Visible to the public Biblio

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Klym, H., Vasylchyshyn, I..  2020.  Biometric System of Access to Information Resources. 2020 IEEE 21st International Conference on Computational Problems of Electrical Engineering (CPEE). :1–4.

The biometric system of access to information resources has been developed. The software and hardware complex are designed to protect information resources and personal data from unauthorized access using the principle of user authentication by fingerprints. In the developed complex, the traditional input of login and password was replaced by applying a finger to the fingerprint scanner. The system automatically recognizes the fingerprint and provides access to the information resource, provides encryption of personal data and automation of the authorization process on the web resource. The web application was implemented using the Bootstrap framework, the 000webhost web server, the phpMyAdmin database server, the PHP scripting language, the HTML hypertext markup language, along with cascading style sheets and embedded scripts (JavaScript), which created a full-fledged web-site and Google Chrome extension with the ability to integrate it into other systems. The structural schematic diagram was performed. The design of the device is offered. The algorithm of the program operation and the program of the device operation in the C language are developed.

Kerschbaumer, C., Ritter, T., Braun, F..  2020.  Hardening Firefox against Injection Attacks. 2020 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS PW). :653—663.
Web browsers display content in the form of HTML, CSS and JavaScript retrieved from the world wide web. The loaded content is subject to the web security model and considered untrusted and potentially malicious. To complicate security matters, Firefox uses the same technologies to render its user interface as it does to render untrusted web content which blurs the distinction between the two privilege levels.Getting interactions between the two correct turns out to be complicated and has led to numerous real-world security vulnerabilities. We study those vulnerabilities to discover common threats and explain how we address them systematically to harden Firefox.
Lee, J..  2020.  CanvasMirror: Secure Integration of Third-Party Libraries in a WebVR Environment. 2020 50th Annual IEEE-IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks-Supplemental Volume (DSN-S). :75—76.

Web technology has evolved to offer 360-degree immersive browsing experiences. This new technology, called WebVR, enables virtual reality by rendering a three-dimensional world on an HTML canvas. Unfortunately, there exists no browser-supported way of sharing this canvas between different parties. As a result, third-party library providers with ill intent (e.g., stealing sensitive information from end-users) can easily distort the entire WebVR site. To mitigate the new threats posed in WebVR, we propose CanvasMirror, which allows publishers to specify the behaviors of third-party libraries and enforce this specification. We show that CanvasMirror effectively separates the third-party context from the host origin by leveraging the privilege separation technique and safely integrates VR contents on a shared canvas.

Akaishi, Sota, Uda, Ryuya.  2019.  Classification of XSS Attacks by Machine Learning with Frequency of Appearance and Co-occurrence. 2019 53rd Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS). :1–6.
Cross site scripting (XSS) attack is one of the attacks on the web. It brings session hijack with HTTP cookies, information collection with fake HTML input form and phishing with dummy sites. As a countermeasure of XSS attack, machine learning has attracted a lot of attention. There are existing researches in which SVM, Random Forest and SCW are used for the detection of the attack. However, in the researches, there are problems that the size of data set is too small or unbalanced, and that preprocessing method for vectorization of strings causes misclassification. The highest accuracy of the classification was 98% in existing researches. Therefore, in this paper, we improved the preprocessing method for vectorization by using word2vec to find the frequency of appearance and co-occurrence of the words in XSS attack scripts. Moreover, we also used a large data set to decrease the deviation of the data. Furthermore, we evaluated the classification results with two procedures. One is an inappropriate procedure which some researchers tend to select by mistake. The other is an appropriate procedure which can be applied to an attack detection filter in the real environment.
Szabo, Roland, Gontean, Aurel.  2019.  The Creation Process of a Secure and Private Mobile Web Browser with no Ads and no Popups. 2019 IEEE 25th International Symposium for Design and Technology in Electronic Packaging (SIITME). :232—235.
The aim of this work is to create a new style web browser. The other web browsers can have safety issues and have many ads and popups. The other web browsers can fill up cache with the logging of big history of visited web pages. This app is a light-weight web browser which is both secure and private with no ads and no popups, just the plain Internet shown in full screen. The app does not store all user data, so the navigation of webpages is done in incognito mode. The app was made to open any new HTML5 web page in a secure and private mode with big focus on loading speed of the web pages.
Chen, Ping, Yu, Han, Zhao, Min, Wang, Jinshuang.  2018.  Research and Implementation of Cross-site Scripting Defense Method Based on Moving Target Defense Technology. 2018 5th International Conference on Systems and Informatics (ICSAI). :818–822.

