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Shif, L., Wang, F., Lung, C..  2018.  Improvement of security and scalability for IoT network using SD-VPN. NOMS 2018 - 2018 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium. :1–5.

The growing interest in the smart device/home/city has resulted in increasing popularity of Internet of Things (IoT) deployment. However, due to the open and heterogeneous nature of IoT networks, there are various challenges to deploy an IoT network, among which security and scalability are the top two to be addressed. To improve the security and scalability for IoT networks, we propose a Software-Defined Virtual Private Network (SD-VPN) solution, in which each IoT application is allocated with its own overlay VPN. The VPN tunnels used in this paper are VxLAN based tunnels and we propose to use the SDN controller to push the flow table of each VPN to the related OpenvSwitch via the OpenFlow protocol. The SD-VPN solution can improve the security of an IoT network by separating the VPN traffic and utilizing service chaining. Meanwhile, it also improves the scalability by its overlay VPN nature and the VxLAN technology.

Dixit, Vaibhav Hemant, Kyung, Sukwha, Zhao, Ziming, Doupé, Adam, Shoshitaishvili, Yan, Ahn, Gail-Joon.  2018.  Challenges and Preparedness of SDN-based Firewalls. Proceedings of the 2018 ACM International Workshop on Security in Software Defined Networks & Network Function Virtualization. :33–38.
Software-Defined Network (SDN) is a novel architecture created to address the issues of traditional and vertically integrated networks. To increase cost-effectiveness and enable logical control, SDN provides high programmability and centralized view of the network through separation of network traffic delivery (the "data plane") from network configuration (the "control plane"). SDN controllers and related protocols are rapidly evolving to address the demands for scaling in complex enterprise networks. Because of the evolution of modern SDN technologies, production networks employing SDN are prone to several security vulnerabilities. The rate at which SDN frameworks are evolving continues to overtake attempts to address their security issues. According to our study, existing defense mechanisms, particularly SDN-based firewalls, face new and SDN-specific challenges in successfully enforcing security policies in the underlying network. In this paper, we identify problems associated with SDN-based firewalls, such as ambiguous flow path calculations and poor scalability in large networks. We survey existing SDN-based firewall designs and their shortcomings in protecting a dynamically scaling network like a data center. We extend our study by evaluating one such SDN-specific security solution called FlowGuard, and identifying new attack vectors and vulnerabilities. We also present corresponding threat detection techniques and respective mitigation strategies.
Atli, A. V., Uluderya, M. S., Tatlicioglu, S., Gorkemli, B., Balci, A. M..  2017.  Protecting SDN controller with per-flow buffering inside OpenFlow switches. 2017 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking (BlackSeaCom). :1–5.

Software Defined Networking (SDN) is a paradigm shift that changes the working principles of IP networks by separating the control logic from routers and switches, and logically centralizing it within a controller. In this architecture the control plane (controller) communicates with the data plane (switches) through a control channel using a standards-compliant protocol, that is, OpenFlow. While having a centralized controller creates an opportunity to monitor and program the entire network, as a side effect, it causes the control plane to become a single point of failure. Denial of service (DoS) attacks or even heavy control traffic conditions can easily become real threats to the proper functioning of the controller, which indirectly detriments the entire network. In this paper, we propose a solution to reduce the control traffic generated primarily during table-miss events. We utilize the buffer\_id feature of the OpenFlow protocol, which has been designed to identify individually buffered packets within a switch, reusing it to identify flows buffered as a series of packets during table-miss, which happens when there is no related rule in the switch flow tables that matches the received packet. Thus, we allow the OpenFlow switch to send only the first packet of a flow to the controller for a table-miss while buffering the rest of the packets in the switch memory until the controller responds or time out occurs. The test results show that OpenFlow traffic is significantly reduced when the proposed method is used.

Rengaraju, P., Ramanan, V. R., Lung, C. H..  2017.  Detection and prevention of DoS attacks in Software-Defined Cloud networks. 2017 IEEE Conference on Dependable and Secure Computing. :217–223.

One of the recent focuses in Cloud Computing networks is Software Defined Clouds (SDC), where the Software-Defined Networking (SDN) technology is combined with the traditional Cloud network. SDC is aimed to create an effective Cloud environment by extending the virtualization concept to all resources. In that, the control plane is decoupled from the data plane in a network device and controlled by the centralized controller using the OpenFlow Protocol (OFP). As the centralized controller performs all control functions in a network, it requires strong security. Already, Cloud Computing faces many security challenges. Most vulnerable attacks in SDC is Denial-of-Service (DoS) and Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks. To overcome the DoS attacks, we propose a distributed Firewall with Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) for SDC. The proposed distributed security mechanism is investigated for two DoS attacks, ICMP and SYN flooding attacks for different network scenarios. From the simulation results and discussion, we showed that the distributed Firewall with IPS security detects and prevents the DoS attack effectively.

Riggio, R., De Pellegrini, F., Siracusa, D..  2014.  The price of virtualization: Performance isolation in multi-tenants networks. Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS), 2014 IEEE. :1-7.

Network virtualization sits firmly on the Internet evolutionary path allowing researchers to experiment with novel clean-slate designs over the production network and practitioners to manage multi-tenants infrastructures in a flexible and scalable manner. In such scenarios, isolation between virtual networks is often intended as purely logical: this is the case of address space isolation or flow space isolation. This approach neglects the effect that network virtualization has on resource allocation network-wide. In this work we investigate the price paid by a purely logical approach in terms of performance degradation. This performance loss is paid by the actual users of a multi-tenants datacenter network. We propose a solution to this problem leveraging on a new network virtualization primitive, namely an online link utilization feedback mechanism. It provides each tenant with the necessary information to make efficient use of network resources. We evaluate our solution trough a real implementation exploiting the OpenFlow protocol. Empirical results confirm that the proposed scheme is able to support tenants in exploiting virtualized network resources effectively.