Visible to the public Biblio

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Jang, Dongsoo, Shin, Michael, Pathirage, Don.  2020.  Security Fault Tolerance for Access Control. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing and Self-Organizing Systems Companion (ACSOS-C). :212—217.
This paper describes an approach to the security fault tolerance of access control in which the security breaches of an access control are tolerated by means of a security fault tolerant (SFT) access control. Though an access control is securely designed and implemented, it can contain faults in development or be contaminated in operation. The threats to an access control are analyzed to identify possible security breaches. To tolerate the security breaches, an SFT access control is made to be semantically identical to an access control. Our approach is described using role-based access control (RBAC) and extended access control list (EACL). A healthcare system is used to demonstrate our approach.
Liu, Xinlin, Huang, Jianhua, Luo, Weifeng, Chen, Qingming, Ye, Peishan, Wang, Dingbo.  2020.  Research on Attack Mechanism using Attack Surface. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Computer Applications (ICAICA). :137–141.
A approach to research on the attack mechanism designs through attack surface technology due to the complexity of the attack mechanism. The attack mechanism of a mimic architecture is analyzed in a relative way using attack surface metrics to indicate whether mimic architectures are safer than non-mimic architectures. The definition of the architectures attack surface in terms of the mimic brackets along three abstract dimensions referenced the system attack surface. The larger the attack surface, the more likely the architecture will be attacked.
Alniamy, A. M., Liu, H..  2020.  Blockchain-Based Secure Collaboration Platform for Sharing and Accessing Scientific Research Data. 2020 3rd International Conference on Hot Information-Centric Networking (HotICN). :34—40.
Research teams or institutions in different countries need an effective and secure online platform for collaboration and data sharing. It is essential to build such a collaboration platform with strong data security and privacy. In this paper, we propose a platform for researchers to collaborate and share their data by leveraging attribute-based access control (ABAC) and blockchain technologies. ABAC provides an access control paradigm whereby access rights are granted to users through attribute-based policies, instead of user identities and roles. Hyperledger fabric permission blockchain is used to enable a decentralized secure data sharing environment and preserves user’s privacy. The proposed platform allows researchers to fully control their data, manage access to the data at a fine-grained level, keep file updates with proof of authorship, and ensure data integrity and privacy.
Gwak, B., Cho, J., Lee, D., Son, H..  2018.  TARAS: Trust-Aware Role-Based Access Control System in Public Internet-of-Things. 2018 17th IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications/ 12th IEEE International Conference On Big Data Science And Engineering (TrustCom/BigDataSE). :74–85.
Due to the proliferation of Internet-of-Things (IoT) environments, humans working with heterogeneous, smart objects in public IoT environments become more popular than ever before. This situation often requires to establish trust relationships between a user and a smart object for their secure interactions, but without the presence of prior interactions. In this work, we are interested in how a smart object can grant an access right to a human user in the absence of any prior knowledge in which some users may be malicious aiming to breach security goals of the IoT system. To solve this problem, we propose a trust-aware, role-based access control system, namely TARAS, which provides adaptive authorization to users based on dynamic trust estimation. In TARAS, for the initial trust establishment, we take a multidisciplinary approach by adopting the concept of I-sharing from psychology. The I-sharing follows the rationale that people with similar roles and traits are more likely to respond in a similar way. This theory provides a powerful tool to quickly establish trust between a smart object and a new user with no prior interactions. In addition, TARAS can adaptively filter malicious users out by revoking their access rights based on adaptive, dynamic trust estimation. Our experimental results show that the proposed TARAS mechanism can maximize system integrity in terms of correctly detecting malicious or benign users while maximizing service availability to users particularly when the system is fine-tuned based on the identified optimal setting in terms of an optimal trust threshold.
Zhang, Hao, Li, Zhuolin, Shahriar, Hossain, Lo, Dan, Wu, Fan, Qian, Ying.  2019.  Protecting Data in Android External Data Storage. 2019 IEEE 43rd Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC). 1:924–925.
Insecure data storage may open a door to malicious malware to steal users' and system sensitive information. These problems may due to developer negligence or lack of security knowledge. Android developers use various storage methods to store data. However, Attackers have attacked these vulnerable data storage. Although the developers have modified the apps after knowing the vulnerability, the user's personal information has been leaked and caused serious consequences. As a result, instead of patching and fixing the vulnerability, we should conduct proactive control for secure Android data storage. In this paper, we analyzed Android external storage vulnerability and discussed the prevention solutions to prevent sensitive information in external storage from disclosure.
Galuppo, Raúl Ignacio, Luna, Carlos, Betarte, Gustavo.  2018.  Security in iOS and Android: A Comparative Analysis. 2018 37th International Conference of the Chilean Computer Science Society (SCCC). :1–8.
This paper presents a detailed analysis of some relevant security features of iOS and Android -the two most popular operating systems for mobile devices- from the perspective of user privacy. In particular, permissions that can be modified at run time on these platforms are analyzed. Additionally, a framework is introduced for permission analysis, a hybrid mobile application that can run on both iOS and Android. The framework, which can be extended, places special emphasis on the relationship between the user's privacy and the permission system.
Rustgi, Pulkit, Fung, Carol.  2019.  Demo: DroidNet - An Android Permission Control Recommendation System Based on Crowdsourcing. 2019 IFIP/IEEE Symposium on Integrated Network and Service Management (IM). :737–738.
Mobile and web application security, particularly the areas of data privacy, has raised much concerns from the public in recent years. Most applications, or apps for short, are installed without disclosing full information to users and clearly stating what the application has access to, which often raises concern when users become aware of unnecessary information being collected. Unfortunately, most users have little to no technical expertise in regards to what permissions should be turned on and can only rely on their intuition and past experiences to make relatively uninformed decisions. To solve this problem, we developed DroidNet, which is a crowd-sourced Android recommendation tool and framework. DroidNet alleviates privacy concerns and presents users with high confidence permission control recommendations based on the decision from expert users who are using the same apps. This paper explains the general framework, principles, and model behind DroidNet while also providing an experimental setup design which shows the effectiveness and necessity for such a tool.
Tun, Hein, Lupin, Sergey, Than, Ba Hla, Nay Zaw Linn, Kyaw, Khaing, Min Thu.  2019.  Estimation of Information System Security Using Hybrid Simulation in AnyLogic. 2019 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). :1829–1834.
Nowadays the role of Information systems in our life has greatly increased, which has become one of the biggest challenges for citizens, organizations and governments. Every single day we are becoming more and more dependent on information and communication technology (ICT). A major goal of information security is to find the best ways to mitigate the risks. The context-role and perimeter protection approaches can reduce and prevent an unauthorized penetration to protected zones and information systems inside the zones. The result of this work can be useful for the security system analysis and optimization of their organizations.
Sun, Shuang, Chen, Shudong, Du, Rong, Li, Weiwei, Qi, Donglin.  2019.  Blockchain Based Fine-Grained and Scalable Access Control for IoT Security and Privacy. 2019 IEEE Fourth International Conference on Data Science in Cyberspace (DSC). :598–603.
In this paper, we focuses on an access control issue in the Internet of Things (IoT). Generally, we firstly propose a decentralized IoT system based on blockchain. Then we establish a secure fine-grained access control strategies for users, devices, data, and implement the strategies with smart contract. To trigger the smart contract, we design different transactions. Finally, we use the multi-index table struct for the access right's establishment, and store the access right into Key-Value database to improve the scalability of the decentralized IoT system. In addition, to improve the security of the system we also store the access records on the blockchain and database.
Muszynska, Maria, Michels, Denise, von Zezschwitz, Emanuel.  2018.  Not On My Phone: Exploring Users' Conception of Related Permissions. Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. :LBW508:1–LBW508:6.