The root cause of cross-site scripting(XSS) attack is that the JavaScript engine can't distinguish between the JavaScript code in Web application and the JavaScript code injected by attackers. Moving Target Defense (MTD) is a novel technique that aim to defeat attacks by frequently changing the system configuration so that attackers can't catch the status of the system. This paper describes the design and implement of a XSS defense method based on Moving Target Defense technology. This method adds a random attribute to each unsafe element in Web application to distinguish between the JavaScript code in Web application and the JavaScript code injected by attackers and uses a security check function to verify the random attribute, if there is no random attribute or the random attribute value is not correct in a HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) element, the execution of JavaScript code will be prevented. The experiment results show that the method can effectively prevent XSS attacks and have little impact on the system performance.

Hess, S., Satam, P., Ditzler, G., Hariri, S..  2018.  Malicious HTML File Prediction: A Detection and Classification Perspective with Noisy Data. 2018 IEEE/ACS 15th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA). :1-7.

Cybersecurity plays a critical role in protecting sensitive information and the structural integrity of networked systems. As networked systems continue to expand in numbers as well as in complexity, so does the threat of malicious activity and the necessity for advanced cybersecurity solutions. Furthermore, both the quantity and quality of available data on malicious content as well as the fact that malicious activity continuously evolves makes automated protection systems for this type of environment particularly challenging. Not only is the data quality a concern, but the volume of the data can be quite small for some of the classes. This creates a class imbalance in the data used to train a classifier; however, many classifiers are not well equipped to deal with class imbalance. One such example is detecting malicious HMTL files from static features. Unfortunately, collecting malicious HMTL files is extremely difficult and can be quite noisy from HTML files being mislabeled. This paper evaluates a specific application that is afflicted by these modern cybersecurity challenges: detection of malicious HTML files. Previous work presented a general framework for malicious HTML file classification that we modify in this work to use a $\chi$2 feature selection technique and synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE). We experiment with different classifiers (i.e., AdaBoost, Gentle-Boost, RobustBoost, RusBoost, and Random Forest) and a pure detection model (i.e., Isolation Forest). We benchmark the different classifiers using SMOTE on a real dataset that contains a limited number of malicious files (40) with respect to the normal files (7,263). It was found that the modified framework performed better than the previous framework's results. However, additional evidence was found to imply that algorithms which train on both the normal and malicious samples are likely overtraining to the malicious distribution. We demonstrate the likely overtraining by determining that a subset of the malicious files, while suspicious, did not come from a malicious source.

Sivanesan, A. P., Mathur, A., Javaid, A. Y..  2018.  A Google Chromium Browser Extension for Detecting XSS Attack in HTML5 Based Websites. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Electro/Information Technology (EIT). :0302–0304.

The advent of HTML 5 revives the life of cross-site scripting attack (XSS) in the web. Cross Document Messaging, Local Storage, Attribute Abuse, Input Validation, Inline Multimedia and SVG emerge as likely targets for serious threats. Introduction of various new tags and attributes can be potentially manipulated to exploit the data on a dynamic website. The XSS attack manages to retain a spot in all the OWASP Top 10 security risks released over the past decade and placed in the seventh spot in OWASP Top 10 of 2017. It is known that XSS attempts to execute scripts with untrusted data without proper validation between websites. XSS executes scripts in the victim's browser which can hijack user sessions, deface websites, or redirect the user to the malicious site. This paper focuses on the development of a browser extension for the popular Google Chromium browser that keeps track of various attack vectors. These vectors primarily include tags and attributes of HTML 5 that may be used maliciously. The developed plugin alerts users whenever a possibility of XSS attack is discovered when a user accesses a particular website.

Pan, J., Mao, X..  2017.  Detecting DOM-Sourced Cross-Site Scripting in Browser Extensions. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Maintenance and Evolution (ICSME). :24–34.

