converters (WECs) namely Floating Buoy Point Absorber (FBPA) and Oscillating Surge (OS) in onshore and offshore locations. To achieve clean energy targets by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, integration of renewable energy resources is continuously increasing all around the world. In addition to widespread renewable energy source such as wind and solar photovoltaic (PV), wave energy extracted from ocean is becoming more tangible day by day. In the literature, a number of WEC devices are reported. However, further investigations are still needed to better understand the behaviors of FBPA WEC and OS WEC under irregular wave conditions in onshore and offshore locations. Note that being surrounded by Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh has huge scope of utilizing wave power. To this end, FBPA WEC and OS WEC are simulated using the typical onshore and offshore wave height and wave period of the coastal area of Bangladesh. Afterwards, performances of the aforementioned two WECs are compared by analyzing their power output.

M'zoughi, Fares, Garrido, Aitor J., Garrido, Izaskun, Bouallègue, Soufiene, Ayadi, Mounir.  2018.  Sliding Mode Rotational Speed Control of an Oscillating Water Column-based Wave Generation Power Plants. 2018 International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion (SPEEDAM). :1263—1270.

This paper deals with the modeling and control of the NEREIDA wave generation power plant installed in Mutriku, Spain. This kind of Oscillating Water Column (OWC) plants usually employ a Wells turbine coupled to a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG). The stalling behavior of the Wells turbine limits the generated power. In this context, a sliding mode rotational speed control is proposed to help avoiding this phenomenon. This will regulate the speed by means of the Rotor Side Converter (RSC) of the Back-to-Back converter governing the generator. The results of the comparative study show that the proposed control provides a higher generated power compared to the uncontrolled case.

M'zoughi, Fares, Bouallègue, Soufiene, Ayadi, Mounir, Garrido, Aitor J., Garrido, Izaskun.  2018.  Harmony search algorithm-based airflow control of an oscillating water column-based wave generation power plants. 2018 International Conference on Advanced Systems and Electric Technologies (IC\_ASET). :249—254.

The NEREIDA wave generation power plant installed in Mutriku, Spain is a multiple Oscillating Water Column (OWC) plant. The power takeoff consists of a Wells turbine coupled to a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG). The stalling behavior present in the Wells turbine limits the generated power. This paper presents the modeling and a Harmony Search Algorithm-based airflow control of the OWC. The Harmony Search Algorithm (HSA) is proposed to help overcome the limitations of a traditionally tuned PID. An investigation between HSA-tuned controller and the traditionally tuned controller has been performed. Results of the controlled and uncontrolled plant prove the effectiveness of the airflow control and the superiority of the HSA-tuned controller.

Serras, Paula, Ibarra-Berastegi, Gabriel, Saénz, Jon, Ulazia, Alain, Esnaola, Ganix.  2019.  Analysis of Wells-type turbines’ operational parameters during winter of 2014 at Mutriku wave farm. OCEANS 2019 – Marseille. :1—5.

Mutriku wave farm is the first commercial plant all around the world. Since July 2011 it has been continuously selling electricity to the grid. It operates with the OWC technology and has 14 operating Wells-type turbines. In the plant there is a SCADA data recording system that collects the most important parameters of the turbines; among them, the pressure in the inlet chamber, the position of the security valve (from fully open to fully closed) and the generated power in the last 5 minutes. There is also an electricity meter which provides information about the amount of electric energy sold to the grid. The 2014 winter (January, February and March), and especially the first fortnight of February, was a stormy winter with rough sea state conditions. This was reflected both in the performance of the turbines (high pressure values, up to 9234.2 Pa; low opening degrees of the security valve, down to 49.4°; and high power generation of about 7681.6 W, all these data being average values) and in the calculated capacity factor (CF = 0.265 in winter and CF = 0.294 in February 2014). This capacity factor is a good tool for the comparison of different WEC technologies or different locations and shows an important seasonal behavior.

de Rooij, Sjors, Laguna, Antonio Jarquin.  2019.  Modelling of submerged oscillating water columns with mass transfer for wave energy extraction. 2019 Offshore Energy and Storage Summit (OSES). :1—9.
Oscillating-water-column (OWC) devices are a very important type of wave energy converters which have been extensively studied over the years. Although most designs of OWC are based on floating or fixed structures exposed above the surface level, little is known from completely submerged systems which can benefit from reduced environmental loads and a simplified structural design. The submerged type of resonant duct consists of two OWCs separated by a weir and air chamber instead of the commonly used single column. Under conditions close to resonance, water flows from the first column into the second one, resulting in a positive flow through the system from which energy can be extracted by a hydro turbine. While existing work has looked at the study of the behaviour of one OWC, this paper addresses the dynamic interaction between the two water columns including the mass transfer mechanism as well as the associated change of momentum. A numerical time-domain model is used to obtain some initial results on the performance and response of the system for different design parameters. The model is derived from 1D conservation of mass and momentum equations, including hydrodynamic effects, adiabatic air compressibility and turbine induced damping. Preliminary results indicate that the mass transfer has an important effect both on the resonance amplification and on the phase between the motion of the two columns. Simulation results are presented for the system performance over several weir heights and regular wave conditions. Further work will continue in design optimization and experimental validation of the proposed model.