Many smartphone security mechanisms prompt users to decide on sensitive resource requests. This approach fails if corresponding implications are not understood. Prior work identified ineffective user interfaces as a cause for insufficient comprehension and proposed augmented dialogs. We hypothesize that, prior to interface-design, efficient security dialogs require an underlying permission model based on user demands. We believe, that only an implementation which corresponds to users\guillemotright mental models, in terms of the handling, granularity and grouping of permission requests, allows for informed decisions. In this work, we propose a study design which leverages materialization for the extraction of the mental models. We present preliminary results of three Focus Groups. The findings indicate that the materialization provided sufficient support for non-experts to understand and discuss this complex topic. In addition to this, the results indicate that current permission approaches do not match users\guillemotright demands for information and control.

Chen, Xin, Huang, Heqing, Zhu, Sencun, Li, Qing, Guan, Quanlong.  2017.  SweetDroid: Toward a Context-Sensitive Privacy Policy Enforcement Framework for Android OS. Proceedings of the 2017 on Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society. :75–86.

Android privacy control is an important but difficult problem to solve. Previously, there was much research effort either focusing on extending the Android permission model with better policies or modifying the Android framework for fine-grained access control. In this work, we take an integral approach by designing and implementing SweetDroid, a calling-context-sensitive privacy policy enforcement framework. SweetDroid combines automated policy generation with automated policy enforcement. The automatically generated policies in SweetDroid are based on the calling contexts of privacy sensitive APIs; hence, SweetDroid is able to tell whether a particular API (e.g., getLastKnownLocation) under a certain execution path is leaking private information. The policy enforcement in SweetDroid is also fine-grained - it is at the individual API level, not at the permission level. We implement and evaluate the system based on thousands of Android apps, including those from a third-party market and malicious apps from VirusTotal. Our experiment results show that SweetDroid can successfully distinguish and enforce different privacy policies based on calling contexts, and the current design is both developer hassle-free and user transparent. SweetDroid is also efficient because it only introduces small storage and computational overhead.