In recent years, with the advances in JavaScript engines and the adoption of HTML5 APIs, web applications begin to show a tendency to shift their functionality from the server side towards the client side, resulting in dense and complex interactions with HTML documents using the Document Object Model (DOM). As a consequence, client-side vulnerabilities become more and more prevalent. In this paper, we focus on DOM-sourced Cross-site Scripting (XSS), which is a kind of severe but not well-studied vulnerability appearing in browser extensions. Comparing with conventional DOM-based XSS, a new attack surface is introduced by DOM-sourced XSS where the DOM could become a vulnerable source as well besides common sources such as URLs and form inputs. To discover such vulnerability, we propose a detecting framework employing hybrid analysis with two phases. The first phase is the lightweight static analysis consisting of a text filter and an abstract syntax tree parser, which produces potential vulnerable candidates. The second phase is the dynamic symbolic execution with an additional component named shadow DOM, generating a document as a proof-of-concept exploit. In our large-scale real-world experiment, 58 previously unknown DOM-sourced XSS vulnerabilities were discovered in user scripts of the popular browser extension Greasemonkey.

Ambedkar, M. Dayal, Ambedkar, N. S., Raw, R. S..  2016.  A comprehensive inspection of cross site scripting attack. 2016 International Conference on Computing, Communication and Automation (ICCCA). :497–502.
Cross Site Scripting attack (XSS) is the computer security threat which allows the attacker to get access over the sensitive information, when the javaScript, VBScript, ActiveX, Flash or HTML which is embedded in the malicious XSS link gets executed. In this paper, we authors have discussed about various impacts of XSS, types of XSS, checked whether the site is vulnerable towards the XSS or not, discussed about various tools for examining the XSS vulnerability and summarizes the preventive measures against XSS.
Wang, C. H., Zhou, Y. S..  2016.  A New Cross-Site Scripting Detection Mechanism Integrated with HTML5 and CORS Properties by Using Browser Extensions. 2016 International Computer Symposium (ICS). :264–269.
Cross site scripting (XSS) is a kind of common attack nowadays. The attack patterns with the new technical like HTML5 that makes detection task getting harder and harder. In this paper, we focus on the browser detection mechanism integrated with HTML5 and CORS properties to detect XSS attacks with the rule based filter by using browser extensions. Further, we also present a model of composition pattern estimation system which can be used to judge whether the intercepted request has malicious attempts or not. The experimental results show that our approach can reach high detection rate by tuning our system through some frequently used attack sentences and testing it with the popular tool-kits: XSSer developed by OWASP.
Kumar, B., Kumar, P., Mundra, A., Kabra, S..  2015.  DC scanner: Detecting phishing attack. 2015 Third International Conference on Image Information Processing (ICIIP). :271–276.

Data mining has been used as a technology in various applications of engineering, sciences and others to analysis data of systems and to solve problems. Its applications further extend towards detecting cyber-attacks. We are presenting our work with simple and less efforts similar to data mining which detects email based phishing attacks. This work digs html contents of emails and web pages referred. Also domains and domain related authority details of these links, script codes associated to web pages are analyzed to conclude for the probability of phishing attacks.

Guowei Dong, Yan Zhang, Xin Wang, Peng Wang, Liangkun Liu.  2014.  Detecting cross site scripting vulnerabilities introduced by HTML5. Computer Science and Software Engineering (JCSSE), 2014 11th International Joint Conference on. :319-323.

Recent years, HTML5 is widely adopted in popular browsers. Unfortunately, as a new Web standard, HTML5 may expand the Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attack surface as well as improve the interactivity of the page. In this paper, we identified 14 XSS attack vectors related to HTML5 by a systematic analysis about new tags and attributes. Based on these vectors, a XSS test vector repository is constructed and a dynamic XSS vulnerability detection tool focusing on Webmail systems is implemented. By applying the tool to some popular Webmail systems, seven exploitable XSS vulnerabilities are found. The evaluation result shows that our tool can efficiently detect XSS vulnerabilities introduced by HTML5.

Gupta, M.K., Govil, M.C., Singh, G..  2014.  A context-sensitive approach for precise detection of cross-site scripting vulnerabilities. Innovations in Information Technology (INNOVATIONS), 2014 10th International Conference on. :7-12.

Currently, dependence on web applications is increasing rapidly for social communication, health services, financial transactions and many other purposes. Unfortunately, the presence of cross-site scripting vulnerabilities in these applications allows malicious user to steals sensitive information, install malware, and performs various malicious operations. Researchers proposed various approaches and developed tools to detect XSS vulnerability from source code of web applications. However, existing approaches and tools are not free from false positive and false negative results. In this paper, we propose a taint analysis and defensive programming based HTML context-sensitive approach for precise detection of XSS vulnerability from source code of PHP web applications. It also provides automatic suggestions to improve the vulnerable source code. Preliminary experiments and results on test subjects show that proposed approach is more efficient than existing ones.