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2019-03-25
Janczewski, R., Pilarski, G..  2018.  The Information Processing in the Cybernetic Environment of Signals Intelligence. 2018 New Trends in Signal Processing (NTSP). :1–7.
The area of military operations is presently a peculiar, heterogenic environment providing the decision-makers with varied data and information on the potential or the real enemy. However the vast number and diversity of the available information does not facilitate the decision process. The achievement of information advantage in line with the rule: the first to notice, the first to understand and the first to act depends among other things on the proper information processing. In the theory of Electronic Warfare, the processing of information about the electronic objects of the enemy emitting electromagnetic energy is realized by Signals Intelligence. The fastest processing of information in the information system of Signals Intelligence is presently provided by cybernetic environment. The construction of an information processing system in the cybernetic environment of Signals Intelligence is thus a very complex task. The article presents theoretical basis of information processing in cybernetic environment of Signals Intelligence based on research carried out by the authors. The article can be described as the added value since it presents and clarifies a complex concept of cybernetic environment of Signal Intelligence. Moreover, it provides a new definition of information process as a system of operations on intelligence information and data. It also presents the stages of information process as well as the structure of information processing process. In the further part it shows the factors and elements of the cybernetic environment of Signals Intelligence isolated in the process of research. The document provides a perspective for the processing of information in the cybernetic environment of Signals Intelligence, it fills the gap in research on information processing in the cybernetic environment of Signals Intelligence as well as assures strong theoretical basis and provides an incentive for further research on the information processing in the cybernetic environment of Signals Intelligence.
2015-05-05
Kornmaier, A., Jaouen, F..  2014.  Beyond technical data - a more comprehensive situational awareness fed by available intelligence information. Cyber Conflict (CyCon 2014), 2014 6th International Conference On. :139-154.

Information on cyber incidents and threats are currently collected and processed with a strong technical focus. Threat and vulnerability information alone are not a solid base for effective, affordable or actionable security advice for decision makers. They need more than a small technical cut of a bigger situational picture to combat and not only to mitigate the cyber threat. We first give a short overview over the related work that can be found in the literature. We found that the approaches mostly analysed “what” has been done, instead of looking more generically beyond the technical aspects for the tactics, techniques and procedures to identify the “how” it was done, by whom and why. We examine then, what information categories and data already exist to answer the question for an adversary's capabilities and objectives. As traditional intelligence tries to serve a better understanding of adversaries' capabilities, actions, and intent, the same is feasible in the cyber space with cyber intelligence. Thus, we identify information sources in the military and civil environment, before we propose to link that traditional information with the technical data for a better situational picture. We give examples of information that can be collected from traditional intelligence for correlation with technical data. Thus, the same intelligence operational picture for the cyber sphere could be developed like the one that is traditionally fed from conventional intelligence disciplines. Finally we propose a way of including intelligence processing in cyber analysis. We finally outline requirements that are key for a successful exchange of information and intelligence between military/civil information providers.