Woo, S., Ha, J., Byun, J., Kwon, K., Tolcha, Y., Kang, D., Nguyen, H. M., Kim, M., Kim, D..  2017.  Secure-EPCIS: Addressing Security Issues in EPCIS for IoT Applications. 2017 IEEE World Congress on Services (SERVICES). :40–43.
In the EPCglobal standards for RFID architecture frameworks and interfaces, the Electronic Product Code Information System (EPCIS) acts as a standard repository storing event and master data that are well suited to Supply Chain Management (SCM) applications. Oliot-EPCIS broadens its scope to a wider range of IoT applications in a scalable and flexible way to store a large amount of heterogeneous data from a variety of sources. However, this expansion poses data security challenge for IoT applications including patients' ownership of events generated in mobile healthcare services. Thus, in this paper we propose Secure-EPCIS to deal with security issues of EPCIS for IoT applications. We have analyzed the requirements for Secure-EPCIS based on real-world scenarios and designed access control model accordingly. Moreover, we have conducted extensive performance comparisons between EPCIS and Secure-EPCIS in terms of response time and throughput, and provide the solution for performance degradation problem in Secure-EPCIS.
Chang, Rui, Jiang, Liehui, Yin, Qing, Ren, Lu, Liu, Qingfeng.  2016.  An Effective Usage and Access Control Scheme for Preventing Permission Leak in a Trusted Execution Environment. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Communication and Network Security. :6–10.

In the universal Android system, each application runs in its own sandbox, and the permission mechanism is used to enforce access control to the system APIs and applications. However, permission leak could happen when an application without certain permission illegally gain access to protected resources through other privileged applications. In order to address permission leak in a trusted execution environment, this paper designs security architecture which contains sandbox module, middleware module, usage and access control module, and proposes an effective usage and access control scheme that can prevent permission leak in a trusted execution environment. Security architecture based on the scheme has been implemented on an ARM-Android platform, and the evaluation of the proposed scheme demonstrates its effectiveness in mitigating permission leak vulnerabilities.

Bass, L., Holz, R., Rimba, P., Tran, A. B., Zhu, L..  2015.  Securing a Deployment Pipeline. 2015 IEEE/ACM 3rd International Workshop on Release Engineering. :4–7.

At the RELENG 2014 Q&A, the question was asked, “What is your greatest concern?” and the response was “someone subverting our deployment pipeline”. That is the motivation for this paper. We explore what it means to subvert a pipeline and provide several different scenarios of subversion. We then focus on the issue of securing a pipeline. As a result, we provide an engineering process that is based on having trusted components mediate access to sensitive portions of the pipeline from other components, which can remain untrusted. Applying our process to a pipeline we constructed involving Chef, Jenkins, Docker, Github, and AWS, we find that some aspects of our process result in easy to make changes to the pipeline, whereas others are more difficult. Consequently, we have developed a design that hardens the pipeline, although it does not yet completely secure it.

Elwell, J., Riley, R., Abu-Ghazaleh, N., Ponomarev, D..  2014.  A Non-Inclusive Memory Permissions architecture for protection against cross-layer attacks. High Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA), 2014 IEEE 20th International Symposium on. :201-212.

Protecting modern computer systems and complex software stacks against the growing range of possible attacks is becoming increasingly difficult. The architecture of modern commodity systems allows attackers to subvert privileged system software often using a single exploit. Once the system is compromised, inclusive permissions used by current architectures and operating systems easily allow a compromised high-privileged software layer to perform arbitrary malicious activities, even on behalf of other software layers. This paper presents a hardware-supported page permission scheme for the physical pages that is based on the concept of non-inclusive sets of memory permissions for different layers of system software such as hypervisors, operating systems, and user-level applications. Instead of viewing privilege levels as an ordered hierarchy with each successive level being more privileged, we view them as distinct levels each with its own set of permissions. Such a permission mechanism, implemented as part of a processor architecture, provides a common framework for defending against a range of recent attacks. We demonstrate that such a protection can be achieved with negligible performance overhead, low hardware complexity and minimal changes to the commodity OS and hypervisor code.

Singh, S., Sharma, S..  2014.  Improving security mechanism to access HDFS data by mobile consumers using middleware-layer framework. Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), 2014 International Conference on. :1-7.

Revolution in the field of technology leads to the development of cloud computing which delivers on-demand and easy access to the large shared pools of online stored data, softwares and applications. It has changed the way of utilizing the IT resources but at the compromised cost of security breaches as well such as phishing attacks, impersonation, lack of confidentiality and integrity. Thus this research work deals with the core problem of providing absolute security to the mobile consumers of public cloud to improve the mobility of user's, accessing data stored on public cloud securely using tokens without depending upon the third party to generate them. This paper presents the approach of simplifying the process of authenticating and authorizing the mobile user's by implementing middleware-centric framework called MiLAMob model with the huge online data storage system i.e. HDFS. It allows the consumer's to access the data from HDFS via mobiles or through the social networking sites eg. facebook, gmail, yahoo etc using OAuth 2.0 protocol. For authentication, the tokens are generated using one-time password generation technique and then encrypting them using AES method. By implementing the flexible user based policies and standards, this model improves the authorization process.